Patterns of Information Law: Intellectual Property Done Right
Free

Patterns of Information Law: Intellectual Property Done Right

By James Grimmelmann
Free
Book Description

Patterns of Information Law is the coursepack assembled for a fall 2016 intellectual property survey at Cornell Tech. (It draws heavily on materials used in prior semesters at the University of Maryland and at New York Law School.) 

Please see the Introduction for a detailed explanation of what this book is about. In brief, here are the authors' commitments:


  • Intellectual property consists of private rights to prevent other people from using information.

  • The author has tried to include a much wider range of IP fields and related areas than is typical, with coverage including undeveloped ideas, trade secrets, privacy law, government classification, FOIA, utility patents, copyright, state-law copyright for pre-1972 sound recordings, anti-bootlegging, trademark, unfair competition, business names, ticker symbols, stage names, false advertising, geographic indications, rights of publicity, moral rights, personal names, defamation, design, architecture copyright, design patent, semiconductor mask works, vessel hulls, fashion, software, biotechnology, plant patents, plant variety protections, and FDA control over drug approval and marketing.

  • A highly standardized structure has been imposed on most bodies of IP law, dividing them into subject matter, ownership, procedures, similarity, prohibited conduct, and defenses — and with further standardized subdivisions within each of these topics. It is hoped that this brings clarity to the internal worksing of IP fields and facilitates their comparative study.

  • The author has ruthlessly edited down most of the cases, and ignored editorial conventions that get in the way of readability. Procedural postures, citations, and frequently even facts and holdings have been removed. Material within cases has also freely reordered and most of the usual editorial apparatus of brackets and ellipses has been dropped. These are teaching materials, not a legal brief. If it matters what the original says, consult the original.

  • The book is formatted with numerous illustrations, heavy use of color, and extensive marginalia. Almost all citations are removed to the margin, along with other material that would be distracting if included in the main text.

If you disagree with these choices, this probably isn’t the book for you. Whatever utility, however slight, you find in these pages will make the author happy.

Be warned that this casebook is being provided as-is. It contains numerous formatting errors — and probably contains numerous substantive errors. 

James Grimmelmann is a law professor at Cornell Tech and Cornell Law School. He studirs how laws regulating software affect freedom, wealth, and power and tries to help lawyers and technologists understand each other by writing about digital copyright, search engines, privacy on social networks, online governance, and other topics in computer and Internet law.

Table of Contents
  • Introduction
  • Undeveloped Ideas
  • Desny v. Wilder
  • Michael J. Burstein, Exchanging Information Without Intellectual Property
  • Apfel v. Prudential-Bache Securities, Inc.
  • Bizarro World Problem
  • Debt Collection Problem
  • Trade Secret
    • Subject Matter
  • Restatement (Third) of Unfair Competition § 39
  • Religious Technology Center v. Netcom On-Line Communications Services, Inc.
    • Ownership
  • UTSA § 1(4)
    • Actual Secrecy
  • United States v. Lange
  • Learning Curve Toys, Inc. v. PlayWood Toys, Inc.
  • Exploits Problem
    • Priority
    • Collaborations
  • Restatement (Third) of Unfair Competition § 42 cmt. e
    • Procedures
  • United States v. Lange
  • Rockwell Graphic Systems, Inc. v. DEV Industries, Inc.
    • Infringement: Similarity
  • Big Vision Private, Ltd. v. E.I. Dupont De Nemours & Co.
    • Infringement: Prohibited Conduct
      • Proving Infringement
  • Grynberg v. BP, PLC
    • Direct Infringement
  • Restatement (Third) of Unfair Competitition § 43
  • UTSA § 1(1)
  • E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. v. Christopher
  • Kamin v. Kuhnau
    • Secondary Infringement
  • UTSA § 1(2)
    • Defenses
  • Questions
  • Flaming Moe’s Problem
  • Locksmiths Problem
    • Privacy
  • Restatement (Second) of Torts § 652B
  • Neil M. Richards & Daniel J. Solove, Privacy's Other Path: Recovering the Law of Confidentiality
  • Florida v. Riley
  • Kyllo v. United States
    • Government Secrets
  • Freedom of Information Act
  • U.S. Dept. of Justice v. Tax Analysts
  • Chrysler Corp. v. Brown
  • Coastal States Gas Corp. v. Department of Energy
  • Congressional Research Service, The Protection of Classified Information: The Legal Framework
  • Phillippi v. Central Intelligence Agency
  • Patent
  • United States Constitution, art. I, § 8, cl. 8
    • Subject Matter
  • Patent Act § 101
    • Utility
  • Juicy Whip, Inc. v. Orange Bang, Inc.
  • MPEP §§ 2701, 2701.01
    • Statutory Subject Matter
  • Tun-Jen Chiang, The Rules and Standards of Patentable Subject Matter
  • Mayo Collaborative v. Prometheus Labs
  • Tax Planning Patent Problem
    • Procedures
      • Claims
  • Patent Act § 112(b)-(d)
    • Indefiniteness
  • Nautlius, Inc. v. Biosig Instruments Inc.
  • Freeny v. Apple Inc.
  • Datamize, LLC v. Plumtree Software, Inc.
    • Claim Drafting
  • Catalina Marketing Intern. v. Coolsavings.com
  • MPEP §§ 2111, 2173
    • Disclosure
  • Patent Act § 112(a)
    • Enablement
  • O'Reilly v. Morse
  • Wyeth & Cordis Corp. v. Abbott Labs.
  • Plastic Dye Problem
    • Written Description
  • Ariad Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Eli Lilly and Co
    • Best Mode
  • MPEP § 2165
  • Salt Shaker Problem
    • Patent Prosecution
  • Cuozzo Speed Technologies, LLC v. Lee
  • Patent Act § 122
  • 37 C.F.R. pt 1
  • Therasense, Inc. v. Becton, Dickinson and Co.
    • Priority Dates
  • USPTO, General Information Concerning Patents
    • Multiple Applications
  • Patent Act § 121
  • MPEP §§ 201.07
    • Judicial Review
    • Post-Grant Proceedings
  • Patent Act § 121
  • Cuozzo Speed Technologies, LLC v. Lee
    • Term
  • Patent Act § 135(a)(2)
    • Ownership
      • Collaborations
  • MPEP § 2137.01
  • Patent Act § 135
    • Priority: Novelty and Statutory Bars
      • Categories of Prior Art
        • "patented"
        • "described in a printed publication"
  • In re Klopfenstein
    • "in public use"
  • Mark A. Lemley, Does “Public Use” Mean the Same Thing It Did Last Year?
  • Egbert v. Lippmann
  • Lough v. Brunswick Corp
    • "on sale"
  • MPEP §§ 2152.02(d), 2133.03(b) & (c)
    • "otherwise available to the public"
    • Anticipation
  • MPEP § 2131
  • Titanium Metals Corp. of America v. Banner
    • Priority
      • Old § 102
  • MPEP § 2138
  • Morway v. Bondi
    • New § 102
  • Patent Act § 102
  • Questions
  • Pleistocene Park Problem
    • Nonobviousness
  • Patent Act § 103
  • KSR Intern. Co. v. Teleflex Inc.
  • In re Clay
  • KSR Problem
    • Infringement: Similarity
  • Jeanne C. Fromer, Claiming Intellectual Property
  • N.D. Cal. Model Patent Jury Instructions
    • Claim Construction
  • Phillips v. AWH Corp.
  • Thorner v. Sony Computer Entertainment America LLC
    • Literal Infringement
  • Angelo Mongiello's Children, LLC v. Pizza Hut, Inc.
    • Doctrine of Equivalents
  • Freedman Seating Co. v. American Seating Co.
  • Festo Corp. v. Shoketsu Kinzoku Kogyo Kabushiki Co.
  • Johnson & Johnston Associates v. R.E. Service Co.
    • A Hybrid: Means-Plus-Function Claims
  • Kemco Sales, Inc. v. Control Papers Co., Inc.
  • Super Soaker Problem
    • Infringement: Prohibited Conduct
  • Herman v. Youngstown Car Mfg. Co.
    • Direct Infringement
  • Patent Act § 271(a)
  • Akamai Technologies, Inc. v. Limelight Networks, Inc.
    • Indirect Infringement
  • Patent Act § 271(b)-(c)
  • Limelight Networks, Inc. v. Akamai Technologies, Inc.
  • Global-Tech Appliances, Inc. v. SEB S.A.
  • Commil USA, LLC v. Cisco Systems Inc.
  • Lucent Technologies, Inc. v. Gateway, Inc.
  • Questions
    • Defenses
      • Invalidity
  • Microsoft Corp. v. i4i Ltd. Partnership
    • Exhaustion
  • Aktiebolag v. E.J. Co.
  • Quanta Computer, Inc. v. LG Electronics, Inc.
  • Lexmark Intern., Inc. v. Impression Products, Inc.
    • Miscellaneous
  • Patent Act §§ 273, 287
  • Madey v. Duke University
  • Copyright
    • Subject Matter
  • Copyright Act § 102(a)
  • Feist Publications, Inc. v. Rural Telephone Service Co.
    • Creativity: How Much Is a Modicum?
  • 37 C.F.R. § 202.1(a)
  • Feist Publications, Inc. v. Rural Telephone Service Co.
  • Arrows Problem
  • Baseball Card Price Report Problem
    • Aesthetic Nondiscrimination
  • Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co.
  • Copyright Compendium § 310
  • Mitchell Bros. Film Group v. Cinema Adult Theater
  • Belcher v. Tarbox
    • Idea and Expression
  • Copyright Act § 102(b)
  • Blehm v. Jacobs
  • Walker v. Time Life Films, Inc.
  • Hula Problem
  • Baker v. Selden
  • Bikram's Yoga College of India v. Evolation Yoga
  • Concrete Machinery Co. v. Classic Lawn Ornaments
  • Cooking for Kids Problem
    • Ownership
  • Sheldon v. Metro-Goldwyn Pictures Corp.
    • Authorship
  • Burrow-Giles Lithographic Co. v. Sarony
  • Monkey Selfie Problem
  • Copyright Act § 105
    • Collaborations
  • Copyright Act §§ 201, 202
  • Thomson v. Larson
  • Greene v. Ablon
  • Community for Creative Non-Violence v. Reid
  • Garcia v. Google, Inc.
    • Derivative Works
  • Copyright Act § 103
  • DC Comics v. Towle
  • Pickett v. Prince
  • Keeling v. Hars
    • Procedures
      • Formalities Then
  • Christopher Sprigman, Reform(aliz)ing Copyright
  • Estate of Martin Luther King v. CBS, Inc.
  • Estate of Martin Luther King v. CBS, Inc.
  • Wildman v. New York Times Co.
    • Formalities Now
      • Fixation
  • Copyright Compendium § 305
  • Stern Electronics, Inc. v. Kaufman
  • Questions
  • Photoshoot Problem
    • Registration
  • Copyright Compendium § 202
    • Deposit
  • Copyright Compendium §§ 1502, 1511
    • Notice
  • Copyright Compendium §§ 2202, 2204
    • Term
  • Copyright Act §§ 302, 305
  • Eldred v. Ashcroft
  • Klinger v. Conan Doyle Estate
    • Infringement: Similarity
  • Sheldon v. Metro-Goldwyn Pictures Corp.
  • Nichols v. Universal Pictures Corporation
  • Arnstein v. Porter
  • Children’s Book Problem
  • Gottlieb Development LLC v. Paramount Pictures
  • Boisson v. Banian, Ltd.
  • New Yorker Problem
    • Infringement: Prohibited Conduct
      • Proof of Copying
  • Three Boys Music Corp. v. Bolton
  • Bee Gees Problem
    • Direct Infringement
  • Copyright Act § 106
  • Capitol Records, LLC v. ReDigi Inc.
  • CoStar Group, Inc. v. LoopNet, Inc.
  • American Broadcasting v. Aereo, Inc.
  • Copyright Act § 110
    • Secondary Liability
  • Fonovisa, Inc. v. Cherry Auction, Inc.
  • Sony Corp. of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc.
  • Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd.
  • Exclusive Rights Problem
    • Paracopyright
  • Copyright Act § 1201
  • MDY Industries, LLC. v. Blizzard Entertainment, Inc.
  • Copyright Act § 1202
  • Murphy v. Millennium Radio Group LLC
    • Defenses
      • First Sale
  • Copyright Act § 109
  • UMG Recordings, Inc. v. Augusto
  • Capitol Records, LLC v. ReDigi Inc.
    • Fair Use
  • Copyright Act § 107
  • Fair Use Checklist
  • Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc. v. Nation Enterprises
  • Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc.
  • City of Inglewood v. Teixeira
  • Fox Broadcasting Co., Inc. v. Dish Network LLC
  • Capitol Records, LLC v. ReDigi Inc.
  • Chicago HOPE Problem
    • Section 512
  • Copyright Act § 512
  • UMG Recordings, Inc. v. Shelter Capital Partners
    • Statutory Licenses
  • WPIX, Inc. v. ivi, Inc.
  • Fox Television Stations, Inc. v. AereoKiller
    • Miscellaneous
  • Copyright Act §§ 108, 121
  • Music
  • Steve Albini, The Problem with Music
    • Musical Works and Sound Recordings
  • Robert Brauneis, Musical Work Copyright for the Era of Digital Sound Technology
  • White-Smith Music Publishing Co. v. Apollo Co.
  • Copyright Office, Federal Copyright Protection for Pre-1972 Sound Recordings
  • Copyright Act §§ 101, 102
  • Lydia Pallas Loren, Untangling the Web of Music Copyrights
  • Newton v. Diamond
    • Reproductions
      • Musical Works
  • Copyright Act § 115(a)
  • 37 C.F.R. pt. 385
  • Lydia Pallas Loren, Untangling the Web of Music Copyrights
  • Leadsinger, Inc. v. BMG Music Pub.
    • Sound Recordings
  • Copyright Act § 114(b)
  • Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Dimension Films
  • VMG Salsoul, LLC v. Ciccone
    • Performances
  • United States v. American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers
    • Musical Works
      • Broadcasting and Receiving
  • Buck v. Jewell-LaSalle Realty Co.
  • Copyright Act § 110(5)
    • The Performing Rights Organizations
  • Broadcast Music, Inc. v. Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc.
  • ASCAP 2010 Radio Station License Agreement
  • Range Road Music, Inc. v. East Coast Foods, Inc.
  • Robert Stigwood Grp., Ltd. v. Sperber
    • Miscellaneous
  • Copyright Act § 116
  • History of the Jukebox License Office
  • Copyright Act § 110
    • Sound Recordings
  • Copyright Act § 114
  • Copyright Office, Copyright and the Music Marketplace
    • State-Law Protection for Pre-1972 Sound Recordings
  • Copyright Act §§ 301(c)
  • RCA Mfg. Co. v. Whiteman
  • Copyright Office, Federal Copyright Protection for Pre-1972 Sound Recordings
  • Flo & Eddie, Inc. v. Sirius XM Radio, Inc.
  • Flo & Eddie, Inc. v. Sirius XM Radio, Inc.
  • UMG Recordings, Inc. v. Escape Media Group, Inc.
  • Capitol Records, LLC v. Vimeo, LLC
    • Bootlegging
  • Metropolitan Opera Assoc. v. Wagner-Nichols Recorder Corp.
  • Copyright Act § 1101(a)
  • United States v. Martignon
  • Questions
  • Trademark
  • The Trade-Mark Cases
    • Subject Matter
  • Lanham Act § 45 (“trademark”)
  • Drug Stamps Problem
    • Word Marks
  • Zatarains, Inc. v. Oak Grove Smokehouse, Inc.
  • Innovation Ventures, LLC v. N.V.E., Inc.
  • TMEP § 1202
  • Elliot v. Google Inc.
  • TMEP § 1209.03
    • Designs
  • Star Industries, Inc. v. Bacardi & Co. Ltd.
  • Melting Bad Problem
    • Ownership
      • Priority at Common Law
  • Galt House Inc. v. Home Supply Company
  • United Drug Co. v. Theodore Rectanus Co.
  • Planetary Motion, Inc. v. Techsplosion, Inc.
  • Dudley v. HealthSource Chiropractic, Inc.
  • CreAgri, Inc. v. USANA Health Sciences, Inc.
  • Bilgewater Bill’s Problem
    • Federal Registration
      • Registration
  • Lanham Act §§ 1(a), 7
  • Burger King of Florida, Inc. v. Hoots
  • Bilgewater Bill's Problem, Redux
    • Intent-to-Use Applications
  • Lanham Act § 1(b)
  • Kelly Services, Inc. v. Creative Harbor, LLC [I]
  • Kelly Services, Inc. v. Creative Harbor, LLC [II]
  • Bilgewater Bill’s Problem, Re-Redux
    • Collaborations
  • Boogie Kings v. Guillory
  • TMEP § 1201.03
  • Duff Problem
    • Procedures
      • Registration
  • Lanham Act § 2(a)
  • Lanham Act § 2
  • In re Tam
  • In re Boulevard Entertainment, Inc.
  • TMEP §§ 1302–1304
  • TMEP §§ 904, 1401, 1402
  • TMEP § 906
    • Opposition
  • Lanham Act §§ 2(d), 12, 13
  • B&B Hardware, Inc. v. Hargis Industries, Inc.
  • B&B Hardware, Inc. v. Hargis Industries, Inc.
    • Maintenance
  • Lanham Act §§ 8,9
    • Cancellation and Incontestability
  • Lanham Act §§ 14, 15
  • Park ‘N Fly, Inc. v. Dollar Park & Fly, Inc.
    • Abandonment
  • Lanham Act § 45 (“abandoned”)
  • Procter & Gamble Co. v. Johnson & Johnson Inc.
  • Trademark Throwback Problem
    • Infringement: Confusion
  • Lanham Act § 32
  • Virgin Enterprises Ltd. v. Nawab
  • Sally Beauty Co., Inc. v. Beautyco, Inc.
  • Cheat Sheet Problem
  • Boats Problem
    • Infringement: Prohibited Conduct
      • Threshold Conditions
  • Rescuecom Corp. v. Google Inc.
  • Radiance Foundation, Inc. v. NAACP
    • Theories of Confusion
      • Reverse Confusion
  • Restatement (Third) of Unfair Competition § 20 cmt. f
    • Initial Interest Confusion
  • Grotrian, Helfferich, Schultz, Th. Steinweg Nachf v. Steinway & Sons
  • Brookfield Communications v. West Coast Entertainment
  • Hearts on Fire Company, LLC v. Blue Nile, Inc.
    • Post-Sale Confusion
  • General Motors Corp. v. Keystone Automotive Industries, Inc.
    • Section 43(a)
  • Lanham Act § 43(a)(1)(A)
    • Unfair Competition
  • Margreth Barrett, Finding Trademark Use
  • William R. Warner & Co. v. Eli Lilly & Co.
  • Blinded Veterans Association v. Blinded American Veterans Foundation
    • False Endorsement
  • Yale Electric Corp. v. Robertson
  • Conan Properties, Inc. v. Conans Pizza, Inc.
  • International Order of Job's Daughters v. Lindeburg & Co.
    • Failure to Attribute
  • Dastar Corp. v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp
    • Dilution
  • Frank I. Schechter, The Rational Basis of Trademark Protection
  • Jeremy N. Sheff, The (Boundedly) Rational Basis of Trademark Liability
  • Ty Inc. v. Perryman
  • Lanham Act § 43(c)
  • Nike, Inc. v. Nikepal Intern., Inc.
  • Dilution Lightning Round
    • Problems
  • Ambush Marketing Problem
  • Jack Daniel’s Problem
  • Paper Handbag Problem
    • Secondary Liability
  • Inwood Laboratories, Inc. v. Ives Laboratories, Inc.
  • Philip Morris USA Inc. v. Lee
    • Defenses
  • Lanham Act § 43(c)(3)
    • Descriptive Fair Use
  • Zatarains, Inc. v. Oak Grove Smokehouse, Inc.
    • Nominative Fair Use
  • New Kids on the Block v. New America Pub., Inc.
  • Smith v. Chanel, Inc.
    • Exhaustion
  • Champion Spark Plug Co. v. Sanders
  • Hart v. Amazon.com, Inc.
    • Expressive Use
  • Louis Vuitton Malletier v. Haute Diggity Dog
  • Louis Vuitton Mallatier v. Warner Bros.
    • Miscellaneous
  • Lanham Act § 32(2)
  • Trademark Defenses Lightning Round
    • Other Identifier Registries
      • Phone Numbers
  • Holiday Inns, Inc. v. 800 Reservation, Inc.
    • Radio Callsigns
  • In re WSM, Inc.
    • Business Names
  • Model Business Corporation Act
  • Harvard Business Services v. Coyle
  • Cooper v. Goodman
  • Friedman v. Rogers
    • Ticker Symbols
  • Eric Levenson, Investors Buy Up Worthless Stock After Confusing It for an Actual Successful Company
  • FINRA Uniform Practice Advisory # 39 -13
  • Central Parking Corp. v. Park One Inc.
  • Exxon Corp. v. Xoil Energy Resources, Inc.
  • MDT Corp. v. New York Stock Exchange, Inc.
  • Comments of James Angel on General Portability Filing
    • ISBNs
  • ISBN.org, FAQs: General Questions
    • License Plates
  • Wooley v. Maynard
  • Mitchell v. Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration
  • Nevada Administrative Code § 482.320
    • Domain Names
  • Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act
  • Uniform Domain-Name Dispute Resolution Policy
    • Online Accounts
  • Twitter Rules
    • Stage Names
  • Professional Name Policy
  • David Fagundes, Talk Derby to Me: Intellectual Property Norms Governing Roller Derby Pseudonyms
  • Advertising
    • False Advertising
  • Lanham Act § 43(a)(1)(B)
    • "Ownership": Competitor Standing
  • American Washboard Co. v. Saginaw Mfg. Co.
  • Ely-Norris Safe Co. v. Mosler Safe Co.
  • Mosler Safe Co. v. Ely-Norris Safe Co.
  • Lexmark International, Inc. v. Static Control Components, Inc.
    • "Infringement": Prohibited Conduct
  • Greater Houston Transportation Company v. Uber Technologies, Inc.
  • Procter & Gamble Co. v. Haugen
    • "Infringement": Falsity and Materiality
  • Pizza Hut, Inc. v. Papa John’s Intern., Inc.
  • McNeil-PPC, Inc. v. Pfizer Inc.
  • Satellite TV Problem
    • Secondary Liability
  • Duty Free Americas, Inc. v. Estee Lauder Companies, Inc.
    • Alternatives to Competitor Suits
      • Commercial Disparagement and Related Torts
  • HipSaver, Inc. v. Kiel
  • Aviation Charter, Inc. v. Aviation Research
    • Consumer Suits
  • Perrine v. Sega of America, Inc.
    • FTC Enforcement
  • Federal Trade Commission v. Winsted Hosiery Company
  • Kraft, Inc. v. FTC
  • Letter from Federal Trade Commission to Microsoft Corp. and Starcom MediaVest Group
    • Other Sources of Advertising Law
      • Trademark
  • Lanham Act §§ 2(e)(1), (f)
  • In re Budge Mfg. Co.
    • Certifications
  • Lanham Act § 45 (“certification mark”)
  • TMEP § 1306
  • Fair Trade USA Farm Workers Standard
  • Understanding the FCC Regulations for Low-Power, Non-Licensed Transmitter
  • Inspection & Grading of Meat and Poultry: What Are the Differences?
    • Geographic Indications
  • Justin Hughes, Champagne, Feta, and Bourbon – The Spirited Debate About Geographical Indications
  • TRIPS arts. 22–24
  • Lanham Act § 2
  • Guantanamera Cigar Co. v. Corporacion Habanos
  • Labeling and Advertising of Distilled Spirits, 27 C.F.R Part 5
  • Textile Products Identification Act
  • Melting Bad Problem, Redux
    • Regulation
  • POM Wonderful LLC v. The Coca-Cola Company
  • Rebecca Tushnet, It Depends on What the Meaning of "False" is: Falsity and Misleadingness in Commercial Speech Doctrine
  • Commack Self-Service Kosher Meats, Inc. v. Weiss
  • Levy v. Kosher Overseers Ass'n of America, Inc.
    • Mandatory Disclosures
  • American Meat Institute v. Dept. of Agriculture
  • National Ass'n of Mfrs. v. Securities and Exchange Commission [I]
  • National Ass'n of Mfrs. v. Securities and Exchange Commission [II]
    • Self-Regulation
  • Mead Johnson Nutritionals (Enfamil LIPIL)
  • CARU Press Release
    • Problems
  • Scavenger Hunt Problem
  • problems/fortunetelling
  • Personality Rights
    • Right of Publicity
      • Ownership
        • Privacy Theories
  • Roberson v. Rochester Folding Box Co.
  • New York Civil Rights Law § 51
  • Pavesich v. New England Life Ins. Co.
  • O'Brien v. Pabst Sales Co.
    • Property Theories
  • Haelan Laboratories v. Topps Chewing Gum
  • Joseph R. Grodin, Note: The Right of Publicity: A Doctrinal Innovation
  • Fraley v. Facebook, Inc.
    • Subject Matter
  • Midler v. Ford Motor Co.
  • White v. Samsung Electronics America, Inc.
  • White v. Samsung Electronics America, Inc.
    • Procedures
  • Hebrew University of Jerusalem v. General Motors
    • Infringement: Similarity
  • Hooker v. Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc.
    • Infringement: Prohibited Conduct
      • Direct Infringement
  • Stephano v. News Group Publications, Inc.
  • Washington v. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp.
    • Secondary Liability
  • Perfect 10, Inc. v. Cybernet Ventures, Inc.
    • Defenses
  • Allison v. Vintage Sports Plaques
  • Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development v. Target Corp.
  • No Doubt v. Activision Publishing, Inc.
    • Problems
  • Governator Problem
  • Tony Twist Problem
    • Moral Rights
  • Peter Baldwin, The Copyright Wars: Three Centuries of Trans-Atlantic Battle
  • Roberta Rosenthal Kwall, Copyright and the Moral Right: Is an American Marriage Possible?
  • Berne Convention art. 6bis
  • Copyright Act § 106A
    • Integrity
  • Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art Foundation v. Büchel
  • Philips v. Pembroke Real Estate, Inc.
  • Clean Flicks of Colorado, LLC v. Soderbergh
  • Prepared Statement of Taylor Hackford on Behalf of the Directors Guild of America
    • Attribution
  • Williams v. UMG Recordings, Inc.
  • Catherine L. Fisk, Credit Where It's Due: The Law and Norms of Attribution
    • People as Trademarks
  • Lanham Act §§ 2(c), (d)(4)
  • Peaceable Planet, Inc. v. Ty, Inc.
  • David B. Findlay, Inc. v. Findlay
  • Hebrew University of Jerusalem v. General Motors LLC
  • Brown v. Electronic Arts, Inc.
  • Melting Bad Problem, Re-Redux
    • Personal Names
  • Laura A. Heymann, Naming, Identity, and Trademark Law
  • Carlton F.W. Larson, Naming Baby: The Constitutional Dimensions of Parental Naming Rights
  • In re Mokiligon
  • Petition of Variable
  • In re Ravitch
  • In re Serpentfoot
  • Weingand v. Lorre
  • Application of Clark
  • In re Name Change of Handley
  • In re Porter
    • Defamation and False Light
  • Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co.
  • Restatement (Second) of Torts § 652E
  • Tyne ex rel. Tyne v. Time Warner Entertainment Co., L.P.
  • Restatement (Second) of Torts § 564 cmt. d
  • Jessica Litman, Information Privacy/Information Property
  • Design
    • Patent
    • Copyright
      • Useful Articles
  • Mazer v. Stein
  • Copyright Act § 101 ("useful article")
  • H.R. Rep No. 94-1476
  • Brandir Intern., Inc. v. Cascade Pacific Lumber Co.
  • Eames Chair Problem
  • Copyright Act § 113
  • Report of the Register of Copyrights on the General Revision of the Copyright Law (1961)
  • Model Car Problem
    • Architecture
  • Kevin Emerson Collins, Economically Defeasible Rights to Facilitate Information Disclosure: The Hidden Wisdom of Pre-AWCPA Copyright
  • Copyright Act § 120
  • 37 C.F.R. § 202.11
  • Intervest Construction., Inc. v. Canterbury Estate Homes
  • Zalewski v. Cicero Builder Dev., Inc.
  • Embassy Problem
    • Moral Rights
  • Cheffins v. Stewart
    • Trademark
  • Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Samara Brothers, Inc.
  • Lanham Act §§ 2(e)(5), 43(a)(3)
  • TrafFix Devices, Inc. v. Marketing Displays, Inc.
  • In re Florists' Transworld Delivery, Inc.
  • Maker's Mark Distillery, Inc. v. Diageo North America, Inc.
  • Eames Chair Problem, Revisited
  • Pez Dispenser Problem
    • Design Patent
  • Patent Act §§ 171, 173
    • Subject Matter
      • Articles of Manufacture
  • In re Hruby
  • In re AlSabah
    • Ornamentality
  • In re Webb
  • Rosco, Inc. v. Mirror Lite Co.
  • In re Koehring
    • Procedures
  • MPEP § 1503
  • Patent Act § 173
    • Ownership
      • Novelty
  • International Seaway Trading Corp. v. Walgreens Corp.
    • Obviousness
  • MRC Innovations, Inc. v. Hunter Mfg., LLP,
    • Infringement: Similarity
  • Egyptian Goddess, Inc. v. Swisa, Inc.
  • Wing Shing Products (BVI) Co. v. Sunbeam Products, Inc.
  • OddzOn Products, Inc. v. Just Toys, Inc.
  • L.A. Gear, Inc. v. Thom McAn Shoe Co.
    • Infringement: Prohibited Conduct
  • Patent Act § 289
  • Milo & Gabby, LLC v. Amazon.com
    • Defenses
  • Jazz Photo Corp. v. International Trade Com'n
  • Ralph D. Clifford & Richard J. Peltz-Steele, The Constitutionality of Design Patents
  • Eames Chair Problem, Re-revisited
    • Sui Generis Regimes
      • Semiconductor Masks
  • Pamela Samuelson, Creating a New Kind of Intellectual Property: Applying the Lessons of the Chip Law to Computer Programs
  • Kal Raustiala & Christopher Sprigman, The Piracy Paradox, Innovation and Intellectual Property in Fashion Design
  • Altera Corp. v. Clear Logic, Inc.
    • Vessel Hulls
  • Bonito Boats, Inc. v. Thunder Craft Boats, Inc.
  • Copyright Act ch. 13
  • Maverick Boat Co., Inc. v. American Marine Holdings, Inc.
    • Fashion
      • Copyright
  • Jack Adelman, Inc. v. Sonners & Gordon, Inc.
  • Cheney Bros. v. Doris Silk Corporation
  • Fashion Originators' Guild of America v. Federal Trade Commission
  • Peter Pan Fabrics, Inc. v. Brenda Fabrics, Inc.
  • Varsity Brands, Inc. v. Star Athletica, LLC
    • Trademark
  • Christian Louboutin v. Yves Saint Laurent America
  • Christian Louboutin v. Yves Saint Laurent America
    • Design Patent
  • Kal Raustiala & Christopher Sprigman, The Piracy Paradox, Innovation and Intellectual Property in Fashion Design
    • Sui Generis Protection?
  • James Surowiecki, The Piracy Paradox
  • C. Scott Hemphill & Jeannie Suk, The Law, Culture, and Economics of Fashion
  • Innovative Design Protection Act of 2012
  • Software
    • Trade Secret
  • Barr-Mullin, Inc. v. Browning
  • Silvaco Data Systems v. Intel Corp.
    • Patent
      • Subject Matter
        • Then
  • In re Bernhart
  • In re Alappat
  • State Street Bank & Trust Co. v. Signature Financial Group
    • Now
  • Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank Int'l
  • McRO, Inc. v. Bandai Namco Games America Inc.
  • Synopsys, Inc. v. Mentor Graphics Corp.
    • Procedures
  • Williamson v. Citrix Online, LLC
  • Mark A. Lemley, Software Patents and the Return of Functional Claiming
    • Obviousness
  • Apple Inc. v. Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    • Copyright
      • Subject Matter
  • Apple Computer, Inc. v. Franklin Computer Corp.
  • Adobe Systems Inc. v. Southern Software Inc.
  • Whelan Associates, Inc. v. Jaslow Dental Laboratory, Inc.
  • Computer Associates Intern., Inc. v. Altai, Inc.
  • Oracle America, Inc. v. Google Inc.
  • Oracle America, Inc. v. Google Inc.
  • Tetris Problem
    • Defenses
  • Copyright Act § 117
  • Sega Enterprises Ltd. v. Accolade, Inc.
  • Universal City Studios, Inc. v. Corley
    • Trademark
  • Apple Inc. v. Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    • Design Patent
  • Michael Risch, Functionality and Graphical User Interface Design Patents
  • Smartphone Problem
  • Biotechnology
    • Patent
      • Subject Matter
  • Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, Inc.
  • In re Roslin Institute (Edinburgh)
  • Ariosa Diagnostics, Inc. v. Sequenom, Inc.
  • DNA Copyright Problem
    • Ownership
  • Schering Corp. v. Geneva Pharmaceuticals
  • Eli Lilly and Co. v. Zenith Goldline Pharm. Inc.
    • Infringement: Similarity
  • Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc. v. Schering-Plough Corp.
    • Defenses
  • Bowman v. Monsanto Co.
    • Plants
      • Plant Patents
  • Imazio Nursery, Inc. v. Dania Greenhouses
  • Mark D. Janis & Jay P. Kesan, U.S. Plant Variety Protection: Sound and Fury ... ?
  • Patent Act §§ 161–163
  • 37 CFR § 1.164
    • Subject Matter
  • In re Arzberger
    • Procedures
  • In re Greer
    • Ownership
  • Ex parte Moore
  • Dunn v. Ragin v. Carlile
  • In re LeGrice
  • Yoder Bros., Inc. v. California-Florida Plant Corp.
    • Infringement
  • Imazio Nursery, Inc. v. Dania Greenhouses
  • Armstrong Nurseries, Inc. v. Smith
    • Plant Variety Protection Act
  • S. Rep. 91-1246 (1970)
    • Subject Matter
  • PVPA § 42
    • Procedures
  • PVPA § 52
  • Genecorp, Inc. v. Progeny Advanced Genetics, Inc.
  • PVPA § 83
    • Ownership
  • PVPA § 42
    • Defenses
  • PVPA §§ 44, 112–115
  • Jim Chen, The Parable of the Seeds
    • Infringement
  • PVPA § 111
  • Delta and Pine Land Co. v. Sinkers Corp.
    • The Punchline
  • JEM Ag Supply, Inc. v. Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc.
    • Drug Approval
      • Patent Issues
  • Kara B. Swanson, Food and Drug Law as Intellectual Property Law
  • Merck KGaA v. Integra Lifesciences I, Ltd.
  • Eli Lilly & Co. v. Medtronic, Inc.
    • Hatch-Waxman
  • United States v. Generix Drug Corp.
  • FTC v. Actavis, Inc.
  • Actavis Elizabeth LLC v. U.S. Food and Drug Admin.
  • Erika Lietzan, The Myths of Data Exclusivity
  • Caraco Pharmaceutical Labs v. Novo Nordisk
  • FTC v. Actavis, Inc.
    • Orphan Drugs
  • Genentech, Inc. v. Bowen
  • Sigma-Tau Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Schwetz
    • Drug Marketing
      • Names
  • Note on Drug Naming
  • S. Rep. 87-448 (1961)
  • 21 C.F.R. § 201.10
  • Kos Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Andrx Corp.
  • 666 Problem
    • Design
  • Shire US Inc. v. Barr Laboratories, Inc.
  • Jeremy A. Greene & Aaron S. Kesselheim, Why Do the Same Drugs Look Different? Pills, Trade Dress, and Public Health
    • Labeling and Advertising
  • Consumer-Directed Broadcast Advertisements: Guidance for Industry
  • Letter from Robert Dean, Division Director, OPDP, FDA, to Eric Gervais
  • United States v. Caronia
  • Wyeth v. Levine
  • PLIVA, Inc. v. Mensing
  • SmithKline Beecham v. Watson Pharmaceuticals
  • Bizarro World Redux Problem
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