Zum jüdischen Erbe in der Wiener Architektur
Ursula Prokop
Zum jüdischen Erbe in der Wiener Architektur

A survey of the role played by jewish architects working in Vienna in the period between 1868-1938.

Eine Zusammenschau über die Bedeutung und das Werk von in Wien tätigen jüdischen ArchitektInnen in der Periode von 1868-1938.

1 The beginnings
1.1 Introduction
1.2 The lone individuals: Wilhelm Fraenkel and Josef Unger – palaces for the nobility and workers’ housing
2 The students of Friedrich von Schmidt
2.1 Max Fleischer, Wilhelm Stiassny and their circle – the controversy about Jewish self-understanding in the context of synagogue building
2.2 Karl König – a Jewish professor
3 The students of Karl König before the First World War
3.1 The development of the modern big city – new kinds of building commissions
3.1.1 The department store
3.1.2 The residential and commercial building
3.1.3 Banks and insurance companies
3.2 New directions in synagogue building
3.2.1 Projects that never came to fruition and the buildings that followed them – Ernst Lindner and Oskar Marmorek
3.2.2 Innovative religious buildings on the path to modernism – Ignaz Reiser and Arthur Grünberger
3.3 Hartwig Fischel – a student of Karl König in the artistic and intellectual circles of Viennese modernism
4 Master builders and architects without an academic education – the heyday of apartment house building. Three case studies: Leopold Fuchs, Neumann Tropp and Ernst Epstein
5 The students of Karl König in the interwar period – the ‘second Viennese modernism’
5.1 Josef Frank and the Werkbundsiedlung
5.2 Oskar Strnad – blurring the boundaries to theatre and film
5.3 Oskar Wlach – Haus & Garten
5.4 Walter Sobotka – the good and inexpensive object
6 The circle around Adolf Loos
6.1 Jacques Groag and Paul Engelmann – the Wittgenstein House project
6.2 Felix Augenfeld and Ernst Schwadron – other protagonists of Wiener Wohnraumkultur
6.3 The architectural partnership of Josef Berger and Martin Ziegler – buildings of ‘Red Vienna’
The architects Josef Berger (1898–1989) and Martin Ziegler (1896–1940?), who also came from the school or circle around Adolf Loos, worked in partnership in Vienna from the early 1920s onwards. Roughly the same age, they were linked by their similar s...
6.4 Heinrich Kulka and his services in promulgating Loos’ work
7 Growing dissolution of Jewish identity – converts and partnerships with non-Jews
7.1 Ernst Lichtblau
7.2 Borderline cases – Karl Jaray, Siegfried Drach, Felix Angelo Pollak and Gustav Schläfrig
7.3 Partnerships with non-Jews
7.3.1 Paul Fischel and Heinz Siller – traditional tendencies in housing
7.3.2 Fritz Judtmann and Egon Riss – contemporary modernism
7.3.3 Wilhelm Baumgarten and Josef Hofbauer – innovative school construction
7.3.4 Rudolf Baumfeld and Norbert Schlesinger – shop premises that left their stamp on the city
8 Women pioneers in the area of architecture
8.1 Ella Briggs and ‘Red Vienna’
8.2 Liane Zimbler – interior design for the upper middle class
8.3 Friedl Dicker and Franz Singer – the utter simplicity of living
8.4 Women from the arts and crafts who worked as interior designers
9 The victims
9.1 Transported directly to their death – Friedrich Schön, Stefan Fayans and Josef Sinnenberg
9.2 Unusual fates in the inferno of the Nazi era – Erich Ziffer, Jakob Reitzer, Leopold Schulz and Fritz Keller
9.3 The victims of Theresienstadt – Heinrich Kestel and Leopold Steinitz
10 Emigranten with a success story
10.1 Friedrich Kiesler
10.2 Richard Neutra
10.3 Victor Gruen
11 The final obliteration
12 Conclusion
List of sources
Research literature
Internet links
Archives and their abbreviations
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