The Making of the Humanities, Volume III. The Modern Humanities
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The Making of the Humanities, Volume III. The Modern Humanities

By Rens Bod
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Book Description

This comprehensive history of the humanities focuses on the modern period (1850-2000). The contributors, including Floris Cohen, Lorraine Daston and Ingrid Rowland, survey the rise of the humanities in interaction with the natural and social sciences, offering new perspectives on the interaction between disciplines in Europe and Asia and new insights generated by digital humanities.

Table of Contents
  • Table of Contents
  • Introduction: The Making of the Modern Humanities
    • The history of the humanities comes of age
    • The papers in this book
    • Acknowledgements
    • Notes
  • I: The Humanities and the Sciences
    • 1.1: Objectivity and Impartiality: Epistemic Virtues in the Humanities
      • Introduction: Objectivity versus Justice
      • Impartiality
      • Objectivity
      • Thucydides at the bar
      • A new religion
      • Conclusion: Intensely disinterested
      • Notes
    • 1.2: The Natural Sciences and the Humanities in the Seventeenth Century: Not Separate Yet Unequal?
      • Notes
    • 1.3: The Interaction between Sciences and Humanities in Nineteenth-Century Scientific Materialism: A Case Study on Jacob Moleschott’s Popularizing Work and Political ActivityPopularizing Work and Political Activity
      • The interaction between arts and sciences: The idea of ‘humanity’ and the role of history
      • The ‘Philosophical Faculty’ and the ‘Unity of Science’
      • Classical culture and the roots of the Tree of Knowledge
      • Notes
    • 1.4: The Best Story of the World: Theology, Geology, and Philip Henry Gosse’s Omphalos
      • I
      • II
      • III
      • Notes
  • II: The Science of Language
    • 2.1: The Wolf in Itself: The Uses of Enchantment in the Development of Modern Linguistics
      • Weber’s antimodernism and Latour’s symmetrical anthropology
      • The ‘genius of a language’ as natural and irrational
      • Linguistics and the Nature vs. Subject/Society polarization
      • The evolution of Meillet
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
    • 2.2: Soviet Orientalism and Subaltern Linguistics: The Rise and Fall of Marr’s Japhetic Theory
      • The universalization of the philological humanities
      • Russian and Soviet Orientalism: Marr and Trubetzkoy
      • Marr and early Soviet nationality policies
      • Some Gramscian conclusions
      • Notes
    • 2.3: Root and Recursive Patterns in the Czuczor-Fogarasi Dictionary of the Hungarian Language
      • Contextualizing the first Hungarian academic dictionary
      • Searching for roots
      • Patterns in the CzF Dictionary
      • Discussion and outlook
      • Notes
  • III: Writing History
    • 3.1: A Domestic Culture: The Mise-en-scène of Modern Historiography
      • The garret: The rhetoric of modesty
      • The study: The rituals of intimacy
      • The laboratory: The representation of modernity
      • Epilogue
      • Notes
    • 3.2: History Made More Scholarly and Also More Popular: A Nineteenth-Century Paradox
      • Scholarly standards for history writing, and an appeal to the imagination
      • Editors as historians
      • Literary authors as history writers
      • Transgression and expansion
      • Urgency
      • Notes
    • 3.3: The Professionalization of the Historical Discipline: Austrian Scholarly Periodicals, 1840-1900
      • Introduction
      • A historical repertory: Der österreichische Geschichtsforscher
      • A printed archive: The Archiv für Österreichische Geschichte
      • Promoting professional auxiliary sciences of history: The Mitteilungen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
    • 3.4: Manuals on Historical Method: A Genre of Polemical Reflection on the Aims of Science
      • Introduction
      • The Viennese context
      • The aims of science
      • A lead for the future
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
    • 3.5: The Peculiar Maturation of the History of Science
      • Introduction
      • Aims of the field in the first phase of professionalization
      • Challenges to the profession
      • Changes to the profession
      • A peculiar process of maturation
      • Back to the challenges
      • Notes
  • IV: Classical Studies and Philology
    • 4.1: Quellenforschung
      • Notes
    • 4.2: History of Religions in the Making: Franz Cumont (1868-1947) and the ‘Oriental Religions’
      • A new method for Mithras
      • Between Hellenomania and Panbabylonism
      • Notes
    • 4.3: ‘Big Science’ in Classics in the Nineteenth Century and the Academicization of Antiquity
      • Notes
    • 4.4: New Philology and Ancient Editors: Some Dynamics of Textual Criticism
      • Introduction
      • Modes of textual criticism
      • New Philology and archaic Greek poetry: Which genres?
      • Homer
      • Monodic lyric
      • By way of conclusion
      • Notes
    • 4.5: What Books Are Made of: Scholarship and Intertextuality in the History of the Humanities
      • Introduction: Paper castles
      • Reproduction and innovation
      • Types of intertextuality
      • Shifting patterns
      • Examples
      • Conclusion: An integrated approach
      • Notes
  • V: Literary and Theater Studies
    • 5.1: Furio Jesi and the Culture of the Right
      • Notes
    • 5.2: Scientification and Popularization in the Historiography of World Literature, 1850-1950: A Dutch Case Study
      • Introduction
      • Scientification
      • Popularization
      • Jan Walch’s book on world literature
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
    • 5.3: Theater Studies from the Early Twentieth Century to Contemporary Debates: The Scientific Status of Interdisciplinary-Oriented Research
      • A young discipline fighting for independence and recognition
      • Approaches to theater studies: Relationships to the other humanities
      • Epilogue
      • Notes
  • VI: Art History and Archeology
    • 6.1: Embracing World Art: Art History’s Universal History and the Making of Image Studies
      • Art history and universal history: New linkages
      • Universal history as cultural history: A new concept and methodology of historical research
      • Cultural history of images: The emergence of image studies in the work of Aby Warburg
      • The universalist concept of modern world art history
      • Modern global humanities and the making of image studies
      • Notes
    • 6.2: Generic Classification and Habitual Subject Matter
      • Genre: Critics and defenders
      • Literary genres and their Aristotelian origins
      • Peintres de genre and habitual subject matter
      • Generic classification and genre as the ‘matter’ of forms
      • Genre painting and the subject matter of modern art
      • Genre and philological habitude
      • Notes
    • 6.3: The Recognition of Cave Art in the Iberian Peninsula and the Making of Prehistoric Archeology, 1878-1929
      • The question of cave art and the making of prehistory
      • Searching for the origins of Spanish art
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
  • VII: Musicology and Aesthetics
    • 7.1: Between Sciences and Humanities: Aesthetics and the Eighteenth-Century ‘Science of Man’
      • Introduction
      • Two examples: Hartley’s and Darwin’s theories of pleasure given by the arts
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
    • 7.2: Melting Musics, Fusing Sounds: Stumpf, Hornbostel, and Comparative Musicology in Berlin
      • Naturalism and musical otherness
      • The Berlin School
      • Mixed sensations: Stumpf on tonal fusion
      • Stumpf as ethnomusicologist
      • Hornbostel: Music and culture
      • Notes
    • 7.3: The History of Musical Iconography and the Influence of Art History: Pictures as Sources and Interpreters of Musical History
      • Introduction
      • Establishment under the umbrella of organology: Pictures as sources
      • Iconography as the driving force of institutionalization: Pictures as interpreters
      • Notes
  • VIII: East and West
    • 8.1: The Making of Oriental Studies: Its Transnational and Transatlantic Past
      • Soviet Orientalists
      • Oriental studies in the United States
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
    • 8.2: The Emergence of East Asian Art History in the 1920s: Karl With (1891-1980) and the Problem of Gandhara
      • East Asian art and art history
      • Josef Strzygowski and non-European art
      • Karl With’s career in art history, work for private collectors, and museums
      • With’s dissertation on Japanese Buddhist art under Strzygowski
      • The problem of Gandhara
      • Notes
    • 8.3: Cross-Cultural Epistemology: How European Sinology Became the Bridge to China’s Modern Humanities
      • Introduction
      • From European sinology to national studies
      • The Chinese humanities
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
  • IX: Information Science and Digital Humanities
    • 9.1: Historical Roots of Information Sciences and the Making of E-Humanities
      • Introduction: The making of library and information sciences
      • Classification of the sciences
      • Paul Otlet: Knowledge organization of ideas and retrieval of facts
      • Dimension reduction: Multidimensional thought and one-dimensional search
      • Denial of philosophical conceptions of classification
      • Dimension reduction in the humanities
      • Epilogue: Digital hermeneutics and the making of e-humanities
      • Notes
    • 9.2: Toward a Humanities of the Digital? Reading Search Engines as a Concordance
      • Introduction
      • Concordance and the idea of harmony
      • Searching the Web: Index, corpus and engine21
      • Same but different: Retrieving knowledge, scraping information and sorting data
      • The potential of reading search engines as a concordance
      • Notes
    • 9.3: A Database, Nationalist Scholarship, and Materialist Epistemology in Netherlandish Philology: The Bibliotheca Neerlandica Manuscripta from Paper to OPAC, 1895-1995
      • A paper database between new and old media
      • The database in national thought and philological epistemology (1895-1938)
      • The database in Leiden, a scholarly metropolis (1939)
      • An automated database (1991-1995)
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
    • 9.4: Clio’s Talkative Daughter Goes Digital: The Interplay between Technology and Oral Accounts as Historical Data
      • Introduction
      • Text defeats spoken word
      • Capturing the voice
      • Personal experience with war and crisis
      • Pioneers in archives and academia
      • The memory boom, the cultural turn, and the digital turn
      • Immediacy and hidden layers
      • Notes
    • 9.5: Humanities’ New Methods: A Reconnaissance Mission
      • Introduction
      • New methods and missing methodology
      • Case study: The Drents Museum
      • Exploring the relation between visitor data and heritage studies
      • Fuzzy evidence and incompatible conceptual schemes
      • Some first steps in confirmation theory
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
  • X: Philosophy and the Humanities
    • 10.1: Making the Humanities Scientific: Brentano’s Project of Philosophy as Science
      • Notes
    • 10.2: The Weimar Origins of Political Theory: A Humanities Interdiscipline
      • Notes
  • XI: The Humanities and the Social Sciences
    • 11.1: Explaining Verstehen: Max Weber’s Views on Explanation in the Humanities
      • Windelband and Rickert: Expelling psychology from the humanities
      • Weber and the explicability of human action
      • Interpretation as explanation
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
    • 11.2: Discovering Sexuality: The Status of Literature as Evidence
      • The 1830s: Heinrich Hössli and the truth of literature
      • Mid-nineteenth-century homosexual emancipationists
      • Richard von Krafft-Ebing and the late-nineteenth-century sexologists
      • The masculinists and the early twentieth century
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
    • 11.3: The Role of Technomorphic and Sociomorphic Imagery in the Long Struggle for a Humanistic Sociology
      • Notes
    • 11.4: Sociology and the Proliferation of Knowledge: La Condition Humaine
      • Cognitive ambiguities and the creation of fields
      • Continuity and innovation in artistic research and expression
      • Comte, Durkheim and the ambiguous emancipation of sociology
      • Interdisciplinary fusions between sociology, anthropology, history, and the arts
      • Max Weber, Norbert Elias, and the re-establishment of sociology
      • Social scientists in search for identity, style, and audiences
      • Enduring and renewed inspiration from the arts
      • One culture, many fields
      • Notes
    • 11.5: Inhumanity in the Humanities: On a Rare Consensus in the Human Sciences
      • Eichmann in Jerusalem: The banalization of evil
      • Milgram’s punishing experiment and its ambiguous outcomes
      • Ordinary men or ordinary Germans
      • History, biography, and immediate context
      • Notes
  • XII: The Humanities in Society
    • 12.1: The Making and Persisting of Modern German Humanities: Balancing Acts between Autonomy and Social Relevance
      • Introduction
      • Objectifying partiality (1871-1945)
      • Reflecting partiality (1960-1979)
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
    • 12.2: Critique and Theory in the History of the Modern Humanities
      • Critical Theory and the end/ends of the humanities
      • Theory, critique, and the tradition of humanism
      • Theory, critique, and critical thinking
      • Conclusion
      • Notes
  • Epilogue
    • Ways of knowing in STM and beyond
    • Chronologies across the knowledge practices
    • Theory and practice in STM and cultural work
    • Changes and combinations of knowledge practices
    • The early modern conjunctures: Meanings, sortings, and calculations
    • The age of knowledge revolutions
    • Anatomies of societies and economies
    • Languages, analysis and history
    • A new philosophy of knowing
    • The decline of national difference and the challenge of natural sciences
    • Coda
    • Notes
  • About the Authors
  • List of Figures
  • Index
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