Naturalism And Religion
Free
Naturalism And Religion
By Rudolf Otto
Free
Book Description

Table of Contents
  • Contents
  • Preface.
  • Chapter I. The Religious Interpretation Of The World.
    • What is Distinctive in the Religious Outlook.
  • Chapter II. Naturalism.
    • What is Distinctive in the Naturalistic Outlook.
    • The True Naturalism.
    • Goethe's Attitude to Naturalism.
    • The two Kinds of Naturalism.
    • Aim and Method of Naturalism.
  • Chapter III. Fundamental Principles.
    • How the Religious and the Naturalistic Outlooks Conflict.
    • Mystery : Dependence : Purpose.
    • The Mystery of Existence Remains Unexplained.
    • Evolution and New Beginnings.
    • The Dependence of the Order of Nature.
    • The “Contingency” of the World.
    • The Real World.
    • The Antimony of Our Conception of Time.
    • The Antimony of the Conditioned and the Unconditioned.
    • The Antimony of Our Conception of Space.
    • Intuitions of Reality.
    • The Recognition of Purpose.
    • Teleological and Scientific Interpretations are Alike Necessary.
  • Chapter IV. Darwinism In General.
    • The Development of Darwinism.
    • Darwinism and Teleology.
    • The Characteristic Features of Darwinism.
    • Various Forms of Darwinism.
    • The Theory of Descent.
    • Haeckel's Evolutionist Position.
    • Weismann's Evolutionist Position.
    • Virchow's Position.
    • Other Instances of Dissatisfaction with the Theory of Descent.
  • Chapter V. Religion And The Theory Of Descent.
    • The Problema Continui.
  • Chapter VI. Darwinism In The Strict Sense.
    • Differences of Opinion As To the Factors In Evolution.
    • Weismannism.
    • Natural Selection.
  • Chapter VII. Critics Of Darwinism.
    • Lamarckism and Neo-Lamarckism.
    • Theory of Definite Variation.
    • De Vries's Mutation-theory.
    • Eimer's Orthogenesis.
    • The Spontaneous Activity of the Organism.
    • Contrast Between Darwinian and Post-Darwinian Views.
  • Chapter VIII. The Mechanical Theory Of Life.
    • The Conservation of Matter and Energy.
    • The Organic and the Inorganic.
    • Irritability.
    • Spontaneous Generation.
    • The Mechanics of Development.
    • Heredity.
  • Chapter IX. Criticism Of Mechanical Theories.
    • The Law of the Conservation of Energy.
    • Criticisms of the Mechanistic Theory of Life.
    • Virchow's “Caution”.
    • Preyer's Position.
    • The Position Of Bunge and Other Physiologists.
    • The Views of Botanists Illustrated.
    • Constructive Criticism.
    • The Constructive Work of Driesch.
    • The Views of Albrecht and Schneider.
    • How all this affects the Religious Outlook.
  • Chapter X. Autonomy Of Spirit.
    • Naturalistic Attacks on the Autonomy of the Spiritual.
    • The Fundamental Answer.
    • Individual Development.
    • Underivability.
    • Pre-eminence of Consciousness.
    • Creative Power of Consciousness.
    • Activity of Consciousness.
    • The Ego.
    • Self-Consciousness.
    • The Unity of Consciousness.
    • Consciousness of the Ego.
  • Chapter XI. Freedom Of Spirit.
    • Feeling, Individuality, Genius, and Mysticism.
    • Feeling.
    • Individuality.
    • Genius.
    • Mysticism.
    • Mind and Spirit. The Human and the Animal Soul.
    • Personality.
    • Parallelism.
    • No Parallelism.
    • The Supremacy of Mind.
    • “The Unconscious”.
    • Is there Ageing of the Mind?
    • Immortality.
  • Chapter XII. The World And God.
  • Footnotes
  • Credits
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