The Wild Flowers of California: Their Names, Haunts, and Habits
Free

The Wild Flowers of California: Their Names, Haunts, and Habits

By Mary Elizabeth Parsons
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • THE WILD FLOWERS
  • OF CALIFORNIA
    • THEIR NAMES, HAUNTS, AND HABITS
    • BY
  • MARY ELIZABETH PARSONS
    • ILLUSTRATED BY
  • MARGARET WARRINER BUCK
    • THIRD THOUSAND
      • WILLIAM DOXEY
      • AT THE SIGN OF THE LARK
      • SAN FRANCISCO
      • 1897
  • TABLE OF CONTENTS
  • PREFACE
  • TABLE OF PLATES
  • HOW TO USE THE BOOK
  • EXPLANATION OF TERMS
    • ROOTS
    • STEMS
    • LEAVES
    • VENATION
    • FORM
    • THE APEX
    • THE MARGIN
    • TEXTURE
    • ARRANGEMENT
    • INFLORESCENCE
    • THE INDIVIDUAL FLOWER
    • THE STAMEN
    • THE PISTIL
    • THE FRUIT
  • IMPORTANT PLANT FAMILIES AND GENERA
    • FAMILIES
    • GENERA
    • FOOTNOTE
  • INTRODUCTORY
  • PRELUDE
  • FLOWER DESCRIPTIONS
    • A FANCY
  • White or occasionally or partially white flowers not described
  • in the White Section.
    • TOOTHWORT. PEPPER-ROOT. SPRING-BLOSSOM.
      • Dentaria Californica, Nutt. Mustard Family.
    • ZYGADENE.
      • Zygadenus Fremonti, Michx. Lily Family.
    • POISON-OAK.
      • Rhus diversiloba, Torr. and Gray. Poison-Oak or Cashew Family.
    • WAKE-ROBIN.
      • Trillium ovatum, Pursh. Lily Family.
    • BEACH-STRAWBERRY.
      • Fragaria Chilensis, Ehrhart. Rose Family.
    • MANZANITA. BEARBERRY.
      • Arctostaphylos manzanita, Parry. Heath Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN SAXIFRAGE.
      • Saxifraga Californica, Greene. Saxifrage Family.
    • MINER'S LETTUCE. INDIAN LETTUCE.
      • Montia perfoliata, Howell. Purslane Family.
    • WOOD ANEMONE. WIND-FLOWER.
      • Anemone quinquefolia, L. Buttercup or Crowfoot Family.
    • OSO-BERRY.
      • Nuttallia cerasiformis, Torr. and Gray. Rose Family
    • WILD DATE. SPANISH BAYONET.
      • Yucca Mohavensis, Sargent. Lily Family.
    • FALSE SOLOMON'S SEAL.
      • Smilacina sessilifolia, Nutt. Lily Family.
    • MIST-MAIDENS.
      • Romanzoffia Sitchensis, Bongard. Baby-eyes or Water leaf Family.
    • STRAWBERRY CACTUS.
    • CALIFORNIAN FISH-HOOK CACTUS. LLAVINA.
      • Mamillaria Goodridgii, Scheer. Cactus Family.
    • THIMBLE-BERRY.
      • Rubus Nutkanus, Mocino. Rose Family.
    • COMMON WILD PEA.
      • Lathyrus vestitus, Nutt. Pea Family.
    • WILD CUCUMBER. BIG-ROOT. CHILICOTHE.
      • Echinocystis fabacea, Naudin. Gourd Family.
    • WHITE LAYIA. WHITE DAISY.
      • Layia glandulosa, Hook. and Arn. Composite Family.
    • BED-STRAW. GOOSE-GRASS. CLEAVERS.
      • Galium Aparine, L. Madder Family.
    • MOUNTAIN HEART'S-EASE.
      • Viola Beckwithii, Torr. and Gray. Violet Family.
    • POP-CORN FLOWER.
    • WHITE FORGET-ME-NOT. NIEVITAS.
      • Borage Family.
    • WHIPPLEA.
      • Whipplea modesta, Torr. Saxifrage Family.
    • WOODLAND STAR OF BETHLEHEM.
      • Tellima affinis, Bolander. Saxifrage Family.
    • WILD BUCKWHEAT.
      • Eriogonum fasciculatum, Bentham. Buckwheat Family.
    • SIERRA PLUM. WILD PLUM.
      • Prunus subcordata, Benth. Rose Family.
    • ELLISIA.
      • Ellisia chrysanthemifolia, Benth. Baby-eyes or Waterleaf Family.
    • MADROÑO. MADRONE.
      • Arbutus Menziesii, Pursh. Heath Family.
    • WILD WHITE LILAC.
      • Ceanothus velutinus, Dougl. Buckthorn Family.
    • WHITE NEMOPHILA.
      • Nemophila atomaria, Fisch. and Mey. Baby-eyes or Waterleaf Family.
    • RATTLE-WEED. LOCO-WEED.
      • Astragalus leucopsis, Torr. and Gray. Pea Family.
    • WILD MORNING-GLORY.
      • Convolvulus luteolus, Gray. Morning-Glory Family.
    • WOOD-BALM. PITCHER-SAGE.
      • Sphacele calycina, Benth. Mint Family.
    • YUCCA-PALM. TREE-YUCCA. JOSHUA-TREE.
      • Yucca arborescens, Trelease. Lily Family.
    • COMMON ELDER.
      • Sambucus glauca, Nutt. Honeysuckle Family.
    • COULTER'S SNAPDRAGON.
      • Antirrhinum Coulterianum, Benth. Figwort Family.
    • HELIOTROPE.
      • Heliotropium Curassavicum, L. Borage Family.
    • HOREHOUND.
      • Marrubium vulgare, Linn. Mint Family.
    • WHITE EVENING PRIMROSE.
      • Œnothera Californica, Watson. Evening-Primrose Family.
    • EVENING SNOW.
      • Gilia dichotoma, Benth. Phlox or Polemonium Family.
    • HEART'S-EASE.
      • Viola ocellata, Torr. and Gray. Violet Family.
    • ICE-PLANT.
      • Mesembryanthemum crystallinum, L. Fig-Marigold Family.
    • SQUAW-GRASS. SOUR-GRASS. TURKEY-BEARD.
      • Xerophyllum tenax, Nutt. Lily Family.
    • WHITE OWL'S CLOVER.
      • Orthocarpus versicolor, Greene. Figwort Family.
    • HAIRBELL. LANTERN OF THE FAIRIES.
    • WHITE GLOBE-TULIP.
      • Calochortus albus, Dougl. Lily Family.
    • TOLGUACHA. LARGE-FLOWERED DATURA.
      • Datura meteloides, DC. Nightshade Family.
    • YERBA SANTA. MOUNTAIN BALM.
    • ALUM-ROOT.
      • Heuchera micrantha, Dougl. Saxifrage Family.
    • CHAMISAL. CHAMISO. GREASEWOOD.
      • Adenostoma fasciculatum, Hook. and Arn. Rose Family.
    • HOLLY-LEAVED CHERRY. ISLAY.
      • Prunus ilicifolia, Walp. Rose Family.
    • YERBA BUENA.
      • Micromeria Douglasii, Benth. Mint Family.
    • MATILIJA POPPY.
      • Romneya Coulteri, Harv. Poppy Family.
    • WHITE SAGE. GREASEWOOD.
      • Audibertia polystachya, Benth. Mint Family.
    • CASCARA SAGRADA. CALIFORNIA COFFEE.
      • Rhamnus Californica, Esch. Buckthorn Family.
    • EVERLASTING FLOWER. CUDWEED.
    • LADY'S TOBACCO.
      • Gnaphalium decurrens, Ives. Composite Family
    • CALIFORNIAN BUCKEYE.
    • CALIFORNIAN HORSE-CHESTNUT.
      • Æsculus Californica, Nutt. Maple or Soapberry Family.
    • PUSSY'S-PAWS.
      • Spraguea umbellata, Torr. Purslane Family.
    • SPANISH BAYONET. OUR LORD'S CANDLE.
      • Yucca Whipplei, Torr. Lily Family.
    • RUBY LILY. CHAPARRAL LILY. REDWOOD LILY.
      • Lilium rubescens, Wats. Lily Family.
      • Hab.—The Coast Ranges, from Marin County to Humboldt County.
    • THISTLE-POPPY. CHICALOTE.
      • Argemone platyceras, Link and Otto. Poppy Family.
    • Malacothrix saxatilis, Torr. and Gray. Composite Family.
    • SALAL. WINTERGREEN.
      • Gaultheria Shallon, Pursh. Heath Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN SPIKENARD.
      • Aralia Californica, Wats. Ginseng Family.
    • YERBA MANSA.
      • Anemopsis Californica, Hook. Yerba Mansa Family.
    • SHEPHERD'S PURSE.
      • Capsella Bursa-pastoris, Medic. Mustard Family.
    • MARIPOSA TULIP.
      • Calochortus venustus, Benth. (and varieties). Lily Family.
    • COMMON NIGHTSHADE.
      • Solanum nigrum, L. Nightshade Family.
    • BUTTERFLY TULIP.
      • Calochortus luteus, var. oculatus, Wats. Lily Family.
    • WESTERN BOYKINIA.
      • Boykinia occidentalis, Torr. and Gray. Saxifrage Family.
    • SOAP-PLANT. AMOLE.
      • Chlorogalum pomeridianum, Kunth. Lily Family.
    • MOUNTAIN BIRCH. WHITE TEA-TREE. SOAP-BUSH.
      • Ceanothus integerrimus, Hook. and Arn. Buckthorn Family.
    • COMMON WHITE LUPINE.
      • Lupinus densiflorus, Benth. Pea Family.
    • MEADOW-SWEET.
      • Spiræa discolor, Pursh. Rose Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN AZALEA.
      • Rhododendron occidentale, Gray. Heath Family.
    • AMERICAN BARRENWORT.
      • Vancouveria parviflora, Greene. Barberry Family.
    • SERVICE-BERRY. JUNE-BERRY.
      • Amelanchier alnifolia, Nutt. Rose Family.
    • CHRISTMAS-BERRY. CALIFORNIAN HOLLY. TOYON.
      • Heteromeles arbutifolia, Rœmer. Rose Family.
    • VIRGIN'S BOWER. CLEMATIS.
      • Clematis ligusticifolia, Nutt. Buttercup or Crowfoot Family.
    • LADIES' TRESSES.
      • Spiranthes Romanzoffianum, Cham. Orchis Family.
    • TARWEED. MOUNTAIN MISERY.
      • Chamæbatia foliolosa, Benth. Rose Family.
    • LARGE-FLOWERED DOGWOOD.
      • Cornus Nuttallii, Audubon. Dogwood Family.
    • MILK-WHITE REIN-ORCHIS.
      • Habenaria leucostachys, Wats. Orchis Family.
    • JAMESTOWN-WEED. JIMSON-WEED. THORN-APPLE. COMMON STRAMONIUM.
      • Datura Stramonium, L. Nightshade Family.
    • YARROW. MILFOIL.
      • Achillea Millefolium, L. Composite Family.
    • RATTLESNAKE PLANTAIN.
      • Goodyera Menziesii, Lindl. Orchis Family.
    • BUTTON-BUSH. BUTTON-WILLOW.
      • Cephalanthus occidentalis, L. Madder Family.
    • WHITE-VEINED SHINLEAF.
      • Pyrola picta, Smith. Heath Family.
    • PEARLY EVERLASTING FLOWER.
      • Anaphalis Margaritacea, Benth. Composite Family.
    • WASHINGTON LILY. SHASTA LILY.
      • Lilium Washingtonianum, Kell. Lily Family.
    • LABRADOR TEA.
      • Ledum glandulosum, Nutt. Heath Family.
    • PIPSISSIWA. PRINCE'S PINE.
      • Chimaphila Menziesii, Spreng. Heath Family.
    • GROUNDSEL-TREE.
      • Baccharis pilularis, DC. Composite Family.
    • LARGE WHITE MOUNTAIN DAISY.
      • Erigeron Coulteri, T.C. Porter. Composite Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN FALSE HELLEBORE.
      • Veratrum Californicum, Durand. Lily Family.
  • II. YELLOW
    • SUN-CUPS.
      • Œnothera ovata, Nutt. Evening-Primrose Family.
    • COMMON BUTTERCUP.
      • Ranunculus Californicus, Benth. Buttercup or Crowfoot Family.
    • CREAM-CUPS.
      • Platystemon Californicus, Benth. Poppy Family.
    • COPA DE ORO. CALIFORNIA POPPY. TOROSA.
      • Eschscholtzia Californica, Cham. Poppy Family.
    • MOCK-ORANGE. GOURD. CHILI-COJOTE. CALABAZILLA.
      • Cucurbita fœtidissima, HBK. Gourd Family.
    • WATER-HOLLY. MAHONIA.
      • Berberis nervosa, Pursh. Barberry Family.
    • TREE-POPPY.
      • Dendromecon rigidum, Benth. Poppy Family.
    • YELLOW PANSY.
      • Viola pedunculata, Torr. and Gray. Violet Family.
    • TWIN-BERRY.
      • Lonicera involucrata, Banks. Honeysuckle Family.
    • OREGON GRAPE. HOLLY-LEAVED BARBERRY. MAHONIA.
      • Berberis Aquifolium, Pursh. Barberry Family.
    • SUNSHINE. FLY-FLOWER.
      • Bæria gracilis, Gray. Composite Family.
    • MEADOW-FOAM.
      • Flœrkia Douglasii, Baillon. Geranium Family.
    • PIMPERNEL. POOR-MAN'S WEATHER-GLASS.
      • Anagallis arvensis, L. Primrose Family.
      • Encelia Californica, Nutt. Composite Family.
    • YELLOW FORGET-ME-NOT. WOOLLY-BREECHES.
      • Amsinckia, Lehm. Borage Family.
    • TREE-TOBACCO.
      • Nicotiana glauca, Graham. Nightshade Family.
    • WIND-POPPY. BLOOD-DROP. FLAMING POPPY.
      • Meconopsis heterophylla, Benth. Poppy Family.
    • WHISPERING BELLS.
      • Emmenanthe penduliflora, Benth. Baby-eyes or Waterleaf Family.
    • YELLOW STAR TULIP.
      • Calochortus Benthami, Baker. Lily Family.
    • CREAM-COLORED WALL-FLOWER.
      • Erysimum grandiflorum, Nutt. Mustard Family.
    • BUR-CLOVER.
      • Medicago denticulata, Willd. Pea Family.
    • COMMON MONKEY-FLOWER.
      • Mimulus luteus, L. Figwort Family.
      • Œnothera bistorta, Nutt. Evening-Primrose Family.
    • FAWN-LILY. DOG'S-TOOTH VIOLET. CHAMISE-LILY.
      • Erythronium giganteum, Lindl. Lily Family.
    • STICKY MONKEY-FLOWER.
      • Mimulus glutinosus, Wend. Figwort Family.
    • CREEPING WOOD-VIOLET.
      • Viola sarmentosa, Dougl. Violet Family.
    • COMMON BLACK MUSTARD.
      • Brassica nigra, Koch. Mustard Family.
    • ECHEVERIA.
      • Cotyledon lanceolata, Benth. and Hook. Stonecrop or Orpine Family.
    • HEN-AND-CHICKENS.
      • Cotyledon Californicum, Trelease. Stonecrop or Orpine Family.
    • BLADDERPOD.
      • Isomeris arborea, Nutt. Caper Family.
    • YELLOW GLOBE-TULIP. DIOGENES' LANTERN. GOLDEN LILY-BELL.
      • Calochortus pulchellus, Dougl. Lily Family.
    • YELLOW SAND-VERBENA.
      • Abronia latifolia, Esch. Four-o'clock Family.
    • SEA-DAHLIA.
      • Leptosyne maritima, Gray. Composite Family.
    • FALSE LUPINE.
      • Thermopsis Californica, Wats. Pea Family.
    • TIDY-TIPS. YELLOW DAISY.
      • Layia platyglossa, Gray. Composite Family.
    • GOLDEN BUTTERFLY-TULIP.
      • Calochortus clavatus, Wats. Lily Family.
      • Malacothrix Californica, DC. Composite Family.
    • BUTTER-AND-EGGS.
      • Orthocarpus erianthus, Benth. Figwort Family.
    • BRASS BUTTONS.
      • Cotula coronopifolia, L. Composite Family.
    • DEER-WEED. WILD BROOM.
      • Hosackia glabra, Torr. Pea Family.
    • TREFOIL SUMACH. FRAGRANT SUMACH. SQUAW-BERRY.
      • Rhus Canadensis, var. trilobata, Gray. Poison-Oak or Cashew Family.
    • GOLDEN STARS.
      • Bloomeria aurea, Kell. Lily Family.
    • YELLOW SWEET CLOVER.
      • Melilotus parviflora, Desf. Pea Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN COMPASS-PLANT. SUNFLOWER.
      • Wyethia angustifolia, Nutt. Composite Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN SLIPPERY-ELM.
      • Fremontia Californica, Torr. Hand-tree Family.
    • DODDER. LOVE-VINE. GOLDEN-THREAD.
      • Cuscuta, Tourn. Morning-Glory Family.
    • LARGE YELLOW LUPINE.
      • Lupinus arboreus, Sims. Pea Family.
    • ST. JOHN'S-WORT.
      • Hypericum concinnum, Benth. St. John's-wort Family.
    • GOLDEN DICENTRA.
      • Dicentra chrysantha, Hook. and Arn. Bleeding-heart Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN DANDELION.
      • Troximon grandiflorum, Gray. Composite Family.
      • Hosackia bicolor, Dougl. Pea Family.
    • SKUNK-CABBAGE.
      • Lysichiton Camtschatcensis, Schott. Arum Family.
    • BLAZING-STAR.
      • Mentzelia lævicaulis, Torr. and Gray. Loasa or Blazing-star Family.
    • STONECROP.
      • Sedum spathulifolium, Hook. Stonecrop or Orpine Family.
    • PRICKLY-PEAR. TUNA.
      • Opuntia Engelmanni, Salm. Cactus Family.
    • VENEGASIA.
      • Venegasia carpesioides, DC. Composite Family.
    • FALSE PIMPERNEL.
      • Hypericum anagalloides, Cham. and Schlecht. St. John's-wort Family.
    • CANCER-ROOT. NAKED BROOM-RAPE.
      • Aphyllon fasciculatum, Gray. Broom-rape Family.
    • YELLOW MARIPOSA TULIP.
      • Calochortus luteus, Dougl. Lily Family.
    • SILVER-WEED. CINQUEFOIL.
      • Potentilla Anserina, L. Rose Family.
    • COMMON EVENING PRIMROSE.
      • Œnothera biennis, L. Evening-Primrose Family.
    • GUM-PLANT. RESIN-WEED. AUGUST-FLOWER.
      • Grindelia cuneifolia, Nutt. Composite Family.
    • SULPHUR-FLOWER.
      • Eriogonum umbellatum, Torr. Buckwheat Family.
    • WILD BOUVARDIA.
      • Gilia grandiflora, Gray. Phlox or Polemonium Family.
    • LITTLE ALPINE LILY.
      • Lilium parvum, Kell. Lily Family.
    • GOLDEN YARROW.
      • Eriophyllum confertiflorum, Gray. Composite Family.
    • TARWEED. WILD COREOPSIS.
      • Madia elegans, Don. Composite Family.
    • LEOPARD-LILY. TIGER-LILY.
      • Lilium pardalinum, Kell. Lily Family.
    • YELLOW POND-LILY.
      • Nuphar polysepalum, Engelm. Water-Lily Family.
    • HUMBOLDT'S LILY. TIGER-LILY.
      • Lilium Humboldtii, Roezl and Leichtlin. Lily Family.
    • COMMON SUNFLOWER.
      • Helianthus annuus, L. Composite Family.
    • PINE-DROPS.
      • Pterospora andromedea, Nutt. Heath Family.
    • TARWEED.
      • Hemizonia luzulæfolia, DC. Composite Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN GOLDENROD.
      • Solidago Californica, Nutt. Composite Family.
    • MOTH-MULLEIN.
      • Verbascum Blattaria, L. Figwort Family.
    • WESTERN GOLDENROD.
      • Solidago occidentalis, Nutt. Composite Family.
    • CREOSOTE-BUSH. GOBERNADORA. HIDEONDO.
      • Larrea Mexicana, Moricand. Creosote-Bush Family.
  • III. PINK
    • [Pink or occasionally or partially pink flowers not described in
    • the Pink Section.
    • RED-STEMMED FILAREE. ALFILERILLA. CLOCKS. PIN-CLOVER.
      • Erodium cicutarium, L'Her. Geranium Family.
    • REDWOOD-SORREL.
      • Oxalis Oregana, Nutt. Geranium Family.
    • ROCK-CRESS.
      • Arabis blepharophylla, Hook. and Arn. Mustard Family.
    • WILD HOLLYHOCK.
      • Sidalcea malvæflora, Gray. Mallow Family.
    • REDBUD. JUDAS-TREE.
      • Cercis occidentalis, Torr. Pea Family.
    • HUCKLEBERRY.
      • Vaccinium ovatum, Pursh. Heath Family.
    • STAR-FLOWER. CHICKWEED-WINTERGREEN.
      • Trientalis Europæa, var. latifolia, Torr. Primrose Family.
    • CLINTONIA.
      • Clintonia Andrewsiana, Torr. Lily Family.
    • LEMONADE-BERRY. MAHOGANY.
      • Rhus integrifolia, Benth. and Hook. Poison-oak or Cashew Family.
    • SHOOTING-STARS. WILD CYCLAMEN. MAD VIOLETS.
      • Dodecatheon Meadia, L. Primrose Family.
    • PRICKLY PHLOX.
      • Gilia Californica, Benth. Phlox or Polemonium Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN FOUR-O'CLOCK.
      • Mirabilis Californica, Gray. Four-o'clock Family.
    • BEACH MORNING-GLORY.
      • Convolvulus Soldanella, L. Morning-glory Family.
    • CALYPSO.
      • Calypso borealis, Salisb. Orchis Family.
    • WILD PORTULACA.
      • Calandrinia caulescens, HBK.; var. Menziesii, Gray. Purslane Family.
    • THE PRIDE OF CALIFORNIA.
      • Lathyrus splendens, Kell. Pea Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN WILD CURRANT. INCENSE-SHRUB.
      • Ribes glutinosum, Benth. Saxifrage Family.
    • GROUND-PINK. FRINGED GILIA.
      • Gilia dianthoides, Endl. Phlox or Polemonium Family.
    • COMMON FLEABANE.
      • Erigeron Philadelphicus, L. Sunflower Family.
    • TURKISH RUGGING.
      • Chorizanthe staticoides, Benth. Buckwheat Family.
    • CANCHALAGUA. CALIFORNIAN CENTAURY.
      • Erythræa venusta, Gray. Gentian Family.
    • FALSE MALLOW.
      • Malvastrum Thurberi, Gray. Mallow Family.
    • MESEMBRYANTHEMUM. FIG-MARIGOLD.
      • Mesembryanthemum æquilaterale, Haworth. Fig-marigold Family.
      • Gilia androsacea, Steud. Phlox or Polemonium Family.
      • Mimulus Douglasii, Gray. Figwort Family.
    • BITTER-ROOT. SPAT'LUM. TOBACCO-ROOT.
      • Lewisia rediviva, Pursh. Purslane Family.
    • SPINELESS TUNA.
      • Opuntia basilaris, var. ramosa, Parish. Cactus Family.
    • SNOW-BERRY.
      • Symphoricarpos racemosus, Michx. Honeysuckle Family.
    • TREE-MALLOW.
      • Lavatera assurgentiflora, Kell. Mallow Family.
    • WILD HONEYSUCKLE.
      • Lonicera hispidula, Dougl. Honeysuckle Family.
    • PINK PAINT-BRUSH. ESCOBITA.
      • Orthocarpus purpurascens, Benth. Figwort Family.
    • CLARKIA.
      • Clarkia elegans, Dougl. Evening-Primrose Family.
    • CHAPARRAL PEA.
      • Pickeringia montana, Nutt. Pea Family.
    • HEDGE-NETTLE.
      • Stachys bullata, Benth. Mint Family.
    • TWINING HYACINTH.
      • Brodiæa volubilis, Baker. Lily Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN ROSE-BAY.
      • Rhododendron Californicum, Hook. Heath Family.
    • COMMON WILD ROSE.
      • Rosa Californica, Cham. and Schlecht. Rose Family.
    • BEAUTIFUL CLARKIA.
      • Clarkia concinna (F. and M.), Greene. Evening-Primrose Family.
    • SPREADING DOGBANE.
      • Apocynum androsæmifolium, L. Dogbane Family.
    • FIRECRACKER FLOWER.
      • Brodiæa coccinea, Gray. Lily Family.
    • GODETIA. FAREWELL TO SPRING.
      • Godetia viminea, Spach. Evening-Primrose Family.
    • BLEEDING-HEART.
      • Dicentra formosa, DC. Bleeding-heart Family.
    • INDIAN RHUBARB. UMBRELLA-PLANT.
      • Saxifraga peltata, Torr. Saxifrage Family.
    • GREAT WILLOW-HERB. FIREWEED.
      • Epilobium spicatum, Lam. Evening-Primrose Family.
    • ALPINE HEATHER.
      • Bryanthus Breweri, Gray. Heath Family.
      • Silene Gallica, L. Pink Family.
    • ALPINE PHLOX.
      • Phlox Douglasii, Hook. Phlox or Polemonium Family.
    • PINK MONKEY-FLOWER.
      • Mimulus Lewisii, Pursh. Figwort Family.
    • SIERRA PRIMROSE.
      • Primula suffrutescens, Gray. Primrose Family.
    • PRIDE OF THE MOUNTAINS.
      • Pentstemon Menziesii, var. Newberryi, Gray. Figwort Family.
    • LESSINGIA.
      • Lessingia leptoclada, Gray. Composite Family.
    • ELEPHANTS' HEADS.
      • Pedicularis Grœnlandica, Retz. Figwort Family.
    • ALPINE WILLOW-HERB. ROCK-FRINGE.
      • Epilobium obcordatum, Gray. Evening-Primrose Family.
      • Hosackia Purshiana, Benth. Pea Family.
  • IV. BLUE AND PURPLE
    • [Blue or purple or occasionally or partially blue or purple flowers not described in the Blue and Purple Section.
    • FETID ADDER'S-TONGUE.
      • Scoliopus Bigelovii, Torr. Lily Family.
    • HOUND'S-TONGUE.
      • Cynoglossum grande, Dougl. Borage Family.
    • CALIFORNIA LILAC. SOAP-BUSH.
      • Ceanothus divaricatus, Nutt. Buckthorn Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN TRILLIUM.
      • Trillium sessile, var. Californicum, Wats. Lily Family.
    • BRODIÆA. CLUSTER-LILY. WILD HYACINTH.
      • Brodiæa capitata, Benth. Lily Family.
    • BROWN LILY. MISSION-BELLS. BRONZE-BELLS. RICE-ROOT.
      • Fritillaria lanceolata, Pursh. Lily Family.
    • BLACK LILY. CHOCOLATE-LILY.
      • Fritillaria biflora, Lindl. Lily Family.
    • LARGE-FLOWERED PHACELIA.
      • Phacelia grandiflora, Gray. Baby-eyes or Waterleaf Family.
    • VIOLET NIGHTSHADE.
      • Solanum Xanti, Gray. Nightshade Family.
    • GREEN-BANDED MARIPOSA. NOONA.
      • Calochortus macrocarpus, Dougl. Lily Family
    • SKULLCAP.
      • Scutellaria tuberosa, Benth. Mint Family.
    • CORAL-ROOT.
      • Corallorhiza Bigelovii, Wats. Orchis Family.
    • CALIFORNIA LILAC. BLUE MYRTLE. BLUE-BLOSSOM.
      • Ceanothus thyrsiflorus, Esch. Buckthorn Family.
    • BLUE LARKSPUR. ESPUELA DEL CABALLERO.
      • Delphinium, Tourn. Buttercup or Crowfoot Family.
    • CAT'S-EARS. PUSSY'S-EARS.
      • Calochortus Maweanus, Leichtlein. Lily Family.
    • PURPLE NEMOPHILA.
      • Nemophila aurita, Lindl. Baby-eyes or Waterleaf Family.
    • GROUND-IRIS.
      • Iris macrosiphon, Torr. Iris Family.
    • WILD HELIOTROPE. VERVENIA.
      • Phacelia tanacetifolia, Benth. Baby-eyes or Waterleaf Family.
    • BLUE-EYED GRASS. AZULEA. VILLELA.
      • Sisyrinchium bellum, Wats. Iris Family.
    • BABY-EYES. BLUE-VEINED NEMOPHILA.
      • Nemophila intermedia, Bioletti. Baby-eyes or Waterleaf Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN MILKWORT.
      • Polygala Californica, Nutt. Milkwort Family.
    • WILD CANTERBURY-BELL.
      • Phacelia Whitlavia, Gray. Baby-eyes or Waterleaf Family.
    • BIRD'S-EYES.
      • Gilia tricolor, Benth. Phlox or Polemonium Family.
    • BABY-BLUE-EYES. CALIFORNIAN BLUEBELLS. MARIANAS.
      • Nemophila insignis, Dougl. Baby-eyes or Waterleaf Family.
    • LILAC SAND-VERBENA. WILD LANTANA.
      • Abronia villosa, Wats. Four-o'clock Family.
    • CAMASS. KAMASS. WILD HYACINTH.
      • Camassia esculenta, Lindl. Lily Family.
    • INNOCENCE. COLLINSIA.
      • Collinsia bicolor, Benth. Figwort Family.
    • BLACK SAGE. BALL-SAGE.
      • Audibertia stachyoides, Benth. Mint Family.
    • BLUE GILIA.
      • Cilia Chamissonis, Greene. Phlox or Polemonium Family.
    • CHIA. SAGE.
      • Salvia Columbariæ, Benth. Mint Family.
    • BLUE-AND-WHITE LUPINE.
      • Lupinus bicolor, Lindl. Pea Family.
    • DOUGLAS IRIS.
      • Iris Douglasiana, Herb. Iris Family.
    • ITHURIEL'S SPEAR. BLUE MILLA.
      • Brodiæa laxa, Wats. Lily Family.
    • BEACH-ASTER.
      • Erigeron glaucus, Ker. Composite Family.
    • TOAD-FLAX.
      • Linaria Canadensis, Dumont. Figwort Family.
    • CATALINA MARIPOSA TULIP.
      • Calochortus Catalinæ, Wats. Lily Family.
    • DOG-VIOLET.
      • Viola canina, var. adunca, Gray. Violet Family.
    • THISTLE-SAGE.
      • Salvia carduacea, Benth. Mint Family.
    • VIOLET BEARD-TONGUE.
      • Pentstemon heterophyllus, Lindl. Figwort Family.
    • WILD GINGER.
      • Asarum caudatum, Lindl. Birthwort Family.
    • COMMON MILKWEED. SILKWEED.
      • Asclepias Mexicana, Cav. Milkweed Family.
    • CHICORY. SUCCORY. WILD BACHELOR'S-BUTTON.
      • Cichorium Intybus, L. Composite Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN LOBELIA.
      • Downingia pulchella, Torr. Lobelia Family.
    • FALSE INDIGO. LEAD-PLANT.
      • Amorpha Californica, Nutt. Pea Family.
    • BLUE-CURLS.
      • Trichostema lanceolatum, Benth. Mint Family.
    • ROMERO. WOOLLY BLUE-CURLS.
      • Trichostema lanatum, Benth. Mint Family.
    • HARVEST BRODIÆA. LARGE-FLOWERED BRODIÆA.
      • Brodiæa grandiflora, Smith. Lily Family.
    • VIOLET SNAPDRAGON.
      • Antirrhinum vagans, Gray. Figwort Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN HAREBELL. BELLFLOWER.
      • Campanula prenanthoides, Durand. Harebell or Campanula Family.
    • SELF-HEAL. HEAL-ALL.
      • Brunella vulgaris, L. Mint Family.
    • PENNYROYAL. POLÉO.
      • Monardella villosa, Benth. Mint Family.
    • LUCERN. ALFALFA. CHILEAN CLOVER.
      • Medicago sativa, L. Pea Family.
    • SQUAW'S CARPET. MAHALA MATS.
      • Ceanothus prostratus, Benth. Buckthorn Family.
    • ACONITE. MONK'S-HOOD. FRIAR'S-CAP. BLUEWEED.
      • Aconitum Columbianum, Nutt. Buttercup or Crowfoot Family.
    • BLUE GENTIAN.
      • Gentiana calycosa, Griseb. Gentian Family.
    • TALL MOUNTAIN LARKSPUR.
      • Delphinium scopulorum, var. glaucum, Gray.
      • Buttercup or Crowfoot Family.
    • COMMON ASTER.
      • Aster Chamissonis, Gray. Composite Family.
    • LAVENDER MOUNTAIN DAISY.
      • Erigeron salsuginosus, Gray. Composite Family.
    • BLUE FORGET-ME-NOT. STICKSEED.
      • Echinospermum floribundum, Lehm. Borage Family.
  • V. RED
    • [Red or occasionally or partially red flowers not described in the Red Section.
    • INDIAN WARRIOR.
      • Pedicularis densiflora, Benth. Figwort Family.
    • WILD GOOSEBERRY.
      • Ribes Menziesii, Pursh. Saxifrage Family.
    • FUCHSIA-FLOWERED GOOSEBERRY.
      • Ribes speciosum, Pursh. Saxifrage Family.
    • WILD PEONY.
      • Pæonia Brownii, Dougl. Buttercup or Crowfoot Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN FIGWORT. CALIFORNIAN BEE-PLANT.
      • Scrophularia Californica, Cham. Figwort Family.
    • FALSE ALUM-ROOT.
      • Tellima grandiflora, R. Br. Saxifrage Family.
    • INDIAN PAINT-BRUSH. SCARLET PAINT-BRUSH.
      • Castilleia parviflora, Bong. Figwort Family.
    • NORTHERN SCARLET LARKSPUR. CHRISTMAS-HORNS.
      • Delphinium nudicaule, Torr. and Gray. Buttercup or Crowfoot Family.
    • SCARLET FRITILLARY.
      • Fritillaria recurva, Benth. Lily Family.
    • COLUMBINE.
      • Aquilegia truncata, Fisch. and Mey. Buttercup or Crowfoot Family.
    • CLIMBING PENTSTEMON. SCARLET HONEYSUCKLE.
      • Pentstemon cordifolius, Benth. Figwort Family.
    • HUMMING-BIRD'S SAGE.
      • Audibertia grandiflora, Benth. Mint Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN SWEET-SCENTED SHRUB.
    • WESTERN SPICE-BUSH.
      • Calycanthus occidentalis, Hook. and Arn. Sweet Shrub Family.
    • INDIAN PINK.
      • Silene Californica, Durand. Pink Family.
    • COAST LILY.
      • Lilium maritimum, Kell. Lily Family.
    • CHOLLA-CACTUS.
      • Opuntia prolifera, Engelm. Cactus Family.
    • SCARLET BUGLER.
      • Pentstemon centranthifolius, Benth. Figwort Family.
    • LARGE VETCH.
      • Vicia gigantea, Hook. Pea Family.
    • SCARLET GILIA.
      • Gilia aggregata, Spreng. Phlox or Polemonium Family.
    • SCARLET MONKEY-FLOWER.
      • Mimulus cardinalis, Dougl. Figwort Family.
    • SNOW-PLANT.
      • Sarcodes sanguinea, Torr. Heath Family.
    • SOUTHERN SCARLET LARKSPUR.
      • Delphinium cardinale, Hook. Buttercup or Crowfoot Family.
    • WESTERN CARDINAL-FLOWER.
      • Lobelia splendens, Willd. Lobelia Family.
    • HUMMING-BIRD'S TRUMPET. CALIFORNIA FUCHSIA.
      • Zauschneria Californica, Presl. Evening-Primrose Family.
  • VI. MISCELLANEOUS
    • MUILLA.
      • Muilla maritima, Benth. Lily Family.
    • SILK-TASSEL TREE. QUININE-BUSH.
      • Garrya elliptica, Dougl. Dogwood Family.
    • CALIFORNIA LAUREL.
      • Umbellularia Californica, Nutt. Laurel Family.
    • MOUNTAIN MAHOGANY.
      • Cercocarpus parvifolius, Nutt. Rose Family.
    • DUTCHMAN'S PIPE. PIPE-VINE.
      • Aristolochia Californica, Torr. Birthwort Family.
    • TURK'S-HEAD CACTUS. TURBAN CACTUS.
      • Echinocactus viridescens, Nutt. Cactus Family.
    • FAIRY BELLS. DROPS OF GOLD.
      • Prosartes Hookeri, Torr. Lily Family.
    • COMMON MUGWORT.
      • Artemisia vulgaris, var. Californica, Bess. Composite Family.
    • ARTEMISIA. SAGEBRUSH.
      • Artemisia Californica, Less. Composite Family.
    • WILD PIE-PLANT. CANAIGRE.
      • Rumex hymenosepalus, Torr. Buckwheat Family.
    • HORNLESS WOOLLY MILKWEED.
      • Gomphocarpus tomentosus, Gray. Milkweed Family.
    • MOUNTAIN LADY'S SLIPPER.
      • Cypripedium montanum, Dougl. Orchis Family.
    • REIN-ORCHIS.
      • Habenaria elegans, Bolander. Orchis Family.
    • TEASEL. FULLER'S THISTLE.
      • Dipsacus Fullonum, L. Teasel Family.
    • SAMPHIRE. GLASSWORT.
      • Salicornia ambigua, Michx. Goosefoot Family.
    • MOTTLED SWAMP-ORCHIS. FALSE LADY'S SLIPPER.
      • Epipactis gigantea, Dougl. Orchis Family.
    • CALIFORNIAN PITCHER-PLANT. CALF'S-HEAD.
      • Darlingtonia Californica, Torr. Pitcher-plant Family.
  • INDEX TO LATIN NAMES
  • INDEX TO ENGLISH NAMES
  • INDEX OF TECHNICAL TERMS
  • GLOSSARY
    • Transcriber's Notes
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