Motion Mountain - Fall, Flow and Heat: Volume I of The Adventure of Physics

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English

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Preface

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Contents

Fall, Flow and Heat

1 Why should we care about motion?

Does motion exist?

How should we talk about motion?

What are the types of motion?

Perception, permanence and change

Does the world need states?

Galilean physics in six interesting statements

Curiosities and fun challenges about motion

Summary on motion

2 From motion measurement to continuity

What is velocity?

What is time?

Clocks

Why do clocks go clockwise?

Does time flow?

What is space?

Are space and time absolute or relative?

Size – why length and area exist, but volume does not

What is straight?

A hollow Earth?

Curiosities and fun challenges about everyday space and time

Summary about everyday space and time

3 How to describe motion – kinematics

Throwing, jumping and shooting

Enjoying vectors

What is rest? What is velocity?

Acceleration

From objects to point particles

Legs and wheels

Curiosities and fun challenges about kinematics

Summary of kinematics

4 From objects and images to conservation

Motion and contact

What is mass?

Momentum and mass

Is motion eternal? – Conservation of momentum

More conservation – energy

The cross product, or vector product

Rotation and angular momentum

Rolling wheels

How do we walk and run?

Curiosities and fun challenges about mass, conservation and rotation

Summary on conservation in motion

5 From the rotation of the earth to the relativity of motion

How does the Earth rotate?

Does the Earth move?

Is velocity absolute? – The theory of everyday relativity

Is rotation relative?

Curiosities and fun challenges about rotation and relativity

Legs or wheels? – Again

Summary on Galilean relativity

6 Motion due to gravitation

Gravitation as a limit to uniform motion

Gravitation in the sky

Gravitation on Earth

Properties of gravitation: G and g

The gravitational potential

The shape of the Earth

Dynamics – how do things move in various dimensions?

The Moon

Orbits – conic sections and more

Tides

Can light fall?

Mass: inertial and gravitational

Curiosities and fun challenges about gravitation

Summary on gravitation

7 Classical mechanics, force and the predictability of motion

Should one use force? Power?

Forces, surfaces and conservation

Friction and motion

Friction, sport, machines and predictability

Complete states – initial conditions

Do surprises exist? Is the future determined?

Free will

Summary on predictability

From predictability to global descriptions of motion

8 Measuring change with action

The principle of least action

Lagrangians and motion

Why is motion so often bounded?

Curiosities and fun challenges about Lagrangians

Summary on action

9 Motion and symmetry

Why can we think and talk about the world?

Viewpoints

Symmetries and groups

Multiplets

Representations

The symmetries and vocabulary of motion

Reproducibility, conservation and Noether's theorem

Parity inversion and motion reversal

Interaction symmetries

Curiosities and fun challenges about symmetry

Summary on symmetry

10 Simple motions of extended bodies – oscillations and waves

Oscillations

Damping

Resonance

Waves: general and harmonic

Water waves

Waves and their motion

Why can we talk to each other? – Huygens' principle

Wave equations

Why are music and singing voices so beautiful?

Measuring sound

Is ultrasound imaging safe for babies?

Signals

Solitary waves and solitons

Curiosities and fun challenges about waves and oscillation

Summary on waves and oscillations

11 Do extended bodies exist? – Limits of continuity

Mountains and fractals

Can a chocolate bar last forever?

The case of Galileo Galilei

How high can animals jump?

Felling trees

Little hard balls

The sound of silence

How to count what cannot be seen

Experiencing atoms

Seeing atoms

Curiosities and fun challenges about solids and atoms

Summary on atoms

12 Fluids and their motion

What can move in nature? – Flows of all kinds

The state of a fluid

Laminar and turbulent flow

The atmosphere

The physics of blood and breath

Curiosities and fun challenges about fluids

Summary on fluids

13 On heat and motion reversal invariance

Temperature

Thermal energy

Why do balloons take up space? – The end of continuity

Brownian motion

Why stones can be neither smooth nor fractal, nor made of little hard balls

Entropy

Entropy from particles

The minimum entropy of nature – the quantum of information

Is everything made of particles?

The second principle of thermodynamics

Why can't we remember the future?

Flow of entropy

Do isolated systems exist?

Curiosities and fun challenges about reversibility and heat

Summary on heat and time-invariance

14 Self-organization and chaos – the simplicity of complexity

Appearance of order

Self-organization in sand

Self-organization of spheres

Conditions for the appearance of order

The mathematics of order appearance

Chaos

Emergence

Curiosities and fun challenges about self-organization

Summary on self-organization and chaos

15 From the limitations of physics to the limits of motion

Research topics in classical dynamics

What is contact?

What determines precision and accuracy?

Can all of nature be described in a book?

Something is wrong about our description of motion

Why is measurement possible?

Is motion unlimited?

A Notation and conventions

The Latin alphabet

The Greek alphabet

The Hebrew alphabet and other scripts

Numbers and the Indian digits

The symbols used in the text

Calendars

People Names

Abbreviations and eponyms or concepts?

B Units, measurements and constants

SI units

The meaning of measurement

Curiosities and fun challenges about units

Precision and accuracy of measurements

Limits to precision

Physical constants

Useful numbers

C Sources of information on motion

Challenge hints and solutions

Bibliography

Credits

Acknowledgements

Film credits

Image credits

Name index

Subject index

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