Galileo's Precursors
Pierre Duhem
Galileo's Precursors

Pierre Duhem as an historian is most well-known for his discovery of the medieval physicists who laid the foundation for Galileo's physics. Before this work, no book-length English translation of Duhem's history of medieval physics existed.

This is an English translation of:

  • Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem, Études sur Léonard de Vinci, ceux qu’il a lus et ceux qui l’ont lu, vol. 3 (Les Précurseurs Parisiens de Galilée) of 3. (Paris: A. Hermann, 1913).

Part I Jean I Buridan (of Béthune) and Leonardo da Vinci
A date concerning Master Albert of Saxony
Jean I Buridan (of Béthune)
That the theory of the center of gravity, taught by Albert of Saxony, is not borrowed from Jean Buridan
The Dynamics of Jean Buridan
That the Dynamics of Leonardo da Vinci proceeds, via Albert of Saxony, from that of Jean Buridan. — To what extent it deviates and why. — The various explanations of the accelerated fall of weights that have been proposed before Leonardo.
Part II The Tradition of Buridan and Italian Science in the 16th Century
The Dynamics of the Italians at the time of Leonardo da Vinci, the Averroists, Alexandrists, and Humanists
The spirit of Parisian Scholasticism in the time of Leonardo da Vinci
The Parisian Dynamics in the time of Leonardo da Vinci
The decadence of Parisian Scholasticism after the death of Leonardo da Vinci. The attacks of Humanism. Didier Erasmus and Luiz Vives.
How, in the 16th century, the Dynamics of Jean Buridan spread in Italy
On the early progress accomplished in Parisian Dynamics by the Italians
Giovanni Battista Benedetti
Giordano Bruno
The life of Domingo Soto, Friar Preacher
Domingo Soto and Parisian Nominalism
Potential infinity and actual infinity
The equilibrium of the Earth and seas
The Dynamics of Jean Buridan and the Dynamics of Soto
Soto tries to make the views of Aristotle and St. Thomas agree with the hypothesis of impetusla]impetus
The origins of Kinematics
The treatise De proportionalitate motuum et magnitudinum
Thomas Bradwardine. John of Murs. Jean Buridan.
Albert of Saxony
The Dynamics of Oresme and the Dynamics of Buridan
The center of gravity of the Earth and the center of the World
The plurality of worlds and the natural place according to Nicole Oresme
Nicole Oresme, inventor of analytic Geometry
How Nicole Oresme established the law of uniformly varying motion
The influence of Nicole Oresme at the University of Paris. — The treatise De latitudinibus formarum. Albert of Saxony. Marsilius of Inghen.
The Oxford School in the middle of the 14th century. — William Heytesbury. — John Dumbleton. — Swineshead. — The Calculator. — The treatise De sex inconvenientibus. — William of Colligham.
How the doctrines of the Oxford school spread into Italy
Leonardo da Vinci and the laws of falling bodies
The study of latitude forms at the University of Paris at the beginning of the 16th century
John Majoris, John Dullaert of Ghent
Alvaro Thomas of Lisbon
The Spanish masters. Juan de Celaya. Luis Coronel.
Domingo Soto and the laws of falling bodies
Part III Domingo Soto and Parisian Scholasticism
Albert of Saxony and the law according to which the fall of a weight accelerates
De intensione et remissione formarum
Nicole Oresme
The spirit of the Oxford School in the middle of the 14th century
The law of uniformly varied movement at the School of Oxford
The De primo motore of Swineshead and the Dubia parisiensia
The Summa of John Dumbleton
The Regulæ solvendi sophismata and the Probationes of William Heytesbury
The Tractatus de sex inconvenientibus
The opuscule entitled: A est unum calidum.
The Liber calculationum of Riccardus of Ghlymi Eshedi
How the doctrines of Nicole Oresme spread in Italy
Conclusion. The Parisian tradition and Galileo.
The book hasn't received reviews yet.