Thirty Years' View (Vol. II of 2) or, A History of the Working of the American Government for Thirty Years, from 1820 to 1850
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Thirty Years' View (Vol. II of 2) or, A History of the Working of the American Government for Thirty Years, from 1820 to 1850

By Thomas Hart Benton
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Table of Contents
  • THIRTY YEARS' VIEW; OR, A HISTORY OF THE WORKING OF THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT FOR THIRTY YEARS, FROM 1820 TO 1850.
  • CONTENTS OF VOLUME II.
  • THIRTY YEARS' VIEW.
    • ADMINISTRATION OF MARTIN VAN BUREN.
  • CHAPTER I.
    • INAUGURATION OF MR. VAN BUREN.
  • CHAPTER II.
    • FINANCIAL AND MONETARY CRISIS: GENERAL SUSPENSION OF SPECIE PAYMENTS BY THE BANKS.
  • CHAPTER III.
    • PREPARATION FOR THE DISTRESS AND SUSPENSION.
  • CHAPTER IV.
    • PROGRESS OF THE DISTRESS, AND PRELIMINARIES FOR THE SUSPENSION.
  • CHAPTER V.
    • ACTUAL SUSPENSION OF THE BANKS: PROPAGATION OF THE ALARM.
  • CHAPTER VI.
    • TRANSMIGRATION OF THE BANK OF THE UNITED STATES FROM A FEDERAL TO A STATE INSTITUTION.
  • CHAPTER VII.
    • EFFECTS OF THE SUSPENSION: GENERAL DERANGEMENT OF BUSINESS: SUPPRESSION AND RIDICULE OF THE SPECIE CURRENCY: SUBMISSION OF THE PEOPLE: CALL OF CONGRESS.
  • CHAPTER VIII.
    • EXTRA SESSION: MESSAGE, AND RECOMMENDATIONS.
  • CHAPTER IX.
    • ATTACKS ON THE MESSAGE: TREASURY NOTES.
  • CHAPTER X.
    • RETENTION OF THE FOURTH DEPOSIT INSTALMENT.
  • CHAPTER XI.
    • INDEPENDENT TREASURY AND HARD MONEY PAYMENTS.
  • CHAPTER XII.
    • ATTEMPTED RESUMPTION OF SPECIE PAYMENTS.
  • CHAPTER XIII.
    • BANKRUPT ACT AGAINST BANKS.
  • CHAPTER XIV.
    • BANKRUPT ACT FOR BANKS: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER XV.
    • DIVORCE OF BANK AND STATE: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER XVI.
    • FIRST REGULAR SESSION UNDER MR. VAN BUREN'S ADMINISTRATION: HIS MESSAGE.
  • CHAPTER XVII.
    • PENNSYLVANIA BANK OF THE UNITED STATES. ITS USE OF THE DEFUNCT NOTES OF THE EXPIRED INSTITUTION.
  • CHAPTER XVIII.
    • FLORIDA INDIAN WAR: ITS ORIGIN AND CONDUCT.
  • CHAPTER XIX.
    • FLORIDA INDIAN WAR: HISTORICAL SPEECH OF MR. BENTON
  • CHAPTER XX.
    • RESUMPTION OF SPECIE PAYMENTS BY THE NEW YORK BANKS.
  • CHAPTER XXI.
    • RESUMPTION OF SPECIE PAYMENTS: HISTORICAL NOTICES: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER XXII.
    • MR. CLAY'S RESOLUTION IN FAVOR OF RESUMING BANKS, AND MR. BENTON'S REMARKS UPON IT.
  • CHAPTER XXIII.
    • RESUMPTION BY THE PENNSYLVANIA UNITED STATES BANK; AND OTHERS WHICH FOLLOWED HER LEAD.
  • CHAPTER XXIV.
    • PROPOSED ANNEXATION OF TEXAS: MR. PRESTON'S MOTION AND SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER XXV.
    • DEBATE BETWEEN MR. CLAY AND MR. CALHOUN, PERSONAL AND POLITICAL, AND LEADING TO EXPOSITIONS AND VINDICATIONS OF PUBLIC CONDUCT WHICH BELONG TO HISTORY.
  • CHAPTER XXVI.
    • DEBATE BETWEEN MR. CLAY AND MR. CALHOUN: MR. CLAY'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER XXVII.
    • DEBATE BETWEEN MR. CLAY AND MR. CALHOUN: MR. CALHOUN'S SPEECH; EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER XXVIII.
    • DEBATE BETWEEN MR. CLAY AND MR. CALHOUN REJOINDERS BY EACH.
  • CHAPTER XXIX.
    • INDEPENDENT TREASURY, OR, DIVORCE OF BANK AND STATE: PASSED IN THE SENATE: LOST IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
  • CHAPTER XXX.
    • PUBLIC LANDS: GRADUATION OF PRICE: PRE-EMPTION SYSTEM: TAXATION WHEN SOLD.
  • CHAPTER XXXI.
    • SPECIE BASIS FOR BANKS: ONE THIRD OF THE AMOUNT OF LIABILITIES THE LOWEST SAFE PROPORTION: SPEECH OF MR. BENTON ON THE RECHARTER OF THE DISTRICT BANKS.
  • CHAPTER XXXII.
    • THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH: COMPARATIVE PROSPERITY: SOUTHERN DISCONTENT: ITS TRUE CAUSE.
  • CHAPTER XXXIII.
    • PROGRESS OF THE SLAVERY AGITATION: MR. CALHOUN'S APPROVAL OF THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE
  • CHAPTER XXXIV.
    • DEATH OF COMMODORE RODGERS, AND NOTICE OF HIS LIFE AND CHARACTER.
  • CHAPTER XXXV.
    • ANTI-DUELLING ACT.
  • CHAPTER XXXVI.
    • SLAVERY AGITATION IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, AND RETIRING OF SOUTHERN MEMBERS FROM THE HALL.
  • CHAPTER XXXVII.
    • ABOLITIONISTS CLASSIFIED BY MR. CLAY ULTRAS DENOUNCED: SLAVERY AGITATORS NORTH AND SOUTH EQUALLY DENOUNCED AS DANGEROUS TO THE UNION.
  • CHAPTER XXXVIII.
    • BANK OF THE UNITED STATES: RESIGNATION OF MR. BIDDLE: FINAL SUSPENSION.
  • CHAPTER XXXIX.
    • FIRST SESSION TWENTY-SIXTH CONGRESS: MEMBERS: ORGANIZATION: POLITICAL MAP OF THE HOUSE.
  • CHAPTER XL.
    • FIRST SESSION OF THE TWENTY-SIXTH CONGRESS: PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
  • CHAPTER XLI.
    • DIVORCE OF BANK AND STATE; DIVORCE DECREED.
  • CHAPTER XLII.
    • FLORIDA ARMED OCCUPATION BILL: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER XLIII.
    • ASSUMPTION OF THE STATE DEBTS.
  • CHAPTER XLIV.
    • ASSUMPTION OF THE STATE DEBTS: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER XLV.
    • DEATH OF GENERAL SAMUEL SMITH, OF MARYLAND; AND NOTICE OF HIS LIFE AND CHARACTER.
  • CHAPTER XLVI.
    • SALT; THE UNIVERSALITY OF ITS SUPPLY; MYSTERY AND INDISPENSABILITY OF ITS USE; TYRANNY AND IMPIETY OF ITS TAXATION; SPEECH OF MR. BENTON: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER XLVII.
    • PAIRING OFF.
  • CHAPTER XLVIII.
    • TAX ON BANK NOTES: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS:
  • CHAPTER XLIX.
    • LIBERATION OF SLAVES BELONGING TO AMERICAN CITIZENS IN BRITISH COLONIAL PORTS.
  • CHAPTER L.
    • RESIGNATION OF SENATOR HUGH LAWSON WHITE OF TENNESSEE: HIS DEATH: SOME NOTICE OF HIS LIFE AND CHARACTER.
  • CHAPTER LI.
    • DEATH OF EX-SENATOR HAYNE OF SOUTH CAROLINA: NOTICE OF HIS LIFE AND CHARACTER.
  • CHAPTER LII.
    • ABOLITION OF SPECIFIC DUTIES BY THE COMPROMISE ACT OF 1833: ITS ERROR, AND LOSS TO THE REVENUE, SHOWN BY EXPERIENCE.
  • CHAPTER LIII.
    • REFINED SUGAR AND RUM DRAWBACKS: THEIR ABUSE UNDER THE COMPROMISE ACT OF 1833: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER LIV.
    • FISHING BOUNTIES AND ALLOWANCES, AND THEIR ABUSE: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER LV.
    • EXPENDITURES OF THE GOVERNMENT.
  • CHAPTER LVI.
    • EXPENSES OF THE GOVERNMENT, COMPARATIVE AND PROGRESSIVE, AND SEPARATED FROM EXTRAORDINARIES.
  • CHAPTER LVII.
    • DEATH OF MR. JUSTICE BARBOUR OF THE SUPREME COURT, AND APPOINTMENT OF PETER V. DANIEL, ESQ., IN HIS PLACE.
  • CHAPTER LVIII.
    • PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION.
  • CHAPTER LIX.
    • CONCLUSION OF MR. VAN BUREN'S ADMINISTRATION.
  • ADMINISTRATION OF WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON.
  • CHAPTER LX.
    • INAUGURATION OF PRESIDENT HARRISON: HIS CABINET—CALL OF CONGRESS—AND DEATH.
  • ADMINISTRATION OF JOHN TYLER.
  • CHAPTER LXI.
    • ACCESSION OF THE VICE-PRESIDENT TO THE PRESIDENCY.
  • CHAPTER LXII.
    • TWENTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS: FIRST SESSION: LIST OF MEMBERS, AND ORGANIZATION OF THE HOUSE.
  • CHAPTER LXIII.
    • FIRST MESSAGE OF MR. TYLER TO CONGRESS, AND MR. CLAY'S PROGRAMME OF BUSINESS.
  • CHAPTER LXIV.
    • REPEAL OF THE INDEPENDENT TREASURY ACT
  • CHAPTER LXV.
    • REPEAL OF THE INDEPENDENT TREASURY ACT: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER LXVI.
    • THE BANKRUPT ACT: WHAT IT WAS: AND HOW IT WAS PASSED.
  • CHAPTER LXVII.
    • BANKRUPT BILL: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER LXVIII.
    • DISTRIBUTION OF THE PUBLIC LAND REVENUE AND ASSUMPTION OF THE STATE DEBTS.
  • CHAPTER LXIX.
    • INSTITUTION OF THE HOUR RULE IN DEBATE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES: ITS ATTEMPT, AND REPULSE IN THE SENATE.
  • CHAPTER LXX.
    • BILL FOR THE RELIEF OF MRS. HARRISON, WIDOW OF THE LATE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • CHAPTER LXXI.
    • MRS. HARRISON'S BILL: SPEECH OF MR. BENTON EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER LXXII.
    • ABUSE OF THE NAVAL PENSION SYSTEM: VAIN ATTEMPT TO CORRECT IT.
  • CHAPTER LXXIII.
    • HOME SQUADRON, AND AID TO PRIVATE STEAM LINES.
  • CHAPTER LXXIV.
    • RECHARTER OF THE DISTRICT BANKS: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER LXXV.
    • REVOLT IN CANADA: BORDER SYMPATHY: FIRMNESS OF MR. VAN BUREN: PUBLIC PEACE ENDANGERED—AND PRESERVED:—CASE OF MCLEOD.
  • CHAPTER LXXVI.
    • DESTRUCTION OF THE CAROLINE: ARREST AND TRIAL OF McLEOD: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER LXXVII.
    • REFUSAL OF THE HOUSE TO ALLOW RECESS COMMITTEES.
  • CHAPTER LXXVIII.
    • REDUCTION OF THE EXPENSE OF FOREIGN MISSIONS BY REDUCING THE NUMBER.
  • CHAPTER LXXIX.
    • INFRINGEMENT OF THE TARIFF COMPROMISE ACT OF 1833: CORRECTION OF ABUSES IN DRAWBACKS
  • CHAPTER LXXX.
    • NATIONAL BANK: FIRST BILL.
  • CHAPTER LXXXI.
    • SECOND FISCAL AGENT: BILL PRESENTED: PASSED: DISAPPROVED BY THE PRESIDENT.
  • CHAPTER LXXXII.
    • SECRET HISTORY OF THE SECOND BILL FOR A FISCAL AGENT, CALLED FISCAL CORPORATION: ITS ORIGIN WITH MR. TYLER: ITS PROGRESS THROUGH CONGRESS UNDER HIS LEAD: ITS REJECTION UNDER HIS VETO.
  • CHAPTER LXXXIII.
    • THE VETO MESSAGE HISSED IN THE SENATE GALLERIES.
  • CHAPTER LXXXIV.
    • RESIGNATION OF MR. TYLER'S CABINET.
  • CHAPTER LXXXV.
    • REPUDIATION OF MR. TYLER BY THE WHIG PARTY: THEIR MANIFESTO: COUNTER MANIFESTO BY MR. CALEB CUSHING.
  • CHAPTER LXXXVI.
    • THE DANISH SOUND DUES.
  • CHAPTER LXXXVII.
    • LAST NOTICE OF THE BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • CHAPTER LXXXVIII.
    • END AND RESULTS OF THE EXTRA SESSION.
  • CHAPTER LXXXIX.
    • FIRST ANNUAL MESSAGE OF PRESIDENT TYLER.
  • CHAPTER XC.
    • THIRD PLAN FOR A FISCAL AGENT, CALLED EXCHEQUER BOARD: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH AGAINST IT: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER XCI.
    • THE THIRD FISCAL AGENT, ENTITLED A BOARD OF EXCHEQUER.
  • CHAPTER XCII.
    • ATTEMPTED REPEAL OF THE BANKRUPT ACT.
  • CHAPTER XCIII.
    • DEATH OF LEWIS WILLIAMS, OF NORTH CAROLINA, AND NOTICE OF HIS LIFE AND CHARACTER.
  • CHAPTER XCIV.
    • THE CIVIL LIST EXPENSES: THE CONTINGENT EXPENSES OF CONGRESS: AND THE REVENUE COLLECTION EXPENSE.
  • CHAPTER XCV.
    • RESIGNATION AND VALEDICTORY OF MR. CLAY
  • CHAPTER XCVI.
    • MILITARY DEPARTMENT: PROGRESS OF ITS EXPENSE.
  • CHAPTER XCVII.
    • PAPER MONEY PAYMENTS: ATTEMPTED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: RESISTED: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER XCVIII.
    • CASE OF THE AMERICAN BRIG CREOLE, WITH SLAVES FOR NEW ORLEANS, CARRIED BY MUTINY INTO NASSAU, AND THE SLAVES LIBERATED.
  • CHAPTER XCIX.
    • DISTRESS OF THE TREASURY: THREE TARIFF BILLS, AND TWO VETOES: END OF THE COMPROMISE ACT.
  • CHAPTER C.
    • MR. TYLER AND THE WHIG PARTY: CONFIRMED SEPARATION.
  • CHAPTER CI.
    • LORD ASHBURTON'S MISSION, AND THE BRITISH TREATY.
  • CHAPTER CII.
    • BRITISH TREATY: THE PRETERMITTED SUBJECTS: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER CIII.
    • BRITISH TREATY: NORTHEASTERN BOUNDARY ARTICLE: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACT.
  • CHAPTER CIV.
    • BRITISH TREATY: NORTHWESTERN BOUNDARY: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER CV.
    • BRITISH TREATY: EXTRADITION ARTICLE: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACT.
  • CHAPTER CVI.
    • BRITISH TREATY; AFRICAN SQUADRON FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF THE SLAVE TRADE; MR. BENTON'S SPEECH; EXTRACT.
  • CHAPTER CVII.
    • EXPENSE OF THE NAVY: WASTE OF MONEY NECESSITY OF A NAVAL PEACE ESTABLISHMENT, AND OF A NAVAL POLICY.
  • CHAPTER CVIII.
    • EXPENSES OF THE NAVY: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER CIX.
    • MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT AT THE OPENING OF THE REGULAR SESSION OF 1842-3.
  • CHAPTER CX.
    • REPEAL OF THE BANKRUPT ACT: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH; EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER CXI.
    • MILITARY ACADEMY AND ARMY EXPENSES.
  • CHAPTER CXII.
    • EMIGRATION TO THE COLUMBIA RIVER, AND FOUNDATION OF ITS SETTLEMENT BY AMERICAN CITIZENS: FREMONT'S FIRST EXPEDITION.
  • CHAPTER CXIII.
    • LIEUTENANT FREMONT'S FIRST EXPEDITION: SPEECH, AND MOTION OF SENATOR LINN.
  • CHAPTER CXIV.
    • OREGON COLONIZATION ACT: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER CXV.
    • NAVY PAY AND EXPENSES: PROPOSED REDUCTION: SPEECH OF MR. MERIWETHER, OF GEORGIA: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER CXVI.
    • EULOGY ON SENATOR LINN: SPEECHES OF MR. BENTON AND MR. CRITTENDEN.
  • CHAPTER CXVII.
    • THE COAST SURVEY: ATTEMPT TO DIMINISH ITS EXPENSE, AND TO EXPEDITE ITS COMPLETION, BY RESTORING THE WORK TO NAVAL AND MILITARY OFFICERS.
  • CHAPTER CXVIII.
    • DEATH OF COMMODORE PORTER, AND NOTICE OF HIS LIFE AND CHARACTER.
  • CHAPTER CXIX.
    • REFUNDING OF GENERAL JACKSON'S FINE.
  • CHAPTER CXX.
    • REPEAL OF THE BANKRUPT ACT: ATTACK OF MR. CUSHING ON MR. CLAY: ITS REBUKE.
  • CHAPTER CXXI.
    • NAVAL EXPENDITURES, AND ADMINISTRATION ATTEMPTS AT REFORM: ABORTIVE.
  • CHAPTER CXXII.
    • CHINESE MISSION: MR. CUSHING'S APPOINTMENT AND NEGOTIATION.
  • CHAPTER CXXIII.
    • THE ALLEGED MUTINY, AND THE EXECUTIONS (AS THEY WERE CALLED) ON BOARD THE UNITED STATES MAN-OF-WAR, SOMERS.
  • CHAPTER CXXIV.
    • RETIREMENT OF MR. WEBSTER FROM MR. TYLER'S CABINET.
  • CHAPTER CXXV.
    • DEATH OF WILLIAM H. CRAWFORD.
  • CHAPTER CXXVI.
    • FIRST SESSION OF THE TWENTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS: LIST OF MEMBERS: ORGANIZATION OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
  • CHAPTER CXXVII.
    • MR. TYLER'S SECOND ANNUAL MESSAGE.
  • CHAPTER CXXVIII.
    • EXPLOSION OF THE GREAT GUN ON BOARD THE PRINCETON MAN-OF-WAR: THE KILLED AND WOUNDED.
  • CHAPTER CXXIX.
    • RECONSTRUCTION OF MR. TYLER'S CABINET.
  • CHAPTER CXXX.
    • DEATH OF SENATOR PORTER, OF LOUISIANA: EULOGIUM OF MR. BENTON.
  • CHAPTER CXXXI.
    • NAVAL ACADEMY, AND NAVAL POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • CHAPTER CXXXII.
    • THE HOME SQUADRON: ITS INUTILITY AND EXPENSE.
  • CHAPTER CXXXIII.
    • PROFESSOR MORSE: HIS ELECTRO-MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH.
  • CHAPTER CXXXIV.
    • FREMONT'S SECOND EXPEDITION.
  • CHAPTER CXXXV.
    • TEXAS ANNEXATION: SECRET ORIGIN; BOLD INTRIGUE FOR THE PRESIDENCY.
  • CHAPTER CXXXVI.
    • DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION FOR THE NOMINATION OF PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES.
  • CHAPTER CXXXVII.
    • PRESIDENTIAL: DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION: MR. CALHOUN'S REFUSAL TO SUBMIT HIS NAME TO IT: HIS REASONS.
  • CHAPTER CXXXVIII.
    • ANNEXATION OF TEXAS: SECRET NEGOTIATION PRESIDENTIAL INTRIGUE: SCHEMES OF SPECULATION AND DISUNION.
  • CHAPTER CXXXIX.
    • TEXAS ANNEXATION TREATY: FIRST SPEECH OF MR. BENTON AGAINST IT: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER CXL.
    • TEXAS OR DISUNION: SOUTHERN CONVENTION: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER CXLI.
    • TEXAS OR DISUNION: VIOLENT DEMONSTRATIONS IN THE SOUTH: SOUTHERN CONVENTION PROPOSED.
  • CHAPTER CXLII.
    • REJECTION OF THE ANNEXATION TREATY: PROPOSAL OF MR. BENTON'S PLAN.
  • CHAPTER CXLIII.
    • OREGON TERRITORY: CONVENTIONS OF 1818 AND 1828: JOINT OCCUPATION: ATTEMPTED NOTICE TO TERMINATE IT.
  • CHAPTER CXLIV.
    • PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION.
  • CHAPTER CXLV.
    • AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION: ELECTION OF PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT: MR. BENTON'S PLAN.
  • CHAPTER CXLVI.
    • THE PRESIDENT AND THE SENATE: WANT OF CONCORD: NUMEROUS REJECTIONS OF NOMINATIONS.
  • CHAPTER CXLVII.
    • MR. TYLER'S LAST MESSAGE TO CONGRESS.
  • CHAPTER CXLVIII.
    • LEGISLATIVE ADMISSION OF TEXAS INTO THE UNION AS A STATE.
  • ADMINISTRATION OF JAMES K. POLK.
  • CHAPTER CXLIX.
    • THE WAR WITH MEXICO: ITS CAUSE: CHARGED ON THE CONDUCT OF MR. CALHOUN: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER CL.
    • MR. POLK'S INAUGURAL ADDRESS, AND CABINET.
  • CHAPTER CLI.
    • MR. BLAIR AND THE GLOBE SUPERSEDED AS THE ADMINISTRATION ORGAN: MR. THOMAS RITCHIE AND THE DAILY UNION SUBSTITUTED.
  • CHAPTER CLII.
    • TWENTY-NINTH CONGRESS: LIST OF MEMBERS: FIRST SESSION: ORGANIZATION OF THE HOUSE.
  • CHAPTER CLIII.
    • MR. POLK'S FIRST ANNUAL MESSAGE TO CONGRESS.
  • CHAPTER CLIV.
    • DEATH OF JOHN FORSYTH.
  • CHAPTER CLV.
    • ADMISSION OF FLORIDA AND IOWA.
  • CHAPTER CLVI.
    • OREGON TREATY: NEGOTIATIONS COMMENCED, AND BROKEN OFF.
  • CHAPTER CLVII.
    • OREGON QUESTION: NOTICE TO ABROGATE THE ARTICLE IN THE TREATY FOR A JOINT OCCUPATION: THE PRESIDENT DENOUNCED IN THE SENATE FOR A SUPPOSED LEANING TO THE LINE OF FORTY-NINE.
  • CHAPTER CLVIII.
    • OREGON TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT: BOUNDARIES AND HISTORY OF THE COUNTRY: FRAZER'S RIVER: TREATY OF UTRECHT: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER CLIX.
    • OREGON JOINT OCCUPATION: NOTICE AUTHORIZED FOR TERMINATING IT: BRITISH GOVERNMENT OFFERS THE LINE OF 49: QUANDARY OF THE ADMINISTRATION: DEVICE: SENATE CONSULTED: TREATY MADE AND RATIFIED.
  • CHAPTER CLX.
    • MEETING OF THE SECOND SESSION OF THE 29TH CONGRESS: PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE: VIGOROUS PROSECUTION OF THE WAR RECOMMENDED: LIEUTENANT-GENERAL PROPOSED TO BE CREATED.
  • CHAPTER CLXI.
    • WAR WITH MEXICO: THE WAR DECLARED, AND AN INTRIGUE FOR PEACE COMMENCED THE SAME DAY.
  • CHAPTER CLXII.
    • BLOODLESS CONQUEST OF NEW MEXICO: HOW IT WAS DONE: SUBSEQUENT BLOODY INSURRECTION, AND ITS CAUSE.
  • CHAPTER CLXIII.
    • MEXICAN WAR: DONIPHAN'S EXPEDITION: MR. BENTON'S SALUTATORY ADDRESS, ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.
  • CHAPTER CLXIV.
    • FREMONT'S THIRD EXPEDITION, AND ACQUISITION OF CALIFORNIA.
  • CHAPTER CLXV.
    • PAUSE IN THE WAR: SEDENTARY TACTICS: "MASTERLY INACTIVITY."
  • CHAPTER CLXVI.
    • THE WILMOT PROVISO; OR, PROHIBITION OF SLAVERY IN THE TERRITORIES: ITS INUTILITY AND MISCHIEF.
  • CHAPTER CLXVII.
    • MR. CALHOUN'S SLAVERY RESOLUTIONS, AND DENIAL OF THE RIGHT OF CONGRESS TO PROHIBIT SLAVERY IN A TERRITORY.
  • CHAPTER CLXVIII.
    • THE SLAVERY AGITATION: DISUNION: KEY TO MR. CALHOUN'S POLICY: FORCING THE ISSUE: MODE OF FORCING IT.
  • CHAPTER CLXIX.
    • DEATH OF SILAS WRIGHT, EX-SENATOR AND EX-GOVERNOR OF NEW YORK.
  • CHAPTER CLXX.
    • THIRTIETH CONGRESS: FIRST SESSION: LIST OF MEMBERS: PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
  • CHAPTER CLXXI.
    • DEATH OF SENATOR BARROW: MR. BENTON'S EULOGIUM.
  • CHAPTER CLXXII.
    • DEATH OF MR. ADAMS.
  • CHAPTER CLXXIII.
    • DOWNFALL OF SANTA ANNA: NEW GOVERNMENT IN MEXICO: PEACE NEGOTIATIONS: TREATY OF PEACE.
  • CHAPTER CLXXIV.
    • OREGON TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT: ANTI-SLAVERY ORDINANCE OF 1787 APPLIED TO OREGON TERRITORY: MISSOURI COMPROMISE LINE OF 1820, AND THE TEXAS ANNEXATION RENEWAL OF IT IN 1845, AFFIRMED.
  • CHAPTER CLXXV.
    • MR. CALHOUN'S NEW DOGMA ON TERRITORIAL SLAVERY: SELF-EXTENSION OF THE SLAVERY PART OF THE CONSTITUTION TO THE TERRITORIES.
  • CHAPTER CLXXVI.
    • COURT-MARTIAL ON LIEUTENANT-COLONEL FREMONT.
  • CHAPTER CLXXVII.
    • FREMONT'S FOURTH EXPEDITION, AND GREAT DISASTER IN THE SNOWS AT THE HEAD OF THE RIO GRANDE DEL NORTE: SUBSEQUENT DISCOVERY OF THE PASS HE SOUGHT.
  • CHAPTER CLXXVIII.
    • PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION.
  • CHAPTER CLXXIX.
    • LAST MESSAGE OF MR. POLK.
  • CHAPTER CLXXX.
    • FINANCIAL WORKING OF THE GOVERNMENT UNDER THE HARD MONEY SYSTEM.
  • CHAPTER CLXXXI.
    • COAST SURVEY: BELONGS TO THE NAVY: CONVERTED INTO A SEPARATE DEPARTMENT: EXPENSE AND INTERMINABILITY: SHOULD BE DONE BY THE NAVY, AS IN GREAT BRITAIN: MR. BENTONS SPEECH: EXTRACT.
  • CHAPTER CLXXXII.
    • PROPOSED EXTENSION OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES TO THE TERRITORIES, WITH A VIEW TO MAKE IT CARRY SLAVERY INTO CALIFORNIA, UTAH AND NEW MEXICO.
  • CHAPTER CLXXXIII.
    • PROGRESS OF THE SLAVERY AGITATION: MEETING OF MEMBERS FROM THE SLAVE STATES: INFLAMMATORY ADDRESS TO THE SOUTHERN STATES.
  • ADMINISTRATION OF ZACHARY TAYLOR.
  • CHAPTER CLXXXIV.
    • INAUGURATION OF PRESIDENT TAYLOR: HIS CABINET.
  • CHAPTER CLXXXV.
    • DEATH OF EX-PRESIDENT POLK.
  • CHAPTER CLXXXVI.
    • THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS: FIRST SESSION: LIST OF MEMBERS: ORGANIZATION OF THE HOUSE.
  • CHAPTER CLXXXVII.
    • FIRST AND ONLY ANNUAL MESSAGE OF PRESIDENT TAYLOR.
  • CHAPTER CLXXXVIII.
    • MR. CLAY'S PLAN OF COMPROMISE.
  • CHAPTER CLXXXIX.
    • EXTENSION OF THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE LINE TO THE PACIFIC OCEAN: MR. DAVIS, OF MISSISSIPPI, AND MR. CLAY: THE WILMOT PROVISO.
  • CHAPTER CXC.
    • MR. CALHOUN'S LAST SPEECH: DISSOLUTION OF THE UNION PROCLAIMED UNLESS THE CONSTITUTION WAS AMENDED, AND A DUAL EXECUTIVE APPOINTED—ONE PRESIDENT FROM THE SLAVE AND ONE FROM THE FREE STATES.
  • CHAPTER CXCI.
    • DEATH OF MR. CALHOUN: HIS EULOGIUM BY SENATOR BUTLER.
  • CHAPTER CXCII.
    • MR. CLAY'S PLAN OF SLAVERY COMPROMISE: MR. BENTON'S SPEECH AGAINST IT: EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER CXCIII.
    • DEATH OF PRESIDENT TAYLOR.
  • ADMINISTRATION OF MILLARD FILLMORE.
  • CHAPTER CXCIV.
    • INAUGURATION AND CABINET OF MR. FILLMORE.
  • CHAPTER CXCV.
    • REJECTION OF MR. CLAY'S PLAN OF COMPROMISE.
  • CHAPTER CXCVI.
    • THE ADMISSION OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA: PROTEST OF SOUTHERN SENATORS: REMARKS UPON IT BY MR. BENTON.
  • CHAPTER CXCVII.
    • FUGITIVE SLAVES—ORDINANCE OF 1787: THE CONSTITUTION: ACT OF 1793: ACT OF 1850.
  • CHAPTER CXCVIII.
    • DISUNION MOVEMENTS: SOUTHERN PRESS AT WASHINGTON: SOUTHERN CONVENTION AT NASHVILLE: SOUTHERN CONGRESS CALLED FOR BY SOUTH CAROLINA AND MISSISSIPPI.
  • CHAPTER CXCIX.
    • THE SUPREME COURT: ITS JUDGES, CLERK, ATTORNEY-GENERALS, REPORTERS AND MARSHALS DURING THE PERIOD TREATED OF IN THIS VOLUME.
  • CHAPTER CC.
    • CONCLUSION.
  • INDEX TO VOL. II.
  • D. APPLETON & CO.'S PUBLICATIONS.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • Transcriber's note:
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