Respiration Calorimeters for Studying the Respiratory Exchange and Energy Transformations of Man
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Respiration Calorimeters for Studying the Respiratory Exchange and Energy Transformations of Man

By Thorne M. (Thorne Martin) Carpenter, Francis Gano Benedict
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • Respiration Calorimeters for Studying the Respiratory Exchange and Energy Transformations of Man
  • BY
  • FRANCIS G. BENEDICT and THORNE M. CARPENTER
  • PREFACE.
  • CONTENTS.
  • ILLUSTRATIONS.
  • RESPIRATION CALORIMETERS FOR STUDYING THE RESPIRATORY EXCHANGE AND ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONS IN MAN.
  • INTRODUCTION.
    • FOOTNOTES:
  • CALORIMETER LABORATORY.
    • GENERAL PLAN OF CALORIMETER LABORATORY.
    • HEATING AND VENTILATING.
    • FOOTNOTES:
  • THE CALORIMETER.
    • FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THE APPARATUS.
    • THE CALORIMETER CHAMBER.
    • GENERAL CONSTRUCTION.
    • PREVENTION OF RADIATION.
    • THE THERMO-ELECTRIC ELEMENTS.
    • INTERIOR OF THE CALORIMETER.
    • HEAT-ABSORBING CIRCUIT.
    • THERMOMETERS.
    • MERCURIAL THERMOMETERS.
    • ELECTRIC-RESISTANCE THERMOMETERS.
    • AIR THERMOMETERS.
    • WALL THERMOMETERS.
    • ELECTRICAL RECTAL THERMOMETER.
    • ELECTRIC-RESISTANCE THERMOMETERS FOR THE WATER-CURRENT.
    • OBSERVER'S TABLE.
    • CONNECTIONS TO THERMAL-JUNCTION SYSTEMS.
    • RHEOSTAT FOR HEATING.
    • WHEATSTONE BRIDGES.
    • GALVANOMETER.
    • RESISTANCE FOR HEATING COILS.
    • TEMPERATURE RECORDER.
    • FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLE OF THE APPARATUS.
    • THE GALVANOMETER.
    • THE CREEPER.
    • THE CLOCK.
    • INSTALLATION OF THE APPARATUS.
    • TEMPERATURE CONTROL OF THE INGOING AIR.
    • THE HEAT OF VAPORIZATION OF WATER.
    • THE BED CALORIMETER.
    • MEASUREMENTS OF BODY-TEMPERATURE.
    • CONTROL EXPERIMENTS WITH THE CALORIMETER.
    • DETERMINATION OF THE HYDROTHERMAL EQUIVALENT OF THE CALORIMETER.
    • GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF RESPIRATION APPARATUS.
    • TESTING THE CHAMBER FOR TIGHTNESS.
    • VENTILATION OF THE CHAMBER.
    • OPENINGS IN THE CHAMBER.
    • VENTILATING AIR-CURRENT.
    • BLOWER.
    • ABSORBERS FOR WATER-VAPOR.
    • POTASH-LIME CANS.
    • BALANCE FOR WEIGHING ABSORBERS.
    • PURIFICATION OF THE AIR-CURRENT WITH SODIUM BICARBONATE.
    • VALVES.
    • COUPLINGS.
    • ABSORBER TABLE.
    • OXYGEN SUPPLY.
    • AUTOMATIC CONTROL OF OXYGEN SUPPLY.
    • TENSION-EQUALIZER.
    • BAROMETER.
    • ANALYSIS OF RESIDUAL AIR.
    • GAS-METER.
    • CALCULATION OF RESULTS.
    • ANALYSIS OF OXYGEN.
    • ADVANTAGE OF A CONSTANT-TEMPERATURE ROOM AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL.
    • VARIATIONS IN THE APPARENT VOLUME OF AIR.
    • CHANGES IN VOLUME DUE TO THE ABSORPTION OF WATER AND CARBON DIOXIDE.
    • RESPIRATORY LOSS.
    • CALCULATION OF THE VOLUME OF AIR RESIDUAL IN THE CHAMBER.
    • RESIDUAL ANALYSES.
      • CALCULATION FROM RESIDUAL ANALYSES.
    • CALCULATION FROM RESIDUAL ANALYSES.
    • INFLUENCE OF FLUCTUATIONS IN TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE ON THE APPARENT VOLUME OF AIR IN THE SYSTEM.
    • INFLUENCE OF FLUCTUATIONS IN THE AMOUNTS OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND WATER-VAPOR UPON RESIDUAL OXYGEN.
    • CONTROL OF RESIDUAL ANALYSES.
    • NITROGEN ADMITTED WITH THE OXYGEN.
    • REJECTION OF AIR.
    • INTERCHANGE OF AIR IN THE FOOD-APERTURE.
    • USE OF THE RESIDUAL BLANK IN THE CALCULATIONS.
      • RESIDUAL SHEET No. 1.
      • ABBREVIATED METHOD OF COMPUTATION OF OXYGEN ADMITTED TO THE CHAMBER FOR USE DURING SHORT EXPERIMENTS.
      • CRITICISM OF THE METHOD OF CALCULATING THE VOLUME OF OXYGEN.
      • CALCULATION OF TOTAL OUTPUT OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND WATER-VAPOR AND OXYGEN ABSORPTION.
      • CONTROL EXPERIMENTS WITH BURNING ALCOHOL.
      • BALANCE FOR WEIGHING SUBJECT.
      • PULSE RATE AND RESPIRATION RATE.
      • ROUTINE OF AN EXPERIMENT WITH MAN.
      • PREPARATION OF SUBJECT.
      • SEALING IN THE COVER.
      • ROUTINE AT OBSERVER'S TABLE.
      • MANIPULATION OF THE WATER-METER.
      • ABSORBER TABLE.
      • SUPPLEMENTAL APPARATUS.
    • RESIDUAL SHEET No. 1.
    • ABBREVIATED METHOD OF COMPUTATION OF OXYGEN ADMITTED TO THE CHAMBER FOR USE DURING SHORT EXPERIMENTS.
    • CRITICISM OF THE METHOD OF CALCULATING THE VOLUME OF OXYGEN.
    • CALCULATION OF TOTAL OUTPUT OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND WATER-VAPOR AND OXYGEN ABSORPTION.
    • CONTROL EXPERIMENTS WITH BURNING ALCOHOL.
    • BALANCE FOR WEIGHING SUBJECT.
    • PULSE RATE AND RESPIRATION RATE.
    • ROUTINE OF AN EXPERIMENT WITH MAN.
    • PREPARATION OF SUBJECT.
    • SEALING IN THE COVER.
    • ROUTINE AT OBSERVER'S TABLE.
    • MANIPULATION OF THE WATER-METER.
    • ABSORBER TABLE.
    • SUPPLEMENTAL APPARATUS.
    • FOOTNOTES:
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