The Niagara River
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The Niagara River

By Archer Butler Hulbert
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Table of Contents
  • The Ohio River
    • A Course of Empire
      • Large Octavo, with 100 Full-page Illustrations and a Map. Net, $3.50. By express, prepaid, $3.75
    • Large Octavo, with 100 Full-page Illustrations and a Map. Net, $3.50. By express, prepaid, $3.75
    • The Niagara River
      • Large Octavo, with many Full-page Illustrations and Maps. Net, $3.50. By express, prepaid, $3.75
      • G. P. Putnam's Sons
      • New York        London
    • Large Octavo, with many Full-page Illustrations and Maps. Net, $3.50. By express, prepaid, $3.75
    • G. P. Putnam's Sons
    • New York        London
  • The Niagara River
    • By
    • Archer Butler Hulbert
      • Professor of American History, Marietta College; Author of "The Ohio River," "Historic Highways of America," "Washington and the West"; Editor of "The Crown Collection of American Maps."
      • With Maps and Illustrations
      • G. P. Putnam's Sons
      • New York and London
      • The Knickerbocker Press
      • 1908
        • Copyright, 1908
        • BY
        • G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS
        • The Knickerbocker Press, New York
        • TO
      • Copyright, 1908
      • BY
      • G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS
      • The Knickerbocker Press, New York
      • TO
      • HENRY CARLTON HULBERT
        • IN
        • APPRECIATION OF ENCOURAGEMENT AND FRIENDSHIP
        • AND AS A TOKEN OF
        • ESTEEM
      • IN
      • APPRECIATION OF ENCOURAGEMENT AND FRIENDSHIP
      • AND AS A TOKEN OF
      • ESTEEM
    • Professor of American History, Marietta College; Author of "The Ohio River," "Historic Highways of America," "Washington and the West"; Editor of "The Crown Collection of American Maps."
    • With Maps and Illustrations
    • G. P. Putnam's Sons
    • New York and London
    • The Knickerbocker Press
    • 1908
      • Copyright, 1908
      • BY
      • G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS
      • The Knickerbocker Press, New York
      • TO
    • Copyright, 1908
    • BY
    • G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS
    • The Knickerbocker Press, New York
    • TO
    • HENRY CARLTON HULBERT
      • IN
      • APPRECIATION OF ENCOURAGEMENT AND FRIENDSHIP
      • AND AS A TOKEN OF
      • ESTEEM
    • IN
    • APPRECIATION OF ENCOURAGEMENT AND FRIENDSHIP
    • AND AS A TOKEN OF
    • ESTEEM
    • Note
    • Contents
    • List of Illustrations
  • The Niagara River
    • Chapter I
      • Buffalo and the Upper Niagara
        • A Glimpse of Buffalo Harbor.
        • Lafayette Square.
        • St. Paul's Church, Buffalo.
        • Niagara Falls. From the original painting by Frederick Edwin Church, in Corcoran Gallery.
        • The American Rapids.
        • The View from Prospect Point. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • A Glimpse of Buffalo Harbor.
      • Lafayette Square.
      • St. Paul's Church, Buffalo.
      • Niagara Falls. From the original painting by Frederick Edwin Church, in Corcoran Gallery.
      • The American Rapids.
      • The View from Prospect Point. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
    • Buffalo and the Upper Niagara
      • A Glimpse of Buffalo Harbor.
      • Lafayette Square.
      • St. Paul's Church, Buffalo.
      • Niagara Falls. From the original painting by Frederick Edwin Church, in Corcoran Gallery.
      • The American Rapids.
      • The View from Prospect Point. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
    • A Glimpse of Buffalo Harbor.
    • Lafayette Square.
    • St. Paul's Church, Buffalo.
    • Niagara Falls. From the original painting by Frederick Edwin Church, in Corcoran Gallery.
    • The American Rapids.
    • The View from Prospect Point. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
    • Chapter II
      • From the Falls to Lake Ontario
        • Goat Island Bridge and Rapids.
        • Horseshoe Falls from Below.
        • "The Shoreless Sea." From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
        • Our hearts are restless until they rest in Thee.
        • Rustic Bridge, Willow Island.
        • All is change. Eternal progress. No Death!
        • The Cave of the Winds.
        • The American Fall. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
        • Remains of Stone Piers of the "First Railway in America"—the British Tramway up Lewiston Heights, 1763.
        • Amid the Goat Island Group. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
        • Horseshoe Falls from the Canadian Shore. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
        • Looking up the Lower Niagara from Paradise Grove. From a photograph by Wm. Quinn, Niagara-on-the-Lake.
        • The Mouth of the Gorge. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
        • The Whirlpool Rapids.
      • Goat Island Bridge and Rapids.
      • Horseshoe Falls from Below.
      • "The Shoreless Sea." From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • Our hearts are restless until they rest in Thee.
      • Rustic Bridge, Willow Island.
      • All is change. Eternal progress. No Death!
      • The Cave of the Winds.
      • The American Fall. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • Remains of Stone Piers of the "First Railway in America"—the British Tramway up Lewiston Heights, 1763.
      • Amid the Goat Island Group. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • Horseshoe Falls from the Canadian Shore. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • Looking up the Lower Niagara from Paradise Grove. From a photograph by Wm. Quinn, Niagara-on-the-Lake.
      • The Mouth of the Gorge. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • The Whirlpool Rapids.
    • From the Falls to Lake Ontario
      • Goat Island Bridge and Rapids.
      • Horseshoe Falls from Below.
      • "The Shoreless Sea." From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • Our hearts are restless until they rest in Thee.
      • Rustic Bridge, Willow Island.
      • All is change. Eternal progress. No Death!
      • The Cave of the Winds.
      • The American Fall. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • Remains of Stone Piers of the "First Railway in America"—the British Tramway up Lewiston Heights, 1763.
      • Amid the Goat Island Group. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • Horseshoe Falls from the Canadian Shore. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • Looking up the Lower Niagara from Paradise Grove. From a photograph by Wm. Quinn, Niagara-on-the-Lake.
      • The Mouth of the Gorge. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • The Whirlpool Rapids.
    • Goat Island Bridge and Rapids.
    • Horseshoe Falls from Below.
    • "The Shoreless Sea." From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
    • Our hearts are restless until they rest in Thee.
    • Rustic Bridge, Willow Island.
    • All is change. Eternal progress. No Death!
    • The Cave of the Winds.
    • The American Fall. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
    • Remains of Stone Piers of the "First Railway in America"—the British Tramway up Lewiston Heights, 1763.
    • Amid the Goat Island Group. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
    • Horseshoe Falls from the Canadian Shore. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
    • Looking up the Lower Niagara from Paradise Grove. From a photograph by Wm. Quinn, Niagara-on-the-Lake.
    • The Mouth of the Gorge. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
    • The Whirlpool Rapids.
    • Chapter III
      • The Birth of Niagara
        • The American Fall, July, 1765. From an unsigned original drawing in the British Museum.
        • The Horseshoe Fall, July, 1765. From an unsigned original drawing in the British Museum.
        • Ice Mountain on Prospect Point.
        • Cave of the Winds in Winter.
        • "Maid of the Mist" under Steel Arch Bridge.
      • The American Fall, July, 1765. From an unsigned original drawing in the British Museum.
      • The Horseshoe Fall, July, 1765. From an unsigned original drawing in the British Museum.
      • Ice Mountain on Prospect Point.
      • Cave of the Winds in Winter.
      • "Maid of the Mist" under Steel Arch Bridge.
    • The Birth of Niagara
      • The American Fall, July, 1765. From an unsigned original drawing in the British Museum.
      • The Horseshoe Fall, July, 1765. From an unsigned original drawing in the British Museum.
      • Ice Mountain on Prospect Point.
      • Cave of the Winds in Winter.
      • "Maid of the Mist" under Steel Arch Bridge.
    • The American Fall, July, 1765. From an unsigned original drawing in the British Museum.
    • The Horseshoe Fall, July, 1765. From an unsigned original drawing in the British Museum.
    • Ice Mountain on Prospect Point.
    • Cave of the Winds in Winter.
    • "Maid of the Mist" under Steel Arch Bridge.
    • Chapter IV
      • Niagara Bond and Free
        • Beacon on Old Breakwater at Buffalo.
        • Winter Scene in Prospect Park.
        • Bath Island, American Rapids, in 1879. From New York Commissioners' Report.
        • Path to Luna Island.
        • Green Island Bridge.
      • Beacon on Old Breakwater at Buffalo.
      • Winter Scene in Prospect Park.
      • Bath Island, American Rapids, in 1879. From New York Commissioners' Report.
      • Path to Luna Island.
      • Green Island Bridge.
    • Niagara Bond and Free
      • Beacon on Old Breakwater at Buffalo.
      • Winter Scene in Prospect Park.
      • Bath Island, American Rapids, in 1879. From New York Commissioners' Report.
      • Path to Luna Island.
      • Green Island Bridge.
    • Beacon on Old Breakwater at Buffalo.
    • Winter Scene in Prospect Park.
    • Bath Island, American Rapids, in 1879. From New York Commissioners' Report.
    • Path to Luna Island.
    • Green Island Bridge.
    • Chapter V
      • Harnessing Niagara Falls
        • Bird's-eye View of the Canadian Rapids and Fall. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
        • American Falls from Below.
        • The Riverside at Willow Island.
      • Bird's-eye View of the Canadian Rapids and Fall. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • American Falls from Below.
      • The Riverside at Willow Island.
    • Harnessing Niagara Falls
      • Bird's-eye View of the Canadian Rapids and Fall. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • American Falls from Below.
      • The Riverside at Willow Island.
    • Bird's-eye View of the Canadian Rapids and Fall. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
    • American Falls from Below.
    • The Riverside at Willow Island.
    • Chapter VI
      • A Century of Niagara Cranks
        • Goat Island Bridge. Showing Niagara's Famous Cataract and International Hotels.
        • The Path to the Cave of the Winds. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • Goat Island Bridge. Showing Niagara's Famous Cataract and International Hotels.
      • The Path to the Cave of the Winds. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
      • Go East via Lake Winipiseogee R. R.
        • American Falls from Goat Island.
        • Horseshoe Falls from Goat Island.
        • Ice Bridge and American Falls.
      • American Falls from Goat Island.
      • Horseshoe Falls from Goat Island.
      • Ice Bridge and American Falls.
    • A Century of Niagara Cranks
      • Goat Island Bridge. Showing Niagara's Famous Cataract and International Hotels.
      • The Path to the Cave of the Winds. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
    • Goat Island Bridge. Showing Niagara's Famous Cataract and International Hotels.
    • The Path to the Cave of the Winds. From a photograph by Notman, Montreal.
    • Go East via Lake Winipiseogee R. R.
      • American Falls from Goat Island.
      • Horseshoe Falls from Goat Island.
      • Ice Bridge and American Falls.
    • American Falls from Goat Island.
    • Horseshoe Falls from Goat Island.
    • Ice Bridge and American Falls.
    • Chapter VII
      • The Old Niagara Frontier
        • Colonel Römer's Map of the Country of the Iroquois, 1700.
        • Champlain.
        • Map of French Forts in America, 1750-60.
        • Niagara Falls by Father Hennepin. The first known picture of Niagara, dated 1697.
      • Colonel Römer's Map of the Country of the Iroquois, 1700.
      • Champlain.
      • Map of French Forts in America, 1750-60.
      • Niagara Falls by Father Hennepin. The first known picture of Niagara, dated 1697.
    • The Old Niagara Frontier
      • Colonel Römer's Map of the Country of the Iroquois, 1700.
      • Champlain.
      • Map of French Forts in America, 1750-60.
      • Niagara Falls by Father Hennepin. The first known picture of Niagara, dated 1697.
    • Colonel Römer's Map of the Country of the Iroquois, 1700.
    • Champlain.
    • Map of French Forts in America, 1750-60.
    • Niagara Falls by Father Hennepin. The first known picture of Niagara, dated 1697.
    • Chapter VIII
      • From La Salle to De Nonville
        • R. Réné Cavelier, Sieur De La Salle.
        • Frontenac, from Hébert's Statue at Quebec.
        • Luna Island Bridge.
        • "Carte du Lac Ontario." A Specimen French Map of the Niagara Frontier. Dated October 4, 1757. From the original in the British Museum.
      • R. Réné Cavelier, Sieur De La Salle.
      • Frontenac, from Hébert's Statue at Quebec.
      • Luna Island Bridge.
      • "Carte du Lac Ontario." A Specimen French Map of the Niagara Frontier. Dated October 4, 1757. From the original in the British Museum.
    • From La Salle to De Nonville
      • R. Réné Cavelier, Sieur De La Salle.
      • Frontenac, from Hébert's Statue at Quebec.
      • Luna Island Bridge.
      • "Carte du Lac Ontario." A Specimen French Map of the Niagara Frontier. Dated October 4, 1757. From the original in the British Museum.
    • R. Réné Cavelier, Sieur De La Salle.
    • Frontenac, from Hébert's Statue at Quebec.
    • Luna Island Bridge.
    • "Carte du Lac Ontario." A Specimen French Map of the Niagara Frontier. Dated October 4, 1757. From the original in the British Museum.
    • Chapter IX
      • Niagara under Three Flags
        • Stones on the Site of Joncaire's Cabin under Lewiston Heights, where the Magazine Royal was Erected in 1719.
        • Specimen Manuscript Map of Niagara Frontier of Eighteenth Century. From the original in the British Museum.
        • A Drawing of Fort Niagara and Environs Showing Plan of English Attack under Johnson.
        • A Sketch of Fort Niagara and Environs; by the French Commander Pouchot, Showing Improvements of 1756-1758.
        • A Sketch of Fort Niagara and Environs; by the French Commander Pouchot, Showing Improvements of 1756-1758.
        • Canadian Trapper, from La Potherie.
        • Youngstown, N. Y., from Paradise Grove.
        • The Stone Redoubt at Fort Niagara, Built in 1770. From the original in the British Museum.
        • Pfister's Sketch of Fort Niagara and the "Communication," Two Years before the Outbreak of the Revolutionary War.
        • Fort Erie and the Mouth of the Niagara, by Pfister, in 1764. From the original in the British Museum.
      • Stones on the Site of Joncaire's Cabin under Lewiston Heights, where the Magazine Royal was Erected in 1719.
      • Specimen Manuscript Map of Niagara Frontier of Eighteenth Century. From the original in the British Museum.
      • A Drawing of Fort Niagara and Environs Showing Plan of English Attack under Johnson.
      • A Sketch of Fort Niagara and Environs; by the French Commander Pouchot, Showing Improvements of 1756-1758.
      • A Sketch of Fort Niagara and Environs; by the French Commander Pouchot, Showing Improvements of 1756-1758.
      • Canadian Trapper, from La Potherie.
      • Youngstown, N. Y., from Paradise Grove.
      • The Stone Redoubt at Fort Niagara, Built in 1770. From the original in the British Museum.
      • Pfister's Sketch of Fort Niagara and the "Communication," Two Years before the Outbreak of the Revolutionary War.
      • Fort Erie and the Mouth of the Niagara, by Pfister, in 1764. From the original in the British Museum.
    • Niagara under Three Flags
      • Stones on the Site of Joncaire's Cabin under Lewiston Heights, where the Magazine Royal was Erected in 1719.
      • Specimen Manuscript Map of Niagara Frontier of Eighteenth Century. From the original in the British Museum.
      • A Drawing of Fort Niagara and Environs Showing Plan of English Attack under Johnson.
      • A Sketch of Fort Niagara and Environs; by the French Commander Pouchot, Showing Improvements of 1756-1758.
      • A Sketch of Fort Niagara and Environs; by the French Commander Pouchot, Showing Improvements of 1756-1758.
      • Canadian Trapper, from La Potherie.
      • Youngstown, N. Y., from Paradise Grove.
      • The Stone Redoubt at Fort Niagara, Built in 1770. From the original in the British Museum.
      • Pfister's Sketch of Fort Niagara and the "Communication," Two Years before the Outbreak of the Revolutionary War.
      • Fort Erie and the Mouth of the Niagara, by Pfister, in 1764. From the original in the British Museum.
    • Stones on the Site of Joncaire's Cabin under Lewiston Heights, where the Magazine Royal was Erected in 1719.
    • Specimen Manuscript Map of Niagara Frontier of Eighteenth Century. From the original in the British Museum.
    • A Drawing of Fort Niagara and Environs Showing Plan of English Attack under Johnson.
    • A Sketch of Fort Niagara and Environs; by the French Commander Pouchot, Showing Improvements of 1756-1758.
    • A Sketch of Fort Niagara and Environs; by the French Commander Pouchot, Showing Improvements of 1756-1758.
    • Canadian Trapper, from La Potherie.
    • Youngstown, N. Y., from Paradise Grove.
    • The Stone Redoubt at Fort Niagara, Built in 1770. From the original in the British Museum.
    • Pfister's Sketch of Fort Niagara and the "Communication," Two Years before the Outbreak of the Revolutionary War.
    • Fort Erie and the Mouth of the Niagara, by Pfister, in 1764. From the original in the British Museum.
    • Chapter X
      • The Hero of Upper Canada
        • Major-General Brock.
        • A Plan of Fort Niagara after English Occupation, by Montresor.
        • "Navy Hall Opposite Niagara." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
        • Queenston and Brock's Monument. From a photograph by Wm. Quinn, Niagara-on-the-Lake.
        • Brock's Monument.
      • Major-General Brock.
      • A Plan of Fort Niagara after English Occupation, by Montresor.
      • "Navy Hall Opposite Niagara." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
      • Queenston and Brock's Monument. From a photograph by Wm. Quinn, Niagara-on-the-Lake.
      • Brock's Monument.
    • The Hero of Upper Canada
      • Major-General Brock.
      • A Plan of Fort Niagara after English Occupation, by Montresor.
      • "Navy Hall Opposite Niagara." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
      • Queenston and Brock's Monument. From a photograph by Wm. Quinn, Niagara-on-the-Lake.
      • Brock's Monument.
    • Major-General Brock.
    • A Plan of Fort Niagara after English Occupation, by Montresor.
    • "Navy Hall Opposite Niagara." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
    • Queenston and Brock's Monument. From a photograph by Wm. Quinn, Niagara-on-the-Lake.
    • Brock's Monument.
    • Chapter XI
      • The Second War with England
        • "Queenston or Landing near Niagara." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
        • Lieutenant Pierie's Sketch of Niagara, 1768. From an old print.
        • Old View of Fort Mississauga.
        • Monument at Lundy's Lane.
      • "Queenston or Landing near Niagara." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
      • Lieutenant Pierie's Sketch of Niagara, 1768. From an old print.
      • Old View of Fort Mississauga.
      • Monument at Lundy's Lane.
    • The Second War with England
      • "Queenston or Landing near Niagara." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
      • Lieutenant Pierie's Sketch of Niagara, 1768. From an old print.
      • Old View of Fort Mississauga.
      • Monument at Lundy's Lane.
    • "Queenston or Landing near Niagara." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
    • Lieutenant Pierie's Sketch of Niagara, 1768. From an old print.
    • Old View of Fort Mississauga.
    • Monument at Lundy's Lane.
    • Chapter XII
      • Toronto
        • Lieutenant-General Simcoe.
        • "York Harbor." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
        • "The Garrison at York." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
        • Captain Sowers's drawings of Fort Niagara, 1769. From the original in the British Museum.
      • Lieutenant-General Simcoe.
      • "York Harbor." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
      • "The Garrison at York." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
      • Captain Sowers's drawings of Fort Niagara, 1769. From the original in the British Museum.
    • Toronto
      • Lieutenant-General Simcoe.
      • "York Harbor." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
      • "The Garrison at York." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
      • Captain Sowers's drawings of Fort Niagara, 1769. From the original in the British Museum.
    • Lieutenant-General Simcoe.
    • "York Harbor." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
    • "The Garrison at York." A drawing on bark by Mrs. Simcoe.
    • Captain Sowers's drawings of Fort Niagara, 1769. From the original in the British Museum.
    • Index
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • FOOTNOTES:
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