A Handbook of Some South Indian Grasses
Free

A Handbook of Some South Indian Grasses

By C. Tadulinga Mudaliyar, K. Rangachari
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • A HANDBOOK OF SOME SOUTH INDIAN GRASSES
    • PREFACE
    • CONTENTS
  • A HANDBOOK OF SOME COMMON SOUTH INDIAN GRASSES.
    • CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION.
    • CHAPTER II. THE VEGETATIVE ORGANS.
    • CHAPTER III. THE INFLORESCENCE AND FLOWER.
    • CHAPTER IV. HISTOLOGY OF THE VEGETATIVE ORGANS.
    • CHAPTER V. CLASSIFICATION.
    • CHAPTER VI. Series I—Panicaceæ. TRIBE I—PANICEÆ.
      • 1. Paspalum, L.
        • Paspalum scrobiculatum, L.
      • Paspalum scrobiculatum, L.
      • 2. Digitaria, Rich.
        • Digitaria sanguinalis, Scop.
        • Digitaria sanguinalis, Scop.
        • Digitaria sanguinalis, Scop.
        • Digitaria longiflora, Pers.
      • Digitaria sanguinalis, Scop.
      • Digitaria sanguinalis, Scop.
      • Digitaria sanguinalis, Scop.
      • Digitaria longiflora, Pers.
      • 3. Eriochloa, H. B. & K.
        • Eriochloa polystachya, H. B. & K.
      • Eriochloa polystachya, H. B. & K.
      • 4. Panicum, L.
        • Panicum Isachne, Roth.
        • Panicum flavidum, Retz.
        • Panicum fluitans, Retz.
        • Panicum Crus-galli, L.
        • Panicum stagninum, Retz.
        • Panicum colonum, L.
        • Panicum prostratum, Lamk.
        • Panicum javanicum, Poir.
        • Panicum ramosum, L.
        • Panicum distachyum, L.
        • Panicum interruptum, Willd.
        • Panicum trypheron, Schult.
        • Panicum repens, L.
      • Panicum Isachne, Roth.
      • Panicum flavidum, Retz.
      • Panicum fluitans, Retz.
      • Panicum Crus-galli, L.
      • Panicum stagninum, Retz.
      • Panicum colonum, L.
      • Panicum prostratum, Lamk.
      • Panicum javanicum, Poir.
      • Panicum ramosum, L.
      • Panicum distachyum, L.
      • Panicum interruptum, Willd.
      • Panicum trypheron, Schult.
      • Panicum repens, L.
      • 5. Chamæraphis, Br.
        • Chamæraphis spinescens, Poir.
      • Chamæraphis spinescens, Poir.
      • 6. Spinifex, L.
        • Spinifex squarrosus, L.
      • Spinifex squarrosus, L.
      • 7. Axonopus, Beauv.
        • Axonopus cimicinus, Beauv.
      • Axonopus cimicinus, Beauv.
      • 8. Setaria, Beauv.
        • Setaria glauca, Beauv.
        • Setaria intermedia, R. & S.
        • Setaria verticillata, Beauv.
      • Setaria glauca, Beauv.
      • Setaria intermedia, R. & S.
      • Setaria verticillata, Beauv.
      • 9. Pennisetum, Pers.
        • Pennisetum Alopecuros, Steud.
        • Pennisetum cenchroides, Rich.
      • Pennisetum Alopecuros, Steud.
      • Pennisetum cenchroides, Rich.
      • 10. Cenchrus, L.
        • Cenchrus biflorus, Roxb.
        • Cenchrus catharticus, Delile.
      • Cenchrus biflorus, Roxb.
      • Cenchrus catharticus, Delile.
    • 1. Paspalum, L.
      • Paspalum scrobiculatum, L.
    • Paspalum scrobiculatum, L.
    • 2. Digitaria, Rich.
      • Digitaria sanguinalis, Scop.
      • Digitaria sanguinalis, Scop.
      • Digitaria sanguinalis, Scop.
      • Digitaria longiflora, Pers.
    • Digitaria sanguinalis, Scop.
    • Digitaria sanguinalis, Scop.
    • Digitaria sanguinalis, Scop.
    • Digitaria longiflora, Pers.
    • 3. Eriochloa, H. B. & K.
      • Eriochloa polystachya, H. B. & K.
    • Eriochloa polystachya, H. B. & K.
    • 4. Panicum, L.
      • Panicum Isachne, Roth.
      • Panicum flavidum, Retz.
      • Panicum fluitans, Retz.
      • Panicum Crus-galli, L.
      • Panicum stagninum, Retz.
      • Panicum colonum, L.
      • Panicum prostratum, Lamk.
      • Panicum javanicum, Poir.
      • Panicum ramosum, L.
      • Panicum distachyum, L.
      • Panicum interruptum, Willd.
      • Panicum trypheron, Schult.
      • Panicum repens, L.
    • Panicum Isachne, Roth.
    • Panicum flavidum, Retz.
    • Panicum fluitans, Retz.
    • Panicum Crus-galli, L.
    • Panicum stagninum, Retz.
    • Panicum colonum, L.
    • Panicum prostratum, Lamk.
    • Panicum javanicum, Poir.
    • Panicum ramosum, L.
    • Panicum distachyum, L.
    • Panicum interruptum, Willd.
    • Panicum trypheron, Schult.
    • Panicum repens, L.
    • 5. Chamæraphis, Br.
      • Chamæraphis spinescens, Poir.
    • Chamæraphis spinescens, Poir.
    • 6. Spinifex, L.
      • Spinifex squarrosus, L.
    • Spinifex squarrosus, L.
    • 7. Axonopus, Beauv.
      • Axonopus cimicinus, Beauv.
    • Axonopus cimicinus, Beauv.
    • 8. Setaria, Beauv.
      • Setaria glauca, Beauv.
      • Setaria intermedia, R. & S.
      • Setaria verticillata, Beauv.
    • Setaria glauca, Beauv.
    • Setaria intermedia, R. & S.
    • Setaria verticillata, Beauv.
    • 9. Pennisetum, Pers.
      • Pennisetum Alopecuros, Steud.
      • Pennisetum cenchroides, Rich.
    • Pennisetum Alopecuros, Steud.
    • Pennisetum cenchroides, Rich.
    • 10. Cenchrus, L.
      • Cenchrus biflorus, Roxb.
      • Cenchrus catharticus, Delile.
    • Cenchrus biflorus, Roxb.
    • Cenchrus catharticus, Delile.
    • CHAPTER VII. TRIBES II AND III—ORYZEÆ AND ZOYSIEÆ.
      • 11. Leersia, Sw.
        • Leersia hexandra, Sw.
      • Leersia hexandra, Sw.
      • 12. Hygrorhiza, Nees.
        • Hygrorhiza aristata, Nees.
      • Hygrorhiza aristata, Nees.
      • 13. Trachys, Pers.
        • Trachys mucronata, Pers.
      • Trachys mucronata, Pers.
      • 14. Tragus, Haller.
        • Tragus Racemosus, Scop.
      • Tragus Racemosus, Scop.
      • 15. Perotis, Ait.
        • Perotis latifolia, Ait.
      • Perotis latifolia, Ait.
    • 11. Leersia, Sw.
      • Leersia hexandra, Sw.
    • Leersia hexandra, Sw.
    • 12. Hygrorhiza, Nees.
      • Hygrorhiza aristata, Nees.
    • Hygrorhiza aristata, Nees.
    • 13. Trachys, Pers.
      • Trachys mucronata, Pers.
    • Trachys mucronata, Pers.
    • 14. Tragus, Haller.
      • Tragus Racemosus, Scop.
    • Tragus Racemosus, Scop.
    • 15. Perotis, Ait.
      • Perotis latifolia, Ait.
    • Perotis latifolia, Ait.
    • CHAPTER VIII. TRIBE IV—ANDROPOGONEÆ.
      • 16. Coix, L.
        • Coix lachryma-jobi, L.
      • Coix lachryma-jobi, L.
      • 17. Polytoca, Br.
        • Polytoca barbata, Stapf.
      • Polytoca barbata, Stapf.
      • 18. Imperata, Cyril.
        • Imperata arundinacea, Cyril.
      • Imperata arundinacea, Cyril.
      • 19. Saccharum, L.
        • Saccharum spontaneum, L.
      • Saccharum spontaneum, L.
      • 20. Ischæmum, L.
        • Ischæmum aristatum, L.
        • Ischæmum rugosum, Salisb.
        • Ischæmum pilosum, Hack.
        • Ischæmum ciliare, Retz.
        • Ischæmum laxum, L.
      • Ischæmum aristatum, L.
      • Ischæmum rugosum, Salisb.
      • Ischæmum pilosum, Hack.
      • Ischæmum ciliare, Retz.
      • Ischæmum laxum, L.
      • 21. Eremochloa, Buse.
        • Eremochloa muricata, Hack.
      • Eremochloa muricata, Hack.
      • 22. Apocopis, Nees.
        • Apocopis Wightii, Nees ex Steud.
      • Apocopis Wightii, Nees ex Steud.
      • 23. Lophopogon, Hack.
        • Lophopogon tridentatus, Hack.
      • Lophopogon tridentatus, Hack.
      • 24. Apluda, L.
        • Apluda varia, Hack.
      • Apluda varia, Hack.
      • 25. Rottboellia, Linn. f.
        • Rottboellia Myurus, Benth.
        • Rottboellia exaltata, L.f.
      • Rottboellia Myurus, Benth.
      • Rottboellia exaltata, L.f.
      • 26. Mnesithea, Kunth.
        • Mnesithea lævis, Kunth.
      • Mnesithea lævis, Kunth.
      • 27. Manisuris, Sw.
        • Manisuris granularis, L.f.
      • Manisuris granularis, L.f.
      • 28. Andropogon, L.
        • Andropogon foveolatus, Del.
        • Andropogon pumilus, Roxb.
        • Andropogon pertusus, Willd.
        • Andropogon squarrosus, L.f.
        • Andropogon asper, Heyne.
        • Andropogon Wightianus, Steud.
        • Andropogon monticola, Schult.
        • Andropogon caricosus, L.
        • Andropogon annulatus, Forsk.
        • Andropogon contortus, L.
        • Andropogon Schoenanthus, L. Var. cæsius.
      • Andropogon foveolatus, Del.
      • Andropogon pumilus, Roxb.
      • Andropogon pertusus, Willd.
      • Andropogon squarrosus, L.f.
      • Andropogon asper, Heyne.
      • Andropogon Wightianus, Steud.
      • Andropogon monticola, Schult.
      • Andropogon caricosus, L.
      • Andropogon annulatus, Forsk.
      • Andropogon contortus, L.
      • Andropogon Schoenanthus, L. Var. cæsius.
      • 29. Anthistiria, L. f.
        • Anthistiria tremula, Nees.
      • Anthistiria tremula, Nees.
      • 30. Iseilema, Hack.
        • Iseilema laxum, Hack.
        • Iseilema anthephoroides, Hack.
      • Iseilema laxum, Hack.
      • Iseilema anthephoroides, Hack.
    • 16. Coix, L.
      • Coix lachryma-jobi, L.
    • Coix lachryma-jobi, L.
    • 17. Polytoca, Br.
      • Polytoca barbata, Stapf.
    • Polytoca barbata, Stapf.
    • 18. Imperata, Cyril.
      • Imperata arundinacea, Cyril.
    • Imperata arundinacea, Cyril.
    • 19. Saccharum, L.
      • Saccharum spontaneum, L.
    • Saccharum spontaneum, L.
    • 20. Ischæmum, L.
      • Ischæmum aristatum, L.
      • Ischæmum rugosum, Salisb.
      • Ischæmum pilosum, Hack.
      • Ischæmum ciliare, Retz.
      • Ischæmum laxum, L.
    • Ischæmum aristatum, L.
    • Ischæmum rugosum, Salisb.
    • Ischæmum pilosum, Hack.
    • Ischæmum ciliare, Retz.
    • Ischæmum laxum, L.
    • 21. Eremochloa, Buse.
      • Eremochloa muricata, Hack.
    • Eremochloa muricata, Hack.
    • 22. Apocopis, Nees.
      • Apocopis Wightii, Nees ex Steud.
    • Apocopis Wightii, Nees ex Steud.
    • 23. Lophopogon, Hack.
      • Lophopogon tridentatus, Hack.
    • Lophopogon tridentatus, Hack.
    • 24. Apluda, L.
      • Apluda varia, Hack.
    • Apluda varia, Hack.
    • 25. Rottboellia, Linn. f.
      • Rottboellia Myurus, Benth.
      • Rottboellia exaltata, L.f.
    • Rottboellia Myurus, Benth.
    • Rottboellia exaltata, L.f.
    • 26. Mnesithea, Kunth.
      • Mnesithea lævis, Kunth.
    • Mnesithea lævis, Kunth.
    • 27. Manisuris, Sw.
      • Manisuris granularis, L.f.
    • Manisuris granularis, L.f.
    • 28. Andropogon, L.
      • Andropogon foveolatus, Del.
      • Andropogon pumilus, Roxb.
      • Andropogon pertusus, Willd.
      • Andropogon squarrosus, L.f.
      • Andropogon asper, Heyne.
      • Andropogon Wightianus, Steud.
      • Andropogon monticola, Schult.
      • Andropogon caricosus, L.
      • Andropogon annulatus, Forsk.
      • Andropogon contortus, L.
      • Andropogon Schoenanthus, L. Var. cæsius.
    • Andropogon foveolatus, Del.
    • Andropogon pumilus, Roxb.
    • Andropogon pertusus, Willd.
    • Andropogon squarrosus, L.f.
    • Andropogon asper, Heyne.
    • Andropogon Wightianus, Steud.
    • Andropogon monticola, Schult.
    • Andropogon caricosus, L.
    • Andropogon annulatus, Forsk.
    • Andropogon contortus, L.
    • Andropogon Schoenanthus, L. Var. cæsius.
    • 29. Anthistiria, L. f.
      • Anthistiria tremula, Nees.
    • Anthistiria tremula, Nees.
    • 30. Iseilema, Hack.
      • Iseilema laxum, Hack.
      • Iseilema anthephoroides, Hack.
    • Iseilema laxum, Hack.
    • Iseilema anthephoroides, Hack.
    • CHAPTER IX. Series II—Poaceæ. TRIBES V AND VI—AGROSTIDEÆ AND CHLORIDEÆ.
      • 31. Aristida, L.
        • Aristida Adscenscionis, L.
        • Aristida setacea, Retz.
        • Aristida Hystrix, Linn. f.
        • Aristida mutabilis, Trin. & Rup.
        • Aristida funiculata, Trin. & Rup.
      • Aristida Adscenscionis, L.
      • Aristida setacea, Retz.
      • Aristida Hystrix, Linn. f.
      • Aristida mutabilis, Trin. & Rup.
      • Aristida funiculata, Trin. & Rup.
      • 32. Sporobolus, Br.
        • Sporobolus diander, Beauv.
        • Sporobolus tremulus, Kunth.
        • Sporobolus coromandelianus, L.
        • Sporobolus commutatus, Kunth.
        • Sporobolus scabrifolius, Bhide.
      • Sporobolus diander, Beauv.
      • Sporobolus tremulus, Kunth.
      • Sporobolus coromandelianus, L.
      • Sporobolus commutatus, Kunth.
      • Sporobolus scabrifolius, Bhide.
      • 33. Gracilea, Koen.
        • Gracilea nutans, Koen.
        • Gracilea Royleana, Hook. f.
      • Gracilea nutans, Koen.
      • Gracilea Royleana, Hook. f.
      • 34. Enteropogon, Nees.
        • Enteropogon melicoides, Nees.
      • Enteropogon melicoides, Nees.
      • 35. Cynodon, Pers.
        • Cynodon dactylon, Pers.
        • Cynodon intermedius, Rang. & Tad.
        • Cynodon Barberi, Rang. & Tad.
      • Cynodon dactylon, Pers.
      • Cynodon intermedius, Rang. & Tad.
      • Cynodon Barberi, Rang. & Tad.
      • 36. Chloris, Sw.
        • Chloris incompleta, Roth.
        • Chloris tenella, Roxb.
        • Chloris virgata, Sw.
        • Chloris barbata, Sw.
        • Chloris Bournei, Rang. & Tad.
        • Chloris montana, Roxb.
      • Chloris incompleta, Roth.
      • Chloris tenella, Roxb.
      • Chloris virgata, Sw.
      • Chloris barbata, Sw.
      • Chloris Bournei, Rang. & Tad.
      • Chloris montana, Roxb.
      • 37. Eleusine, Gaertn.
        • Eleusine indica, Gaertn.
        • Eleusine brevifolia, Br.
        • Eleusine ægyptiaca, Desf.
      • Eleusine indica, Gaertn.
      • Eleusine brevifolia, Br.
      • Eleusine ægyptiaca, Desf.
      • 38. Dinebra, Jacq.
        • Dinebra arabica, Jacq.
      • Dinebra arabica, Jacq.
      • 39. Leptochloa, Beauv.
        • Leptochloa chinensis, Nees.
      • Leptochloa chinensis, Nees.
    • 31. Aristida, L.
      • Aristida Adscenscionis, L.
      • Aristida setacea, Retz.
      • Aristida Hystrix, Linn. f.
      • Aristida mutabilis, Trin. & Rup.
      • Aristida funiculata, Trin. & Rup.
    • Aristida Adscenscionis, L.
    • Aristida setacea, Retz.
    • Aristida Hystrix, Linn. f.
    • Aristida mutabilis, Trin. & Rup.
    • Aristida funiculata, Trin. & Rup.
    • 32. Sporobolus, Br.
      • Sporobolus diander, Beauv.
      • Sporobolus tremulus, Kunth.
      • Sporobolus coromandelianus, L.
      • Sporobolus commutatus, Kunth.
      • Sporobolus scabrifolius, Bhide.
    • Sporobolus diander, Beauv.
    • Sporobolus tremulus, Kunth.
    • Sporobolus coromandelianus, L.
    • Sporobolus commutatus, Kunth.
    • Sporobolus scabrifolius, Bhide.
    • 33. Gracilea, Koen.
      • Gracilea nutans, Koen.
      • Gracilea Royleana, Hook. f.
    • Gracilea nutans, Koen.
    • Gracilea Royleana, Hook. f.
    • 34. Enteropogon, Nees.
      • Enteropogon melicoides, Nees.
    • Enteropogon melicoides, Nees.
    • 35. Cynodon, Pers.
      • Cynodon dactylon, Pers.
      • Cynodon intermedius, Rang. & Tad.
      • Cynodon Barberi, Rang. & Tad.
    • Cynodon dactylon, Pers.
    • Cynodon intermedius, Rang. & Tad.
    • Cynodon Barberi, Rang. & Tad.
    • 36. Chloris, Sw.
      • Chloris incompleta, Roth.
      • Chloris tenella, Roxb.
      • Chloris virgata, Sw.
      • Chloris barbata, Sw.
      • Chloris Bournei, Rang. & Tad.
      • Chloris montana, Roxb.
    • Chloris incompleta, Roth.
    • Chloris tenella, Roxb.
    • Chloris virgata, Sw.
    • Chloris barbata, Sw.
    • Chloris Bournei, Rang. & Tad.
    • Chloris montana, Roxb.
    • 37. Eleusine, Gaertn.
      • Eleusine indica, Gaertn.
      • Eleusine brevifolia, Br.
      • Eleusine ægyptiaca, Desf.
    • Eleusine indica, Gaertn.
    • Eleusine brevifolia, Br.
    • Eleusine ægyptiaca, Desf.
    • 38. Dinebra, Jacq.
      • Dinebra arabica, Jacq.
    • Dinebra arabica, Jacq.
    • 39. Leptochloa, Beauv.
      • Leptochloa chinensis, Nees.
    • Leptochloa chinensis, Nees.
    • CHAPTER X. TRIBES VII AND VIII—FESTUCACEÆ AND HORDEÆ.
      • 40. Pommereulla, Linn. f.
        • Pommereulla Cornucopiæ, Linn. f.
      • Pommereulla Cornucopiæ, Linn. f.
      • 41. Pappophorum, Nees.
        • Pappophorum elegans, Nees.
      • Pappophorum elegans, Nees.
      • 42. Eragrostis, Beauv.
        • Eragrostis interrupta, Beauv.
        • Eragrostis amabilis, W. & A.
        • Eragrostis tremula, Hochst.
        • Eragrostis major, Host.
        • Eragrostis Willdenoviana, Nees.
        • Eragrostis pilosa, Beauv.
        • Eragrostis cynosuroides, Beauv.
        • Eragrostis bifaria, Wight Ex Steud.
      • Eragrostis interrupta, Beauv.
      • Eragrostis amabilis, W. & A.
      • Eragrostis tremula, Hochst.
      • Eragrostis major, Host.
      • Eragrostis Willdenoviana, Nees.
      • Eragrostis pilosa, Beauv.
      • Eragrostis cynosuroides, Beauv.
      • Eragrostis bifaria, Wight Ex Steud.
      • 43. Oropetium, Trin.
        • Oropetium Thomæum, Trin.
      • Oropetium Thomæum, Trin.
    • 40. Pommereulla, Linn. f.
      • Pommereulla Cornucopiæ, Linn. f.
    • Pommereulla Cornucopiæ, Linn. f.
    • 41. Pappophorum, Nees.
      • Pappophorum elegans, Nees.
    • Pappophorum elegans, Nees.
    • 42. Eragrostis, Beauv.
      • Eragrostis interrupta, Beauv.
      • Eragrostis amabilis, W. & A.
      • Eragrostis tremula, Hochst.
      • Eragrostis major, Host.
      • Eragrostis Willdenoviana, Nees.
      • Eragrostis pilosa, Beauv.
      • Eragrostis cynosuroides, Beauv.
      • Eragrostis bifaria, Wight Ex Steud.
    • Eragrostis interrupta, Beauv.
    • Eragrostis amabilis, W. & A.
    • Eragrostis tremula, Hochst.
    • Eragrostis major, Host.
    • Eragrostis Willdenoviana, Nees.
    • Eragrostis pilosa, Beauv.
    • Eragrostis cynosuroides, Beauv.
    • Eragrostis bifaria, Wight Ex Steud.
    • 43. Oropetium, Trin.
      • Oropetium Thomæum, Trin.
    • Oropetium Thomæum, Trin.
    • GLOSSARY.
    • INDEX
    • Transcriber's Notes:
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