Pathfinders of the West Being the Thrilling Story of the Adventures of the Men Who Discovered the Great Northwest: Radisson, La Vérendrye, Lewis and Clark
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Pathfinders of the West Being the Thrilling Story of the Adventures of the Men Who Discovered the Great Northwest: Radisson, La Vérendrye, Lewis and Clark

By Agnes C. Laut
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Book Description
Table of Contents
  • [Frontispiece: Stealing from the Fort by Night.]
  • Pathfinders of the West
    • BEING
      • THE THRILLING STORY OF THE ADVENTURES OF THE MEN WHO DISCOVERED THE GREAT NORTHWEST
      • RADISSON, LA VÉRENDRYE, LEWIS AND CLARK
      • BY
      • A. C. LAUT
        • AUTHOR OF "LORDS OF THE NORTH," "HERALDS OF EMPIRE," "STORY OF THE TRAPPER"
        • ILLUSTRATIONS BY REMINGTON, GOODWIN, MARCHAND AND OTHERS
      • AUTHOR OF "LORDS OF THE NORTH," "HERALDS OF EMPIRE," "STORY OF THE TRAPPER"
      • ILLUSTRATIONS BY REMINGTON, GOODWIN, MARCHAND AND OTHERS
      • NEW YORK GROSSET & DUNLAP PUBLISHERS
      • THE GREAT NORTHWEST
    • THE THRILLING STORY OF THE ADVENTURES OF THE MEN WHO DISCOVERED THE GREAT NORTHWEST
    • RADISSON, LA VÉRENDRYE, LEWIS AND CLARK
    • BY
    • A. C. LAUT
      • AUTHOR OF "LORDS OF THE NORTH," "HERALDS OF EMPIRE," "STORY OF THE TRAPPER"
      • ILLUSTRATIONS BY REMINGTON, GOODWIN, MARCHAND AND OTHERS
    • AUTHOR OF "LORDS OF THE NORTH," "HERALDS OF EMPIRE," "STORY OF THE TRAPPER"
    • ILLUSTRATIONS BY REMINGTON, GOODWIN, MARCHAND AND OTHERS
    • NEW YORK GROSSET & DUNLAP PUBLISHERS
    • THE GREAT NORTHWEST
    • Foreword
      • ADDENDUM
    • ADDENDUM
    • CONTENTS
      • PART ONE PIERRE ESPRIT RADISSON
      • CHAPTER I RADISSON'S FIRST VOYAGE
      • CHAPTER II RADISSON'S SECOND VOYAGE
      • CHAPTER III RADISSON'S THIRD VOYAGE
      • CHAPTER IV RADISSON'S FOURTH VOYAGE
      • CHAPTER V RADISSON RENOUNCES ALLEGIANCE TO TWO CROWNS
      • CHAPTER VI RADISSON GIVES UP A CAREER IN THE NAVY FOR THE FUR TRADE
      • CHAPTER VII THE LAST VOYAGE OF RADISSON TO HUDSON BAY
      • PART TWO
      • CHAPTER VIII THE SEARCH FOR THE WESTERN SEA
      • PART THREE
      • CHAPTER IX SAMUEL HEARNE
      • PART FOUR
      • CHAPTER X FIRST ACROSS THE ROCKIES
      • CHAPTER XI LEWIS AND CLARK
      • APPENDIX
      • INDEX
    • PART ONE PIERRE ESPRIT RADISSON
    • CHAPTER I RADISSON'S FIRST VOYAGE
    • CHAPTER II RADISSON'S SECOND VOYAGE
    • CHAPTER III RADISSON'S THIRD VOYAGE
    • CHAPTER IV RADISSON'S FOURTH VOYAGE
    • CHAPTER V RADISSON RENOUNCES ALLEGIANCE TO TWO CROWNS
    • CHAPTER VI RADISSON GIVES UP A CAREER IN THE NAVY FOR THE FUR TRADE
    • CHAPTER VII THE LAST VOYAGE OF RADISSON TO HUDSON BAY
    • PART TWO
    • CHAPTER VIII THE SEARCH FOR THE WESTERN SEA
    • PART THREE
    • CHAPTER IX SAMUEL HEARNE
    • PART FOUR
    • CHAPTER X FIRST ACROSS THE ROCKIES
    • CHAPTER XI LEWIS AND CLARK
    • APPENDIX
    • INDEX
    • ILLUSTRATIONS
      • Stealing from the Fort by Night . . . . . . _Frontispiece_
      • Map of the Great Fur Country
      • Three Rivers in 1757
      • Map of the Iroquois Country in the Days of Radisson
      • Albany from an Old Print
      • The Battery, New York, in Radisson's Time
      • Fort Amsterdam, from an ancient engraving executed in Holland
      • One of the Earliest Maps of the Great Lakes
      • Paddling past Hostiles
      • Jogues, the Jesuit Missionary, who was tortured by the Mohawks
      • Château de Ramezay, Montreal
      • A Cree Brave, with the Wampum String
      • An Old-time Buffalo Hunt on the Plains among the Sioux
      • Father Marquette, from an old painting discovered in Montreal
      • Voyageurs running the Rapids of the Ottawa River
      • Montreal in 1760
      • Château St. Louis, Quebec, 1669
      • A Parley on the Plains
      • Martello Tower of Refuge in Time of Indian Wars--Three Rivers
      • Skin for Skin, Coat of Arms and Motto, Hudson's Bay Company
      • Hudson's Bay Company Coins, made of Lead melted from Tea-chests at York Factory
      • Hudson Bay Dog Trains laden with Furs arriving at Lower Fort Garry, Red River
      • Indians and Hunters spurring to the Fight
      • Fights at the Foothills of the Rockies, between Crows and Snakes
      • Each Man landed with Pack on his Back and trotted away over Portages
      • A Cree Indian of the Minnesota Borderlands
      • A Group of Cree Indians
      • The Soldiers marched out from Mount Royal for the Western Sea
      • Traders' Boats running the Rapids of the Athabasca River
      • The Ragged Sky-line of the Mountains
      • Hungry Hall, 1870
      • A Monarch of the Plains
      • Fur Traders towed down the Saskatchewan in the Summer of 1900
      • Tepees dotted the Valley
      • An Eskimo Belle
      • Samuel Hearne
      • Eskimo using Double-bladed Paddle
      • Eskimo Family, taken by Light of Midnight Sun
      • Fort Garry, Winnipeg, a Century Ago
      • Plan of Fort Prince of Wales, from Robson's drawing, 1733-1747
      • Fort Prince of Wales
      • Beaver Coin of the Hudson's Bay Company
      • Alexander Mackenzie
      • Eskimo trading his Pipe, carved from Walrus Tusk, for the Value of Three Beaver Skins
      • Quill and Beadwork on Buckskin
      • Fort William, Headquarters Northwest Company, Lake Superior
      • Running a Rapid on Mackenzie River
      • Slave Lake Indians
      • Good Hope, Mackenzie River, Hudson's Bay Company Fort
      • The Mouth of the Mackenzie by the Light of the Midnight Sun
      • Captain Meriwether Lewis
      • Captain William Clark
      • Tracking up Stream
      • Typical Mountain Trapper
      • The Discovery of the Great Falls
      • Fighting a Grizzly
      • Packer carrying Goods across Portage
      • Spying on Enemy's Fort
      • Indian Camp at Foothills of Rockies
      • On Guard
      • Indians of the Up-country or Pays d'en Haut
    • Stealing from the Fort by Night . . . . . . _Frontispiece_
    • Map of the Great Fur Country
    • Three Rivers in 1757
    • Map of the Iroquois Country in the Days of Radisson
    • Albany from an Old Print
    • The Battery, New York, in Radisson's Time
    • Fort Amsterdam, from an ancient engraving executed in Holland
    • One of the Earliest Maps of the Great Lakes
    • Paddling past Hostiles
    • Jogues, the Jesuit Missionary, who was tortured by the Mohawks
    • Château de Ramezay, Montreal
    • A Cree Brave, with the Wampum String
    • An Old-time Buffalo Hunt on the Plains among the Sioux
    • Father Marquette, from an old painting discovered in Montreal
    • Voyageurs running the Rapids of the Ottawa River
    • Montreal in 1760
    • Château St. Louis, Quebec, 1669
    • A Parley on the Plains
    • Martello Tower of Refuge in Time of Indian Wars--Three Rivers
    • Skin for Skin, Coat of Arms and Motto, Hudson's Bay Company
    • Hudson's Bay Company Coins, made of Lead melted from Tea-chests at York Factory
    • Hudson Bay Dog Trains laden with Furs arriving at Lower Fort Garry, Red River
    • Indians and Hunters spurring to the Fight
    • Fights at the Foothills of the Rockies, between Crows and Snakes
    • Each Man landed with Pack on his Back and trotted away over Portages
    • A Cree Indian of the Minnesota Borderlands
    • A Group of Cree Indians
    • The Soldiers marched out from Mount Royal for the Western Sea
    • Traders' Boats running the Rapids of the Athabasca River
    • The Ragged Sky-line of the Mountains
    • Hungry Hall, 1870
    • A Monarch of the Plains
    • Fur Traders towed down the Saskatchewan in the Summer of 1900
    • Tepees dotted the Valley
    • An Eskimo Belle
    • Samuel Hearne
    • Eskimo using Double-bladed Paddle
    • Eskimo Family, taken by Light of Midnight Sun
    • Fort Garry, Winnipeg, a Century Ago
    • Plan of Fort Prince of Wales, from Robson's drawing, 1733-1747
    • Fort Prince of Wales
    • Beaver Coin of the Hudson's Bay Company
    • Alexander Mackenzie
    • Eskimo trading his Pipe, carved from Walrus Tusk, for the Value of Three Beaver Skins
    • Quill and Beadwork on Buckskin
    • Fort William, Headquarters Northwest Company, Lake Superior
    • Running a Rapid on Mackenzie River
    • Slave Lake Indians
    • Good Hope, Mackenzie River, Hudson's Bay Company Fort
    • The Mouth of the Mackenzie by the Light of the Midnight Sun
    • Captain Meriwether Lewis
    • Captain William Clark
    • Tracking up Stream
    • Typical Mountain Trapper
    • The Discovery of the Great Falls
    • Fighting a Grizzly
    • Packer carrying Goods across Portage
    • Spying on Enemy's Fort
    • Indian Camp at Foothills of Rockies
    • On Guard
    • Indians of the Up-country or Pays d'en Haut
    • PART I
      • PIERRE ESPRIT RADISSON
        • [Illustration: Map of the Great Fur Company.]
      • [Illustration: Map of the Great Fur Company.]
    • PIERRE ESPRIT RADISSON
      • [Illustration: Map of the Great Fur Company.]
    • [Illustration: Map of the Great Fur Company.]
    • Pathfinders of the West
      • CHAPTER I
      • 1651-1653
      • RADISSON'S FIRST VOYAGE
        • [Illustration: Three Rivers in 1757.]
        • [Illustration: Map of the Iroquois country in the days of Radisson.]
        • [Illustration: Albany, from an Old Print.]
        • [Illustration: The Battery, New York, in Radisson's Time.]
        • [Illustration: Fort Amsterdam, from an ancient engraving executed in Holland. This view of Fort Amsterdam on the Manhattan is copied from an ancient engraving executed in Holland. The fort was erected in 1623 but finished upon the above model by Governor Van Twiller in 1635.]
      • [Illustration: Three Rivers in 1757.]
      • [Illustration: Map of the Iroquois country in the days of Radisson.]
      • [Illustration: Albany, from an Old Print.]
      • [Illustration: The Battery, New York, in Radisson's Time.]
      • [Illustration: Fort Amsterdam, from an ancient engraving executed in Holland. This view of Fort Amsterdam on the Manhattan is copied from an ancient engraving executed in Holland. The fort was erected in 1623 but finished upon the above model by Governor Van Twiller in 1635.]
      • CHAPTER II
      • 1657-1658
      • RADISSON'S SECOND VOYAGE
        • [Illustration: One of the earliest maps of the Great Lakes.]
        • [Illustration: Paddling past Hostiles.]
        • [Illustration: Jogues, the Jesuit missionary, who was tortured by the Mohawks. From a painting in Château de Ramezay, Montreal.]
        • [Illustration: Château de Ramezay, Montreal, for years the residence of the governor, and later the storehouse of the fur companies.]
      • [Illustration: One of the earliest maps of the Great Lakes.]
      • [Illustration: Paddling past Hostiles.]
      • [Illustration: Jogues, the Jesuit missionary, who was tortured by the Mohawks. From a painting in Château de Ramezay, Montreal.]
      • [Illustration: Château de Ramezay, Montreal, for years the residence of the governor, and later the storehouse of the fur companies.]
      • CHAPTER III
      • 1658-1660
      • RADISSON'S THIRD VOYAGE
        • [Illustration: A Cree brave, with the wampum string.]
        • [Illustration: An Old-time Buffalo Hunt on the Plains among the Sioux.]
        • [Illustration: Father Marquette, from an old painting discovered in Montreal by Mr. McNab. The date on the picture is 1669.]
        • [Illustration: Voyageurs running the Rapids of the Ottawa River.]
      • [Illustration: A Cree brave, with the wampum string.]
      • [Illustration: An Old-time Buffalo Hunt on the Plains among the Sioux.]
      • [Illustration: Father Marquette, from an old painting discovered in Montreal by Mr. McNab. The date on the picture is 1669.]
      • [Illustration: Voyageurs running the Rapids of the Ottawa River.]
      • CHAPTER IV
      • 1661-1664
      • RADISSON'S FOURTH VOYAGE
        • [Illustration: Montreal in 1760: 1, the St. Lawrence; 20, the Dock; 18-19, Arsenal; 16, the Church; 13-15, the Convent and Hospital; 8-12, Sally-ports, River Side; 17, Cannon and Wall; 3-4-5, Houses on Island.]
        • [Illustration: Château St. Louis, Quebec, 1669, from one of the oldest prints in existence.]
        • [Illustration: A parley on the Plains.]
      • [Illustration: Montreal in 1760: 1, the St. Lawrence; 20, the Dock; 18-19, Arsenal; 16, the Church; 13-15, the Convent and Hospital; 8-12, Sally-ports, River Side; 17, Cannon and Wall; 3-4-5, Houses on Island.]
      • [Illustration: Château St. Louis, Quebec, 1669, from one of the oldest prints in existence.]
      • [Illustration: A parley on the Plains.]
      • CHAPTER V
      • 1664-1676
      • RADISSON RENOUNCES ALLEGIANCE TO TWO CROWNS
        • [Illustration: Martello Tower of Refuge in Time of Indian Wars--Three Rivers.]
      • [Illustration: Martello Tower of Refuge in Time of Indian Wars--Three Rivers.]
      • CHAPTER VI
      • 1682-1684
      • RADISSON GIVES UP A CAREER IN THE NAVY FOR THE FUR TRADE
        • [Illustration: "Skin for Skin," Coat of Arms and Motto, Hudson's Bay Company.]
        • [Illustration: Hudson's Bay Company Coins, made of Lead melted from Tea Chests at York Factory, each Coin representing so many Beaver Skins.]
      • [Illustration: "Skin for Skin," Coat of Arms and Motto, Hudson's Bay Company.]
      • [Illustration: Hudson's Bay Company Coins, made of Lead melted from Tea Chests at York Factory, each Coin representing so many Beaver Skins.]
      • CHAPTER VII
      • 1684-1710
      • THE LAST VOYAGE OF RADISSON TO HUDSON BAY
        • [Illustration: Hudson Bay Dog Trains laden with Furs arriving at Lower Fort Garry, Red River. (Courtesy of C. C. Chipman, Commissioner H. B. Company.)]
      • [Illustration: Hudson Bay Dog Trains laden with Furs arriving at Lower Fort Garry, Red River. (Courtesy of C. C. Chipman, Commissioner H. B. Company.)]
      • PART II
      • CHAPTER VIII
      • 1730-1750
      • THE SEARCH FOR THE WESTERN SEA[1]
      • I
      • 1731-1736
        • [Illustration: Indians and Hunters spurring to the Fight.]
        • [Illustration: Fight at the Foot-hills of the Rockies between Crows and Snakes.]
      • [Illustration: Indians and Hunters spurring to the Fight.]
      • [Illustration: Fight at the Foot-hills of the Rockies between Crows and Snakes.]
      • II
      • 1731-1736
        • [Illustration: "Each man landed with pack on his back, and trotted away over portages."]
        • [Illustration: A Cree Indian of the Minnesota Borderlands.]
      • [Illustration: "Each man landed with pack on his back, and trotted away over portages."]
      • [Illustration: A Cree Indian of the Minnesota Borderlands.]
      • III
      • 1732-1736
        • [Illustration: A Group of Cree Indians.]
        • [Illustration: "The soldiers marched out from Mount Royal."]
      • [Illustration: A Group of Cree Indians.]
      • [Illustration: "The soldiers marched out from Mount Royal."]
      • IV
      • 1736-1740
        • [Illustration: Traders' Boats running the Rapids of the Athabasca River.]
        • [Illustration: The Ragged Sky-line of the Mountains.]
        • [Illustration: Hungry Hall, 1870; near the site of the Vérendrye Fort in Rainy River Region.]
        • [Illustration: A Monarch of the Plains.]
      • [Illustration: Traders' Boats running the Rapids of the Athabasca River.]
      • [Illustration: The Ragged Sky-line of the Mountains.]
      • [Illustration: Hungry Hall, 1870; near the site of the Vérendrye Fort in Rainy River Region.]
      • [Illustration: A Monarch of the Plains.]
      • V
      • 1740-1750
        • [Illustration: Fur Traders' Boats towed down the Saskatchewan in the Summer of 1900.]
      • [Illustration: Fur Traders' Boats towed down the Saskatchewan in the Summer of 1900.]
      • VI
      • 1743-1750
        • [Illustration: "Tepees dotted the valley."]
      • [Illustration: "Tepees dotted the valley."]
      • PART III
      • 1769-1782
      • CHAPTER IX
      • 1769-1782
      • SAMUEL HEARNE
        • [Illustration: An Eskimo Belle. Note the apron of ermine and sable].
        • [Illustration: Samuel Hearne.]
        • [Illustration: Eskimo using Double-bladed Paddle.]
        • [Illustration: Eskimo Family, taken by Light of Midnight Sun.--C. W. Mathers.]
        • [Illustration: Fort Garry, Winnipeg, a Century Ago.]
        • [Illustration: Plan of Fort Prince of Wales, from Robson's Drawing, 1733-47.]
        • [Illustration: Fort Prince of Wales (Churchill), from Hearne's Account, 1799 Edition.]
        • [Illustration: Beaver Coin of Hudson's Bay Company, melted from Old Tea Chests, one Coin representing one Beaver.]
      • [Illustration: An Eskimo Belle. Note the apron of ermine and sable].
      • [Illustration: Samuel Hearne.]
      • [Illustration: Eskimo using Double-bladed Paddle.]
      • [Illustration: Eskimo Family, taken by Light of Midnight Sun.--C. W. Mathers.]
      • [Illustration: Fort Garry, Winnipeg, a Century Ago.]
      • [Illustration: Plan of Fort Prince of Wales, from Robson's Drawing, 1733-47.]
      • [Illustration: Fort Prince of Wales (Churchill), from Hearne's Account, 1799 Edition.]
      • [Illustration: Beaver Coin of Hudson's Bay Company, melted from Old Tea Chests, one Coin representing one Beaver.]
      • PART IV
      • 1780-1793
      • CHAPTER X
      • 1780-1793
      • FIRST ACROSS THE ROCKIES
        • [Illustration: Alexander Mackenzie, from a Painting of the Explorer.]
        • [Illustration: Eskimo trading his Pipe, carved from Walrus Tusk, for the Value of Three Beaver Skins.]
        • [Illustration: Quill and Bead Work on Buckskin, Mackenzie River Indians.]
        • [Illustration: Fort William, Headquarters Northwest Company, Lake Superior.]
        • [Illustration: Running a Rapid on Mackenzie River.]
        • [Illustration: Slave Lake Indians.]
        • [Illustration: Good Hope, Mackenzie River. Hudson's Bay Company Fort.]
        • [Illustration: The Mouth of the Mackenzie by the Light of the Midnight Sun.—C. W. Mathers.]
      • [Illustration: Alexander Mackenzie, from a Painting of the Explorer.]
      • [Illustration: Eskimo trading his Pipe, carved from Walrus Tusk, for the Value of Three Beaver Skins.]
      • [Illustration: Quill and Bead Work on Buckskin, Mackenzie River Indians.]
      • [Illustration: Fort William, Headquarters Northwest Company, Lake Superior.]
      • [Illustration: Running a Rapid on Mackenzie River.]
      • [Illustration: Slave Lake Indians.]
      • [Illustration: Good Hope, Mackenzie River. Hudson's Bay Company Fort.]
      • [Illustration: The Mouth of the Mackenzie by the Light of the Midnight Sun.—C. W. Mathers.]
      • CHAPTER XI
      • 1803-1806
      • LEWIS AND CLARK
        • [Illustration: Captain Meriwether Lewis.]
        • [Illustration: Captain William Clark.]
        • [Illustration: Tracking Up-stream.]
        • [Illustration: Typical Mountain Trapper.]
        • [Illustration: The Discovery of the Great Falls.]
        • [Illustration: Fighting a Grizzly.]
        • [Illustration: Packer carrying Goods across Portage.]
        • [Illustration: Spying on an Enemy's Fort.]
        • [Illustration: Indian Camp at Foothills of Rockies.]
        • [Illustration: On Guard.]
        • [Illustration: Indians of the Up-country or Pays d'en Haut.]
      • [Illustration: Captain Meriwether Lewis.]
      • [Illustration: Captain William Clark.]
      • [Illustration: Tracking Up-stream.]
      • [Illustration: Typical Mountain Trapper.]
      • [Illustration: The Discovery of the Great Falls.]
      • [Illustration: Fighting a Grizzly.]
      • [Illustration: Packer carrying Goods across Portage.]
      • [Illustration: Spying on an Enemy's Fort.]
      • [Illustration: Indian Camp at Foothills of Rockies.]
      • [Illustration: On Guard.]
      • [Illustration: Indians of the Up-country or Pays d'en Haut.]
      • APPENDIX
        • APPENDIX A
        • COPY OF LETTER WRITTEN TO M. COMPORTÉ BY M. CHOUART, AT LONDON, THE 29TH APRIL, 1685
        • APPENDIX B
        • COPY OF LETTER WRITTEN BY M. CHOUART TO MRS. DES GROSEILLERS, HIS MOTHER
        • APPENDIX C
        • COUNCIL
        • COUNCIL
        • APPENDIX D
        • APPENDIX E
        • MEMORANDUM RE CANADA
      • APPENDIX A
      • COPY OF LETTER WRITTEN TO M. COMPORTÉ BY M. CHOUART, AT LONDON, THE 29TH APRIL, 1685
      • APPENDIX B
      • COPY OF LETTER WRITTEN BY M. CHOUART TO MRS. DES GROSEILLERS, HIS MOTHER
      • APPENDIX C
      • COUNCIL
      • COUNCIL
      • APPENDIX D
      • APPENDIX E
      • MEMORANDUM RE CANADA
      • INDEX
    • CHAPTER I
    • 1651-1653
    • RADISSON'S FIRST VOYAGE
      • [Illustration: Three Rivers in 1757.]
      • [Illustration: Map of the Iroquois country in the days of Radisson.]
      • [Illustration: Albany, from an Old Print.]
      • [Illustration: The Battery, New York, in Radisson's Time.]
      • [Illustration: Fort Amsterdam, from an ancient engraving executed in Holland. This view of Fort Amsterdam on the Manhattan is copied from an ancient engraving executed in Holland. The fort was erected in 1623 but finished upon the above model by Governor Van Twiller in 1635.]
    • [Illustration: Three Rivers in 1757.]
    • [Illustration: Map of the Iroquois country in the days of Radisson.]
    • [Illustration: Albany, from an Old Print.]
    • [Illustration: The Battery, New York, in Radisson's Time.]
    • [Illustration: Fort Amsterdam, from an ancient engraving executed in Holland. This view of Fort Amsterdam on the Manhattan is copied from an ancient engraving executed in Holland. The fort was erected in 1623 but finished upon the above model by Governor Van Twiller in 1635.]
    • CHAPTER II
    • 1657-1658
    • RADISSON'S SECOND VOYAGE
      • [Illustration: One of the earliest maps of the Great Lakes.]
      • [Illustration: Paddling past Hostiles.]
      • [Illustration: Jogues, the Jesuit missionary, who was tortured by the Mohawks. From a painting in Château de Ramezay, Montreal.]
      • [Illustration: Château de Ramezay, Montreal, for years the residence of the governor, and later the storehouse of the fur companies.]
    • [Illustration: One of the earliest maps of the Great Lakes.]
    • [Illustration: Paddling past Hostiles.]
    • [Illustration: Jogues, the Jesuit missionary, who was tortured by the Mohawks. From a painting in Château de Ramezay, Montreal.]
    • [Illustration: Château de Ramezay, Montreal, for years the residence of the governor, and later the storehouse of the fur companies.]
    • CHAPTER III
    • 1658-1660
    • RADISSON'S THIRD VOYAGE
      • [Illustration: A Cree brave, with the wampum string.]
      • [Illustration: An Old-time Buffalo Hunt on the Plains among the Sioux.]
      • [Illustration: Father Marquette, from an old painting discovered in Montreal by Mr. McNab. The date on the picture is 1669.]
      • [Illustration: Voyageurs running the Rapids of the Ottawa River.]
    • [Illustration: A Cree brave, with the wampum string.]
    • [Illustration: An Old-time Buffalo Hunt on the Plains among the Sioux.]
    • [Illustration: Father Marquette, from an old painting discovered in Montreal by Mr. McNab. The date on the picture is 1669.]
    • [Illustration: Voyageurs running the Rapids of the Ottawa River.]
    • CHAPTER IV
    • 1661-1664
    • RADISSON'S FOURTH VOYAGE
      • [Illustration: Montreal in 1760: 1, the St. Lawrence; 20, the Dock; 18-19, Arsenal; 16, the Church; 13-15, the Convent and Hospital; 8-12, Sally-ports, River Side; 17, Cannon and Wall; 3-4-5, Houses on Island.]
      • [Illustration: Château St. Louis, Quebec, 1669, from one of the oldest prints in existence.]
      • [Illustration: A parley on the Plains.]
    • [Illustration: Montreal in 1760: 1, the St. Lawrence; 20, the Dock; 18-19, Arsenal; 16, the Church; 13-15, the Convent and Hospital; 8-12, Sally-ports, River Side; 17, Cannon and Wall; 3-4-5, Houses on Island.]
    • [Illustration: Château St. Louis, Quebec, 1669, from one of the oldest prints in existence.]
    • [Illustration: A parley on the Plains.]
    • CHAPTER V
    • 1664-1676
    • RADISSON RENOUNCES ALLEGIANCE TO TWO CROWNS
      • [Illustration: Martello Tower of Refuge in Time of Indian Wars--Three Rivers.]
    • [Illustration: Martello Tower of Refuge in Time of Indian Wars--Three Rivers.]
    • CHAPTER VI
    • 1682-1684
    • RADISSON GIVES UP A CAREER IN THE NAVY FOR THE FUR TRADE
      • [Illustration: "Skin for Skin," Coat of Arms and Motto, Hudson's Bay Company.]
      • [Illustration: Hudson's Bay Company Coins, made of Lead melted from Tea Chests at York Factory, each Coin representing so many Beaver Skins.]
    • [Illustration: "Skin for Skin," Coat of Arms and Motto, Hudson's Bay Company.]
    • [Illustration: Hudson's Bay Company Coins, made of Lead melted from Tea Chests at York Factory, each Coin representing so many Beaver Skins.]
    • CHAPTER VII
    • 1684-1710
    • THE LAST VOYAGE OF RADISSON TO HUDSON BAY
      • [Illustration: Hudson Bay Dog Trains laden with Furs arriving at Lower Fort Garry, Red River. (Courtesy of C. C. Chipman, Commissioner H. B. Company.)]
    • [Illustration: Hudson Bay Dog Trains laden with Furs arriving at Lower Fort Garry, Red River. (Courtesy of C. C. Chipman, Commissioner H. B. Company.)]
    • PART II
    • CHAPTER VIII
    • 1730-1750
    • THE SEARCH FOR THE WESTERN SEA[1]
    • I
    • 1731-1736
      • [Illustration: Indians and Hunters spurring to the Fight.]
      • [Illustration: Fight at the Foot-hills of the Rockies between Crows and Snakes.]
    • [Illustration: Indians and Hunters spurring to the Fight.]
    • [Illustration: Fight at the Foot-hills of the Rockies between Crows and Snakes.]
    • II
    • 1731-1736
      • [Illustration: "Each man landed with pack on his back, and trotted away over portages."]
      • [Illustration: A Cree Indian of the Minnesota Borderlands.]
    • [Illustration: "Each man landed with pack on his back, and trotted away over portages."]
    • [Illustration: A Cree Indian of the Minnesota Borderlands.]
    • III
    • 1732-1736
      • [Illustration: A Group of Cree Indians.]
      • [Illustration: "The soldiers marched out from Mount Royal."]
    • [Illustration: A Group of Cree Indians.]
    • [Illustration: "The soldiers marched out from Mount Royal."]
    • IV
    • 1736-1740
      • [Illustration: Traders' Boats running the Rapids of the Athabasca River.]
      • [Illustration: The Ragged Sky-line of the Mountains.]
      • [Illustration: Hungry Hall, 1870; near the site of the Vérendrye Fort in Rainy River Region.]
      • [Illustration: A Monarch of the Plains.]
    • [Illustration: Traders' Boats running the Rapids of the Athabasca River.]
    • [Illustration: The Ragged Sky-line of the Mountains.]
    • [Illustration: Hungry Hall, 1870; near the site of the Vérendrye Fort in Rainy River Region.]
    • [Illustration: A Monarch of the Plains.]
    • V
    • 1740-1750
      • [Illustration: Fur Traders' Boats towed down the Saskatchewan in the Summer of 1900.]
    • [Illustration: Fur Traders' Boats towed down the Saskatchewan in the Summer of 1900.]
    • VI
    • 1743-1750
      • [Illustration: "Tepees dotted the valley."]
    • [Illustration: "Tepees dotted the valley."]
    • PART III
    • 1769-1782
    • CHAPTER IX
    • 1769-1782
    • SAMUEL HEARNE
      • [Illustration: An Eskimo Belle. Note the apron of ermine and sable].
      • [Illustration: Samuel Hearne.]
      • [Illustration: Eskimo using Double-bladed Paddle.]
      • [Illustration: Eskimo Family, taken by Light of Midnight Sun.--C. W. Mathers.]
      • [Illustration: Fort Garry, Winnipeg, a Century Ago.]
      • [Illustration: Plan of Fort Prince of Wales, from Robson's Drawing, 1733-47.]
      • [Illustration: Fort Prince of Wales (Churchill), from Hearne's Account, 1799 Edition.]
      • [Illustration: Beaver Coin of Hudson's Bay Company, melted from Old Tea Chests, one Coin representing one Beaver.]
    • [Illustration: An Eskimo Belle. Note the apron of ermine and sable].
    • [Illustration: Samuel Hearne.]
    • [Illustration: Eskimo using Double-bladed Paddle.]
    • [Illustration: Eskimo Family, taken by Light of Midnight Sun.--C. W. Mathers.]
    • [Illustration: Fort Garry, Winnipeg, a Century Ago.]
    • [Illustration: Plan of Fort Prince of Wales, from Robson's Drawing, 1733-47.]
    • [Illustration: Fort Prince of Wales (Churchill), from Hearne's Account, 1799 Edition.]
    • [Illustration: Beaver Coin of Hudson's Bay Company, melted from Old Tea Chests, one Coin representing one Beaver.]
    • PART IV
    • 1780-1793
    • CHAPTER X
    • 1780-1793
    • FIRST ACROSS THE ROCKIES
      • [Illustration: Alexander Mackenzie, from a Painting of the Explorer.]
      • [Illustration: Eskimo trading his Pipe, carved from Walrus Tusk, for the Value of Three Beaver Skins.]
      • [Illustration: Quill and Bead Work on Buckskin, Mackenzie River Indians.]
      • [Illustration: Fort William, Headquarters Northwest Company, Lake Superior.]
      • [Illustration: Running a Rapid on Mackenzie River.]
      • [Illustration: Slave Lake Indians.]
      • [Illustration: Good Hope, Mackenzie River. Hudson's Bay Company Fort.]
      • [Illustration: The Mouth of the Mackenzie by the Light of the Midnight Sun.—C. W. Mathers.]
    • [Illustration: Alexander Mackenzie, from a Painting of the Explorer.]
    • [Illustration: Eskimo trading his Pipe, carved from Walrus Tusk, for the Value of Three Beaver Skins.]
    • [Illustration: Quill and Bead Work on Buckskin, Mackenzie River Indians.]
    • [Illustration: Fort William, Headquarters Northwest Company, Lake Superior.]
    • [Illustration: Running a Rapid on Mackenzie River.]
    • [Illustration: Slave Lake Indians.]
    • [Illustration: Good Hope, Mackenzie River. Hudson's Bay Company Fort.]
    • [Illustration: The Mouth of the Mackenzie by the Light of the Midnight Sun.—C. W. Mathers.]
    • CHAPTER XI
    • 1803-1806
    • LEWIS AND CLARK
      • [Illustration: Captain Meriwether Lewis.]
      • [Illustration: Captain William Clark.]
      • [Illustration: Tracking Up-stream.]
      • [Illustration: Typical Mountain Trapper.]
      • [Illustration: The Discovery of the Great Falls.]
      • [Illustration: Fighting a Grizzly.]
      • [Illustration: Packer carrying Goods across Portage.]
      • [Illustration: Spying on an Enemy's Fort.]
      • [Illustration: Indian Camp at Foothills of Rockies.]
      • [Illustration: On Guard.]
      • [Illustration: Indians of the Up-country or Pays d'en Haut.]
    • [Illustration: Captain Meriwether Lewis.]
    • [Illustration: Captain William Clark.]
    • [Illustration: Tracking Up-stream.]
    • [Illustration: Typical Mountain Trapper.]
    • [Illustration: The Discovery of the Great Falls.]
    • [Illustration: Fighting a Grizzly.]
    • [Illustration: Packer carrying Goods across Portage.]
    • [Illustration: Spying on an Enemy's Fort.]
    • [Illustration: Indian Camp at Foothills of Rockies.]
    • [Illustration: On Guard.]
    • [Illustration: Indians of the Up-country or Pays d'en Haut.]
    • APPENDIX
      • APPENDIX A
      • COPY OF LETTER WRITTEN TO M. COMPORTÉ BY M. CHOUART, AT LONDON, THE 29TH APRIL, 1685
      • APPENDIX B
      • COPY OF LETTER WRITTEN BY M. CHOUART TO MRS. DES GROSEILLERS, HIS MOTHER
      • APPENDIX C
      • COUNCIL
      • COUNCIL
      • APPENDIX D
      • APPENDIX E
      • MEMORANDUM RE CANADA
    • APPENDIX A
    • COPY OF LETTER WRITTEN TO M. COMPORTÉ BY M. CHOUART, AT LONDON, THE 29TH APRIL, 1685
    • APPENDIX B
    • COPY OF LETTER WRITTEN BY M. CHOUART TO MRS. DES GROSEILLERS, HIS MOTHER
    • APPENDIX C
    • COUNCIL
    • COUNCIL
    • APPENDIX D
    • APPENDIX E
    • MEMORANDUM RE CANADA
    • INDEX
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