Stigmatization, Discrimination and Illness
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Stigmatization, Discrimination and Illness

By Bohle, Leah Franziska
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Book Description

“She was given her own plate, her own cup, everything of her own, even when she just touched a cloth then nobody wanted to touch it again.” (Halima, HIV-seropositive) The book sheds light on the profound influence of an HIV-seropositive diagnosis on the lives of women and their social environment in the United Republic of Tanzania. The author, a medical doctor and social anthropologist, tells the story of six Tanzanian HIV-seropositive women, focusing on their negotiation and perception of illness and disease. Furthermore, the high levels of discrimination and stigmatization in the context of HIV-seropositivity that they experience are presented in detail, weaving together the impacts of an HIV-seropositive diagnosis with results analyzed both from a Medical Anthropology and Public Health perspective. Despite a new era of antiretroviral treatment, available in Tanzania free of cost, that has given cause for hope in a change in how the disease is perceived, the book impressively underlines that being HIV-seropositive remains a great challenge and heavy burden for women in Tanzania.

“She was given her own plate, her own cup, everything of her own, even when she just touched a cloth then nobody wanted to touch it again.” (Halima, HIV-seropositive) The book sheds light on the profound influence of an HIV-seropositive diagnosis on the lives of women and their social environment in the United Republic of Tanzania. The author, a medical doctor and social anthropologist, tells the story of six Tanzanian HIV-seropositive women, focusing on their negotiation and perception of illness and disease. Furthermore, the high levels of discrimination and stigmatization in the context of HIV-seropositivity that they experience are presented in detail, weaving together the impacts of an HIV-seropositive diagnosis with results analyzed both from a Medical Anthropology and Public Health perspective. Despite a new era of antiretroviral treatment, available in Tanzania free of cost, that has given cause for hope in a change in how the disease is perceived, the book impressively underlines that being HIV-seropositive remains a great challenge and heavy burden for women in Tanzania.

Table of Contents
  • Titelei
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • Abbreviations
  • Introduction
  • 1. Medical Anthropology
    • 1.1 Medical anthropology – a discipline on the move
    • 1.2 Medical anthropology in the context of HIV and AIDS
  • 2. Illness and Disease – Inequal Substitutes
    • 2. 1 Chronic illness – leading to lives of inconsistency
  • 3. Stigmatization and Discrimination – An Explanatory Approach
    • 3.1 Stigmatization and discrimination in the context of illness and disease
    • 3.2 Stigmatization and discrimination in the context of HIV and AIDS
  • 4. HIV & AIDS
    • 4.1 Biomedical facts regarding the disease
    • 4.2 HIV and AIDS – myths and facts on its development
    • 4.3 Facts on HIV and AIDS and the international response
    • 4.4 The history of international and governmental response to HIV and AIDS and the present situation in Tanzania
    • 4.5 The international and Tanzanian political response to stigma and discrimination in the context of HIV and AIDS
    • 4.6 “…this problem faces every family – in one way oranother…” – Dealing with HIV and AIDS in Tanzanian society
  • 5. The Research Study
    • 5.1 The research setting
    • 5.2 Preparations and conduction of the research study
  • 6. Methodology
    • 6.1 Study participants and recruitment process
    • 6.2 Clearance, consent and confidentiality
    • 6.3 Research design
    • 6.4 Processing of data material
  • 7. Results
    • 7.1 Results of the questionnaire – quantitative data
    • 7.2 Images of the women interviewed
    • 7.3 Interview results – qualitative data
  • 8. Interpretation of the Results
    • 8.1 Interpretation of results concerning illness and disease
    • 8.2 Interpretation of results concerning discrimination and (self-)stigmatization
  • 9. Conclusion and the Way Forward
  • Bibliography
  • Tables
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