Sophisms of the Protectionists
Free

Sophisms of the Protectionists

By Frédéric Bastiat
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • SOPHISMS
    • OF THE
  • PROTECTIONISTS.
    • M. FREDERIC BASTIAT,
    • PREFACE.
    • PREFACE TO FIRST EDITION.
      • PART I.
    • PART I.
    • SOPHISMS OF PROTECTION.
      • INTRODUCTION.
    • INTRODUCTION.
    • I.
      • ABUNDANCE—SCARCITY.
    • ABUNDANCE—SCARCITY.
    • II.
      • OBSTACLE—CAUSE.
    • OBSTACLE—CAUSE.
    • III.
      • EFFORT—RESULT.
    • EFFORT—RESULT.
    • IV.
      • EQUALIZING OF THE FACILITIES OF PRODUCTION.
    • EQUALIZING OF THE FACILITIES OF PRODUCTION.
    • V.
      • OUR PRODUCTIONS ARE OVERLOADED WITH TAXES.
    • OUR PRODUCTIONS ARE OVERLOADED WITH TAXES.
    • VI.
      • BALANCE OF TRADE.
    • BALANCE OF TRADE.
    • VII.
      • PETITION FROM THE MANUFACTURERS OF CANDLES, WAX-LIGHTS, LAMPS, CHANDELIERS, REFLECTORS, SNUFFERS, EXTINGUISHERS; AND FROM THE PRODUCERS OF TALLOW, OIL, RESIN, ALCOHOL, AND GENERALLY OF EVERY THING USED FOR LIGHTS.
    • PETITION FROM THE MANUFACTURERS OF CANDLES, WAX-LIGHTS, LAMPS, CHANDELIERS, REFLECTORS, SNUFFERS, EXTINGUISHERS; AND FROM THE PRODUCERS OF TALLOW, OIL, RESIN, ALCOHOL, AND GENERALLY OF EVERY THING USED FOR LIGHTS.
    • VIII.
      • DISCRIMINATING DUTIES.
    • DISCRIMINATING DUTIES.
    • IX.
      • WONDERFUL DISCOVERY!
    • WONDERFUL DISCOVERY!
    • X.
      • RECIPROCITY.
    • RECIPROCITY.
    • XI.
      • ABSOLUTE PRICES.
    • ABSOLUTE PRICES.
    • XII.
      • DOES PROTECTION RAISE THE RATE OF WAGES?
    • DOES PROTECTION RAISE THE RATE OF WAGES?
    • XIII.
      • THEORY—PRACTICE.
    • THEORY—PRACTICE.
    • XIV.
      • CONFLICTING PRINCIPLES.
    • CONFLICTING PRINCIPLES.
    • XV.
      • RECIPROCITY AGAIN.
    • RECIPROCITY AGAIN.
    • XVI.
      • OBSTRUCTED RIVERS PLEADING FOR THE PROHIBITIONISTS.
    • OBSTRUCTED RIVERS PLEADING FOR THE PROHIBITIONISTS.
    • XVII.
      • A NEGATIVE RAILROAD.
    • A NEGATIVE RAILROAD.
    • XVIII.
      • "THERE ARE NO ABSOLUTE PRINCIPLES."
    • "THERE ARE NO ABSOLUTE PRINCIPLES."
    • XIX.
      • NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE.
    • NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE.
    • XX.
      • HUMAN LABOR—NATIONAL LABOR.
    • HUMAN LABOR—NATIONAL LABOR.
    • XXI.
      • RAW MATERIAL.
    • RAW MATERIAL.
    • XXII.
      • METAPHORS.
    • METAPHORS.
    • CONCLUSION.
      • PART II.
    • PART II.
    • SOPHISMS OF PROTECTION.
    • I.
      • NATURAL HISTORY OF SPOLIATION.
    • NATURAL HISTORY OF SPOLIATION.
    • II.
      • TWO SYSTEMS OF MORALS.
    • TWO SYSTEMS OF MORALS.
    • III.
      • THE TWO HATCHETS.
    • THE TWO HATCHETS.
    • IV.
      • INFERIOR COUNCIL OF LABOR.
    • INFERIOR COUNCIL OF LABOR.
    • V.
      • DEARNESS—CHEAPNESS.
    • DEARNESS—CHEAPNESS.
    • VI.
      • TO ARTISANS AND LABORERS.
    • TO ARTISANS AND LABORERS.
    • VII.
      • A CHINESE STORY.
    • A CHINESE STORY.
    • VIII.
      • POST HOC, ERGO PROPTER HOC.
    • POST HOC, ERGO PROPTER HOC.
    • IX.
      • ROBBERY BY BOUNTIES.
    • ROBBERY BY BOUNTIES.
    • X.
      • THE TAX COLLECTOR.
    • THE TAX COLLECTOR.
    • XI.
      • UTOPIAN IDEAS.
    • UTOPIAN IDEAS.
    • XII.
      • SALT, POSTAGE, AND CUSTOMS.
    • SALT, POSTAGE, AND CUSTOMS.
    • XIII.
      • THE THREE ALDERMEN.
    • THE THREE ALDERMEN.
    • XIV.
      • SOMETHING ELSE.
    • SOMETHING ELSE.
    • XV.
      • THE LITTLE ARSENAL OF THE FREE TRADER.
    • THE LITTLE ARSENAL OF THE FREE TRADER.
    • XVI.
      • THE RIGHT AND THE LEFT HAND.
    • THE RIGHT AND THE LEFT HAND.
    • XVII.
      • SUPREMACY BY LABOR.
        • PART III.
      • PART III.
    • SUPREMACY BY LABOR.
      • PART III.
    • PART III.
    • SPOLIATION AND LAW.[16]
      • PART IV.
    • PART IV.
    • CAPITAL AND INTEREST.
      • Footnotes
    • Footnotes
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