Nature's Teachings
Human Invention Anticipated by Nature
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Nature's Teachings Human Invention Anticipated by Nature

By J. G. Wood
Free
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Table of Contents
  • NATURE’S TEACHINGS HUMAN INVENTION ANTICIPATED BY NATURE
  • PREFACE.
  • CONTENTS.
  • NAUTICAL. CHAPTER I.
    • The Raft.
    • The Boat.
  • NAUTICAL. CHAPTER II. THE OAR, THE PADDLE, AND THE SCREW.
  • NAUTICAL. CHAPTER III. SUBSIDIARY APPLIANCES.—Part I.
  • NAUTICAL. CHAPTER IV. SUBSIDIARY APPLIANCES.—Part II.
  • NAUTICAL. CHAPTER V. SUBSIDIARY APPLIANCES. Part III.—The Boat-hook and Punt-pole.—The Life-buoy and Pontoon-raft.
  • WAR AND HUNTING. CHAPTER I. THE PITFALL, THE CLUB, THE SWORD, THE SPEAR AND DAGGER.
    • The Pitfall.
    • The Club.
    • The Sword.
    • The Spear and the Dagger.
  • WAR AND HUNTING. CHAPTER II. POISON, ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE.—PRINCIPLE OF THE BARB.
    • Animal Poisons.
    • Vegetable Poisons.
    • Natural Animal Poisons.
    • Natural Vegetable Poisons.
    • The Barb.
  • WAR AND HUNTING. CHAPTER III. PROJECTILE WEAPONS AND THE SHEATH.
  • WAR AND HUNTING. CHAPTER IV.
    • The Net.
    • The Rod and Line.
    • The Spring-trap.
    • The Baited Trap.
    • Birdlime.
  • WAR AND HUNTING. CHAPTER V.
    • Reverted Spikes.
    • Spiked Defences.
    • Tearing Weapons.
  • WAR AND HUNTING. CHAPTER VI. THE HOOK.—DEFENSIVE ARMOUR.—THE FORT.
    • The Hook.
    • Armour.
    • The Fort.
  • WAR AND HUNTING. CHAPTER VII. SCALING INSTRUMENTS.—DEFENCE OF FORT.—IMITATION.—THE FALL-TRAP.
    • Scaling Instruments.
    • Defence of Fort.
    • Imitation.
    • The Fall-trap.
  • WAR AND HUNTING. CHAPTER VIII. CONCEALMENT.—DISGUISE.—THE TRENCH.—POWER OF GRAVITY.—MISCELLANEA.
    • Concealment.
    • Disguise.
    • The Trench.
    • Gravity as a Propulsive Agent.
    • Miscellanea.
  • ARCHITECTURE. CHAPTER I.
    • The Hut.
    • Floors and Pillars.
    • Tunnel Entrance to the Dwelling.
    • Doors and Hinges.
  • ARCHITECTURE. CHAPTER II.
    • Mud Walls.
    • Porches, Eaves, and Windows.
  • ARCHITECTURE. CHAPTER III.
    • The Window.
    • Girders, Ties, and Buttresses.
    • The Tunnel used as a Passage.
    • The Suspension-bridge.
  • ARCHITECTURE. CHAPTER IV.
    • The Dam.
    • Subterranean Dwellings.
    • The Pyramid.
    • Subaquatic Mortar.—Paint and Varnish.
  • TOOLS. CHAPTER I. THE DIGGING-STICK.—SPADE.—SHEARS AND SCISSORS.—CHISEL AND ADZE.—THE PLANE AND SPOKESHAVE.
    • The Spade.
    • Shears and Scissors.
    • The Chisel and the Adze.
    • The Plane and Spokeshave.
  • TOOLS. CHAPTER II. THE SAW AND ITS VARIETIES.
    • The Ribbon Saw, Cordon or Band Saw.
    • The Circular Saw.
  • TOOLS. CHAPTER III. BORING TOOLS.—STRIKING TOOLS.—GRASPING TOOLS.
    • Boring Tools.
    • Striking Tools.
    • Grasping Tools.
  • TOOLS. CHAPTER IV. POLISHING TOOLS.—MEASURING TOOLS.
    • Files and Sand-papers.
    • Tools of Measurement.
    • The Spirit-level.
    • Callipers.
  • OPTICS. CHAPTER I. THE MISSIONS OF HISTORY.—THE CAMERA OBSCURA.—LONG AND SHORT SIGHT.—STEREOSCOPE AND PSEUDOSCOPE.—MULTIPLYING-GLASSES.
    • The Camera Obscura and the Eye.
    • Long and Short Sight.
    • The Stereoscope and Pseudoscope.
    • The Multiplying-glass.
  • OPTICS. CHAPTER II. THE WATER TELESCOPE.—IRIS OF THE EYE.—MAGIC LANTERN.—THE SPECTROSCOPE.—THE THAUMATROPE.
    • The Water Telescope.
    • The Iris of the Eye.
    • The Magic Lantern.
    • The Spectroscope.
    • The Thaumatrope.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER I. PRIMITIVE MAN AND HIS NEEDS.—EARTHENWARE.—BALL-AND-SOCKET JOINT.—TOGGLE OR KNEE JOINT.
    • Earthenware.
    • Ball-and-socket Joint.
    • The Toggle or Knee Joint.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER II. CRUSHING INSTRUMENTS.—THE NUT-CRACKERS, ROLLING-MILL, AND GRINDSTONE.—PRESSURE OF ATMOSPHERE.—SEED DIBBLES AND DRILLS.
    • Crushing Instruments.
    • The Rolling-mill.
    • The Grindstone.
    • Pressure of Atmosphere.
    • Seed-drills.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER III. CLOTH-DRESSING.—BRUSHES AND COMBS.—BUTTONS, HOOKS AND EYES, AND CLASP.
    • Cloth-dressing Machine.
    • Brushes.
    • Combs.
    • Buttons, Hooks and Eyes, and Clasp.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER IV. THE STOPPER, OR CORK.—THE FILTER.
    • The Stopper, or Cork.
    • The Filter.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER V. THE PRINCIPLE OF THE SPRING.—THE ELASTIC SPRING.—ACCUMULATORS.—THE SPIRAL SPRING.
    • Elastic Springs.
    • The Spiral Spring.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER VI. SPIRAL AND RINGED TISSUES.—VARIOUS SPRINGS IN NATURE AND ART.
    • Spiral and Ringed Tissues.
    • Diving and Divers.
    • The Leaping Spring.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER VII. FOOD AND COMFORT.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER VIII. DOMESTIC COMFORT.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER IX. ARTIFICIAL WARMTH.—RING AND STAPLE.—THE FAN.
    • Artificial Warmth.
    • Ring and Staple.
    • The Fan.
    • Burial.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER X. WATER, AND MEANS OF PROCURING IT.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER XI. AËROSTATICS.—WEIGHT OF AIR.—EXPANSION BY HEAT.
    • Aërostatics.
    • Weight of Air.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER XII.
    • Means and Appliances.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER XIII. TELESCOPIC TUBES.—DIRECT ACTION.—DISTRIBUTION OF WEIGHT.—TREE-CLIMBING.—THE WHEEL.
    • Means and Appliances (continued).
    • Locomotion.—Direct Action.
    • Distribution of Weight.
    • Tree-climbing.
    • The Wheel.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER XIV.
    • Art.
    • Stippling.
    • Plaster Casts.
    • Corrugated Iron.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER XV.
    • Electricity and Magnetism.
    • Magnetism.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER XVI. TILLAGE.—DRAINAGE.—SPIRAL PRINCIPLE.—CENTRIFUGAL FORCE.
    • The Spiral.
    • Centrifugal Force.
  • USEFUL ARTS. CHAPTER XVII. OSCILLATION.—UNITED STRENGTH.—THE DOME.
    • The Escapement.
    • Union is Strength.
    • Principle of the Dome.
  • ACOUSTICS. CHAPTER I. PERCUSSION.—THE STRING AND REED.—THE TRUMPET.—EAR-TRUMPET.—STETHOSCOPE.
    • The String and Reed.
    • Acoustics as Aids to Surgery.
    • Measurement of Sound.
    • Echo.
  • INDEX.
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