Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II: Report-in-Brief
Free

Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II: Report-in-Brief

By D.R. Reidmiller (editor)
Free
Book Description

This report is an authoritative assessment of the science of climate change, with a focus on the United States. It represents the second of two volumes of the Fourth National Climate Assessment, mandated by the Global Change Research Act of 1990.

Read the web version.

 

Table of Contents
  • Title Page
  • Table of Contents
  • About This Report
  • Guide to the Report
  • Summary Findings
  • 1. Overview
    • Introduction
    • Our Changing Climate: Observations, Causes, and Future Change
    • Climate Change in the United States: Current and Future Risks
    • Reducing the Risks of Climate Change
    • What Has Happened Since the Last National Climate Assessment?
  • National Topics: Executive Summaries
    • 2: Our Changing Climate
    • 3: Water
    • 4: Energy Supply, Delivery, and Demand
    • 5: Land Cover and Land-Use Change
    • 6: Forests
    • 7: Ecosystems, Ecosystem Services, and Biodiversity
    • 8: Coastal Effects
    • 9: Oceans and Marine Resources
    • 10: Agriculture and Rural Communities
    • 11: Built Environment, Urban Systems, and Cities
    • 12: Transportation
    • 13: Air Quality
    • 14: Human Health
    • 15: Tribes and Indigenous Peoples
    • 16: Climate Effects on U.S. International Interests
    • 17: Sector Interactions, Multiple Stressors, and Complex Systems
  • Regions: Executive Summaries
    • 18: Northeast
    • 19: Southeast
    • 20: U.S. Caribbean
    • 21: Midwest
    • 22: Northern Great Plains
    • 23: Southern Great Plains
    • 24: Northwest
    • 25: Southwest
    • 26: Alaska
    • 27: Hawai‘i and U.S.-Affiliated Pacific Islands
  • Responses: Executive Summaries
    • 28: Reducing Risks Through Adaptation Actions
    • 29: Reducing Risks Through Emissions Mitigation
  • Acknowledgements
    • Author Teams
    • USGCRP Staff
    • NOAA Technical Support Unit Staff
    • NEMAC Staff
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