Official Report of the Niger Valley Exploring Party
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Official Report of the Niger Valley Exploring Party

By Martin Robison Delany
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Table of Contents
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook, Official Report of the Niger Valley Exploring Party , by Martin Robinson Delany
    • E-text prepared by Suzanne Shell, Janet Blenkinship, and the Project Gutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading Team (http://www.pgdp.net)
  • OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE NIGER VALLEY EXPLORING PARTY
    • by
    • Martin R Delany
      • Published 1861
    • Published 1861
    • Contents
    • I
      • POLITICAL MOVEMENTS
        • Call For A National Emigration Convention Of Colored Men To be held in Cleveland, Ohio, on the 24th, 25th, and 26th of August, 1854
        • Organization of the National Board of Commissioners
        • Departments
      • Call For A National Emigration Convention Of Colored Men To be held in Cleveland, Ohio, on the 24th, 25th, and 26th of August, 1854
      • Organization of the National Board of Commissioners
      • Departments
    • POLITICAL MOVEMENTS
      • Call For A National Emigration Convention Of Colored Men To be held in Cleveland, Ohio, on the 24th, 25th, and 26th of August, 1854
      • Organization of the National Board of Commissioners
      • Departments
    • Call For A National Emigration Convention Of Colored Men To be held in Cleveland, Ohio, on the 24th, 25th, and 26th of August, 1854
    • Organization of the National Board of Commissioners
    • Departments
    • II
      • SUCCEEDING CONVENTIONS
        • GENERAL BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS
        • Other Members
      • GENERAL BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS
      • Other Members
    • SUCCEEDING CONVENTIONS
      • GENERAL BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS
      • Other Members
    • GENERAL BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS
    • Other Members
    • III
      • HISTORY OF THE PROJECT
        • A Grand Scheme for the Colored Race
        • African Commission
        • The Niger Valley Exploring Party
        • EXPEDITION TO AFRICA To Promote the Cultivation of Cotton and Other Products of Slave-Labor by Emigrants from America
      • A Grand Scheme for the Colored Race
      • African Commission
      • The Niger Valley Exploring Party
      • EXPEDITION TO AFRICA To Promote the Cultivation of Cotton and Other Products of Slave-Labor by Emigrants from America
    • HISTORY OF THE PROJECT
      • A Grand Scheme for the Colored Race
      • African Commission
      • The Niger Valley Exploring Party
      • EXPEDITION TO AFRICA To Promote the Cultivation of Cotton and Other Products of Slave-Labor by Emigrants from America
    • A Grand Scheme for the Colored Race
    • African Commission
    • The Niger Valley Exploring Party
    • EXPEDITION TO AFRICA To Promote the Cultivation of Cotton and Other Products of Slave-Labor by Emigrants from America
    • IV
      • ARRIVAL AND RECEPTION IN LIBERIA
        • Arrival in Africa
        • Monrovia
        • Reception
        • Public Lecture
        • Missionary Greeting
        • Correspondence
        • Reception Meeting at Palmas
      • Arrival in Africa
      • Monrovia
      • Reception
      • Public Lecture
      • Missionary Greeting
      • Correspondence
      • Reception Meeting at Palmas
    • ARRIVAL AND RECEPTION IN LIBERIA
      • Arrival in Africa
      • Monrovia
      • Reception
      • Public Lecture
      • Missionary Greeting
      • Correspondence
      • Reception Meeting at Palmas
    • Arrival in Africa
    • Monrovia
    • Reception
    • Public Lecture
    • Missionary Greeting
    • Correspondence
    • Reception Meeting at Palmas
    • V
      • LIBERIA—CLIMATE, SOIL, PRODUCTIONS, ETC.
        • Territory, Climate
        • Temperature
        • Comparative Temperature Bees
        • Soil, Stone, Minerals, Productions
        • Domestic Animals, Fowls, Goats, Sheep, Swine, Cattle
        • Horses, None. Why?
        • Horse Feed, Pasturage, Hay
        • No Cultivated Farms—No Shelter for Horses
        • No Horses; Why, and Why Not
        • Exploration. Farms, Sugar, Coffee
        • Schools
        • Churches Missionaries
        • Business, Professions, Theology, Medicine, Law
        • Council
        • Public Affairs, Municipal and Public Improvements
        • The Capital No City
        • Self-Reliance, Ways and Means
        • Executive Munificence
        • Official and Personal Favors
        • Settlement and Sites of Towns
        • Buildings
        • Public Meeting
      • Territory, Climate
      • Temperature
      • Comparative Temperature Bees
      • Soil, Stone, Minerals, Productions
      • Domestic Animals, Fowls, Goats, Sheep, Swine, Cattle
      • Horses, None. Why?
      • Horse Feed, Pasturage, Hay
      • No Cultivated Farms—No Shelter for Horses
      • No Horses; Why, and Why Not
      • Exploration. Farms, Sugar, Coffee
      • Schools
      • Churches Missionaries
      • Business, Professions, Theology, Medicine, Law
      • Council
      • Public Affairs, Municipal and Public Improvements
      • The Capital No City
      • Self-Reliance, Ways and Means
      • Executive Munificence
      • Official and Personal Favors
      • Settlement and Sites of Towns
      • Buildings
      • Public Meeting
    • LIBERIA—CLIMATE, SOIL, PRODUCTIONS, ETC.
      • Territory, Climate
      • Temperature
      • Comparative Temperature Bees
      • Soil, Stone, Minerals, Productions
      • Domestic Animals, Fowls, Goats, Sheep, Swine, Cattle
      • Horses, None. Why?
      • Horse Feed, Pasturage, Hay
      • No Cultivated Farms—No Shelter for Horses
      • No Horses; Why, and Why Not
      • Exploration. Farms, Sugar, Coffee
      • Schools
      • Churches Missionaries
      • Business, Professions, Theology, Medicine, Law
      • Council
      • Public Affairs, Municipal and Public Improvements
      • The Capital No City
      • Self-Reliance, Ways and Means
      • Executive Munificence
      • Official and Personal Favors
      • Settlement and Sites of Towns
      • Buildings
      • Public Meeting
    • Territory, Climate
    • Temperature
    • Comparative Temperature Bees
    • Soil, Stone, Minerals, Productions
    • Domestic Animals, Fowls, Goats, Sheep, Swine, Cattle
    • Horses, None. Why?
    • Horse Feed, Pasturage, Hay
    • No Cultivated Farms—No Shelter for Horses
    • No Horses; Why, and Why Not
    • Exploration. Farms, Sugar, Coffee
    • Schools
    • Churches Missionaries
    • Business, Professions, Theology, Medicine, Law
    • Council
    • Public Affairs, Municipal and Public Improvements
    • The Capital No City
    • Self-Reliance, Ways and Means
    • Executive Munificence
    • Official and Personal Favors
    • Settlement and Sites of Towns
    • Buildings
    • Public Meeting
    • VI DISEASES—CAUSE—REMEDY
      • First Symptoms
        • Second Stage of Symptoms
        • Third Stage of Symptoms
        • Its Effects
        • Recovery
        • Diseases
        • Native Diseases, Peculiar Character in Liberia
        • Causes
        • Complication
        • Remedies, Natural and Artificial
        • Treatment
        • Locality
      • Second Stage of Symptoms
      • Third Stage of Symptoms
      • Its Effects
      • Recovery
      • Diseases
      • Native Diseases, Peculiar Character in Liberia
      • Causes
      • Complication
      • Remedies, Natural and Artificial
      • Treatment
      • Locality
    • First Symptoms
      • Second Stage of Symptoms
      • Third Stage of Symptoms
      • Its Effects
      • Recovery
      • Diseases
      • Native Diseases, Peculiar Character in Liberia
      • Causes
      • Complication
      • Remedies, Natural and Artificial
      • Treatment
      • Locality
    • Second Stage of Symptoms
    • Third Stage of Symptoms
    • Its Effects
    • Recovery
    • Diseases
    • Native Diseases, Peculiar Character in Liberia
    • Causes
    • Complication
    • Remedies, Natural and Artificial
    • Treatment
    • Locality
    • VII THE INTERIOR—YORUBA
      • Coasting. Cape Coast Castle, Bight of Benin
        • Explorations. Abbeokuta
        • Towns from Abbeokuta
        • Return to Lagos
      • Explorations. Abbeokuta
      • Towns from Abbeokuta
      • Return to Lagos
    • Coasting. Cape Coast Castle, Bight of Benin
      • Explorations. Abbeokuta
      • Towns from Abbeokuta
      • Return to Lagos
    • Explorations. Abbeokuta
    • Towns from Abbeokuta
    • Return to Lagos
    • VIII TOPOGRAPHY, CLIMATE, ETC.
      • Topography, Climate
        • First Plateau and Second Plateau, or Table Lands
        • Soil
        • Stone Formation
        • Minerals, Iron, Copper, Zinc
        • Productions Timber
        • Medical Productions
        • Fruits
        • Agricultural Products
        • Palm Oil
        • Palm Trees Cultivated. Camwood. Ivory
        • Indian Corn or Maize, Peas, Beans, Ginger, Pepper, Arrowroot, &c
        • Kitchen Vegetables
        • Potatoes, None
        • Manufactories Iron, Brass, Glass
        • Inhabitants
        • How Received by Them
        • Native Estimate of Civilized Educated Men
        • Influence of Civilization—Native Demonstration
        • Official Transactions
        • Treaty
        • Executive Council, and Ratification of the Treaty
        • Native Confidence; Hopes in Educated Blacks; Princess Tinuba
        • Royal Deference to Black Men
        • Domestic Animals; Fowls, Chickens, Ducks, Muscovy, Turkeys Swine; Common, Guinea
        • Goats, Sheep
        • Cattle—Mandingo and Golah
        • Horses; Aku, Bornou
        • Aku, or Yoruba Horse
        • Bornou, or Soudan Horse
        • Game; Quadrupeds
        • Wild Fowl
        • Markets, and Domestic Habits of the People
        • Native Houses and Cities
        • Conjugal and Filial Affection. Activity of Children
        • Population of Monrovia and the State
        • Canine and Feline
        • Slavery
        • How Slaves Are Obtained
      • First Plateau and Second Plateau, or Table Lands
      • Soil
      • Stone Formation
      • Minerals, Iron, Copper, Zinc
      • Productions Timber
      • Medical Productions
      • Fruits
      • Agricultural Products
      • Palm Oil
      • Palm Trees Cultivated. Camwood. Ivory
      • Indian Corn or Maize, Peas, Beans, Ginger, Pepper, Arrowroot, &c
      • Kitchen Vegetables
      • Potatoes, None
      • Manufactories Iron, Brass, Glass
      • Inhabitants
      • How Received by Them
      • Native Estimate of Civilized Educated Men
      • Influence of Civilization—Native Demonstration
      • Official Transactions
      • Treaty
      • Executive Council, and Ratification of the Treaty
      • Native Confidence; Hopes in Educated Blacks; Princess Tinuba
      • Royal Deference to Black Men
      • Domestic Animals; Fowls, Chickens, Ducks, Muscovy, Turkeys Swine; Common, Guinea
      • Goats, Sheep
      • Cattle—Mandingo and Golah
      • Horses; Aku, Bornou
      • Aku, or Yoruba Horse
      • Bornou, or Soudan Horse
      • Game; Quadrupeds
      • Wild Fowl
      • Markets, and Domestic Habits of the People
      • Native Houses and Cities
      • Conjugal and Filial Affection. Activity of Children
      • Population of Monrovia and the State
      • Canine and Feline
      • Slavery
      • How Slaves Are Obtained
    • Topography, Climate
      • First Plateau and Second Plateau, or Table Lands
      • Soil
      • Stone Formation
      • Minerals, Iron, Copper, Zinc
      • Productions Timber
      • Medical Productions
      • Fruits
      • Agricultural Products
      • Palm Oil
      • Palm Trees Cultivated. Camwood. Ivory
      • Indian Corn or Maize, Peas, Beans, Ginger, Pepper, Arrowroot, &c
      • Kitchen Vegetables
      • Potatoes, None
      • Manufactories Iron, Brass, Glass
      • Inhabitants
      • How Received by Them
      • Native Estimate of Civilized Educated Men
      • Influence of Civilization—Native Demonstration
      • Official Transactions
      • Treaty
      • Executive Council, and Ratification of the Treaty
      • Native Confidence; Hopes in Educated Blacks; Princess Tinuba
      • Royal Deference to Black Men
      • Domestic Animals; Fowls, Chickens, Ducks, Muscovy, Turkeys Swine; Common, Guinea
      • Goats, Sheep
      • Cattle—Mandingo and Golah
      • Horses; Aku, Bornou
      • Aku, or Yoruba Horse
      • Bornou, or Soudan Horse
      • Game; Quadrupeds
      • Wild Fowl
      • Markets, and Domestic Habits of the People
      • Native Houses and Cities
      • Conjugal and Filial Affection. Activity of Children
      • Population of Monrovia and the State
      • Canine and Feline
      • Slavery
      • How Slaves Are Obtained
    • First Plateau and Second Plateau, or Table Lands
    • Soil
    • Stone Formation
    • Minerals, Iron, Copper, Zinc
    • Productions Timber
    • Medical Productions
    • Fruits
    • Agricultural Products
    • Palm Oil
    • Palm Trees Cultivated. Camwood. Ivory
    • Indian Corn or Maize, Peas, Beans, Ginger, Pepper, Arrowroot, &c
    • Kitchen Vegetables
    • Potatoes, None
    • Manufactories Iron, Brass, Glass
    • Inhabitants
    • How Received by Them
    • Native Estimate of Civilized Educated Men
    • Influence of Civilization—Native Demonstration
    • Official Transactions
    • Treaty
    • Executive Council, and Ratification of the Treaty
    • Native Confidence; Hopes in Educated Blacks; Princess Tinuba
    • Royal Deference to Black Men
    • Domestic Animals; Fowls, Chickens, Ducks, Muscovy, Turkeys Swine; Common, Guinea
    • Goats, Sheep
    • Cattle—Mandingo and Golah
    • Horses; Aku, Bornou
    • Aku, or Yoruba Horse
    • Bornou, or Soudan Horse
    • Game; Quadrupeds
    • Wild Fowl
    • Markets, and Domestic Habits of the People
    • Native Houses and Cities
    • Conjugal and Filial Affection. Activity of Children
    • Population of Monrovia and the State
    • Canine and Feline
    • Slavery
    • How Slaves Are Obtained
    • IX
      • DISEASES OF THIS PART OF AFRICA, TREATMENT, HYGIENE, ALIMENT
        • Diseases, Face of the Country, Spring Water
        • To Keep Water Cool. Kind of Vessels
        • Cool Water
        • To Keep the Cloth Wet. Apparatus
        • Atmosphere
        • Kinds of Disease
        • Guinea Worm
        • What Is Guinea Worm?
        • Treatment of Diseases—Diarrhoea
        • Dysentery
        • Fever Antidote
        • Regimen
        • Hygiene—Eating
        • Coffee, Air, Fruits
        • Drinks
        • Bathing
        • Early Rising—Breezes
        • Never Sultry
        • Dress, Avoid Getting Wet
        • Sanitary Measures
        • Ventilation of Houses
        • Test of Night Air
        • Test of Exposure
        • Improved Window and Door Ventilation
        • Sanitary Effects of Ants—Termites, and Drivers
        • Drivers
        • How They Travel
        • How to Drive Them Out of the Houses
        • How to Destroy Them
        • Their Pugnacious and Martial Character
        • Cesspools
        • Wild Beasts and Reptiles
      • Diseases, Face of the Country, Spring Water
      • To Keep Water Cool. Kind of Vessels
      • Cool Water
      • To Keep the Cloth Wet. Apparatus
      • Atmosphere
      • Kinds of Disease
      • Guinea Worm
      • What Is Guinea Worm?
      • Treatment of Diseases—Diarrhoea
      • Dysentery
      • Fever Antidote
      • Regimen
      • Hygiene—Eating
      • Coffee, Air, Fruits
      • Drinks
      • Bathing
      • Early Rising—Breezes
      • Never Sultry
      • Dress, Avoid Getting Wet
      • Sanitary Measures
      • Ventilation of Houses
      • Test of Night Air
      • Test of Exposure
      • Improved Window and Door Ventilation
      • Sanitary Effects of Ants—Termites, and Drivers
      • Drivers
      • How They Travel
      • How to Drive Them Out of the Houses
      • How to Destroy Them
      • Their Pugnacious and Martial Character
      • Cesspools
      • Wild Beasts and Reptiles
    • DISEASES OF THIS PART OF AFRICA, TREATMENT, HYGIENE, ALIMENT
      • Diseases, Face of the Country, Spring Water
      • To Keep Water Cool. Kind of Vessels
      • Cool Water
      • To Keep the Cloth Wet. Apparatus
      • Atmosphere
      • Kinds of Disease
      • Guinea Worm
      • What Is Guinea Worm?
      • Treatment of Diseases—Diarrhoea
      • Dysentery
      • Fever Antidote
      • Regimen
      • Hygiene—Eating
      • Coffee, Air, Fruits
      • Drinks
      • Bathing
      • Early Rising—Breezes
      • Never Sultry
      • Dress, Avoid Getting Wet
      • Sanitary Measures
      • Ventilation of Houses
      • Test of Night Air
      • Test of Exposure
      • Improved Window and Door Ventilation
      • Sanitary Effects of Ants—Termites, and Drivers
      • Drivers
      • How They Travel
      • How to Drive Them Out of the Houses
      • How to Destroy Them
      • Their Pugnacious and Martial Character
      • Cesspools
      • Wild Beasts and Reptiles
    • Diseases, Face of the Country, Spring Water
    • To Keep Water Cool. Kind of Vessels
    • Cool Water
    • To Keep the Cloth Wet. Apparatus
    • Atmosphere
    • Kinds of Disease
    • Guinea Worm
    • What Is Guinea Worm?
    • Treatment of Diseases—Diarrhoea
    • Dysentery
    • Fever Antidote
    • Regimen
    • Hygiene—Eating
    • Coffee, Air, Fruits
    • Drinks
    • Bathing
    • Early Rising—Breezes
    • Never Sultry
    • Dress, Avoid Getting Wet
    • Sanitary Measures
    • Ventilation of Houses
    • Test of Night Air
    • Test of Exposure
    • Improved Window and Door Ventilation
    • Sanitary Effects of Ants—Termites, and Drivers
    • Drivers
    • How They Travel
    • How to Drive Them Out of the Houses
    • How to Destroy Them
    • Their Pugnacious and Martial Character
    • Cesspools
    • Wild Beasts and Reptiles
    • X MISSIONARY INFLUENCE
      • Protestant Missionaries
        • Influence of Roman Catholic Religion in Favor of Slavery
        • Influence of Protestant Religion against Slavery, and in Favor of Civilization
        • Kindness of Missionaries and Personal Acknowledgments
        • Hints to Those to Whom They Apply
        • Changing Names
      • Influence of Roman Catholic Religion in Favor of Slavery
      • Influence of Protestant Religion against Slavery, and in Favor of Civilization
      • Kindness of Missionaries and Personal Acknowledgments
      • Hints to Those to Whom They Apply
      • Changing Names
    • Protestant Missionaries
      • Influence of Roman Catholic Religion in Favor of Slavery
      • Influence of Protestant Religion against Slavery, and in Favor of Civilization
      • Kindness of Missionaries and Personal Acknowledgments
      • Hints to Those to Whom They Apply
      • Changing Names
    • Influence of Roman Catholic Religion in Favor of Slavery
    • Influence of Protestant Religion against Slavery, and in Favor of Civilization
    • Kindness of Missionaries and Personal Acknowledgments
    • Hints to Those to Whom They Apply
    • Changing Names
    • XI
      • WHAT AFRICA NOW REQUIRES
        • What Missionary Labor Has Done
        • How It Was Done
        • The Result, If Not Timely Aided by Legitimate Means
        • Missionary Aid, Christianity and Law or Government Must Harmonize, to Be Effective of Good
        • Like Seeks Like
        • Natives Desire Higher Social Relations
        • Native Doubts Respecting the Eventual Good Effects of Missionary Labor
        • The Proper Element as Progressive Missionary Agencies
        • Precaution against Error in the First Steps
        • National Character Essential to the Successful Regeneration of Africa
      • What Missionary Labor Has Done
      • How It Was Done
      • The Result, If Not Timely Aided by Legitimate Means
      • Missionary Aid, Christianity and Law or Government Must Harmonize, to Be Effective of Good
      • Like Seeks Like
      • Natives Desire Higher Social Relations
      • Native Doubts Respecting the Eventual Good Effects of Missionary Labor
      • The Proper Element as Progressive Missionary Agencies
      • Precaution against Error in the First Steps
      • National Character Essential to the Successful Regeneration of Africa
    • WHAT AFRICA NOW REQUIRES
      • What Missionary Labor Has Done
      • How It Was Done
      • The Result, If Not Timely Aided by Legitimate Means
      • Missionary Aid, Christianity and Law or Government Must Harmonize, to Be Effective of Good
      • Like Seeks Like
      • Natives Desire Higher Social Relations
      • Native Doubts Respecting the Eventual Good Effects of Missionary Labor
      • The Proper Element as Progressive Missionary Agencies
      • Precaution against Error in the First Steps
      • National Character Essential to the Successful Regeneration of Africa
    • What Missionary Labor Has Done
    • How It Was Done
    • The Result, If Not Timely Aided by Legitimate Means
    • Missionary Aid, Christianity and Law or Government Must Harmonize, to Be Effective of Good
    • Like Seeks Like
    • Natives Desire Higher Social Relations
    • Native Doubts Respecting the Eventual Good Effects of Missionary Labor
    • The Proper Element as Progressive Missionary Agencies
    • Precaution against Error in the First Steps
    • National Character Essential to the Successful Regeneration of Africa
    • XII
      • TO DIRECT LEGITIMATE COMMERCE
        • First Steps in Political Economy
        • The Basis of a Great Nation—National Wealth
        • Advantageous Location
        • Metropolis
        • Trade of Lagos
        • Harbor Improvements
        • Religious and Philanthropic means
        • Stopping the Slave Trade
        • Means of Doing It
        • Subsidizing the King of Dahomi
      • First Steps in Political Economy
      • The Basis of a Great Nation—National Wealth
      • Advantageous Location
      • Metropolis
      • Trade of Lagos
      • Harbor Improvements
      • Religious and Philanthropic means
      • Stopping the Slave Trade
      • Means of Doing It
      • Subsidizing the King of Dahomi
    • TO DIRECT LEGITIMATE COMMERCE
      • First Steps in Political Economy
      • The Basis of a Great Nation—National Wealth
      • Advantageous Location
      • Metropolis
      • Trade of Lagos
      • Harbor Improvements
      • Religious and Philanthropic means
      • Stopping the Slave Trade
      • Means of Doing It
      • Subsidizing the King of Dahomi
    • First Steps in Political Economy
    • The Basis of a Great Nation—National Wealth
    • Advantageous Location
    • Metropolis
    • Trade of Lagos
    • Harbor Improvements
    • Religious and Philanthropic means
    • Stopping the Slave Trade
    • Means of Doing It
    • Subsidizing the King of Dahomi
    • XIII
      • COTTON STAPLE
        • Natural Elements to Produce Cotton
        • Africans the Only Reliable Producers
        • Serious Contingencies and Uncertainty in American Cotton Supply
        • Superior Advantages of Africa over All Other Countries in the Production of Cotton
        • Importance of the African Race in the Social and Political Relations of the World
        • The African Race Sustains Great Britain
        • The Negro Race Sustains the Whites—Able to Sustain Themselves
        • Home Trade
        • Coast Trade
        • Domestic Trade, Corn Meal, Guinea Corn and Yam Flour
        • Candy
        • Soap
        • Coloring and Dying. Making Indigo
        • Weaving and Cloth Manufacturing; Leather
        • A Fixed Policy for the Blacks, as a Fundamental Necessity
        • Internal Medium of Communication. Navigable Rivers
        • Native Government
      • Natural Elements to Produce Cotton
      • Africans the Only Reliable Producers
      • Serious Contingencies and Uncertainty in American Cotton Supply
      • Superior Advantages of Africa over All Other Countries in the Production of Cotton
      • Importance of the African Race in the Social and Political Relations of the World
      • The African Race Sustains Great Britain
      • The Negro Race Sustains the Whites—Able to Sustain Themselves
      • Home Trade
      • Coast Trade
      • Domestic Trade, Corn Meal, Guinea Corn and Yam Flour
      • Candy
      • Soap
      • Coloring and Dying. Making Indigo
      • Weaving and Cloth Manufacturing; Leather
      • A Fixed Policy for the Blacks, as a Fundamental Necessity
      • Internal Medium of Communication. Navigable Rivers
      • Native Government
    • COTTON STAPLE
      • Natural Elements to Produce Cotton
      • Africans the Only Reliable Producers
      • Serious Contingencies and Uncertainty in American Cotton Supply
      • Superior Advantages of Africa over All Other Countries in the Production of Cotton
      • Importance of the African Race in the Social and Political Relations of the World
      • The African Race Sustains Great Britain
      • The Negro Race Sustains the Whites—Able to Sustain Themselves
      • Home Trade
      • Coast Trade
      • Domestic Trade, Corn Meal, Guinea Corn and Yam Flour
      • Candy
      • Soap
      • Coloring and Dying. Making Indigo
      • Weaving and Cloth Manufacturing; Leather
      • A Fixed Policy for the Blacks, as a Fundamental Necessity
      • Internal Medium of Communication. Navigable Rivers
      • Native Government
    • Natural Elements to Produce Cotton
    • Africans the Only Reliable Producers
    • Serious Contingencies and Uncertainty in American Cotton Supply
    • Superior Advantages of Africa over All Other Countries in the Production of Cotton
    • Importance of the African Race in the Social and Political Relations of the World
    • The African Race Sustains Great Britain
    • The Negro Race Sustains the Whites—Able to Sustain Themselves
    • Home Trade
    • Coast Trade
    • Domestic Trade, Corn Meal, Guinea Corn and Yam Flour
    • Candy
    • Soap
    • Coloring and Dying. Making Indigo
    • Weaving and Cloth Manufacturing; Leather
    • A Fixed Policy for the Blacks, as a Fundamental Necessity
    • Internal Medium of Communication. Navigable Rivers
    • Native Government
    • XIV
      • SUCCESS IN GREAT BRITAIN
        • Departure from Africa and Arrival in England
        • First Meeting
        • Origin of the African Aid Society
        • What Black Men Want
        • Primary Objects of the African Aid Society
      • Departure from Africa and Arrival in England
      • First Meeting
      • Origin of the African Aid Society
      • What Black Men Want
      • Primary Objects of the African Aid Society
    • SUCCESS IN GREAT BRITAIN
      • Departure from Africa and Arrival in England
      • First Meeting
      • Origin of the African Aid Society
      • What Black Men Want
      • Primary Objects of the African Aid Society
    • Departure from Africa and Arrival in England
    • First Meeting
    • Origin of the African Aid Society
    • What Black Men Want
    • Primary Objects of the African Aid Society
    • AFRICAN AID SOCIETY
      • 7,[8] ADAMS STREET, STRAND, W. C., LONDON
      • PRESIDENT
      • VICE-PRESIDENTS
      • COUNCIL
        • STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND RULES
      • STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND RULES
      • "Cotton Is KING! In America" "Cotton Is BREAD! In England"
        • Fugitive-Aid Society in Canada
        • Heathen and Slave-Trade Horrors
      • Fugitive-Aid Society in Canada
      • Heathen and Slave-Trade Horrors
      • AFRICAN AID SOCIETY
      • PAPER FOR INTENDING SETTLERS IN AFRICA
    • 7,[8] ADAMS STREET, STRAND, W. C., LONDON
    • PRESIDENT
    • VICE-PRESIDENTS
    • COUNCIL
      • STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND RULES
    • STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND RULES
    • "Cotton Is KING! In America" "Cotton Is BREAD! In England"
      • Fugitive-Aid Society in Canada
      • Heathen and Slave-Trade Horrors
    • Fugitive-Aid Society in Canada
    • Heathen and Slave-Trade Horrors
    • AFRICAN AID SOCIETY
    • PAPER FOR INTENDING SETTLERS IN AFRICA
    • XV
      • COMMERCIAL RELATIONS IN SCOTLAND
        • Commercial Relations
        • Business Integrity
        • Public Endorsement
        • From the Daily Chronicle
        • From the Glasgow Herald
        • From the Leeds Mercury (England)
        • Character of Commercial Relations
        • Reliable Arrangements
      • Commercial Relations
      • Business Integrity
      • Public Endorsement
      • From the Daily Chronicle
      • From the Glasgow Herald
      • From the Leeds Mercury (England)
      • Character of Commercial Relations
      • Reliable Arrangements
    • COMMERCIAL RELATIONS IN SCOTLAND
      • Commercial Relations
      • Business Integrity
      • Public Endorsement
      • From the Daily Chronicle
      • From the Glasgow Herald
      • From the Leeds Mercury (England)
      • Character of Commercial Relations
      • Reliable Arrangements
    • Commercial Relations
    • Business Integrity
    • Public Endorsement
    • From the Daily Chronicle
    • From the Glasgow Herald
    • From the Leeds Mercury (England)
    • Character of Commercial Relations
    • Reliable Arrangements
    • XVI
      • THE TIME TO GO TO AFRICA
        • Caution against Danger
        • Safety in Landing
        • A Tender
        • Rainy Season
        • Drizzling Rain, Sudden Showers
        • Tornadoes
        • Summer
        • Winter
        • Harmattans
      • Caution against Danger
      • Safety in Landing
      • A Tender
      • Rainy Season
      • Drizzling Rain, Sudden Showers
      • Tornadoes
      • Summer
      • Winter
      • Harmattans
    • THE TIME TO GO TO AFRICA
      • Caution against Danger
      • Safety in Landing
      • A Tender
      • Rainy Season
      • Drizzling Rain, Sudden Showers
      • Tornadoes
      • Summer
      • Winter
      • Harmattans
    • Caution against Danger
    • Safety in Landing
    • A Tender
    • Rainy Season
    • Drizzling Rain, Sudden Showers
    • Tornadoes
    • Summer
    • Winter
    • Harmattans
    • XVII
      • CONCLUDING SUGGESTIONS
        • Native Mariners
        • The Fever—Stages Of
        • Cold Stage
        • Kneading or Friction-Bath. Hot Stage
        • Lime-Bath
        • Soda
        • Sweating Stage
        • All the stages
        • Fatigue-Clothes—Caution
        • Colonization—an Error in Philanthropy
        • Activity Conducive to Health
        • Evidences of the Fact
      • Native Mariners
      • The Fever—Stages Of
      • Cold Stage
      • Kneading or Friction-Bath. Hot Stage
      • Lime-Bath
      • Soda
      • Sweating Stage
      • All the stages
      • Fatigue-Clothes—Caution
      • Colonization—an Error in Philanthropy
      • Activity Conducive to Health
      • Evidences of the Fact
      • FOOTNOTES
    • CONCLUDING SUGGESTIONS
      • Native Mariners
      • The Fever—Stages Of
      • Cold Stage
      • Kneading or Friction-Bath. Hot Stage
      • Lime-Bath
      • Soda
      • Sweating Stage
      • All the stages
      • Fatigue-Clothes—Caution
      • Colonization—an Error in Philanthropy
      • Activity Conducive to Health
      • Evidences of the Fact
    • Native Mariners
    • The Fever—Stages Of
    • Cold Stage
    • Kneading or Friction-Bath. Hot Stage
    • Lime-Bath
    • Soda
    • Sweating Stage
    • All the stages
    • Fatigue-Clothes—Caution
    • Colonization—an Error in Philanthropy
    • Activity Conducive to Health
    • Evidences of the Fact
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CLASSICS IN BLACK STUDIES EDITORIAL BOARD
      • Norm R. Allen Jr.
        • Molefi Kete Asante
        • Toyin Falola
      • Molefi Kete Asante
      • Toyin Falola
      • CLASSICS IN BLACK STUDIES
        • THE CONDITION, ELEVATION, EMIGRATION, AND DESTINY OF THE COLORED PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES and OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE NIGER VALLEY EXPLORING PARTY
      • THE CONDITION, ELEVATION, EMIGRATION, AND DESTINY OF THE COLORED PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES and OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE NIGER VALLEY EXPLORING PARTY
      • Martin R. Delany
      • Toyin Falola
    • Norm R. Allen Jr.
      • Molefi Kete Asante
      • Toyin Falola
    • Molefi Kete Asante
    • Toyin Falola
    • CLASSICS IN BLACK STUDIES
      • THE CONDITION, ELEVATION, EMIGRATION, AND DESTINY OF THE COLORED PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES and OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE NIGER VALLEY EXPLORING PARTY
    • THE CONDITION, ELEVATION, EMIGRATION, AND DESTINY OF THE COLORED PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES and OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE NIGER VALLEY EXPLORING PARTY
    • Martin R. Delany
    • Toyin Falola
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