U.S. History
Free

U.S. History

By Unknown
Free
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Book Description
Table of Contents
  • Preface
    • 1. About OpenStax
    • 2. About OpenStax resources
    • 3. About U.S. History
    • 4. Additional resources
    • 5. About the authors
  • Chapter 1. The Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492
    • 1.1. The Americas*
    • 1.2. Europe on the Brink of Change*
    • 1.3. West Africa and the Role of Slavery*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 2. Early Globalization: The Atlantic World, 1492–1650
    • 2.1. Portuguese Exploration and Spanish Conquest*
    • 2.2. Religious Upheavals in the Developing Atlantic World*
    • 2.3. Challenges to Spain’s Supremacy*
    • 2.4. New Worlds in the Americas: Labor, Commerce, and the Columbian Exchange*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 3. Creating New Social Orders: Colonial Societies, 1500–1700
    • 3.1. Spanish Exploration and Colonial Society*
    • 3.2. Colonial Rivalries: Dutch and French Colonial Ambitions*
    • 3.3. English Settlements in America*
    • 3.4. The Impact of Colonization*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 4. Rule Britannia! The English Empire, 1660–1763
    • 4.1. Charles II and the Restoration Colonies*
    • 4.2. The Glorious Revolution and the English Empire*
    • 4.3. An Empire of Slavery and the Consumer Revolution*
    • 4.4. Great Awakening and Enlightenment*
    • 4.5. Wars for Empire*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 5. Imperial Reforms and Colonial Protests, 1763-1774
    • 5.1. Confronting the National Debt: The Aftermath of the French and Indian War*
    • 5.2. The Stamp Act and the Sons and Daughters of Liberty*
    • 5.3. The Townshend Acts and Colonial Protest*
    • 5.4. The Destruction of the Tea and the Coercive Acts*
    • 5.5. Disaffection: The First Continental Congress and American Identity*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 6. America's War for Independence, 1775-1783
    • 6.1. Britain’s Law-and-Order Strategy and Its Consequences*
    • 6.2. The Early Years of the Revolution*
    • 6.3. War in the South*
    • 6.4. Identity during the American Revolution*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 7. Creating Republican Governments, 1776–1790
    • 7.1. Common Sense: From Monarchy to an American Republic*
    • 7.2. How Much Revolutionary Change?*
    • 7.3. Debating Democracy*
    • 7.4. The Constitutional Convention and Federal Constitution*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 8. Growing Pains: The New Republic, 1790–1820
    • 8.1. Competing Visions: Federalists and Democratic-Republicans*
    • 8.2. The New American Republic*
    • 8.3. Partisan Politics*
    • 8.4. The United States Goes Back to War*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 9. Industrial Transformation in the North, 1800–1850
    • 9.1. Early Industrialization in the Northeast*
    • 9.2. A Vibrant Capitalist Republic*
    • 9.3. On the Move: The Transportation Revolution*
    • 9.4. A New Social Order: Class Divisions*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 10. Jacksonian Democracy, 1820–1840
    • 10.1. A New Political Style: From John Quincy Adams to Andrew Jackson*
    • 10.2. The Rise of American Democracy*
    • 10.3. The Nullification Crisis and the Bank War*
    • 10.4. Indian Removal*
    • 10.5. The Tyranny and Triumph of the Majority*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 11. A Nation on the Move: Westward Expansion, 1800–1860
    • 11.1. Lewis and Clark*
    • 11.2. The Missouri Crisis*
    • 11.3. Independence for Texas*
    • 11.4. The Mexican-American War, 1846–1848*
    • 11.5. Free Soil or Slave? The Dilemma of the West*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 12. Cotton is King: The Antebellum South, 1800–1860
    • 12.1. The Economics of Cotton*
    • 12.2. African Americans in the Antebellum United States*
    • 12.3. Wealth and Culture in the South*
    • 12.4. The Filibuster and the Quest for New Slave States*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 13. Antebellum Idealism and Reform Impulses, 1820–1860
    • 13.1. An Awakening of Religion and Individualism*
    • 13.2. Antebellum Communal Experiments*
    • 13.3. Reforms to Human Health*
    • 13.4. Addressing Slavery*
    • 13.5. Women’s Rights*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 14. Troubled Times: the Tumultuous 1850s
    • 14.1. The Compromise of 1850*
    • 14.2. The Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Republican Party*
    • 14.3. The Dred Scott Decision and Sectional Strife*
    • 14.4. John Brown and the Election of 1860*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 15. The Civil War, 1860–1865
    • 15.1. The Origins and Outbreak of the Civil War*
    • 15.2. Early Mobilization and War*
    • 15.3. 1863: The Changing Nature of the War*
    • 15.4. The Union Triumphant*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 16. The Era of Reconstruction, 1865–1877
    • 16.1. Restoring the Union*
    • 16.2. Congress and the Remaking of the South, 1865–1866*
    • 16.3. Radical Reconstruction, 1867–1872*
    • 16.4. The Collapse of Reconstruction*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 17. Go West Young Man! Westward Expansion, 1840-1900
    • 17.1. The Westward Spirit*
    • 17.2. Homesteading: Dreams and Realities*
    • 17.3. Making a Living in Gold and Cattle*
    • 17.4. The Loss of American Indian Life and Culture*
    • 17.5. The Impact of Expansion on Chinese Immigrants and Hispanic Citizens*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 18. Industrialization and the Rise of Big Business, 1870-1900
    • 18.1. Inventors of the Age*
    • 18.2. From Invention to Industrial Growth*
    • 18.3. Building Industrial America on the Backs of Labor*
    • 18.4. A New American Consumer Culture*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 19. The Growing Pains of Urbanization, 1870-1900
    • 19.1. Urbanization and Its Challenges*
    • 19.2. The African American “Great Migration” and New European Immigration*
    • 19.3. Relief from the Chaos of Urban Life*
    • 19.4. Change Reflected in Thought and Writing*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 20. Politics in the Gilded Age, 1870-1900
    • 20.1. Political Corruption in Postbellum America*
    • 20.2. The Key Political Issues: Patronage, Tariffs, and Gold*
    • 20.3. Farmers Revolt in the Populist Era*
    • 20.4. Social and Labor Unrest in the 1890s*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 21. Leading the Way: The Progressive Movement, 1890-1920
    • 21.1. The Origins of the Progressive Spirit in America*
    • 21.2. Progressivism at the Grassroots Level*
    • 21.3. New Voices for Women and African Americans*
    • 21.4. Progressivism in the White House*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 22. Age of Empire: American Foreign Policy, 1890-1914
    • 22.1. Turner, Mahan, and the Roots of Empire*
    • 22.2. The Spanish-American War and Overseas Empire*
    • 22.3. Economic Imperialism in East Asia*
    • 22.4. Roosevelt’s “Big Stick” Foreign Policy*
    • 22.5. Taft’s “Dollar Diplomacy”*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 23. Americans and the Great War, 1914-1919
    • 23.1. American Isolationism and the European Origins of War*
    • 23.2. The United States Prepares for War*
    • 23.3. A New Home Front*
    • 23.4. From War to Peace*
    • 23.5. Demobilization and Its Difficult Aftermath*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 24. The Jazz Age: Redefining the Nation, 1919-1929
    • 24.1. Prosperity and the Production of Popular Entertainment*
    • 24.2. Transformation and Backlash*
    • 24.3. A New Generation*
    • 24.4. Republican Ascendancy: Politics in the 1920s*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 25. Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? The Great Depression, 1929-1932
    • 25.1. The Stock Market Crash of 1929*
    • 25.2. President Hoover’s Response*
    • 25.3. The Depths of the Great Depression*
    • 25.4. Assessing the Hoover Years on the Eve of the New Deal*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 26. Franklin Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1932-1941
    • 26.1. The Rise of Franklin Roosevelt*
    • 26.2. The First New Deal*
    • 26.3. The Second New Deal*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 27. Fighting the Good Fight in World War II, 1941-1945
    • 27.1. The Origins of War: Europe, Asia, and the United States*
    • 27.2. The Home Front*
    • 27.3. Victory in the European Theater*
    • 27.4. The Pacific Theater and the Atomic Bomb*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 28. Post-War Prosperity and Cold War Fears, 1945-1960
    • 28.1. The Challenges of Peacetime*
    • 28.2. The Cold War*
    • 28.3. The American Dream*
    • 28.4. Popular Culture and Mass Media*
    • 28.5. The African American Struggle for Civil Rights*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 29. Contesting Futures: America in the 1960s
    • 29.1. The Kennedy Promise*
    • 29.2. Lyndon Johnson and the Great Society*
    • 29.3. The Civil Rights Movement Marches On*
    • 29.4. Challenging the Status Quo*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 30. Political Storms at Home and Abroad, 1968-1980
    • 30.1. Identity Politics in a Fractured Society*
    • 30.2. Coming Apart, Coming Together*
    • 30.3. Vietnam: The Downward Spiral*
    • 30.4. Watergate: Nixon’s Domestic Nightmare*
    • 30.5. Jimmy Carter in the Aftermath of the Storm*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 31. From Cold War to Culture Wars, 1980-2000
    • 31.1. The Reagan Revolution*
    • 31.2. Political and Cultural Fusions*
    • 31.3. A New World Order*
    • 31.4. Bill Clinton and the New Economy*
    • Glossary
  • Chapter 32. The Challenges of the Twenty-First Century
    • 32.1. The War on Terror*
    • 32.2. The Domestic Mission*
    • 32.3. New Century, Old Disputes*
    • 32.4. Hope and Change*
    • Glossary
  • Appendix A. The Declaration of Independence*
  • Appendix B. The Constitution of the United States*
  • Appendix C. Presidents of the United States of America*
  • Appendix D. U.S. Political Map*
  • Appendix E. U.S. Topographical Map*
  • Appendix F. United States Population Chart*
  • Appendix G. Further Reading*
    • G.1. THE PRE-COLUMBIAN WORLD AND EARLY GLOBALIZATION
    • G.2. THE COLONIAL AMERICAS
    • G.3. REFORM, PROTEST, AND REVOLUTION
    • G.4. THE EARLY REPUBLIC
    • G.5. INDUSTRIALIZATION AND TRANSFORMATION
    • G.6. JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY
    • G.7. THE ANTEBELLUM SOUTH
    • G.8. REFORM AND ABOLITION
    • G.9. CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION
    • G.10. WESTWARD EXPANSION
    • G.11. FROM THE GILDED AGE TO THE PROGRESSIVE ERA
    • G.12. IMPERIAL EXPANSION AND THE FIRST WORLD WAR
    • G.13. THE ROARING TWENTIES
    • G.14. THE GREAT DEPRESSION AND THE NEW DEAL
    • G.15. WORLD WAR, COLD WAR, AND AMERICAN PROSPERITY
    • G.16. FROM CAMELOT TO CULTURE WARS
    • G.17. TWENTY-FIRST-CENTURY PROBLEMS
  • Solutions
    • Chapter 1
    • Chapter 2
    • Chapter 3
    • Chapter 4
    • Chapter 5
    • Chapter 6
    • Chapter 7
    • Chapter 8
    • Chapter 9
    • Chapter 10
    • Chapter 11
    • Chapter 12
    • Chapter 13
    • Chapter 14
    • Chapter 15
    • Chapter 16
    • Chapter 17
    • Chapter 18
    • Chapter 19
    • Chapter 20
    • Chapter 21
    • Chapter 22
    • Chapter 23
    • Chapter 24
    • Chapter 25
    • Chapter 26
    • Chapter 27
    • Chapter 28
    • Chapter 29
    • Chapter 30
    • Chapter 31
    • Chapter 32
    • Index
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