Mobility in Transition
Birgit Glorius
Mobility in Transition

This volume presents new research on post-accession migration from Central and Eastern Europe in the short period since the EU enlargements of 2004 and 2007. Explanations of post-accession migration patterns, trends and mechanisms delve into the complexities of these phenomena. New groups of migrants and types of migrations are identified -- such as young migrants, often students or graduates, without family obligations and without clear plans concerning their future life. Case studies on Poland, Romania, Hungary and Latvia as well as the United Kingdom and Germany – being major destination countries – divulge the multifaceted nature of transition, whether in the form of labour migration, short-term mobility (including among international students) or return migration. The volume insightfully points towards future migration trends and sets guidelines for further research.

1 Introduction
1.1 Rationale of the book
1.2 Understanding transition of mobility
2 Liquid migration
2.1 Introduction
2.2 ‘The new migration
2.2.1 New geography of migration
2.2.2 New types of migrants
2.2.3 New residence statuses
2.2.4 New survival strategies
2.3 Liquid migration
2.4 Discussion
3 Anatomy of post-accession migration
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Unique patterns of post-accession migration flows
3.3 How patchy are statistics about post-accession migration?
3.4 Measuring new migration patterns
3.5 Conclusions
4 Diverging or converging communities?
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Theories regarding the perpetuation of internationalmigration and its stages
4.3 Research methodology
4.4 Convergence versus divergence of migration stages inLuncavit¸a and Feldru
4.5 Concluding remarks: A stage approach to internationalmigration from Luncavit¸a and Feldru
5 Post-accession migration from the Baltic states
5.1 Introduction
5.2 The changing face of migration in the Baltic states
5.3 Geographical mobility of the labour force in Latvia
5.4 Characteristics of Latvian emigration to the UnitedKingdom following EU accession
5.5 Discussion and concluding remarks
6 The race for global talent, EU enlargement andthe implications for migration policies andprocesses in European labour markets
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Policy approaches in the ‘global competition for talent’:Examples from Europe
6.3 Conclusion
7 ‘I know that I have a university diplomaand I’m working as a driver’
7.1 Introduction
7.2 The phenomenon of highly skilled movement
7.3 Defining brain movement of EU post-enlargementmigration from Poland to Glasgow
7.4 EU post-enlargement migration from Poland to Glasgow:Brain drain/brain overflow or brain waste/brain gain?
7.5 Conclusion
8 Transnational social networks,human capital and economic resourcesof Polish immigrants in Scotland
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Polish post-accession migration to Scotland
8.3 Scotland’s immigration: Past, present and future
8.4 Scotland’s immigration: Political strategy and institutionalsettings
8.5 Migration, transnationalism and migrant resources andcapital
8.6 Polish post-accession immigrants in Scotland and theirtransnationalism
8.7 Conclusion
9 Why do highly educated migrantsgo for low-skilled jobs?
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Research methodology and the target group
9.3 The macro level: Institutional and economic conditions
9.4 The meso level: Social ties and migration behaviour
9.5 The micro level: Individual capital, motives and perceptions
9.6 Conclusion
10 Changes in tertiary education andstudent mobility in Hungary
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Data framework of the study
10.3 Hungary: Low mobility in the context of Europe
10.4 Development and current challenges of the highereducation system in Hungary
10.5 Mobility programmes and exchange students to Hungary
10.6 International students in Hungary: Changes in statisticsand mobility strategies from 2001 to 2008
10.7 Mobility of international students after graduation
10.8 Conclusions
11 Understanding the counter-flow
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Return migration and migration theory
11.3 Empirical evidence on return migration: A literature review
11.4 Return migration of post-accession migrants: The new‘target earners’?
12 Regional selectivity of return migration
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Return migration to Poland: An overview
12.3 Regional economic development in Poland
12.4 Theoretical model for analysing the regional selectivity ofhigh-skilled return migration
12.5 Locational choice of high-skilled return migrants in Poland:An empirical analysis
12.6 Discussion of the results and conclusion
13 Translators of knowledge?
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Research background
13.3 Methodology and sample structure
13.4 Labour market positioning of foreign-trained universitygraduates: A typology
13.5 Conclusion
14 Ready to move
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Theoretical considerations
14.3 Return of Poles: Quantitative analysis
14.4 The qualitative dimension of post-accession returnmigrations to Poland
14.5 Summary and conclusion
15 Concluding remarks
15.1 Structural changes in source and destination countries
15.2 Migration strategies and patterns in new migration flows:What do we learn from typologies?
15.3 Between structure and strategy: Conceptual considerationsfor understanding post-accession migration
15.4 Mobility in transition?
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