The Law of the Sea
A manual of the principles of admiralty law for students,
mariners, and ship operators
Free

The Law of the Sea A manual of the principles of admiralty law for students, mariners, and ship operators

By Jasper Yeates Brinton, George L. Canfield, George W. Dalzell
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • THE LAW OF THE SEA
  • EDITORS' PREFACE
  • AUTHORS' PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
  • CHAPTER I MARITIME LAW
    • 1. General Maritime Law.—
    • 2. Sources in United States.—
    • 3. Courts.—
    • 4. Jurisdiction.—
      • a. The Ship.—
      • b. The Waters.—
    • a. The Ship.—
    • b. The Waters.—
    • 5. Maritime Contracts and Torts.—
    • 6. Personality of Ship.—
    • 7. Limits of Liability.—
    • 8. Equitable Principles.—
    • 9. General Considerations.—
    • REFERENCES FOR GENERAL READING
  • CHAPTER II TITLE AND TRANSFER
    • 1. How Title Acquired.—
    • 2. Registration and Regulation.—
    • 3. Shipbuilding Contracts.—
    • 4. Not Within Admiralty Jurisdiction.—
    • 5. Enrollment and Registration.—
    • 6. Ships Entitled to.—
    • 7. Incidents of Enrollment or Registration.—
    • 8. How Obtained.—
    • 9. Recording of American-built Foreign Ships.—
    • 10. Name.—
    • 11. Sale.—
    • 12. Transfer of Flag and Sales to Foreigners.—
    • 13. Admiralty Sales.—
    • 14. Sales by Trustees and Executors.—
    • 15. Sales by Mortgagee.—
    • 16. Sales by Master.—
    • 17. Sale of Ship at Sea.—
    • 18. Appurtenances.—
    • 19. Warranties and Representations.—
    • REFERENCES FOR GENERAL READING
  • CHAPTER III OWNERS AND MANAGERS
    • 1. Who May Be.—
    • 2. Part-Owners.—
    • 3. Corporations.—
    • 4. Majority Interest.—
    • 5. Minority Interest.—
    • 6. Suits between Part-Owners.—
    • 7. Authority of Owner.—
    • 8. Obligation of Owner.—
    • 9. Liability of Owner.—
    • 10. Temporary Ownership.—
    • 11. Managing Owner.—
    • 12. Compensation and Lien.—
    • REFERENCES FOR GENERAL READING
  • CHAPTER IV THE MASTER
    • 1. Appointment and General Authority.—
    • 2. Personal Liability.—
    • 3. Restriction on Authority.—
    • 4. Rights of Master.—
    • 5. Wages.—
    • 6. Lien.—
    • 7. Relations to Cargo.—
    • 8. Power to Sell or Mortgage Cargo.—
    • 9. Power to Sell Vessel.—
    • 10. Power to Create Liens.—
    • 11. Duties on Disaster.—
    • 12. Log Book and Protests.—
    • REFERENCES FOR GENERAL READING
  • CHAPTER V SEAMEN
    • 1. Favored in Maritime Law.—
    • 2. Who Are Seamen?—
    • 3. Contract.—
    • 4. Wages Secured.—
    • 5. Forfeitures and Punishments.—
    • 6. Personal Injuries.—
    • 7. Duties in Disaster.—
    • 8. Offenses of Seamen.—
    • 9. When Entitled to Leave Ship.—
    • 10. Desertion.—
    • 11. Self-defense.—
    • 12. Lien for Wages.—
    • 13. Shipping Articles.—
    • 14. Wages and Effects.—
    • 15. Protection and Relief.—
    • REFERENCES FOR READING
  • CHAPTER VI CARRIAGE BY SEA
    • 1. Common and Private Carriers.—
    • 2. Liabilities.—
    • 3. Seaworthiness.—
    • 4. Loading and Stowage.—
    • 5. Wreck or Stranding.—
    • 6. Arrival and Discharge.—
    • 7. Freight and Demurrage.—
    • 8. Unfair Freight Rates.—
    • 9. Passengers.—
    • 10. Reciprocal Duties.—
    • 11. Baggage.—
    • 12. Personal Injuries.—
    • 13. Loss of Life.—
    • REFERENCES FOR GENERAL READING
  • CHAPTER VII CONTRACTS OF AFFREIGHTMENT, BILLS OF LADING AND CHARTER PARTIES
    • 1. Definitions.—
    • 2. Seaworthiness.—
    • 3. Deviation.—
    • 4. Perils of the Sea.—
    • 5. Fire.—
    • 6. Restraint of Princes.—
    • 7. Freight.—
      • (a) Dead Freight.—
      • (b) When Freight is Earned.—
    • (a) Dead Freight.—
    • (b) When Freight is Earned.—
    • 8. Contracts of Affreightment.—
    • 9. Bills of Lading.—
    • 10. Statements in Bills of Lading.—
    • 11. Negotiability of Bills of Lading.—
    • 12. Duration of Carrier's Liability.—
    • 13. Exceptions in Bills of Lading.—
    • 14. Valuation.—
    • 15. Notice of Claim.—
    • 16. Nature and Effect of Charter Party.—
    • 17. Subcharters.—
    • 18. Provisions in Charter Parties.—
      • (a) Safe Port.—
      • (b) Insurance.—
      • (c) Redelivery.—
      • (d) Cancellation and Withdrawal.—
      • (e) The Breakdown Clause.—
    • (a) Safe Port.—
    • (b) Insurance.—
    • (c) Redelivery.—
    • (d) Cancellation and Withdrawal.—
    • (e) The Breakdown Clause.—
    • 19. Lien for Freight and Charter Hire.—
    • 20. Liability for Loss or Damage.—
    • 21. Demurrage and Laydays.—
    • 22. Breach of Charter.—
    • 23. Dissolution of Charter.—
    • REFERENCES FOR READING
  • CHAPTER VIII LIABILITIES AND LIMITATIONS
    • 1. Liabilities of Ship.—
    • 2. Liabilities of Owner.—
    • 3. Liabilities of Charterer.—
    • 4. Liabilities of Mortgagee.—
    • 5. Liabilities of Underwriters.—
    • 6. Theories of Limitation.—
    • 7. Contract Limitations.—
    • 8. The Federal Statutes.—
    • 9. "Privity or Knowledge."—
    • 10. Harter Act.—
    • 11. Insurance.—
    • 12. Single Ship Companies.—
    • REFERENCES FOR GENERAL READING
  • CHAPTER IX MARITIME LIENS
    • 1. How Created.—
    • 2. Essential Value.—
    • 3. Independent of Notice or Possession.—
    • 4. Secret.—
    • 5. Diligence Required.—
    • 6. Rules of Diligence.—
    • 7. Recording Liens on "Preferred Mortgage" Vessels.—
    • 8. Limited to Movable Things.—
    • 9. Priorities.—
    • 10. Lien for Repairs and Supplies.—
    • 11. Not Sole Remedy.—
    • 12. How Divested.—
    • 13. State Liens.—
    • 14. Builders' and Mechanics' Liens.—
    • 15. Foreign Liens.—
    • 16. Enforcement of Liens.—
    • REFERENCES FOR GENERAL READING
  • CHAPTER X MORTGAGES AND BONDS
    • 1. Definitions.—
    • 2. Bottomry Bonds.—
    • 3. Respondentia.—
    • 4. Necessity for Advances.—
    • 5. Mortgages.—
    • 6. Are Mortgages Maritime Contracts?—
    • 7. When Postponed to Other Liens.—
    • 8. Form.—
    • 9. Recording.—
    • 10. Rights of Mortgagee.—
    • 11. Liabilities of Mortgagee.—
    • 12. Transfer and Payment.—
    • 13. Foreclosure.—
    • REFERENCES FOR GENERAL READING
  • CHAPTER XI COLLISION
    • 1. Definition.—
    • 2. Liability Dependent on Negligence.—
    • 3. Tests of Negligence.—
    • 4. The Regulations.—
    • 5. Damage to Ship.—
    • 6. Damage to Cargo.—
    • 7. Damage to Crew and Passengers.—
    • 8. Contribution.—
    • 9. Division of Damages.—
    • 10. Lien.—
    • 11. Limitation of Liability.—
    • 12. Remedies.—
    • 13. Evidence.—
    • REFERENCES FOR GENERAL READING
  • CHAPTER XII TOWAGE AND PILOTAGE
    • 1. Definition.—
    • 2. Towage Service.—
    • 3. Compensation.—
    • 4. Duty of Tug.—
    • 5. Duty of Tow.—
    • 6. Negligence.—
    • 7. Liability for Damage.—
      • A. As Between Tug and Tow.—
      • B. To Third Parties.—
    • A. As Between Tug and Tow.—
    • B. To Third Parties.—
    • 8. Pilots.—
    • 9. Duties.—
    • 10. Authority.—
    • 11. Compensation.—
    • 12. Negligence.—
    • 13. Liability of the Ship.—
    • REFERENCES FOR GENERAL READING
  • CHAPTER XIII SALVAGE AND GENERAL AVERAGE
    • 1. Definitions.—
    • 2. What May Be Salved.—
    • 3. Salvor's Lien.—
    • 4. Amount of Reward.—
    • 5. Who May Be Salvors.—
    • 6. Distinction Between Towage and Salvage.—
    • 7. Distribution of Salvage Award.—
    • 8. Distribution of Liability for Payment.—
    • 9. Statutory Regulations.—
    • 10. Instances of Salvage Services.—
    • 11. Distinction Between General and Particular Average.—
    • 12. Essential Elements.—
    • 13. Instances of General Average.—
    • 14. The Adjustment.—
  • CHAPTER XIV CRIMES COMMITTED AT SEA
    • 1. Definition.—
    • 2. Admiralty Criminal Jurisdiction.—
    • 3. Place of Trial.—
    • 4. Offenses Not Consummated on Shipboard.—
    • 5. Penalties and Forfeitures.—
    • 6. Federal Criminal Code.—
    • 7. Concurrent Jurisdictions.—
    • 8. Limitations of Prosecutions.—
    • 9. Piracy.—
    • 10. Barratry.—
    • 11. Failure to Equip with Radio Telegraph.—
    • 12. Failure to Disclose Liens.—
    • 13. Mutiny.—
  • CHAPTER XV WRECKS AND DERELICTS
    • 1. Definitions.—
    • 2. Wrecks under the Common Law.—
    • 3. Wrecks within Admiralty Jurisdiction.—
    • 4. Liabilities of Owner of Wreck.—
    • 5. Rights of Landowner.—
    • 6. Owner's Rights.—
    • 7. Rights of Government.—
    • 8. Derelicts.—
    • 9. Finders.—
  • CHAPTER XVI WHARFAGE AND MOORAGE
    • 1. Definition.—
    • 2. Right to Erect.—
    • 3. Duties of Proprietor.—
    • 4. Rights of Proprietor.—
    • 5. Wharfage Compensation.—
    • 6. Lien.—
    • 7. Injuries to Wharves.—
    • 8. Anchorage.—
    • 9. Obstructions to Navigation.—
  • CHAPTER XVII ADMIRALTY REMEDIES
    • 1. Proceedings in Rem.—
    • 2. When Proceedings in Rem Will Lie.—
    • 3. The Libel.—
    • 4. The Writ or Process.—
    • 5. Owner's Rights.—
    • 6. Default.—
    • 7. Interlocutory Sales.—
    • 8. Intervenors.—
    • 9. Costs and Expenses.—
    • 10. Proceedings in Personam.—
    • 11. Process in Personam.—
    • 12. Proceedings in Limitation of Liability.—
  • APPENDIX I SUMMARY OF NAVIGATION LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES
    • I. Ship Registry
      • General.—
      • Registry and Nationality.—
      • Registry and the Flag.—
      • Registry and Ownership.—
      • Vessels Entitled to American Registry.—
      • Forms of Register, Enrollment and License.—
      • Restrictions as to Coastwise Trade.—
      • Procedure for Documenting Vessels.—
      • Bill of Sale Not Required on Original Documentation.—
      • Surrender and Reissue of Documents.—
    • General.—
    • Registry and Nationality.—
    • Registry and the Flag.—
    • Registry and Ownership.—
    • Vessels Entitled to American Registry.—
    • Forms of Register, Enrollment and License.—
    • Restrictions as to Coastwise Trade.—
    • Procedure for Documenting Vessels.—
    • Bill of Sale Not Required on Original Documentation.—
    • Surrender and Reissue of Documents.—
    • II. Recording of Bills of Sale
    • III. Preferred Mortgages Under Merchant Marine Act
    • IV. Change of Name
    • V. Entry and Clearance
    • VI. Shipping Articles
    • VII. Licensing and Qualifications of Officers
    • VIII. Qualifications of Seamen
      • Age.—
      • Service and Physical Qualification.—
      • Lifeboat Men.—
      • Language.—
    • Age.—
    • Service and Physical Qualification.—
    • Lifeboat Men.—
    • Language.—
    • IX. Nationality of Officers and Crew
      • Officers.—
      • Crew.—
    • Officers.—
    • Crew.—
    • X. Wages
      • Advances.—
    • Advances.—
    • XI. Watch and Watch and Work-Day
    • XII. Provisions for Crew
      • Sleeping Quarters.—
      • Washing Places.—
      • Provisions Scale.—
      • Hospital Accommodations.—
      • Warm Room and Woolen Clothing.—
    • Sleeping Quarters.—
    • Washing Places.—
    • Provisions Scale.—
    • Hospital Accommodations.—
    • Warm Room and Woolen Clothing.—
    • XIII. Personal Injuries to Seamen and Recoveries for Death
    • XIV. Offenses by Seamen
      • Mutiny, Desertion and Disobedience.—
      • Miscellaneous Offenses.—
      • Assistance in Case of Collision.—
    • Mutiny, Desertion and Disobedience.—
    • Miscellaneous Offenses.—
    • Assistance in Case of Collision.—
    • XV. Rules of the Road
    • XVI. Pilotage
    • XVII. Length of Hawsers
    • XVIII. Inspection of Steam Vessels
      • Barges.—
      • The Certificate of Inspection.—
      • Manning of Inspected Vessels.—
    • Barges.—
    • The Certificate of Inspection.—
    • Manning of Inspected Vessels.—
    • XIX. Register Tonnage
    • XX. Tonnage Taxes
    • XXI. Navigation Fees
    • XXII. Annual List of Merchant Vessels
    • XXIII. Numbering of Undocumented Motor Boats
    • XXIV. Administration of Navigation Laws
      • Commissioner of Navigation.—
      • Steamboat Inspection Service.—
      • Shipping Commissioners.—
    • Commissioner of Navigation.—
    • Steamboat Inspection Service.—
    • Shipping Commissioners.—
    • XXV. The Shipping Board
  • APPENDIX II THE MERCHANT MARINE ACT OF 1920[34]
    • Sec. 2.
    • Sec. 3.
    • Sec. 4.
    • Sec. 5.
    • Sec. 6.
    • Sec. 7.
    • Sec. 8.
    • Sec. 9.
    • Sec. 10.
    • Sec. 11.
    • Sec. 12.
    • Sec. 13.
    • Sec. 14.
    • Sec. 15.
    • Sec. 16.
    • Sec. 17.
    • Sec. 18.
    • Sec. 19.
    • Sec. 20.
    • Sec. 21.
    • Sec. 22.
    • Sec. 23.
    • Sec. 24.
    • Sec. 25.
    • Sec. 26.
    • Sec. 27.
    • Sec. 28.
    • Sec. 29.
    • Sec. 30.
      • Subsection A.
      • Subsection B.
      • Subsection C.
      • Subsection D.
      • Subsection E.
      • Subsection F.
      • Subsection G.
      • Subsection H.
      • Subsection I.
      • Subsection J.
      • Subsection K.
      • Subsection L.
      • Subsection M.
      • Subsection N.
      • Subsection O.
      • Subsection P.
      • Subsection Q.
      • Subsection R.
      • Subsection S.
      • Subsection T.
      • Subsection U.
      • Subsection V.
      • Subsection W.
      • Subsection X.
    • Subsection A.
    • Subsection B.
    • Subsection C.
    • Subsection D.
    • Subsection E.
    • Subsection F.
    • Subsection G.
    • Subsection H.
    • Subsection I.
    • Subsection J.
    • Subsection K.
    • Subsection L.
    • Subsection M.
    • Subsection N.
    • Subsection O.
    • Subsection P.
    • Subsection Q.
    • Subsection R.
    • Subsection S.
    • Subsection T.
    • Subsection U.
    • Subsection V.
    • Subsection W.
    • Subsection X.
    • Sec. 31.
    • Sec. 32.
    • Sec. 33.
    • Sec. 34.
    • Sec. 35.
    • Sec. 36.
    • Sec. 37.
    • Sec. 38.
    • Sec. 39.
  • APPENDIX III PROTEST
  • TABLE OF CASES
  • INDEX
  • SHIPPING SERIES TRAINING FOR THE STEAMSHIP BUSINESS
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