Cicero, On Pompey’s Command (De Imperio), 27–49. Latin Text, Study Aids with Vocabulary, Commentary, and Translation
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Cicero, On Pompey’s Command (De Imperio), 27–49. Latin Text, Study Aids with Vocabulary, Commentary, and Translation

By Ingo Gildenhard
Free
Book Description

In republican times, one of Rome's deadliest enemies was King Mithridates of Pontus. In 66 BCE, after decades of inconclusive struggle, the tribune Manilius proposed a bill that would give supreme command in the war against Mithridates to Pompey the Great, who had just swept the Mediterranean clean of another menace: the pirates. While powerful aristocrats objected to the proposal, which would endow Pompey with unprecedented powers, the bill proved hugely popular among the people, and one of the praetors, Marcus Tullius Cicero, also hastened to lend it his support. In his first ever political speech, variously entitled pro lege Manilia or de imperio Gnaei Pompei, Cicero argues that the war against Mithridates requires the appointment of a perfect general and that the only man to live up to such lofty standards is Pompey. In the section under consideration here, Cicero defines the most important hallmarks of the ideal military commander and tries to demonstrate that Pompey is his living embodiment.This course book offers a portion of the original Latin text, study aids with vocabulary, and a commentary. Designed to stretch and stimulate readers, the incisive commentary will be of particular interest to students of Latin at both AS and undergraduate level. It extends beyond detailed linguistic analysis and historical background to encourage critical engagement with Cicero's prose and discussion of the most recent scholarly thought.

Table of Contents
  • Contents
  • 1. Preface and acknowledgements
  • 2. Introduction: why does the set text matter?
    • Scientia militaris (§ 28)
    • Virtus (§§ 29-42)
    • Auctoritas (§§ 43-46)
    • Felicitas (§§ 47-48)
  • 3. Latin text with study questions and vocabulary aid
    • 27: The only way is Pompey
    • 28: The Perfect General, Pompey the Kid, and Mr. Experience
    • 29: His Excellence (and Excellences)
    • 30: Witnesses to the Truth!
    • 31: Pacifying the Pond, or: Pompey and the Pirates
    • 33: Pirates ante portas!
    • 34: Pompey’s Cruise Control (I): ‘I Have a Fleet – and Need for Speed’
    • 35: Pompey’s Cruise Control (II): ‘I Have a Fleet – and Need for Speed’
    • 36: ‘Thou Art More Lovely and More Temperate’: Pompey’s Soft Sides
    • 37: SPQR Confidential
    • 38: Of Locusts and Leeches
    • 39: Pompey the Peaceful, or: Imperialism with Gloves
    • 40: No Sight-Seeing or Souvenirs for the Perfect General
    • 41: Saint Pompey
    • 42: Peace for our Time
    • 43: Rumour and Renown: Pompey’s auctoritas
    • 44: Case Study I: The Socio-Economics of Pompey’s auctoritas
    • 45: Case Study II: Pompey’s auctoritas and psychological warfare
    • 46: auctoritas Supreme
    • 47: Felicitas, or how not to ‘Sull(a)y’ Pompey
    • 48: The Darling of the Gods
    • 49: Summing Up
  • 4. Commentary
    • 27: The only way is Pompey
    • 28: The Perfect General, Pompey the Kid, and Mr. Experience
    • 29: His Excellence (and Excellences)
    • 30: Witnesses to the Truth!
    • 31: Pacifying the Pond, or: Pompey and the Pirates
    • 32: The Pirates of the Mediterranean
    • 33: Pirates ante portas!
    • 34: Pompey’s Cruise Control (I): ‘I Have a Fleet – and Need for Speed’
    • 35: Pompey’s Cruise Control (II): ‘I Have a Fleet – and Need for Speed’
    • 36: ‘Thou Art More Lovely and More Temperate’: Pompey’s Soft Sides
    • 37: SPQR Confidential
    • 38: Of Locusts and Leeches
    • 39: Pompey the Peaceful, or: Imperialism with Gloves
    • 40: No Sight-Seeing or Souvenirs for the Perfect General
    • 41: Saint Pompey
    • 42: Peace for our Time
    • 43: Rumour and Renown: Pompey’s auctoritas
    • 44: Case Study I: The Socio-Economics of Pompey’s auctoritas
    • 45: Case Study II: Pompey’s auctoritas and psychological warfare
    • 46: auctoritas Supreme
    • 47: Felicitas, or how not to ‘Sull(a)y’ Pompey
    • 48: The Darling of the Gods
    • 49: Summing Up
  • 5. Further resources
    • Chronological table: the parallel lives of Pompey and Cicero
    • The speech in summary, or: what a Roman citizen may have heard in the forum
    • The protagonists
    • The historical context
    • List of rhetorical terms
  • 6. Bibliography
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