The Jute Industry: From Seed to Finished Cloth
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The Jute Industry: From Seed to Finished Cloth

By Thomas Woodhouse, Peter Kilgour
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Table of Contents
  • Advertisement: Chas. Parker, Sons & Co.
  • THE JUTE INDUSTRY
    • PITMAN'S COMMON COMMODITIES AND INDUSTRIES SERIES
  • THE JUTE INDUSTRY FROM SEED TO FINISHED CLOTH
    • AND
    • P. KILGOUR
    • PREFACE
      • CONTENTS
      • ILLUSTRATIONS
    • CONTENTS
    • ILLUSTRATIONS
    • THE JUTE INDUSTRY
      • FROM SEED TO FINISHED CLOTH
    • FROM SEED TO FINISHED CLOTH
    • CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTORY
    • CHAPTER II. CULTIVATION
      • FIG. 1 NATIVES PLOUGHING THE GROUND
      • FIG. 2 BREAKING UP THE SOIL, OR "LADDERING"
    • FIG. 1 NATIVES PLOUGHING THE GROUND
    • FIG. 2 BREAKING UP THE SOIL, OR "LADDERING"
    • CHAPTER III. RETTING
      • FIG. 3 PHOTOMICROGRAPHS OF CROSS SECTIONS OF A JUTE PLANT
    • FIG. 3 PHOTOMICROGRAPHS OF CROSS SECTIONS OF A JUTE PLANT
    • CHAPTER IV. ASSORTING AND BALING JUTE FIBRE
      • FIG. 4 NATIVES CARRYING SMALL BALES OF JUTE FIBRE FROM BOAT TO PRESS HOUSE
      • FIG. 5 NATIVES BAILING JUTE FIBRE IN A WATSON-FAWCETT CYCLONE PRESS
      • FIG. 6 VESSEL LADEN WITH JUTE AT QUAY-SIDE ADJOINING JUTE SHEDS IN DUNDEE HARBOUR
      • FIG. 7. HARBOUR PORTERS REMOVING BALES OF JUTE FROM THE VESSEL SHOWN IN FIG. 6
    • FIG. 4 NATIVES CARRYING SMALL BALES OF JUTE FIBRE FROM BOAT TO PRESS HOUSE
    • FIG. 5 NATIVES BAILING JUTE FIBRE IN A WATSON-FAWCETT CYCLONE PRESS
    • FIG. 6 VESSEL LADEN WITH JUTE AT QUAY-SIDE ADJOINING JUTE SHEDS IN DUNDEE HARBOUR
    • FIG. 7. HARBOUR PORTERS REMOVING BALES OF JUTE FROM THE VESSEL SHOWN IN FIG. 6
    • CHAPTER V. MILL OPERATIONS
      • FIG. 8 BALE OPENER By permission of Messrs. Urquhart, Lindsay & Co., Ltd.
      • FIG. 9 BALE OPENER By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons, & Co.
    • FIG. 8 BALE OPENER By permission of Messrs. Urquhart, Lindsay & Co., Ltd.
    • FIG. 9 BALE OPENER By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons, & Co.
    • CHAPTER VI. BATCHING
      • FIG. 10 HAND-BATCHING DEPARTMENT WITH UNPREPARED AND PREPARED FIBRE
      • Fig. 11 SOFTENING MACHINE WITHOUT BATCHING APPARATUS
      • FIG. 12 HAND-BATCHING DEPARTMENT WITH UNPREPARED AND AND PREPARED FIBRE
      • Fig. 13 SOFTENING MACHINE WITH BATCHING APPARATUS
    • FIG. 10 HAND-BATCHING DEPARTMENT WITH UNPREPARED AND PREPARED FIBRE
    • Fig. 11 SOFTENING MACHINE WITHOUT BATCHING APPARATUS
    • FIG. 12 HAND-BATCHING DEPARTMENT WITH UNPREPARED AND AND PREPARED FIBRE
    • Fig. 13 SOFTENING MACHINE WITH BATCHING APPARATUS
    • CHAPTER VII. CARDING
      • FIG. 14 MODERN BREAKER CARD
      • FIG. 15 FINISHER CARD WITH DRAWING-HEAD By permission of Messrs. Douglas Fraser &Sons, Ltd.
      • FIG. 16 WASTE TEAZER By permission of Messrs. James F. Low & Co., Ltd.
    • FIG. 14 MODERN BREAKER CARD
    • FIG. 15 FINISHER CARD WITH DRAWING-HEAD By permission of Messrs. Douglas Fraser &Sons, Ltd.
    • FIG. 16 WASTE TEAZER By permission of Messrs. James F. Low & Co., Ltd.
    • CHAPTER VIII. DRAWING AND DRAWING FRAMES
      • Fig. 17 PUSH-BAR DRAWING FRAME
    • Fig. 17 PUSH-BAR DRAWING FRAME
    • CHAPTER IX. THE ROVING FRAME
      • FIG. 18 ROVING FRAME By Permission of Messrs. Douglas Fraser & Sons, Ltd
      • FIG. 19 ROVING FRAME FAIRBAIRN'S ROVING FRAME IN WORK
    • FIG. 18 ROVING FRAME By Permission of Messrs. Douglas Fraser & Sons, Ltd
    • FIG. 19 ROVING FRAME FAIRBAIRN'S ROVING FRAME IN WORK
    • CHAPTER X. SPINNING
      • FIG 20. AN INDIAN SPINNING FLAT
      • FIG. 21 A LINE OF SPINNING FRAMES
    • FIG 20. AN INDIAN SPINNING FLAT
    • FIG. 21 A LINE OF SPINNING FRAMES
    • CHAPTER XI. TWISTING AND REELING
    • CHAPTER XII. WINDING: ROLLS AND COPS
      • FIG. 22 BOBBIN WINDING MACHINE WITH HANKS
      • FIG. 23 ROLL WINDER FOR LARGE ROLLS By permission of Messrs. Douglas Fraser & Sons, Ltd.
      • FIG. 24 ROLL WINDING MACHINE (FROM HANKS) By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons & Co.
      • FIG. 25 COP WINDING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Douglas Fraser & Sons, Ltd.
      • FIG. 26 COP WINDING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Urquhart, Lindsay & Co., Ltd.
    • FIG. 22 BOBBIN WINDING MACHINE WITH HANKS
    • FIG. 23 ROLL WINDER FOR LARGE ROLLS By permission of Messrs. Douglas Fraser & Sons, Ltd.
    • FIG. 24 ROLL WINDING MACHINE (FROM HANKS) By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons & Co.
    • FIG. 25 COP WINDING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Douglas Fraser & Sons, Ltd.
    • FIG. 26 COP WINDING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Urquhart, Lindsay & Co., Ltd.
    • CHAPTER XIII. WARPING, BEAMING AND DRESSING
      • FIG. 27 A ROW OF MODERN WARPING MILLS
      • FIG. 28 POWER CHAIN OF WARP LINKING MACHINE
      • FIG. 29 WINDING-ON OR DRY BEAMING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Urquhart, Lindsay & Co. Ltd.
      • FIG. 30 A MODERN YARN DRESSING MACHINE WITH SIX STEAM-HEATED CYLINDERS
      • FIG. 31 DRESSING MACHINE FOR PREPARING TWO WARPS SIMULTANEOUSLY By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons & Co.
    • FIG. 27 A ROW OF MODERN WARPING MILLS
    • FIG. 28 POWER CHAIN OF WARP LINKING MACHINE
    • FIG. 29 WINDING-ON OR DRY BEAMING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Urquhart, Lindsay & Co. Ltd.
    • FIG. 30 A MODERN YARN DRESSING MACHINE WITH SIX STEAM-HEATED CYLINDERS
    • FIG. 31 DRESSING MACHINE FOR PREPARING TWO WARPS SIMULTANEOUSLY By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons & Co.
    • CHAPTER XIV. TYING-ON, DRAWING-IN, AND WEAVING
      • FIG. 32 SIX DISTINCT KINDS OF TYPICAL JUTE FABRICS
      • FIG. 33 POINT-PAPER DESIGNS SHOWING WEAVES FOR VARIOUS CLOTHS
      • FIG. 34 DIAGRAMMATIC VIEWS OF THE STRUCTURE OF PLAIN CLOTH
      • FIG. 35 WEAVING SHED WITH BELT-DRIVEN LOOMS
      • FIG. 36 LOOMS DRIVEN WITH INDIVIDUAL MOTORS By permission of The English Electric Co., Ltd.
      • FIG. 37 DOBBY LOOM By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons & Co.
      • FIG. 38 BRUSSELS CARPET JACQUARD LOOM
      • FIG. 39. THE OLD WAY
      • FIG. 40. THE NEW WAY By permission of Messrs. Herbert Morris, Ltd.
    • FIG. 32 SIX DISTINCT KINDS OF TYPICAL JUTE FABRICS
    • FIG. 33 POINT-PAPER DESIGNS SHOWING WEAVES FOR VARIOUS CLOTHS
    • FIG. 34 DIAGRAMMATIC VIEWS OF THE STRUCTURE OF PLAIN CLOTH
    • FIG. 35 WEAVING SHED WITH BELT-DRIVEN LOOMS
    • FIG. 36 LOOMS DRIVEN WITH INDIVIDUAL MOTORS By permission of The English Electric Co., Ltd.
    • FIG. 37 DOBBY LOOM By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons & Co.
    • FIG. 38 BRUSSELS CARPET JACQUARD LOOM
    • FIG. 39. THE OLD WAY
    • FIG. 40. THE NEW WAY By permission of Messrs. Herbert Morris, Ltd.
    • CHAPTER XV. FINISHING
      • FIG. 41 CROPPING MACHINE AT WORK
      • FIG. 42 DOUBLE CROPPING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons & Co., Ltd.
      • FIG. 43 DAMPING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons & Co., Ltd.
      • FIG. 44 CALENDAR
      • FIG. 45 HYDRAULIC MANGLE. By permission of Messrs. Urquhart, Lindsay & Co., Ltd.
      • Fig 46 FOLDING, LAPPING OR PLEATING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons & Co. Ltd.
      • FIG. 47 CRISPING, CREASING OR RIGGING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Urquhart Lindsay & Co. Ltd.
      • FIG 48 SEMI-MECHANICAL BAG OR SACK CUTTING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Urquhart, Lindsay & Co. Ltd
      • FIG. 49 OVERHEAD (LAING) SACK SEWING MACHINE By permission of Mr. D. J. Macdonald
      • FIG. 50 SACK PRINTING MACHINE By Permission of Mr. D. J. Macdonald.
        • Printed by Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, Ltd., Bath, England
        • NORTHROP AUTOMATIC LOOM as used in the jute trade Models for Cotton, Woolen, and Worsted, jute, linen, silk, etc. All sizes from 28" to 120"
      • Printed by Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, Ltd., Bath, England
      • NORTHROP AUTOMATIC LOOM as used in the jute trade Models for Cotton, Woolen, and Worsted, jute, linen, silk, etc. All sizes from 28" to 120"
    • FIG. 41 CROPPING MACHINE AT WORK
    • FIG. 42 DOUBLE CROPPING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons & Co., Ltd.
    • FIG. 43 DAMPING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons & Co., Ltd.
    • FIG. 44 CALENDAR
    • FIG. 45 HYDRAULIC MANGLE. By permission of Messrs. Urquhart, Lindsay & Co., Ltd.
    • Fig 46 FOLDING, LAPPING OR PLEATING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Charles Parker, Sons & Co. Ltd.
    • FIG. 47 CRISPING, CREASING OR RIGGING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Urquhart Lindsay & Co. Ltd.
    • FIG 48 SEMI-MECHANICAL BAG OR SACK CUTTING MACHINE By permission of Messrs. Urquhart, Lindsay & Co. Ltd
    • FIG. 49 OVERHEAD (LAING) SACK SEWING MACHINE By permission of Mr. D. J. Macdonald
    • FIG. 50 SACK PRINTING MACHINE By Permission of Mr. D. J. Macdonald.
      • Printed by Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, Ltd., Bath, England
      • NORTHROP AUTOMATIC LOOM as used in the jute trade Models for Cotton, Woolen, and Worsted, jute, linen, silk, etc. All sizes from 28" to 120"
    • Printed by Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, Ltd., Bath, England
    • NORTHROP AUTOMATIC LOOM as used in the jute trade Models for Cotton, Woolen, and Worsted, jute, linen, silk, etc. All sizes from 28" to 120"
    • The End
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