The Fern Lover's Companion A Guide for the Northeastern States and Canada
Free

The Fern Lover's Companion A Guide for the Northeastern States and Canada

By George Henry Tilton
Free
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Table of Contents
  • The Fern Lover's Companion
  • A Guide for the Northeastern States and Canada
    • BY
    • GEORGE HENRY TILTON, A.M.
    • DEDICATION
    • CONTENTS
    • LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
    • PREFACE
    • INTRODUCTION
      • REPRODUCTION
      • VERNATION
      • VEINS
      • EXPLANATION OF TERMS
      • SPORÀNGIA AND FRUIT DOTS
      • HELPFUL HINTS
      • KEY TO THE GENERA
      • I
      • THOSE WHICH HAVE THE FRUITING PORTION IN GREENISH, BERRY-LIKE STRUCTURES AND NOT ON THE BACK OF FRONDS A. FRUITING FRONDS WHOLLY FERTILE (Fertile and sterile fronds entirely unlike)
      • B. FRUITING FRONDS PARTLY STERILE
      • II
      • THOSE WHICH HAVE THE FRUITING PORTION ON THE BACK OR MARGIN OF FRONDS
      • A. INDUSIUM WANTING
      • B. INDUSIUM PRESENT
      • DESCRIPTIVE TEXT OF THE FERNS
      • THE FERN FAMILY PROPER OR REAL FERNS
      • POLYPODIÀCEÆ
      • THE POLYPODIES
      • 1. POLYPODY. Polypodium
      • (1) COMMON POLYPODY. Polypodium vulgare
      • (2) GRAY OR HOARY POLYPODY
      • Polypodium incànum. P. polypodiòides
    • REPRODUCTION
    • VERNATION
    • VEINS
    • EXPLANATION OF TERMS
    • SPORÀNGIA AND FRUIT DOTS
    • HELPFUL HINTS
    • KEY TO THE GENERA
    • I
    • THOSE WHICH HAVE THE FRUITING PORTION IN GREENISH, BERRY-LIKE STRUCTURES AND NOT ON THE BACK OF FRONDS A. FRUITING FRONDS WHOLLY FERTILE (Fertile and sterile fronds entirely unlike)
    • B. FRUITING FRONDS PARTLY STERILE
    • II
    • THOSE WHICH HAVE THE FRUITING PORTION ON THE BACK OR MARGIN OF FRONDS
    • A. INDUSIUM WANTING
    • B. INDUSIUM PRESENT
    • DESCRIPTIVE TEXT OF THE FERNS
    • THE FERN FAMILY PROPER OR REAL FERNS
    • POLYPODIÀCEÆ
    • THE POLYPODIES
    • 1. POLYPODY. Polypodium
    • (1) COMMON POLYPODY. Polypodium vulgare
    • (2) GRAY OR HOARY POLYPODY
    • Polypodium incànum. P. polypodiòides
    • THE BRACKEN GROUP
      • 1. BRACKEN OR BRAKE
      • Ptèris aquilina. PTERÍDIUM LATIÚSCULUM[1]
      • 2. MAIDENHAIR. Adiantum
      • (1) COMMON MAIDENHAIR. Adiantum pedatum
      • (2) THE VENUS-HAIR FERN. Adiantum Capíllus-Veneris
      • 3. CLIFF BRAKES. Pellàea
      • (1) PURPLE CLIFF BRAKE. Pellæa atropurpùrea
      • (2) SMOOTH CLIFF BRAKE
      • Pellàea glabella. Pellàea atropurpùrea, var. Bushii
      • (3) DENSE CLIFF BRAKE
      • Cryptográmma densa. Pellaèa densa
      • (4) SLENDER CLIFF BRAKE
      • Cryptográmma Stellèri. Pellaèa grácilis
      • (5) THE ROCK BRAKE. PARSLEY FERN
      • Cryptográmma acrostichòides
      • 4. LIP FERNS. Cheilánthes
      • (1) ALABAMA LIP FERN. Cheilánthes alabaménsis
      • (2) HAIRY LIP FERN. Cheilánthes lanòsa, C. véstita
      • (3) WOOLLY LIP FERN. Cheilánthes tomentòsa
      • (4) SLENDER LIP FERN
      • Cheilánthes Féei, C. lanuginòsa
      • 5. CLOAK FERN. Notholàena
      • (1) POWDERY CLOAK FERN. Notholàena dealbàta
      • THE CHAIN FERNS. Woodwardia
      • (1) THE COMMON CHAIN FERN. Woodwardia virgínica
      • (2) NET-VEINED CHAIN FERN
      • NARROW-LEAVED CHAIN FERN
      • Woodwardia areolàta. W. angustifòlia
    • 1. BRACKEN OR BRAKE
    • Ptèris aquilina. PTERÍDIUM LATIÚSCULUM[1]
    • 2. MAIDENHAIR. Adiantum
    • (1) COMMON MAIDENHAIR. Adiantum pedatum
    • (2) THE VENUS-HAIR FERN. Adiantum Capíllus-Veneris
    • 3. CLIFF BRAKES. Pellàea
    • (1) PURPLE CLIFF BRAKE. Pellæa atropurpùrea
    • (2) SMOOTH CLIFF BRAKE
    • Pellàea glabella. Pellàea atropurpùrea, var. Bushii
    • (3) DENSE CLIFF BRAKE
    • Cryptográmma densa. Pellaèa densa
    • (4) SLENDER CLIFF BRAKE
    • Cryptográmma Stellèri. Pellaèa grácilis
    • (5) THE ROCK BRAKE. PARSLEY FERN
    • Cryptográmma acrostichòides
    • 4. LIP FERNS. Cheilánthes
    • (1) ALABAMA LIP FERN. Cheilánthes alabaménsis
    • (2) HAIRY LIP FERN. Cheilánthes lanòsa, C. véstita
    • (3) WOOLLY LIP FERN. Cheilánthes tomentòsa
    • (4) SLENDER LIP FERN
    • Cheilánthes Féei, C. lanuginòsa
    • 5. CLOAK FERN. Notholàena
    • (1) POWDERY CLOAK FERN. Notholàena dealbàta
    • THE CHAIN FERNS. Woodwardia
    • (1) THE COMMON CHAIN FERN. Woodwardia virgínica
    • (2) NET-VEINED CHAIN FERN
    • NARROW-LEAVED CHAIN FERN
    • Woodwardia areolàta. W. angustifòlia
    • THE SPLEENWORTS
      • A. THE ROCK SPLEENWORTS. Asplènium
      • (1) PINNÀTIFID SPLEENWORT. Asplenium pinnatífídum
      • (2) SCOTT'S SPLEENWORT. Asplenium ebenòides
      • (3) GREEN SPLEENWORT. Asplenium víride
      • (4) MAIDENHAIR SPLEENWORT. Asplenium Trichómanes
      • (5) SMALL SPLEENWORT
      • (6) EBONY SPLEENWORT
      • (7) BRADLEY'S SPLEENWORT. Asplenium Brádleyi
      • (8) MOUNTAIN SPLEENWORT. Asplenium montanum
      • (9) RUE SPLEENWORT. Asplenium Ruta-murària
      • B. THE LARGE SPLEENWORTS. Athýrium
      • THE LADY FERN AND ITS KIN
      • 1. THE LADY FERNS
      • (1) THE UPLAND LADY FERN. ATHÝRIUM ANGÚSTUM
      • Asplènium Fìlix-femina
      • (2) THE LOWLAND LADY FERN
      • ATHÝRIUM ASPLENIÒIDES
      • (3) SILVERY SPLEENWORT. ATHÝRIUM ACROSTICHÒIDES
      • Asplènium acrostichòides. Asplènium thelypteròides
      • (4) NARROW-LEAVED SPLEENWORT
      • ATHÝRIUM ANGUSTIFÒLIUM. Asplenium angustifòlium
    • A. THE ROCK SPLEENWORTS. Asplènium
    • (1) PINNÀTIFID SPLEENWORT. Asplenium pinnatífídum
    • (2) SCOTT'S SPLEENWORT. Asplenium ebenòides
    • (3) GREEN SPLEENWORT. Asplenium víride
    • (4) MAIDENHAIR SPLEENWORT. Asplenium Trichómanes
    • (5) SMALL SPLEENWORT
    • (6) EBONY SPLEENWORT
    • (7) BRADLEY'S SPLEENWORT. Asplenium Brádleyi
    • (8) MOUNTAIN SPLEENWORT. Asplenium montanum
    • (9) RUE SPLEENWORT. Asplenium Ruta-murària
    • B. THE LARGE SPLEENWORTS. Athýrium
    • THE LADY FERN AND ITS KIN
    • 1. THE LADY FERNS
    • (1) THE UPLAND LADY FERN. ATHÝRIUM ANGÚSTUM
    • Asplènium Fìlix-femina
    • (2) THE LOWLAND LADY FERN
    • ATHÝRIUM ASPLENIÒIDES
    • (3) SILVERY SPLEENWORT. ATHÝRIUM ACROSTICHÒIDES
    • Asplènium acrostichòides. Asplènium thelypteròides
    • (4) NARROW-LEAVED SPLEENWORT
    • ATHÝRIUM ANGUSTIFÒLIUM. Asplenium angustifòlium
    • HART'S TONGUE
      • Scolopéndrium. PHYLLÌTIS
      • (1) Scolopendrium vulgàre
      • PHYLLÌTIS SCOLOPÉNDRIUM
    • Scolopéndrium. PHYLLÌTIS
    • (1) Scolopendrium vulgàre
    • PHYLLÌTIS SCOLOPÉNDRIUM
    • WALKING FERN. WALKING LEAF
      • Camptosòrus
      • Camptosòrus rhizophyllus
    • Camptosòrus
    • Camptosòrus rhizophyllus
    • THE SHIELD FERNS
      • THE CHRISTMAS AND HOLLY FERNS
      • Polýstichum
      • (1) THE CHRISTMAS FERN
      • (2) BRAUN'S HOLLY FERN
      • (3) HOLLY FERN. Polystichum Lonchìtis
    • THE CHRISTMAS AND HOLLY FERNS
    • Polýstichum
    • (1) THE CHRISTMAS FERN
    • (2) BRAUN'S HOLLY FERN
    • (3) HOLLY FERN. Polystichum Lonchìtis
    • THE MARSH FERN TRIBE
      • (1) THE MARSH FERN
      • Aspídium thelýpteris. THELÝPTERIS PALÚSTRIS
      • Dryópteris thelýpteris. Nephròdium thelýpteris
      • (2) MASSACHUSETTS FERN
      • Aspidium simulàtum. THELÝPTERIS SIMULÀTA
      • Dryópteris simulata. Nephròdium simulàtum
      • (3) NEW YORK FERN
      • Aspidium noveboracénse. THELÝPTERIS NOVEBORACÉNSIS
      • Dryópteris noveboracénsis. Nephròdium noveboracénse
    • (1) THE MARSH FERN
    • Aspídium thelýpteris. THELÝPTERIS PALÚSTRIS
    • Dryópteris thelýpteris. Nephròdium thelýpteris
    • (2) MASSACHUSETTS FERN
    • Aspidium simulàtum. THELÝPTERIS SIMULÀTA
    • Dryópteris simulata. Nephròdium simulàtum
    • (3) NEW YORK FERN
    • Aspidium noveboracénse. THELÝPTERIS NOVEBORACÉNSIS
    • Dryópteris noveboracénsis. Nephròdium noveboracénse
    • THE BEECH FERNS
      • (1) OAK FERN
      • Phegópteris dryópteris. THELÝPTERIS DRYÓPTERIS
      • (2) THE NORTHERN OAK FERN
      • Phegopteris Robertiana. Phegopteris calcàrea
      • THELÝPTERIS ROBERTIÀNA
      • (3) BROAD BEECH FERN
      • Phegopteris hexagonóptera
      • THELÝPTERIS HEXAGONÓPTERA
      • (4) LONG BEECH FERN
      • Phegopteris polypodiòides. THELÝPTERIS PHEGÓPTERIS
    • (1) OAK FERN
    • Phegópteris dryópteris. THELÝPTERIS DRYÓPTERIS
    • (2) THE NORTHERN OAK FERN
    • Phegopteris Robertiana. Phegopteris calcàrea
    • THELÝPTERIS ROBERTIÀNA
    • (3) BROAD BEECH FERN
    • Phegopteris hexagonóptera
    • THELÝPTERIS HEXAGONÓPTERA
    • (4) LONG BEECH FERN
    • Phegopteris polypodiòides. THELÝPTERIS PHEGÓPTERIS
    • THE FRAGRANT FERN
      • Aspídium fràgrans. Nephròdium fràgrans
      • THELÝPTERIS FRÀGRANS. Dryópteris fràgrans
    • Aspídium fràgrans. Nephròdium fràgrans
    • THELÝPTERIS FRÀGRANS. Dryópteris fràgrans
    • KEY TO THE WOOD FERNS
    • THE WOOD FERNS
      • (1) MARGINAL SHIELD FERN, EVERGREEN WOOD FERN
      • Aspídium marginàle. THELÝPTERIS MARGINÀLIS
      • Dryópteris marginàlis. Nephròdium marginàle
      • (2) THE MALE FERN
      • Aspídium Fìlix-mas. THELÝPTERIS FÌLIX-MAS
      • Dryópteris Fìlix-mas. Nephròdium Fìlix-mas
      • (3) GOLDIE'S FERN
      • Aspidium Goldiànum. THELYPTERIS GOLDIÀNA
      • Dryopteris Goldiàna. Nephrodium Goldiànum
      • (4) THE CRESTED FERN
      • Aspidium cristàtum. THELÝPTERIS CRISTÀTA
      • Dryopteris cristàta. Nephrodium cristàtum
      • CRESTED MARGINAL FERN
      • Aspídium cristàtum X marginàle
      • (5) BOOTT'S SHIELD FERN
      • Aspidium Boottii. THELÝPTERIS BOOTTII
      • Dryopteris Boottii. Nephrodium Boottii
      • (6) SPINULOSE SHIELD FERN
      • Aspidium spinulòsum. THELÝPTERIS SPINULÒSA
      • Dryopteris spinulòsa. Nephrodium spinulòsum
    • (1) MARGINAL SHIELD FERN, EVERGREEN WOOD FERN
    • Aspídium marginàle. THELÝPTERIS MARGINÀLIS
    • Dryópteris marginàlis. Nephròdium marginàle
    • (2) THE MALE FERN
    • Aspídium Fìlix-mas. THELÝPTERIS FÌLIX-MAS
    • Dryópteris Fìlix-mas. Nephròdium Fìlix-mas
    • (3) GOLDIE'S FERN
    • Aspidium Goldiànum. THELYPTERIS GOLDIÀNA
    • Dryopteris Goldiàna. Nephrodium Goldiànum
    • (4) THE CRESTED FERN
    • Aspidium cristàtum. THELÝPTERIS CRISTÀTA
    • Dryopteris cristàta. Nephrodium cristàtum
    • CRESTED MARGINAL FERN
    • Aspídium cristàtum X marginàle
    • (5) BOOTT'S SHIELD FERN
    • Aspidium Boottii. THELÝPTERIS BOOTTII
    • Dryopteris Boottii. Nephrodium Boottii
    • (6) SPINULOSE SHIELD FERN
    • Aspidium spinulòsum. THELÝPTERIS SPINULÒSA
    • Dryopteris spinulòsa. Nephrodium spinulòsum
    • THE BLADDER FERNS. Cystópteris
      • (1) THE BULBLET BLADDER FERN
      • Cystópteris bulbífera. Fìlix bulbífera
      • (2) THE COMMON BLADDER FERN
      • Cystopteris frágilis. Filix frágilis
    • (1) THE BULBLET BLADDER FERN
    • Cystópteris bulbífera. Fìlix bulbífera
    • (2) THE COMMON BLADDER FERN
    • Cystopteris frágilis. Filix frágilis
    • KEY TO THE WOODSIAS
    • THE WOODSIAS
      • (1) RUSTY WOODSIA. Woódsia ilvénsis
      • (2) NORTHERN WOODSIA. ALPINE WOODSIA
      • Woodsia alpìna. Woodsia hyperbòrea
      • (3) BLUNT-LOBED WOODSIA. Woodsia obtùsa
      • (4) SMOOTH WOODSIA. Woodsia glabélla
      • (5) OREGON WOODSIA. Woódsia oregàna
      • (6) ROCKY MOUNTAIN WOODSIA. Woódsia scopulìna
      • (7) CATHCART'S WOODSIA. Woodsia Cathcartiàna
      • DENNSTAÉDTIA. Dicksònia
      • HAYSCENTED FERN. BOULDER FERN
      • DENNSTAÉDTIA PUNCTILÓBULA[A]
      • Dicksònia punctilóbula. Dicksònia pilosiúscula
      • THE SENSITIVE AND OSTRICH FERNS
      • Onoclèa. PTERÉTIS. Mattèuccia. Struthiópteris
      • (1) SENSITIVE FERN. Onoclèa sensíbilis
      • (2) OSTRICH FERN
      • Onoclea struthiópteris. PTERETIS NODULOSA
      • Struthiópteris Germánica. Matteùccia struthiópteris
    • (1) RUSTY WOODSIA. Woódsia ilvénsis
    • (2) NORTHERN WOODSIA. ALPINE WOODSIA
    • Woodsia alpìna. Woodsia hyperbòrea
    • (3) BLUNT-LOBED WOODSIA. Woodsia obtùsa
    • (4) SMOOTH WOODSIA. Woodsia glabélla
    • (5) OREGON WOODSIA. Woódsia oregàna
    • (6) ROCKY MOUNTAIN WOODSIA. Woódsia scopulìna
    • (7) CATHCART'S WOODSIA. Woodsia Cathcartiàna
    • DENNSTAÉDTIA. Dicksònia
    • HAYSCENTED FERN. BOULDER FERN
    • DENNSTAÉDTIA PUNCTILÓBULA[A]
    • Dicksònia punctilóbula. Dicksònia pilosiúscula
    • THE SENSITIVE AND OSTRICH FERNS
    • Onoclèa. PTERÉTIS. Mattèuccia. Struthiópteris
    • (1) SENSITIVE FERN. Onoclèa sensíbilis
    • (2) OSTRICH FERN
    • Onoclea struthiópteris. PTERETIS NODULOSA
    • Struthiópteris Germánica. Matteùccia struthiópteris
    • II
    • THE FLOWERING FERN FAMILY
    • OSMUNDÀCEAE
      • OSMÚNDA
      • (1) FLOWERING FERN, ROYAL FERN
      • Osmúnda regàlis. Osmunda regàlis, var. SPECTÀBILIS
      • (2) INTERRUPTED FERN. CLAYTON'S FERN
      • Osmunda Claytoniàna
      • (3) CINNAMON FERN. BRAKES
    • OSMÚNDA
    • (1) FLOWERING FERN, ROYAL FERN
    • Osmúnda regàlis. Osmunda regàlis, var. SPECTÀBILIS
    • (2) INTERRUPTED FERN. CLAYTON'S FERN
    • Osmunda Claytoniàna
    • (3) CINNAMON FERN. BRAKES
    • III
    • CURLY GRASS FAMILY
    • SCHIZÆÀCEÆ
      • CURLY GRASS. Schizàea pusílla
      • CLIMBING FERN. HARTFORD FERN
      • Lygòdium palmàtum
    • CURLY GRASS. Schizàea pusílla
    • CLIMBING FERN. HARTFORD FERN
    • Lygòdium palmàtum
    • IV
    • ADDER'S TONGUE FAMILY OPHIOGLOSSÀCEÆ
    • KEY TO THE GRAPE FERNS
    • GRAPE FERNS
      • Botrýchium
      • (1) MOONWORT. Botrýchium Lunària
      • (2) LITTLE GRAPE FERN. Botrychium símplex
      • (3) LANCE-LEAVED GRAPE FERN
      • Botrychium lanceolàtum
      • BOTRÝCHIUM ANGUSTISEGMÉNTUM
      • (4) MATRICARY FERN
      • Botrychium ramòsum. Botrychium matricariæfòlium
      • (5) COMMON GRAPE FERN
      • Botrychium oblìquum. Botrychium ternàtum, var. oblìquum
      • BOTRYCHIUM DISSÉCTUM, var. OBLÌQUUM
      • (6) TERNATE GRAPE FERN
      • Botrýchium ternàtum, var. intermèdium
      • Botrýchium oblìquum, var. intermèdium
      • (7) RATTLESNAKE FERN. Botrychium virginiànum
    • Botrýchium
    • (1) MOONWORT. Botrýchium Lunària
    • (2) LITTLE GRAPE FERN. Botrychium símplex
    • (3) LANCE-LEAVED GRAPE FERN
    • Botrychium lanceolàtum
    • BOTRÝCHIUM ANGUSTISEGMÉNTUM
    • (4) MATRICARY FERN
    • Botrychium ramòsum. Botrychium matricariæfòlium
    • (5) COMMON GRAPE FERN
    • Botrychium oblìquum. Botrychium ternàtum, var. oblìquum
    • BOTRYCHIUM DISSÉCTUM, var. OBLÌQUUM
    • (6) TERNATE GRAPE FERN
    • Botrýchium ternàtum, var. intermèdium
    • Botrýchium oblìquum, var. intermèdium
    • (7) RATTLESNAKE FERN. Botrychium virginiànum
    • V
    • THE FILMY FERN FAMILY HYMENOPHYLLÀCEÆ
      • FILMY FERN. BRISTLE FERN
      • Trichómanes Boschiànum. Trichómanes rádicans
    • FILMY FERN. BRISTLE FERN
    • Trichómanes Boschiànum. Trichómanes rádicans
    • NOTED FERN AUTHORS
    • BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
      • FERN LITERATURE
      • TIMES OF THE FRUITING OF FERNS
    • FERN LITERATURE
    • TIMES OF THE FRUITING OF FERNS
    • GLOSSARY
      • NOTE
    • NOTE
    • CHECK LIST OF THE FERNS OF NORTHEASTERN AMERICA
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