Woman and Socialism
Free

Woman and Socialism

By August Bebel
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • WOMAN AND SOCIALISM
  • Contents
  • Introduction.
  • Woman in the Past.
    • CHAPTER I. The Position of Woman in Primeval Society.
      • 1.—Chief Epochs of Primeval History.
      • 2.—Family Forms.
      • 3.—The Matriarchate.
    • 1.—Chief Epochs of Primeval History.
    • 2.—Family Forms.
    • 3.—The Matriarchate.
    • CHAPTER II. Conflict between Matriarchate and Patriarchate.
      • 1.—Rise of the Patriarchate.
      • 2.—Traces of the Matriarchate in Greek Myths and Dramas.
      • 3.—Legitimate Wives and Courtesans in Athens.
      • 4.—Remnants of the Matriarchate in the Customs of Various Nations.
      • 5.—Rise of the State.—Dissolution of the Gens in Rome.
    • 1.—Rise of the Patriarchate.
    • 2.—Traces of the Matriarchate in Greek Myths and Dramas.
    • 3.—Legitimate Wives and Courtesans in Athens.
    • 4.—Remnants of the Matriarchate in the Customs of Various Nations.
    • 5.—Rise of the State.—Dissolution of the Gens in Rome.
    • CHAPTER III. Christianity.
    • CHAPTER IV. Woman in the Mediaeval Age.
      • 1.—The Position of Women among the Germans.
      • 2.—Feudalism and the Right of the First Night.
      • 3.—The Rise of Cities.—Monastic Affairs.—Prostitution.
      • 4.—Knighthood and the Veneration of Women.
    • 1.—The Position of Women among the Germans.
    • 2.—Feudalism and the Right of the First Night.
    • 3.—The Rise of Cities.—Monastic Affairs.—Prostitution.
    • 4.—Knighthood and the Veneration of Women.
    • CHAPTER V. The Reformation.
      • 1.—Luther.
      • 2.—Results of the Reformation.—The Thirty Years’ War.
    • 1.—Luther.
    • 2.—Results of the Reformation.—The Thirty Years’ War.
    • CHAPTER VI. The Eighteenth Century.
      • 1.—Court Life in Germany.
      • 2.—Commercialism and the New Marriage Laws.
      • 3.—The French Revolution and the Rise of Industry.
    • 1.—Court Life in Germany.
    • 2.—Commercialism and the New Marriage Laws.
    • 3.—The French Revolution and the Rise of Industry.
  • Woman at the Present Day.
    • CHAPTER VII. Woman as a Sex Being.
      • 1.—The Sexual Impulse.
      • 2.—Celibacy and the Frequency of Suicide.
    • 1.—The Sexual Impulse.
    • 2.—Celibacy and the Frequency of Suicide.
    • CHAPTER VIII. Modern Marriage.
      • 1.—Marriage as a Profession.
      • 2.—Decline of the Birthrate.
      • 3.—Mercenary Marriage and the Matrimonial Market.
    • 1.—Marriage as a Profession.
    • 2.—Decline of the Birthrate.
    • 3.—Mercenary Marriage and the Matrimonial Market.
    • CHAPTER IX. Disruption of the Family.
      • 1.—Increase of Divorce.
      • 2.—Bourgeois and Proletarian Marriage.
    • 1.—Increase of Divorce.
    • 2.—Bourgeois and Proletarian Marriage.
    • CHAPTER X. Marriage as a Means of Support.
      • 1.—Decline of the Marriage Rate.
      • 2.—Infanticide and Abortion.
      • 3.—Education for Marriage.
      • 4.—The Misery of Present Day Marriages.
    • 1.—Decline of the Marriage Rate.
    • 2.—Infanticide and Abortion.
    • 3.—Education for Marriage.
    • 4.—The Misery of Present Day Marriages.
    • CHAPTER XI. The Chances of Matrimony.
      • 1.—The Numerical Proportion of the Sexes.
      • 2.—Obstacles to Marriage.—The Excess of Women.
    • 1.—The Numerical Proportion of the Sexes.
    • 2.—Obstacles to Marriage.—The Excess of Women.
    • CHAPTER XII. Prostitution a Necessary Social Institution of Bourgeois Society.
      • 1.—Prostitution and Society.
      • 2.—Prostitution and the State.
      • 3.—The White Slave Trade.
      • 4.—The Increase of Prostitution.—Illegitimate Motherhood.
      • 5.—Crimes Against Morality and Sexual Diseases.
    • 1.—Prostitution and Society.
    • 2.—Prostitution and the State.
    • 3.—The White Slave Trade.
    • 4.—The Increase of Prostitution.—Illegitimate Motherhood.
    • 5.—Crimes Against Morality and Sexual Diseases.
    • CHAPTER XIII. Woman in Industry.
      • 1.—Development and Extension of Female Labor.
      • 2.—Factory Work of Married Women.—Sweatshop Labor and Dangerous Occupations.
    • 1.—Development and Extension of Female Labor.
    • 2.—Factory Work of Married Women.—Sweatshop Labor and Dangerous Occupations.
    • CHAPTER XIV. The Struggle of Women for Education.
      • 1.—The Revolution in Domestic Life.
      • 2.—The Intellectual Abilities of Women.
      • 3.—Differences in Physical and Mental Qualities of Man and Woman.
      • 4.—Darwinism and the Condition of Society.
      • 5.—Woman and the Learned Professions.
    • 1.—The Revolution in Domestic Life.
    • 2.—The Intellectual Abilities of Women.
    • 3.—Differences in Physical and Mental Qualities of Man and Woman.
    • 4.—Darwinism and the Condition of Society.
    • 5.—Woman and the Learned Professions.
    • CHAPTER XV. The Legal Status of Women.
      • 1.—The Struggle for Equality Before the Law.
      • 2.—The Struggle for Political Equality.
    • 1.—The Struggle for Equality Before the Law.
    • 2.—The Struggle for Political Equality.
  • The State and Society.
    • CHAPTER XVI. The Class-State and the Modern Proletariat.
      • 1.—Our Public Life.
      • 2.—Aggravation of Social Extremes.
    • 1.—Our Public Life.
    • 2.—Aggravation of Social Extremes.
    • CHAPTER XVII. The Process of Concentration in Capitalistic Industry.
      • 1.—The Displacement of Agriculture by Industry.
      • 2.—Increasing Pauperization.—Preponderance of Large Industrial Establishments.
      • 3.—Concentration of Wealth.
    • 1.—The Displacement of Agriculture by Industry.
    • 2.—Increasing Pauperization.—Preponderance of Large Industrial Establishments.
    • 3.—Concentration of Wealth.
    • CHAPTER XVIII. Crisis and Competition.
      • 1.—Causes and Effects of the Crises.
      • 2.—Intermediate Trade and the Increased Cost of Living.
    • 1.—Causes and Effects of the Crises.
    • 2.—Intermediate Trade and the Increased Cost of Living.
    • CHAPTER XIX. The Revolution in Agriculture.
      • 1.—Transatlantic Competition and Desertion of the Country.
      • 2.—Peasants and Great Landowners.
      • 3.—The Contrast Between City and Country.
    • 1.—Transatlantic Competition and Desertion of the Country.
    • 2.—Peasants and Great Landowners.
    • 3.—The Contrast Between City and Country.
  • The Socialization of Society.
    • CHAPTER XX. The Social Revolution.
      • 1.—The Transformation of Society.
      • 2.—Expropriation of the Expropriators.
    • 1.—The Transformation of Society.
    • 2.—Expropriation of the Expropriators.
    • CHAPTER XXI. Fundamental Laws of Socialistic Society.
      • 1.—Duty to Work of All Able-bodied Persons.
      • 2.—Harmony of Interests.
      • 3.—Organization of Labor.
      • 4.—The Growth of the Productivity of Labor.
      • 5.—Removal of the Contrast between Mental and Manual Work.
      • 6.—Increase of Consumption.
      • 7.—Equal Duty to Work for All.
      • 8.—Abolition of Trade.—Transformation of Traffic.
    • 1.—Duty to Work of All Able-bodied Persons.
    • 2.—Harmony of Interests.
    • 3.—Organization of Labor.
    • 4.—The Growth of the Productivity of Labor.
    • 5.—Removal of the Contrast between Mental and Manual Work.
    • 6.—Increase of Consumption.
    • 7.—Equal Duty to Work for All.
    • 8.—Abolition of Trade.—Transformation of Traffic.
    • CHAPTER XXII. Socialism and Agriculture.
      • 1.—Abolition of the Private Ownership of Land.
      • 2.—The Amelioration of Land.
      • 3.—Changed Methods of Farming.
      • 4.—Agriculture on a Large and Small Scale.—Electric Appliances.
      • 5.—Vine-Culture of the Future.
      • 6.—Measures to Prevent Exhaustion of the Soil.
      • 7.—Removal of the Contrast between City and Country.
    • 1.—Abolition of the Private Ownership of Land.
    • 2.—The Amelioration of Land.
    • 3.—Changed Methods of Farming.
    • 4.—Agriculture on a Large and Small Scale.—Electric Appliances.
    • 5.—Vine-Culture of the Future.
    • 6.—Measures to Prevent Exhaustion of the Soil.
    • 7.—Removal of the Contrast between City and Country.
    • CHAPTER XXIII. Abolition of the State.
    • CHAPTER XXIV. The Future of Religion.
    • CHAPTER XXV. The Socialist System of Education.
    • CHAPTER XXVI. Literature and Art in Socialistic Society.
    • CHAPTER XXVII. Free Development of Individuality.
      • 1.—Freedom from Care.
      • 2.—Changes in the Methods of Nutrition.
      • 3.—The Communistic Kitchen.
      • 4.—Transformation of Domestic Life.
    • 1.—Freedom from Care.
    • 2.—Changes in the Methods of Nutrition.
    • 3.—The Communistic Kitchen.
    • 4.—Transformation of Domestic Life.
    • CHAPTER XXVIII. Woman in the Future.
    • CHAPTER XXIX. Internationality.
    • CHAPTER XXX. The Question of Population and Socialism.
      • 1.—Fear of Over-Population.
      • 2.—Production of Over-Population.
      • 3.—Poverty and Fecundity.
      • 4.—Lack of Human Beings and Abundance of Food.
      • 5.—Social Conditions and Reproductive Ability.
    • 1.—Fear of Over-Population.
    • 2.—Production of Over-Population.
    • 3.—Poverty and Fecundity.
    • 4.—Lack of Human Beings and Abundance of Food.
    • 5.—Social Conditions and Reproductive Ability.
  • Conclusion.
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