Mapping and the Citizen Sensor

Mapping and the Citizen Sensor

By Linda See
Book Description

Maps are a fundamental resource in a diverse array of applications ranging from everyday activities, such as route planning through the legal demarcation of space to scientific studies, such as those seeking to understand biodiversity and inform the design of nature reserves for species conservation. For a map to have value, it should provide an accurate and timely representation of the phenomenon depicted and this can be a challenge in a dynamic world. Fortunately, mapping activities have benefitted greatly from recent advances in geoinformation technologies. Satellite remote sensing, for example, now offers unparalleled data acquisition and authoritative mapping agencies have developed systems for the routine production of maps in accordance with strict standards. Until recently, much mapping activity was in the exclusive realm of authoritative agencies but technological development has also allowed the rise of the amateur mapping community. The proliferation of inexpensive and highly mobile and location aware devices together with Web 2.0 technology have fostered the emergence of the citizen as a source of data. Mapping presently benefits from vast amounts of spatial data as well as people able to provide observations of geographic phenomena, which can inform map production, revision and evaluation. The great potential of these developments is, however, often limited by concerns. The latter span issues from the nature of the citizens through the way data are collected and shared to the quality and trustworthiness of the data. This book reports on some of the key issues connected with the use of citizen sensors in mapping. It arises from a European Co-operation in Science and Technology (COST) Action, which explored issues linked to topics ranging from citizen motivation, data acquisition, data quality and the use of citizen derived data in the production of maps that rival, and sometimes surpass, maps arising from authoritative agencies.

Table of Contents
  • Supporting Institutions
  • Chapter 1. Mapping and the Citizen Sensor
  • Giles Foody, Steffen Fritz, Cidália Costa Fonte, Lucy Bastin, Ana-Maria Olteanu-Raimond, Peter Mooney, Linda See, Vyron Antoniou, Hai-Ying Liu, Marco Minghini and Rumiana Vatseva
  • Chapter 2. Sources of VGI for Mapping
  • Linda See, Jacinto Estima, Andrea Pődör, Jamal Jokar Arsanjani, Juan-Carlos Laso Bayas and Rumiana Vatseva
  • Chapter 3. A Review of OpenStreetMap Data
  • Peter Mooney and Marco Minghini
  • Chapter 4. Production of Topographic Maps with VGI: Quality Management and Automation
  • Guillaume Touya, Vyron Antoniou, Sidonie Christophe, Andriani Skopeliti
  • Chapter 5. Motivating and Sustaining Participation in VGI
  • Steffen Fritz, Linda See and Maria Brovelli
  • Chapter 6. Considerations of Privacy, Ethics and Legal Issues in Volunteered Geographic Information
  • Peter Mooney, Ana-Maria Olteanu-Raimond, Guillaume Touya, Niels Juul, Seraphim Alvanides and Norman Kerle
  • Chapter 7. Assessing VGI Data Quality
  • Cidália Costa Fonte, Vyron Antoniou, Lucy Bastin, Jacinto Estima, Jamal Jokar Arsanjani, Juan-Carlos Laso Bayas, Linda See and Rumiana Vatseva
  • Chapter 8. The Impact of the Contribution Micro-environment on Data Quality: The Case of OSM
  • Vyron Antoniou and Andriani Skopeliti
  • Chapter 9. Visualisation and Communication of VGI Quality
  • Andriani Skopeliti, Vyron Antoniou and Temenoujka Bandrova
  • Chapter 10. The Relevance of Protocols for VGI Collection
  • Marco Minghini, Vyron Antoniou, Cidália Costa Fonte, Jacinto Estima, Ana-Maria Olteanu-Raimond, Linda See, Mari Laakso, Andriani Skopeliti, Peter Mooney, Jamal Jokar Arsanjani, Flavio Lupia
  • Chapter 11. Data and Metadata Management for Better VGI Reusability
  • Lucy Bastin, Sven Schade and Christian Schill
  • Chapter 12. Integrating Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) with Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) for creating a Global GIS platform
  • Demetris Demetriou, Michele Campagna, Ivana Racetin, Milan Konecny
  • Chapter 13. VGI in National Mapping Agencies: Experiences and Recommendations
  • Ana-Maria Olteanu-Raimond, Mari Laakso, Vyron Antoniou, Cidália Costa Fonte, Alexandra Fonseca, Magdalena Grus, Jenny Harding, Tobias Kellenberger, Marco Minghini, Andriani Skopeliti
  • Chapter 14. Opportunities for Volunteered Geographic Information Use in Spatial Planning
  • Matej Nikšič, Michele Campagna, Pierangelo Massa, Matteo Caglioni, Thomas Theis Nielsen
  • Chapter 15. Citizen Science and Citizens’ Observatories: Trends, Roles, Challenges and Development Needs for Science and Environmental Governance
  • Hai-Ying Liu, Sonja Grossberndt and Mike Kobernus
  • Chapter 16. The Future of VGI
  • Vyron Antoniou, Linda See, Giles Foody, Cidália Costa Fonte, Peter Mooney, Lucy Bastin, Steffen Fritz, Hai-Ying Liu, Ana-Maria Olteanu-Raimond and Rumiana Vatseva
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