Continued Violence and Troublesome Pasts
Ville Kivimäki (editor)
Continued Violence and Troublesome Pasts

In most European countries, the horrific legacy of 1939–45 has made it quite difficult to remember the war with much glory. Despite the Anglo-American memory narrative of saving democracy from totalitarianism and the Soviet epic of the Great Patriotic War, the fundamental experience of war for so many Europeans was that of immense personal losses and often meaningless hardships. The anthology at hand focuses on these histories between the victors: on the cases of Hungary, Estonia, Poland, Austria, Finland, and Germany and on the respective, often gendered experiences of defeat. The book’s chapters underline the asynchronous transition to peace in individual experiences, when compared to the smooth timelines of national and international historiographies. Furthermore, it is important to note that instead of a linear chronology, both personal and collective histories tend to return back to the moments of violence and loss, thus forming continuous cycles of remembrance and forgetting. Several of the authors also pay specific attention to the constructed and contested nature of national histories in these cycles. The role of these ‘in-between’ countries – and even more their peoples’ multifaceted experiences – will add to the widening European history of the aftermath, thereby challenging the conventional dichotomies and periodisations. In the aftermath of the seventieth anniversary of 1945, it is still too early to regard the post-war period as mere history; the memory politics and rhetoric of the Second World War and its aftermath are again being used and abused to serve contemporary power politics in Europe

Suffering, Surviving and Coping: Experiences of Violence and Defeat in Post-War Europe
I Continued Violence: Estonia and Poland
Between Germany and Russia: Settling Scores from the Occupations in Post-War Estonia (1945–1950)
‘Coming Out of the Woods’: How Partisans of the Polish Anti-Communist Underground Adapted to Civilian Life
II Reorienting and Taking Distance: Germany and Austria
Redefining Germany: Women’s Politics in the Post-War US Occupation Zone
Austrian Men ‘Do Everything with Feeling!’: Representations of Masculinity in Post-War Austrian Cinema (1946–1955)
III Gendered Memories: Finland and Hungary
Fallen Angels, Fallen Nation?
Silencing and Unsilencing Sexual Violence in Hungary
List of Authors
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