The Surgery of the Skull and Brain
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The Surgery of the Skull and Brain

By Louis Bathe Rawling
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • THE SURGERY OF THE SKULL AND BRAIN
  • PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
  • LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
  • CHAPTER I CRANIO-CEREBRAL TOPOGRAPHY
    • The superior longitudinal sinus.
    • The lateral sinus.
    • The infratentorial region.
    • The supratentorial region.
      • (a) The external angular frontal process.
      • (b) The malar tubercle.
      • (c) The temporal crest.
      • (d) The parietal prominence.
      • (e) The zygoma.
    • The middle meningeal artery.
    • The lower limit of the cerebrum.
    • The Sylvian point and fissure.
    • The fissure of Rolando.
    • The parieto-occipital and first temporo-sphenoidal fissures.
    • The cortical motor and sensory areas.
  • CHAPTER II THE SPECIAL TECHNIQUE IN OPERATIONS ON THE SKULL AND BRAIN
    • Preparatory treatment.
    • Precautions against the development of shock.
    • The anæsthetic.
    • The position of the patient.
    • Preparation of the operative field.
    • THE CONTROL OF HÆMORRHAGE
      • Hæmorrhage from vessels of the scalp.
      • Hæmorrhage from the bone.
      • Hæmorrhage from the dural vessels.
      • Hæmorrhage from the superficial vessels of the brain.
    • THE OPENING OF THE SKULL
      • Craniectomy.
      • Craniotomy.
      • Opening the dura mater.
      • Sewing up the dura mater.
      • Replacement of the osteoplastic flap and sewing up.
      • After-treatment.
  • CHAPTER III CEPHALOCELES. BIRTH-HÆMORRHAGES. BIRTH-FRACTURES. DERMOIDS. HYDROCEPHALUS
    • CEPHALOCELES
      • Congenital cephaloceles.
      • Position of the tumour.
      • Size, structure, and contents.
      • Treatment.
    • TRAUMATIC CEPHALOCELES
      • Symptoms.
      • Treatment.
      • Fractures of the skull resulting from injuries received at or shortly after birth.
    • FRACTURES OF THE VAULT
      • (a) Depressed fractures.
      • (b) Fissured fractures.
    • BIRTH-HÆMORRHAGES
      • Extracranial hæmorrhages.
      • Treatment.
      • Intracranial birth-hæmorrhages.
      • Symptoms.
      • Treatment.
    • DERMOIDS
      • Treatment.
    • HYDROCEPHALUS
      • Congenital internal hydrocephalus.
      • Acquired hydrocephalus.
      • Progress of the case.
      • Treatment.
      • Operation.
      • Ventricular-subdural drainage.
      • Ventriculo-abdominal drainage.
  • CHAPTER IV FRACTURES OF THE SKULL
    • General considerations.
    • FRACTURES OF THE BASE OF THE SKULL
      • (a) Aran’s theory of irradiation.
      • (b) The bursting and compression theories.
      • (c) The contre-coup theories.
      • Summary of theories.
      • The influence of sutures on the line of the fracture.
      • The influence of air-sinuses, &c., on the line of the fracture.
      • The influence of basic foramina.
      • The probable line of basic fracture in any given case.
      • Summary.
    • SYMPTOMS RESULTING FROM FRACTURE OF THE BASE OF THE SKULL
      • Symptoms pointing to fracture of the Anterior Fossa.
    • SYMPTOMS POINTING TO FRACTURE OF THE MIDDLE FOSSA
      • External hæmorrhages.
      • Escape of cerebro-spinal fluid.
      • Escape of brain-matter.
      • Involvement of nerves.
    • SYMPTOMS POINTING TO FRACTURE OF THE POSTERIOR FOSSA
      • External hæmorrhages.
      • Escape of cerebro-spinal fluid.
      • Escape of brain-matter.
      • Involvement of nerves.
    • FRACTURE OF THE MASTOID PORTION OF THE TEMPORAL BONE
      • Surgical emphysema and pneumatocele.
      • Bleeding from the ear.
      • Treatment.
    • FRACTURES OF THE VAULT OF THE SKULL
      • Fractures of the external table alone.
      • Fractures of the internal table alone.
      • Fractures involving the whole thickness of the skull.
      • Symptoms associated with fracture of the vault.
      • Evidence supplied by local examination.
      • The temperature in its relation to head-injuries.
      • Treatment of Fracture of the Base of the Skull.
    • TREATMENT OF FRACTURES OF THE VAULT OF THE SKULL
      • Indications for operation.
      • Treatment.
      • The operative treatment of fractures of the vault.
      • Fissured fractures.
      • Depressed fractures.
      • Punctured fractures.
      • Fractures limited to the external table.
      • Fractures limited to the internal table.
    • THE MORTALITY FROM FRACTURE OF THE SKULL
  • CHAPTER V INTRACRANIAL INJURIES: EXTRA- AND SUB-DURAL HÆMORRHAGES. INJURY TO THE BRAIN
    • HÆMORRHAGES
      • I. Extra-dural hæmorrhage.
      • II. Subdural hæmorrhage.
    • INJURY TO THE BRAIN
      • Symptoms.
      • Points in the differential diagnosis between traumatic and other forms of coma.
  • CHAPTER VI THE REMOTE EFFECTS OF HEAD-INJURY
    • General considerations.
      • The effect of age.
      • The effect of disposition.
      • The effect of status.
    • Traumatic neurasthenia.
      • Treatment.
    • Traumatic cephalalgia.
      • Treatment.
    • Traumatic epilepsy.
      • The localizing symptoms of traumatic epilepsy.
      • Pathology.
      • The clinical course of the case.
      • Operation.
    • Traumatic insanity.
      • Treatment.
    • MENINGEAL CYSTS
      • Cysts within the calvarium.
    • TRAUMATIC ORBITAL ANEURYSM (Pulsating Exophthalmos)
      • Symptomatology.
      • Treatment.
  • CHAPTER VII TUMOURS OF THE BRAIN
    • Tumours of the brain.
      • Pathology.
      • Symptomatology.
      • Lumbar puncture.
      • X-ray examination.
      • Treatment.
  • CHAPTER VIII THE INFECTIVE DISEASES OF THE BRAIN AND MENINGES: ABSCESS OF THE BRAIN, MENINGITIS, LATERAL AND CAVERNOUS SINUS THROMBOSIS, HERNIA CEREBRI
    • ABSCESS OF THE BRAIN
      • Multiple abscess.
      • Acute traumatic abscess.
      • Chronic abscess.
    • MENINGITIS
      • Serous meningitis.
      • Pachymeningitis externa.
      • Pachymeningitis interna and pachymeningitis interna hæmorrhagica.
      • Acute lepto-meningitis.
      • Some anatomical considerations of meningitis.
      • Symptomatology.
      • Treatment.
    • SINUS THROMBOSIS
      • Lateral sinus thrombosis.
      • Cavernous sinus thrombosis.
    • HERNIA CEREBRI
      • Treatment.
  • CHAPTER IX BULLET-WOUNDS OF THE SKULL AND BRAIN
    • Injury to the bone.
      • Fractures limited to the external table.
      • Fractures limited to the internal table.
      • Gutter fractures.
      • The complete fractures produced by penetrating and perforating wounds.
    • Injury to the brain.
      • Symptomatology.
      • Indications for operation.
      • Operation.
      • Complications.
      • Results.
  • CHAPTER X TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
    • NEURALGIA MINOR
      • Treatment.
    • NEURALGIA MAJOR
      • Symptomatology.
      • Treatment.
  • CHAPTER XI TUMOURS OF THE SKULL-BONES
    • Tumours of the skull-bones.
      • OSTEOMATA
      • SARCOMATA, PRIMARY AND TRAUMATIC
  • INDEX
  • Transcriber’s Notes
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