A Source Book for Mediaeval History Selected Documents illustrating the History of Europe in the Middle Age
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A Source Book for Mediaeval History Selected Documents illustrating the History of Europe in the Middle Age

By Oliver J. Thatcher, Edgar Holmes McNeal
Free
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Table of Contents
  • A SOURCE BOOK FOR MEDIÆVAL HISTORY
  • PREFACE
  • I. THE GERMANS AND THE EMPIRE TO 1073
    • 1. Selections from the Germania of Tacitus, ca. 100 A.D.
    • 2. Procopius, Vandal War. (Greek.)
    • 3. Procopius, Gothic War. (Greek.)
    • 4. The Salic Law.
      • I. Legal Summons.{10}
      • XVII. Wounds.
      • XXIX. Injuries.
      • XLI. Manslaughter.{12}
      • XLV. The Man who Removes from One Village to Another.{14}
      • XLVII. The Tracing of Stolen Goods.
      • L. The Given Pledge.
      • LII. Property that has been Loaned.
      • LIV. The Slain Grafio.
      • LVI. He who refuses to come to Court.
    • I. Legal Summons.{10}
    • XVII. Wounds.
    • XXIX. Injuries.
    • XLI. Manslaughter.{12}
    • XLV. The Man who Removes from One Village to Another.{14}
    • XLVII. The Tracing of Stolen Goods.
    • L. The Given Pledge.
    • LII. Property that has been Loaned.
    • LIV. The Slain Grafio.
    • LVI. He who refuses to come to Court.
    • 5. Selections from the History of the Franks, by Gregory of Tours.
    • 6. The Coronation of Pippin, 751.
    • 7. Einhard’s Life of Karl the Great.
    • 8. The Imperial Coronation of Karl the Great, 800.
    • 9. General Capitulary about the Missi, 802.
    • 10. Selections from the Monk of St. Gall.
    • 11. Letter of Karl the Great to Baugulf, Abbot of Fulda, 787.
    • 12. Letter of Karl the Great in Regard to the two Books of Sermons Prepared by Paul the Deacon, ca. 790.
    • 13. Recognition of Karl by the Emperors at Constantinople, 812.
    • 14. Letter of Karl to Emperor Michael I, 813.
    • 15. Letter to Ludwig the Pious Concerning the Appearance of a Comet, 837.
    • 16. The Strassburg Oaths, 842.
    • 17. Annales Bertiniani.
    • 18. Regino.
    • 19. The Treaty of Meersen, 870.
    • 20. Invasions of Northmen at the End of the Ninth Century.
    • 21. Invasion of the Hungarians, ca. 950.
    • 22. Dissolution of the Empire.
    • 23. The Coronation of Arnulf, 896.
    • 24. Saxony.
    • 25. Suabia.
    • 26. Henry I and the Saxon Cities, 919–36.
    • 27. The Election of Otto I, 936.
    • 28. Otto I and the Hungarians.
    • 29. The Imperial Coronation of Otto I, 962.
    • 30. Thietmar of Merseburg.
    • 31. Wipo, Life of Conrad II.
    • 32. Henry III and the Eastern Frontier, 1040 to 1043.
  • II. THE PAPACY TO THE ACCESSION OF GREGORY VII, 1073
    • 33. Legislation Concerning the Election of Bishops, Fourth to the Ninth Century.
    • 34. The Pope must be Chosen from the Cardinal Clergy of Rome, 769.
    • 35. The Petrine Theory as Stated by Leo I, 440–61.
    • 36. The Emperor Gives the Pope Authority in certain Secular Matters.
    • 37. The Emperor has the Right to Confirm the Election of the Bishop of Rome, ca. 650. A Letter from the Church at Rome to the Emperor at Constantinople, Asking him to Confirm the Election of their Bishop.
    • 38. A Letter from the Church at Rome to the Exarch at Ravenna, Asking him to Confirm the Election of their Bishop, ca. 600.
    • 39. Gregory I Sends Missionaries to the English, 596.
    • 40. The Oath of Boniface to Pope Gregory II, 723.
    • 41. Letter of Pope Gregory II to the Emperor, Leo III, 726 or 727.
    • 42. Gregory III Excommunicates all Iconoclasts, 731 A.D.
    • 43. The Pope, Gregory III, Asks Aid of the Franks against the Lombards, 739. A Letter of Gregory III to Karl Martel.
    • 44. Promise of Pippin to Pope Stephen II, 753–54.
    • 45. Donation of Pippin, 756.
    • 46. Promise of Charles to Adrian I, 774.
    • 47. Karl the Great Declares the Pope Has Only Spiritual Duties, 796. Letter of Karl to Leo III.
    • 48. Karl the Great Exercises Authority in Rome, 800.
    • 49. The Oath of Pope Leo III before Karl the Great, 800.
    • 50. The Oath of the Romans to Ludwig the Pious and Lothar, 824.
    • 51. The Emperor Admits the Right of the Pope to Confer the Imperial Title. Passages from a Letter of Ludwig II, Emperor, to Basil, Emperor at Constantinople, 871.
    • 52. The Pope Enacts that Papal Elections must Take Place in the Presence of the Emperor’s Representatives. Enactment of a Roman Synod Held by John IX, 898.
    • 53. The Oath of Otto I to John XII, 961.
    • 54. Otto I Confirms the Pope in the Possession of his Lands, 962.
    • 55. Leo VIII Grants the Emperor the Right to Choose the Pope and Invest all Bishops, 963.
    • 56. The Pope Confers the Royal Title. A Letter of Pope Sylvester II to Stephen of Hungary, 1000.
    • 57. The Emperor, Henry III, Deposes and Creates Popes, 1048.
    • 58. The Pope Becomes the Feudal Lord of Southern Italy and Sicily, 1059. The Oaths of Robert Guiscard to Pope Nicholas II, 1059.
    • 59. The Papal Election Decree of Nicholas II, 1059.
  • III. THE STRUGGLE BETWEEN THE EMPIRE AND THE PAPACY, 1073–1250
    • 60. Prohibition of Simony and of the Marriage of the Clergy, 1074 A.D.
    • 61. Simony and Celibacy. The Roman Council, 1074.
    • 62. Celibacy of the Clergy. Gregory VII, 1074.
    • 63. Action of the Ninth General Council in the Lateran Against the Marriage of the Clergy, 1123 A.D.
    • 64. Prohibition of Lay Investiture, November 19, 1078.
    • 65. Dictatus Papæ, ca. 1090.
    • 66. Letter of Gregory VII to all the Faithful, Commending his Legates, 1074.
    • 67. Oath of the Patriarch of Aquileia to Gregory VII, 1079 A.D.
    • 68. The Oath of Fidelity which Richard, Prince of Capua, Swore to Gregory VII, 1073.
    • 69. Letter of Gregory VII to the Princes Wishing to Reconquer Spain, 1073.
    • 70. Letter of Gregory VII to Wratislav, Duke of Bohemia, 1073.
    • 71. Letter of Gregory VII to Sancho, King of Aragon, 1074.
    • 72. Letter of Gregory VII to Solomon, King of Hungary, 1074.
    • 73. Letter of Gregory VII to Demetrius, King of the Russians, 1075.
    • 74. Letter of Gregory VII to Henry IV, December, 1075.
    • 75. The Deposition of Gregory VII by Henry IV, January 24, 1076.
    • 76. Letter of the Bishops to Gregory VII, January 24, 1076.
    • 77. The First Deposition and Excommunication of Henry IV by Gregory VII, 1076.
    • 78. The Agreement at Oppenheim, October, 1076.
    • 79. Edict Annulling the Decrees Against Pope Gregory.
    • 80. Letter of Gregory VII to the German Princes Concerning the Penance of Henry IV at Canossa, ca. January 28, 1077.
    • 81. The Oath of King Henry.
    • 82. Countess Matilda Gives All her Lands to the Church, 1102.
    • 83. The First Privilege which Paschal II Granted to Henry V, February 12, 1111.
    • 84. The Second Privilege which Paschal II Granted to Henry V, April 12, 1111.
    • 85. The Promise of Calixtus II.
    • 86. The Promise of Henry V.
    • 87. Election Notice, 1125.
    • 88. Anaclete II Gives Roger the Title of King of Sicily, 1130.
    • 89. The Coronation Oath of Lothar II, June 4, 1133.
    • 90. Innocent II Grants the Lands of the Countess Matilda as a Fief to Lothar II, 1133.
    • 91. Letter of Bernard of Clairvaux to Lothar II, 1134.
    • 92. Letter of Bernard to Conrad III, 1140.
    • 93. Letter of Conrad III to the Greek Emperor, John Comnenus, 1142.
    • 94. Letter of Wibald, Abbot of Stablo, to Eugene III, 1159.
    • 95. Letter of Frederick I to Eugene III, Announcing his Election, 1152.
    • 96. Answer of Eugene III, May 17, 1152.
    • 97. Treaty of Constance, 1153.
    • 98. The Stirrup Episode, 1155.
    • 99. Treaty between Adrian IV and William of Sicily, 1156.
    • 100. Letter of Adrian IV To Frederick, September 20, 1157.
    • 101. Manifesto of the Emperor, October, 1157.
    • 102. Letter of Adrian IV to the Emperor, February, 1158.
    • 103. Definition of Regalia or Crown Rights, Given at the Diet Held on the Roncalian Plain, 1158.
    • 104. Grounds for the Quarrel between Adrian IV and Frederick I. Letter of Eberhard, Bishop of Bamberg, to Eberhard, Archbishop of Salzburg, 1159.
    • 105. Letter of Alexander III about his Election, 1159.
    • 106. Letter of Victor IV to the German Princes, 1159.
    • 107. The Account of the Election as Given by Gerhoh of Reichersberg, ca. 1160.
    • 108. The Preliminary Treaty of Anagni between Alexander III and Frederick I, 1176.
    • 109. The Peace of Constance, January 25, 1183.
    • 110. The Formation of the Duchy of Austria, 1156.
    • 111. The Bishop of Würzburg is made a Duke, 1168.
    • 112. Decree of Gelnhausen, 1180.
    • 113. Papal Election Decree of Alexander III, 1179.
    • 114. Innocent III to Acerbius, 1198.
    • 115. The Use of the Pallium. Innocent III to the Archbishop of Trnova (in Bulgaria), 1201.
    • 116. Innocent III to the Archbishop of Auch in Gascony, 1198.
    • 117. Innocent III Commands all in Authority to aid his Legates in Destroying Heresy, 1198.
    • 118. Confiscation of the Property of Heretics. Innocent III to the King of Aragon, 1206.
    • 119. Innocent III Commands the French Bishops to Punish Usury, 1198.
    • 120. Innocent III Forbids Violence to the Jews, 1199.
    • 121. Innocent III to the Archbishop of Rouen, 1198.
    • 122. Innocent III to a Bishop, Forbidding Laymen to Demand Tithes of the Clergy, 1198.
    • 123. The Prefect of Rome Takes the Oath of Fidelity to the Pope, 1198.
    • 124. John of Ceccano’s Oath of Fidelity to Innocent III, 1201.
    • 125. Innocent III Commands the Archbishop of Messina to Receive the Oaths of Bailiffs in Sicily, 1203.
    • 126. Innocent III Commands the English Barons to pay their Accustomed Scutage to King John, 1206.
    • 127. Innocent III to Peter of Aragon, 1211.
    • 128. Innocent III Grants the Title of King to the Duke of Bohemia, 1204.
    • 129. Innocent III Rebukes the English Barons for Resisting King John of England, 1216.
    • 130. Decision of Innocent III in Regard to the Disputed Election of Frederick II, Philip of Suabia, and Otto of Brunswick, 1201.
    • 131. Treaty between Philip, King of Germany, and Philip II, King of France, 1198.
    • 132. Alliance between Otto IV and John of England, 1202.
    • 133. Concessions of Philip of Suabia to Innocent III, 1203.
    • 134. Promise of Frederick II to Innocent III, 1213.
    • 135. Promise of Frederick II to Resign Sicily After his Coronation as Emperor, 1216.
    • 136. Concessions of Frederick II to the Ecclesiastical Princes of Germany, 1220.
    • 137. Decision of the Diet Concerning the Granting of new Tolls and Mints, 1220.
    • 138. Frederick II Gives a Charter to the Patriarch of Aquileia, 1220.
    • 139. Statute of Frederick II in Favor of the Princes, 1231–2.
    • 140. The Preliminary Agreement.
    • 141. Papal Stipulations in the Peace of San Germano, 1230.
    • 142. Letter of Gregory IX about the Emperor’s Visit to him after the Peace of San Germano, 1230.
    • 143. Papal Charges and Imperial Defence, 1238.
    • 144. The Excommunication of Frederick II, 1239.
    • 145. Current Stories about Frederick II.
  • IV. THE EMPIRE FROM 1250 TO 1500
    • 146. Diet of Nürnberg, 1274.
    • 147. The German Princes Confirm Rudolf’s Surrender of all Imperial Claims in Italy, 1278–79.
    • 148. Revocation of Grants of Lands Belonging to the Imperial Domain, 1281.
    • 149. An Electoral "Letter of Consent," 1282.
    • 150. Letter of Rudolf to Edward I, King of England, Announcing his Intention of Investing his Sons with Austria, etc., 1283.
    • 151. Decree against Counterfeiters, 1285.
    • 152. The Beginning of the Swiss Confederation, 1290.
    • 152 a. Edict of Rudolf, Forbidding Judges of Servile Rank to Exercise Authority in Schwyz, 1291.
    • 153. Concessions of Adolf, Count of Nassau, to the Archbishop of Cologne in Return for his Vote, 1292.
    • 154. The Archbishop of Mainz is Confirmed as Archchancellor of Germany, 1298.
    • 155. Declaration of the Election of Henry VII, 1308.
    • 156. The Supplying of the Office of the Archchancellor of Italy, 1310.
    • 157. The Law "Licet Juris" of the Diet of Frankfort, August 8, 1338.
    • 158. Chronicle of Flanders. (French.)
    • 159. Chronicle of Henry Knyghton.
    • 160. The Golden Bull of Charles IV, 1356.
      • CHAPTER I.
      • CHAPTER II.
      • CHAPTER III.
      • CHAPTER IV.
      • CHAPTER V.
      • CHAPTER VI.
      • CHAPTER VII.
      • CHAPTER VIII.
      • CHAPTER IX.
      • CHAPTER X.
      • CHAPTER XI.
      • CHAPTER XII.
      • CHAPTER XIII.
      • CHAPTER XIV.
      • CHAPTER XV.
      • CHAPTER XVI.
      • CHAPTER XVII.
      • CHAPTER XVIII.
      • CHAPTER XIX.
      • CHAPTER XX.
      • CHAPTER XXI.
      • CHAPTER XXII.
      • CHAPTER XXIII.
      • CHAPTER XXIV.
      • CHAPTER XXV.
      • CHAPTER XXVI.
      • CHAPTER XXVII.
      • CHAPTER XXVIII.
      • CHAPTER XXIX.
      • CHAPTER XXX.
      • CHAPTER XXXI.
    • CHAPTER I.
    • CHAPTER II.
    • CHAPTER III.
    • CHAPTER IV.
    • CHAPTER V.
    • CHAPTER VI.
    • CHAPTER VII.
    • CHAPTER VIII.
    • CHAPTER IX.
    • CHAPTER X.
    • CHAPTER XI.
    • CHAPTER XII.
    • CHAPTER XIII.
    • CHAPTER XIV.
    • CHAPTER XV.
    • CHAPTER XVI.
    • CHAPTER XVII.
    • CHAPTER XVIII.
    • CHAPTER XIX.
    • CHAPTER XX.
    • CHAPTER XXI.
    • CHAPTER XXII.
    • CHAPTER XXIII.
    • CHAPTER XXIV.
    • CHAPTER XXV.
    • CHAPTER XXVI.
    • CHAPTER XXVII.
    • CHAPTER XXVIII.
    • CHAPTER XXIX.
    • CHAPTER XXX.
    • CHAPTER XXXI.
    • 160 a. The Cities of the Mark Make Complaints to Sigismund, 1411. (German.)
    • 160 b. Sigismund Orders the People of the Mark to Receive Frederick of Hohenzollern as their Governor, 1412. (German.)
  • V. THE CHURCH FROM 1250 TO 1500
    • 161. Bull of Nicholas III Condemning all Heretics, 1280.
    • 162. The Bull "Clericis Laicos" of Boniface VIII, 1298.
    • 163. Boniface VIII Announces the Jubilee Year, 1300.
    • 164. The Bull "Unam Sanctam" of Boniface VIII, 1302.
    • 165. Conclusions Drawn by Marsilius of Padua from his "Defensor Pacis."
    • 166. Condemnation of Marsilius of Padua. 1327.
    • 167. The Beginning of the Schism. The Manifesto of the Revolting Cardinals. Aug. 5, 1378.
    • 168. The University of Paris and the Schism, 1393.
    • 169. The Council of Pisa Declares it is Competent to Try the Popes. 1409.
    • 170. An Oath of the Cardinals to Reform the Church. Council of Pisa, 1409.
    • 171. The Council of Constance Claims Supreme Authority, 1415.
    • 172. Reforms Demanded by the Council of Constance, 1417.
    • 173. Concerning General Councils. The Council of Constance, 39th Session, October 9, 1417.
    • 174. Pius II, by the Bull "Execrabilis," Condemns Appeals to a General Council, 1459.
    • 175. William III of Saxony Forbids Appeals to Foreign Courts, 1446.
    • 176. Papal Charter for the Establishment of the University of Avignon, 1303.
    • 177. Popular Dissatisfaction that the Church had so much Wealth, ca. 1480.
    • 178. Complaints of the Germans against the Pope, 1510.
    • 179. Abuses in the Sale of Indulgences, 1512.
  • VI. FEUDALISM
    • 180. Form for the Creation of an Antrustio by the King.
    • 181. Form for the Suspending of Lawsuits.
    • 182. Form for Commendation. Middle of Eighth Century.
    • 183. Form by which the King Allows a Powerful Person to Undertake the Cases of a Poor Person.
    • 184. Form for the Gift of Land to a Church to be Received back by the Giver as a Benefice.
    • 185. Form for a Precarial Letter.
    • 186. Form of Precarial Letter.
    • 187. Form of Precarial Letter.
    • 188. Gift of Land to be Received back and Held in Perpetuity for a Fixed Rent.
    • 189. Treaty of Andelot, 587.
    • 190. Precept of Chlothar II, 584–628.
    • 191. Grant of Immunity to a Monastery, 673.
    • 192. Form of a Grant of Immunity to a Monastery.
    • 193. Form by which the King Granted Lands with Immunity to Secular Persons.
    • 194. Grant of Immunity to a Secular Person, 815.
    • 195. Edict of Chlothar II, 614.
    • 196. Capitulary of Kiersy, 877.
    • 197. Capitulary of Lestinnes, 743.
    • 198. Capitulary of Aquitaine, Pippin, 768.
    • 199. Capitulary of Heristal, 779.
    • 200. General Capitulary to the Missi, 802.
    • 201. Capitulary to the Missi, 806.
    • 202. Capitulary Concerning Various Matters, 807.
    • 203. General Capitulary to the Missi, 805.
    • 204. Capitulary of 811.
    • 205. Capitulary of Worms, 829.
    • 206. Capitulary of Aachen, 801–813.
    • 207. Agreement of Lothar, Ludwig, and Charles, 847.
    • 208. Capitulary of Bologna, 811.
    • 209. Homage.
    • 210. Homage.
    • 211. Homage.
    • 212. Homage.
    • 213. Homage.
    • 214. Homage of Edward III of England to Philip V of France, 1329.
    • 215. Feudal Aids.
    • 216. Feudal Aids.
    • 217. Feudal Aids, etc.
    • 218. Homage to the Duke of Burgundy, 1143.
    • 219. Homage to Philip II of France, 1198.
    • 220. Homage to the Duke of Burgundy, 1200.
    • 221. Letter of Blanche.
    • 222. Letter of the King.
    • 223. Homage to the Bishop of Langres, 1214.
    • 224. Homage to the Bishop of Châlons, 1214.
    • 225. Homage to the Abbot of St. Denis, 1226.
    • 226. List of the Fiefs of Champagne, about 1172.
    • 227. Sum of the Knights [who owe Service to the Count of Champagne].
    • 228. Extent of the Lands of the County of Champagne and Brie, about 1215.
      • 1. Troyes.
      • 4. Nogent-sur-Seine.
    • 1. Troyes.
    • 4. Nogent-sur-Seine.
    • 229. The Feudal Law of Conrad II, 1037.
    • 230. The Feudal Law of Frederick I for Italy, 1158.
  • VII. COURTS, JUDICIAL PROCESSES, AND THE PEACE
    • 231. Sachsenspiegel.
    • 232. Frederic II Appoints a Justiciar and a Court Secretary, 1235. From the Peace of the Land which was Proclaimed at Mainz, 1235.
    • 233. Wenzel Creates a Commission to Arbitrate all Differences, 1389. From the Peace of Eger, 1389. (German.)
    • 234. Ordeal by Hot Water.
    • 235. Ordeal by Hot Iron.
    • 236. Ordeal by Cold Water.
    • 237. Ordeal by Cold Water.
    • 238. Ordeal by the Barley Bread.
    • 239. Ordeal by Bread and Cheese.
    • 240. Peace of God, Proclaimed in the Synod of Charroux, 989.
    • 241. Peace of God, Proclaimed by Guy of Anjou, Bishop of Puy, 990.
    • 242. Truce of God, made for the Archbishopric of Arles, 1035–41.
    • 243. Truce of God for the Archbishoprics of Besancon and Vienne, ca., 1041.
    • 244. Truce for the Bishopric of Terouanne, 1063.
    • 245. Peace of the Land Established by Henry IV, 1103.
    • 246. Peace of the Land for Elsass, 1085–1103.
    • 247. Decree of Frederick I Concerning the Keeping of Peace, 1156.
    • 248. Peace of the Land Declared by Frederick I in Italy, 1158.
    • 249. The Perpetual Peace of the Land Proclaimed by Maximilian I, 1495. (German.)
    • 250. The Establishment of a Supreme Court to Try Peace-breakers, 1495. (German.)
  • VIII. MONASTICISM
    • 251. The Rule of St. Benedict. About 530.
    • 252. Oath of the Benedictines.
    • 253. Monk’s Vow.
    • 254. Monk’s Vow.
    • 255. Monk’s Vow.
    • 256. Monk’s Vow.
    • 257. The Written Profession of a Monk.
    • 258. The Ceremony of Receiving a Monk into the Monastery.
    • 259. Offering of a Child to the Monastery.
    • 260. Offering of a Child to the Monastery.
    • 261. Commendatory Letter.
    • 262. Commendatory Letter.
    • 263. General Letter.
    • 264. Letter of Dismissal.
    • 265. The Regular Clergy. Prologue of the Rule of St. Chrodegang, Bishop of Metz, for His Clergy, ca. 744.
    • 265 a. Military-monkish Orders. The Origin of the Templars, 1119.
    • 266. Anastasius IV Grants Privileges to the Knights of St. John (Hospitallers), 1154.
    • 267. Innocent III Orders the Bishops of France to Guard against Simony in the Monasteries, 1211.
    • 268. Innocent III Grants the Use of the Mitre to the Abbot of Marseilles, 1204.
    • 269. The Friars. The Rule of St. Francis, 1223.
    • 270. The Testament of St. Francis, 1220.
    • 271. Innocent IV Grants the Friars Permission to Ride on Horseback when Travelling in the Service of the King of England, 1250.
    • 272. Alexander IV Condemns the Attacks made on the Friars because of Their Idleness and Begging, 1256.
    • 273. John XXII Condemns the Theses of John of Poilly in which He Attacked the Friars, 1320.
  • IX. THE CRUSADES
    • 274. The Meritorious Character of Martyrdom. Origen, Exhortation to Martyrdom, 235 A.D., Chaps. 30 and 50. (Greek.)
    • 275. Origen, Commentary on Numbers, Homily X, 2. (Greek.)
    • 276. Forgiveness of Sins for Those who Die in Battle with the Heathen. Leo IV (847–55) to the Army of the Franks.
    • 277. Indulgence for Fighting Heathen, 878.
    • 278. Gregory VII Calls for a Crusade, 1074.
    • 279. The Speech of Urban II at the Council of Clermont, 1095. Fulcher of Chartres.
    • 280. The Council of Clermont, 1095. Robert the Monk.
    • 281. The Truce of God and Indulgence for Crusaders. The Council of Clermont, 1095.
    • 282. Rabble Bands of Crusaders. Ekkehard of Aura, Hierosolimita.
    • 283. Peter the Hermit. Anonymi Gesta Francorum, 1097–99.
    • 284. Eugene III Announces a Crusade, December 1, 1145.
    • 285. The Third Crusade, 1189–90. From the Chronicle of Otto of St. Blasien.
    • 286. Innocent III Forbids the Venetians to Traffic with the Mohammedans, 1198.
    • 287. Papal Protection of Crusaders. Innocent III Takes the King of the Danes under his Protection, 1210.
    • 288. Innocent III and the Lateran Council Announce a Crusade, 1215.
  • X. SOCIAL CLASSES AND CITIES IN GERMANY
    • 289. Otto III Forbids the Unfree Classes to Attempt to Free Themselves, ca. 1000.
    • 290. Henry I Frees a Serf, 926.
    • 291. Henry III Frees a Female Serf, 1050.
    • 292. The Recovery of Fugitive Serfs, 1224.
    • 293. The Rank of Children Born of Mixed Marriages is Fixed, 1282.
    • 294. Frederick II Confers Nobility, about 1240.
    • 295. Charles IV Confers Nobility on a Doctor of Both Laws, 1360.
    • 296. The Law of the Family of the Bishop of Worms, 1023.
    • 297. The Charter of the Ministerials of the Archbishop of Cologne, 1154.
    • 298. The Bishop of Hamburg Grants a Charter to Colonists, 1106.
    • 299. The Privilege of Frederick I for the Jews, 1157.
    • 300. The Bishop of Speyer Gives the Jews of His City a Charter, 1084.
    • 301. Lothar II (855–69) Grants a Market to the Monastery of Prüm, 861.
    • 302. Otto I Grants a Market to an Archbishop, 965.
    • 303. Otto III Grants a Market to Count Bertold, 999.
    • 304. No One shall Compel Merchants to Come to His Market, 1236.
    • 305. A Market-court is Independent of the Local Court, 1218.
    • 306. Otto I Grants Jurisdiction over a Town to the Abbots of New Corvey, 940.
    • 307. The Ban-mile, or the Limits of the Bishop’s Authority, 1237.
    • 308. The Citizens of Cologne Expel Their Archbishop, 1074.
    • 309. The People of Cologne Rebel against Their Archbishop, 1074.
    • 310. Confirmation of the Immediateness of the Citizens of Speyer, 1267.
    • 311. Summons Sent to an Imperial City to Attend a Diet, 1338.
    • 312. Municipal Freedom is Given to the Town Called Ebenbuchholtz, 1201.
    • 313. The Extension of the Corporate Limits of the City of Brunswick, 1269.
    • 314. The Decision of a Diet about the Establishment of City Councils in Cathedral Towns, 1218.
    • 315. Frederick II Forbids the Municipal Freedom of the Towns and Annuls all City Charters, 1231–2.
    • 316. Breslau Adopts the Charter of Magdeburg, 1261. (German.)
    • 317. The Schoeffen of Magdeburg give Decisions for Culm, 1338. (German.)
    • 318. The Establishment of the Rhine League, 1254.
    • 319. Peace Established by the Rhine League, 1254.
    • 320. Agreement between Hamburg and Lübeck, ca. 1230.
    • 321. Agreement for Mutual Protection between Lübeck and Hamburg, 1241.
    • 322. Lübeck, Rostock, and Wismar Proscribe Pirates, 1259.
    • 323. Decrees of the Hanseatic League, 1260–64.
    • 324. Decrees of the Hanseatic League, 1265.
    • 325. Cologne Merchants have a Gildhall in London, 1157.
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • GLOSSARY
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      • Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning (Information Science and Statistics)
        by Christopher M. Bishop
        Data mining
        by I. H. Witten
        The Elements of Statistical Learning: Data Mining, Inference, and Prediction
        by Various
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      • CK-12 Chemistry
        by Various
        Concept Development Studies in Chemistry
        by John Hutchinson
        An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First
        by Mark Bishop
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      • Microsoft Word - How to Use Advanced Algebra II.doc
        by Jonathan Emmons
        Advanced Algebra II: Activities and Homework
        by Kenny Felder
        de2de
        by
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      • The Sun Who Lost His Way
        by
        Tania is a Detective
        by Kanika G
        Firenze_s-Light
        by
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      • Java 3D Programming
        by Daniel Selman
        The Java EE 6 Tutorial
        by Oracle Corporation
        JavaKid811
        by
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