Every-day Science: Volume VI. The Conquest of Nature
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Every-day Science: Volume VI. The Conquest of Nature

By Henry Smith Williams, Edward Huntington Williams
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Book Description
Table of Contents
  • EVERY-DAY SCIENCE
  • CONTENTS
  • ILLUSTRATIONS
  • THE CONQUEST OF NATURE
  • I
    • MAN AND NATURE
    • THE STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE
    • SCIENCE AND CIVILIZATION
  • II
    • HOW WORK IS DONE
    • WHEELS AND PULLEYS
    • OTHER MEANS OF TRANSMITTING POWER
    • INCLINED PLANES AND DERRICKS
    • FRICTION
    • AVAILABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY
  • III
    • THE ANIMAL MACHINE
    • THE TWO TYPES OF MUSCLES
    • THE NATURE OF MUSCULAR ACTION
    • APPLICATIONS OF MUSCULAR ENERGY
    • THE WHEEL AND AXLE
    • MODIFIED LEVERS
    • DOMESTICATED ANIMALS
  • IV
    • THE WORK OF AIR AND WATER
    • SUCTION AND PRESSURE
    • AIR IN MOTION
    • INHERENT DEFECTS OF THE WINDMILL
    • RUNNING WATER
    • HYDRAULIC POWER
  • V
    • CAPTIVE MOLECULES: THE STORY OF THE STEAM ENGINE
    • BEGINNINGS OF MODERN DISCOVERY
    • THOMAS SAVERY'S STEAM PUMP
    • DENIS PAPIN INVENTS THE PISTON ENGINE
    • THOMAS NEWCOMEN'S IMPROVED ENGINE
    • THE COMING OF JAMES WATT
    • ROTARY MOTION
    • FINAL IMPROVEMENTS AND MISSED OPPORTUNITIES
    • THE SUPREME IMPORTANCE OF WATT
    • THE PERSONALITY OF JAMES WATT
  • VI
    • THE MASTER WORKER
    • HIGH-PRESSURE STEAM
    • COMPOUND ENGINES
    • ROTARY ENGINES
    • TURBINE ENGINES
  • VII
    • GAS AND OIL ENGINES
  • VIII
    • THE SMALLEST WORKERS
    • FRANKLIN'S ONE-FLUID THEORY
    • MODERN VIEWS
    • HOW ELECTRICITY IS DEVELOPED
    • THE WORK OF THE DYNAMICAL CURRENT
    • THEORIES OF ELECTRICAL ACTION
    • PRACTICAL USES OF ELECTRICITY
  • IX
    • MAN'S NEWEST CO-LABORER: THE DYNAMO
    • THE MECHANISM OF THE DYNAMO
    • THE ORIGIN OF THE DYNAMO
    • PERFECTING THE DYNAMO
    • A MYSTERIOUS MECHANISM
  • X
    • NIAGARA IN HARNESS
    • WITHIN THE POWER-HOUSE
    • PENSTOCKS AND TURBINES
    • A MIRACULOUS TRANSFORMATION OF ENERGY
    • SUBTERRANEAN TAIL-RACES
    • THE EFFECT ON THE FALLS
    • THE TRANSMISSION OF POWER
    • "STEP UP" AND "STEP DOWN" TRANSFORMERS
  • XI
    • THE BANISHMENT OF NIGHT
    • PRIMITIVE TORCH AND OPEN LAMP
    • TALLOW CANDLE AND PERFECTED OIL LAMP
    • GAS LIGHTING
    • THE INCANDESCENT GAS MANTLE
    • THE INTRODUCTION OF ACETYLENE GAS
    • THE TRIUMPH OF ELECTRICITY
    • DAVY AND THE FIRST ELECTRIC LIGHT
    • THE JABLOCHKOFF CANDLE
    • THE IMPROVED ARC LIGHT
    • EDISON AND THE INCANDESCENT LAMP
    • THE TUNGSTEN LAMP
    • THE MERCURY-VAPOR LIGHT OF PETER COOPER HEWITT
  • XII
    • THE MINERAL DEPTHS
    • CONDITIONS TO BE CONSIDERED IN MINING
    • ELECTRIC MACHINERY IN MINING
    • TRACTION IN MINING
    • ELECTRIC MINING PUMPS
    • ELECTRICITY IN COAL MINING
    • ELECTRIC LIGHTING OF MINES
  • XIII
    • THE AGE OF STEEL
    • THE LAKE SUPERIOR MINES
    • FROM MINE TO FURNACE
    • THE CONVERSION OF IRON ORE INTO IRON AND STEEL
    • SIR HENRY BESSEMER
    • OPEN-HEARTH METHOD
    • ALLOY STEELS
  • XIV
    • SOME RECENT TRIUMPHS OF APPLIED SCIENCE
    • NITROGEN FROM THE AIR
    • ANOTHER METHOD OF NITROGEN FIXATION
    • ELECTRICAL ENERGY AND HIGH TEMPERATURES
    • OTHER INDUSTRIAL PROBLEMS OF TO-DAY AND TO-MORROW
  • APPENDIX
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