The Economic Consequences of the Peace
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The Economic Consequences of the Peace

By John Maynard Keynes
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Book Description

This is an OCR edition with typos. Excerpt from book: CHAPTER in THE CONFERENCE In Chapters IV. and V. I shall study in some detail the economic and financial provisions of the Treaty of Peace with Germany. But it will be easier to appreciate the true origin of many of these terms if we examine here some of the personal factors which influenced their preparation. In attempting this task, I touch, inevitably, questions of motive, on which spectators are liable to error and are not entitled to take on themselves the responsibilities of final judgment. Yet, if I seem in this chapter to assume sometimes the liberties which are habitual to historians, but which, in spite of the greater knowledge with which we speak, we generally hesitate to assume towards contemporaries, let the reader excuse me when he remembers how greatly, if it is to understand its destiny, the world needs light, even if it is partial and uncertain, on the complex struggle of human will and purpose, not yet finished, which, concentrated in the persons of four individuals in a manner never paralleled, made them, in the first months of 1919, the microcosm of mankind. In those parts of the Treaty with which I am here concerned, the lead was taken by the French, in the sense that it was generally they who made in the first instance the most definite and the most extreme proposals. This was partly a matter of tactics. When the final result is expected to be a compromise, it is often prudent to start from an extreme position; and the French anticipated at the outset?like most other persons ?a double process of compromise, first of all to suit the ideas of their allies and associates, and secondly in the course of the Peace Conference proper with the Germans themselves. These tactics were justified by the event. Clemenceau gained a reputation for moderation with his c...

Table of Contents
  • THE ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF THE PEACE
  • by
  • JOHN MAYNARD KEYNES, C.B.
    • Fellow of King's College, Cambridge
      • New York Harcourt, Brace and Howe 1920
  • PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
  • THE ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF THE PEACE
  • Chapter I
  • Introductory
  • Chapter II
  • Europe before the War
    • I. Population
      • II. Organization
      • III. The Psychology of Society
      • IV. The Relation of the Old World to the New
    • FOOTNOTES:
  • Chapter III
  • The Conference
    • FOOTNOTES:
  • Chapter IV
  • The Treaty
    • I
      • II
      • III
    • FOOTNOTES:
  • Chapter V
  • Reparation
    • I. Undertakings given prior to the Peace Negotiations
      • II. The Conference and the Terms of the Treaty
      • III. Germany's Capacity to pay
      • 1. Immediately Transferable Wealth
      • 2. Property in ceded Territory or surrendered under the Armistice
      • 3. Annual Payments spread over a Term of Years
      • V. The German Counter-Proposals
    • FOOTNOTES:
  • Chapter VI
  • Europe after the Treaty
    • FOOTNOTES:
  • Chapter VII
  • Remedies
    • 1. The Revision of the Treaty
      • 2. The Settlement of Inter-Ally Indebtedness
      • 3. An International Loan
      • 4. The Relations of Central Europe to Russia
    • The End
    • FOOTNOTES:
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