Americans by Choice
Free

Americans by Choice

By John Palmer Gavit
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • AMERICANS BY CHOICE
  • PUBLISHER’S NOTE
  • FOREWORD
  • TABLE OF CONTENTS
  • LIST OF TABLES
  • LIST OF DIAGRAMS
  • INTRODUCTION
  • I OF THEIR OWN FREE WILL
    • THESE ARE OUR VOTERS!
    • PRIMITIVE ATTITUDES TOWARD IMMIGRANTS
    • LEGAL POSITION OF THE ALIEN
    • WHAT IS AN “AMERICAN”?
    • THE AMERICAN HAS NO RACIAL MARKS
    • NOT RACIAL, BUT CULTURAL
    • ESSENTIALS OF “AMERICANISM”
  • II NEW MEMBERS AND AN OLD GAME
    • FACTORS IN IMMIGRATION
    • POLITICS WELCOMES THE IRISH
    • THEY ALWAYS HAVE BEEN DEMOCRATS
    • EARLY GERMANS BECAME REPUBLICANS
    • EFFECTS OF THE GOLD CRAZE
    • VAST NATURALIZATION FRAUDS
    • FIRST CHOICE IN POLITICS
    • THE POLITICIAN CLOSE TO HUMANITY
    • POLITICAL ASPECTS OF SOCIAL CLUBS
    • POLITICS A GREAT AMERICANIZING FORCE
  • III CITIZENSHIP: UNDER THIS FLAG, AND OTHERS
    • ROOTS OF POLITICAL SOCIETY
    • INFLUENCE OF EMIGRATION TO AMERICA
    • THE RIGHT TO EMIGRATE
    • THE SUBJECT VS. THE ACTIVE MEMBER
    • ESSENTIALS OF CITIZENSHIP: ANCIENT—AND AMERICAN
    • BASES OF AMERICAN CITIZENSHIP
    • COMMON-LAW DEFINITION TAKEN FOR GRANTED
    • CONCERNING AMERICANS BORN ABROAD
    • CHILDREN BORN AT SEA
    • QUESTION OF DUAL NATIONALITY
    • COUNTRIES DENYING THE RIGHT OF EXPATRIATION
    • CONDITIONAL RECOGNITION
    • NATURALIZATION TREATIES WITH THE UNITED STATES
    • GREAT BRITAIN
    • GERMANY
    • CITIZENSHIP TAKES NO ACCOUNT OF SEX
    • “A WOMAN WITHOUT A COUNTRY”
    • THE AMERICAN UNDER THREE JURISDICTIONS
  • IV DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATURALIZATION LAW
    • OUR “CHARTER MEMBERS”
    • FIRST NATURALIZATION LAWS
    • EFFORTS TOWARD UNIFORMITY
    • BARS UP AGAINST ALIEN ANARCHISTS
    • VARIOUS PRESIDENTS DISCUSSED NATURALIZATION
    • DEFINITE REFORM AT LAST
    • NATURALIZATION COMMISSION APPOINTED
    • WHAT THE LAW REQUIRES
  • V THE LAW IN OPERATION
    • RESTRICTIONS OF RACE
    • LIMITATIONS REGARDING AGE
    • THE DECLARATION OF INTENTION
    • “DECLARATION INVALID”
    • SHOULD DECLARATION BE ABOLISHED?
    • NATURALIZATION JUDGES FAVOR ITS RETENTION
    • THE SEVEN-YEAR LIMITATION
    • THE CERTIFICATE OF LAWFUL ENTRY
    • THE VEXATIOUS QUESTION OF NAMES
    • THE PETITION FOR NATURALIZATION
    • NINETY DAYS’ INTERVAL BEFORE HEARING
    • THE FINAL HEARING IN COURT
    • MUST “SPEAK” THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
    • ATTACHED TO THE CONSTITUTION
    • IN THE MATTER OF “CONTINUOUS RESIDENCE”
    • THE ABSURDITY OF THE “INCOMPETENT WITNESS”
    • JUDGES DENOUNCE THE ABSURDITY
    • DEPOSITIONS OF WITNESSES
    • “GOOD MORAL CHARACTER”
    • THE FINAL CEREMONY—OATH OF ALLEGIANCE
    • CEREMONIES OF INITIATION
  • VI PERSONAL EQUATION IN NATURALIZATION
    • A FUNCTION OF LOCAL COURTS
    • “PERSONAL EQUATION” OF THE JUDGES
    • BIRD’S-EYE VIEW OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE
    • GENERAL TREND OF JUDGES’ OPINIONS
    • THE CLERKS OF THE COURTS
    • THE QUESTION OF ADEQUATE CLERICAL FORCE
    • WHEN THE CLERK POCKETS THE FEES
    • FORMS OF PETTY GRAFT
    • “PERSONAL EQUATION” IN THE NATURALIZATION SERVICE
    • A SCRUPULOUSLY HONEST SERVICE
    • NEED OF UNIFYING INFLUENCE
    • “NOTHING TO LITIGATE!”
    • CONFUSED STATE OF THE EDUCATIONAL TEST
    • THE CRAZE FOR “AMERICANIZING”—SOMEBODY ELSE!
    • EXTRA RESPONSIBILITIES SELF-SOUGHT
    • ENORMOUS ARREARAGE IN BUREAU’S WORK
    • THE ALIENS SUPPORT THE BUREAU
    • FITNESS OF CANDIDATES
    • “PERSONAL EQUATION” OF THE PUBLIC
  • VII SOME STATISTICS CONCERNING IMMIGRANTS, “NEW” AND “OLD”
    • PAUCITY OF DEPENDABLE INFORMATION
    • VAST ARREARAGES IN EXAMINATIONS
    • REPORT OF THE IMMIGRATION COMMISSION OF 1907
    • LEGEND OF “THE NEW IMMIGRATION”
    • DISPARITY IN NUMBERS AMONG RACIAL GROUPS
    • THE FACTOR OF LENGTH OF RESIDENCE
    • THE FACTOR OF LANGUAGE
    • LENGTH OF RESIDENCE AND EARNING POWER
    • VOTING ON “FIRST PAPERS”
    • WHAT BECOMES OF THE DECLARATIONS?
  • VIII LATER STATISTICS—IN WHICH SOME TWENTY-SIX THOUSAND PETITIONERS SPEAK FOR THEMSELVES
    • MORE THAN A FIFTH OF ALL PETITIONERS
    • FROM TWENTY-EIGHT REPRESENTATIVE COURTS
    • IN A REASONABLY NORMAL YEAR
    • THE RACIAL GROUPS ARE TYPICAL
    • RELATIVE “CIVIC AND POLITICAL INTEREST”
    • HOW DID THESE PETITIONERS FARE?
    • AS REGARDS “IMMORAL CHARACTER”
    • THE SHOWING AS TO “IGNORANCE”
    • TIME-INTERVALS IN NATURALIZATION
    • HOW DO THE RACIAL GROUPS COMPARE?
    • THEY ARE YOUNG PEOPLE
    • RELATIVE AGE AND “POLITICAL INTEREST”
    • THE REAL RACIAL DISTINCTION
    • RACE AND RELATIVE AGE AT ARRIVAL
    • AT THE BEGINNING OF MARRIED LIFE
    • AS FOR “STABILITY OF RESIDENCE”
    • INTELLECTUAL EQUIPMENT AND OCCUPATION
    • GENERAL CONCLUSIONS
  • IX CITIZENSHIP VIA MILITARY SERVICE
    • POSITION OF THE ALIEN SOLDIER
    • REVOLUTIONARY LEGISLATIVE ACTION
    • CITIZENS AT HEART BUT “ENEMY ALIENS”
    • ALL SAFEGUARDS ABANDONED
    • ALL RACE RESTRICTIONS REMOVED
    • ORDINARY NATURALIZATION DISRUPTED
    • STATISTICS OF ALIEN REGISTRATION
    • ALIENS AND MILITARY SERVICE
    • FOREIGN BORN EAGER TO SERVE
    • AUSTRIANS WHO WERE NOT FOR AUSTRIA
    • THERE WAS HUMAN WAR-TIME PSYCHOLOGY
    • DIPLOMATIC REQUESTS FOR EXEMPTION
    • RECIPROCAL CONSCRIPTION AMONG COBELLIGERENTS
    • OF GERMAN DESCENT, BUT LOYAL AMERICANS
    • DESERTION, AMONG ALIENS AND CITIZENS
    • WAR’S TEST OF “THE MELTING-POT”
    • AN OLD PRACTICE WITH A NEW SIGNIFICANCE
    • WHAT SOME JUDGES THOUGHT OF IT
    • HERE WAS “ATTACHMENT TO OUR PRINCIPLES”!
    • ASSIMILATING THE ENEMIES OF TYRANNY
    • EPISODES OF MILITARY NATURALIZATION
    • THOSE WHO WENT WITHOUT CITIZENSHIP
    • A GREAT COMPOSITE RECORD OF LOYALTY
  • X THE FOREIGN-BORN WOMAN, HER HOME AND HER CHILDREN, IN AMERICAN POLITICS
    • REGARDLESS OF QUALIFICATIONS
    • UNMARRIED WOMEN HAVE MALE RIGHTS
    • DANGERS OF “DERIVATIVE CITIZENSHIP”
    • CHILDREN OF ALIENS HERE AMERICAN BORN
    • “DERIVATIVE CITIZENSHIP” ALMOST EQUALS THE DIRECT
    • WOMAN SUFFRAGE WAS WIDESPREAD
    • APPLICANTS CAME AS YOUNG MARRIED MEN
    • THE MOTHER MUST BE “AMERICANIZED”
    • MUST LEARN POLITICS BY POLITICAL ACTIVITY
    • FEW WOMEN SEEK NATURALIZATION
    • SOME COURTS NOTICE THE WIVES
    • OBSTACLES OF DISTANCE AND EXPENSE
    • WOMAN SUFFRAGE OPENS A NEW ERA
    • OPINIONS OF NATURALIZING JUDGES
    • 650,000 “DERIVATIVE VOTERS” EXTANT
    • LARGELY AN IGNORANT VOTE
    • POLITICAL INDIFFERENCE NOT PECULIAR TO FOREIGN BORN
    • MANY WERE CALLED, BUT FEW RESPONDED
    • FOREIGN-BORN WOMEN WITHOUT POLITICAL EXPERIENCE
    • THEY ARE GOOD MATERIAL
    • HOW THE WOMEN CAN BE REACHED
    • A SPECIFIC EXAMPLE—IT WORKS
    • WHAT THE CHILDREN DID
  • XI THE FOREIGN-BORN VOTER IN ACTION
    • DIVIDED BY RACIAL TRADITIONS
    • ALIENS NOT WITHOUT POLITICAL INFLUENCE
    • THERE IS NO “FOREIGN VOTE”
    • OLD EVILS ABOLISHED
    • CORRUPTION WAS NOT AN IMPORTATION
    • HOME-GROWN IN ADAMS COUNTY, OHIO!
    • WHO IS THE BUYER OF VOTES?
    • ATTEMPTS TO FIND THE “FOREIGN VOTE”
    • RESPONSE TO PROGRESSIVE IDEAS
    • SOME RESULTS FROM CLEVELAND
    • “CIVIC INTEREST” IN GRAND RAPIDS
    • MUNICIPAL VOTERS’ LEAGUE OF CHICAGO
    • SOME OTHER INSTANCES
  • XII THE FOREIGN BORN IN RADICAL MOVEMENTS
    • THE SOCIALIST PRESS
    • DUES-PAYING SOCIALIST MEMBERS
    • RACIAL GROUPS OF SOCIALISTS
    • THE SOCIALIST VOTE
    • GERMAN INFLUENCE IN SOCIALISM
    • JEWS IN SOCIALISM
    • EFFECT OF THE WAR ON SOCIALISM
    • THE SINGLE-TAX AND AGRARIAN MOVEMENTS
    • THE NONPARTISAN LEAGUE
    • ULTRARADICAL MOVEMENTS NONPOLITICAL
    • THE “I. W. W.” AND THE HOMELESS WORKER
  • XIII SOME GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
    • NO LOWERING OF STANDARDS
    • A FUNCTION ADMINISTRATIVE OR JUDICIAL?
    • PHYSICAL CONDITIONS AND DIGNITY
    • FUNCTION OF THE NATURALIZATION BUREAU
  • APPENDIX
  • INDEX
  • FOOTNOTES:
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