The Religions of Japan From the Dawn of History to the Era of Méiji
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The Religions of Japan From the Dawn of History to the Era of Méiji

By William Elliot Griffis
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Book Description

Table of Contents
  • THE RELIGIONS OF JAPAN FROM THE DAWN OF HISTORY TO THE ERA OF MEIJI
  • BY
  • WILLIAM ELLIOT GRIFFIS, D.D.
    • FORMERLY OF THE IMPERIAL UNIVERSITY OF TOKIO; AUTHOR OF "THE MIKADO'S EMPIRE" AND "COREA, THE HERMIT NATION;" LATE LECTURER ON THE MORSE FOUNDATION IN UNION THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY IN NEW YORK
    • "I came not to destroy, but to fulfil."—THE SON OF MAN
    • NEW YORK
    • CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS
    • 1895
    • COPYRIGHT, 1895, BY CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS
    • TROW DIRECTORY PRINTING AND BOOKBINDING COMPANY NEW YORK
  • PREFACE
  • TABLE OF CONTENTS
  • PRIMITIVE FAITH: RELIGION BEFORE BOOKS
  • CHAPTER I - PRIMITIVE FAITH: RELIGION BEFORE BOOKS
    • The Morse Lectureship and the Study of Comparative Religion
    • The People of Japan.
    • The Amalgam of Religions.
    • Shamanism.
    • Mythical Zoölogy.
    • Fetichism.
    • Phallicism.
    • Tree and Serpent Worship.
    • Pantheism's Destruction of Boundaries. 26
  • SHINT[=O]: MYTHS AND RITUAL
  • CHAPTER II - SHINT[=O]: MYTHS AND RITUAL
    • The Japanese a Young Nation.
    • The Ancient Documents.
    • Origins of the Japanese People.
    • Mikadoism the Heart of Shint[=o].
      • Ritual in Praise of the Sun-goddess.
    • Ritual in Praise of the Sun-goddess.
    • Phallic Symbols.
    • Fire-myths and Ritual.
  • "THE KOJIKI" AND ITS TEACHINGS
  • CHAPTER III - "THE KOJIKI" AND ITS TEACHINGS
    • "The Kojiki" mid its Myths of Cosmogony.
    • Izanagi's Visit to Hades and Results.
    • Life in Japan During the Divine Age.
    • The Ethics of the God-way.
    • The Rise of Mikadoism.
    • Purification of Offences.
    • Mikadoism Usurps the Primitive God-way.
    • Ancient Customs and Usages.
    • Shint[=o]'s Emphasis on Cleanliness.
    • Prayers to Myriads of Gods.
    • Shint[=o] Left in a State of Arrested Development.
    • The Modern Revivalists of Kami no Michi.
    • The Great Purification of 1870.
    • Summary of Shint[=o].
  • THE CHINESE ETHICAL SYSTEM IN JAPAN
  • CHAPTER IV - THE CHINESE ETHICAL SYSTEM IN JAPAN
    • Confucius a Historical Character.
    • Primitive Chinese Faith.
    • Vicissitudes of Confucianism.
    • Japanese Confucianism and Feudalism Contemporary.
    • In Japan, Loyalty Displaces Filial Piety.
    • The Five Relations.
    • The Paramount Idea of Loyalty.
    • Suicide Made Honorable.
    • The Family Idea.
    • The Marital Relation.
    • The Elder and the Younger Brother.
    • Friendship and Humanity.
  • CONFUCIANISM IN ITS PHILOSOPHICAL FORM
  • CHAPTER V - CONFUCIANISM IN ITS PHILOSOPHICAL FORM
    • Japan's Millennium of Simple Confucianism.
    • Survey of the Intellectual History of China.
    • Contrast between the Chinese and Japanese Intellect.
    • Philosophical Confucianism the Religion of the Samurai.
    • A Medley of Pantheism.
    • The Ideals of a Samurai.
    • New Japan Makes Revision.
    • The Ideal of Yamato Damashii Enlarged.
  • THE BUDDHISM OF NORTHERN ASIA.
  • CHAPTER VI - THE BUDDHISM OF NORTHERN ASIA
    • Pre-Buddhistic India.
    • Conditions out of which Buddhism Arose.
    • Buddhism a Logical Product of Hindu Thought.
    • The Buddhist Millennium in India.
    • The Development of Northern Buddhism
    • The Creation of Gods.
    • The Making of a Pantheon.
    • Buddhism Already Corrupted when brought to Japan.
    • The Inviting Field.
    • The New Faith Becomes Popular.
    • Survey and Summary.
  • RIY[=O]BU, OR MIXED BUDDHISM
  • CHAPTER VII - RIY[=O]BU, OR MIXED BUDDHISM
    • Syncretism in Religion.
    • The Kami and the Buddhas.
    • The Mission of Art.
    • K[=o]b[=o] the Wonder Worker.
    • K[=o]b[=o] Irenicon.
    • The Hindu Yoga Becomes Japanese Riy[=o]bu.
    • The Happy Family of Riy[=o]bu.
    • Degradation of the Foreign Deities.
    • Shint[=o] Buried in Buddhism.
    • Buddhism Writes New Chapters of Decay.
    • The Seven Gods of Good Fortune.
    • The Gon-gen in the Processions.
    • K[=o]b[=o]'s Work Undone.
  • NORTHERN BUDDHISM IN ITS DOCTRINAL EVOLUTIONS
  • CHAPTER VIII - NORTHERN BUDDHISM IN ITS DOCTRINAL EVOLUTIONS
    • Chronological Outline.
    • The Standard Doctrinal Work.
    • Buddhism as a System of Metaphysics.
    • Japanese Pilgrims to China.
    • The Middle Path.
    • The Great Vehicle.
    • A New Chinese Sect.
    • The Sect of the True Word.
    • Truth Made Apparent by One's Own Thought.
  • THE BUDDHISM OF THE JAPANESE
  • CHAPTER IX - THE BUDDHISM OF THE JAPANESE
    • The Western Paradise.
    • H[=o]-nen, Founder of the Pure Land Sect.
    • Characteristics of the J[=o]-d[=o] Sect.
    • Salvation Through the Merits of Another.
    • "Reformed" Buddhism.
    • The Protestants of Japanese Buddhism.
    • The Nichiren Sect.
    • The Ultra-realism of Northern Buddhism.
    • Doctrinal Culmination.
    • The New Buddhism.
  • JAPANESE BUDDHISM IN ITS MISSIONARY DEVELOPMENT
  • CHAPTER X - JAPANESE BUDDHISM IN ITS MISSIONARY DEVELOPMENT
    • Missionary Buddhism the Measure of Japan's Civilization.
    • Pre-Buddhistic Japan.
    • The Purveyors of Civilization.
    • Ministers of Art.
    • Resemblances between Buddhism and Christianity.
    • The Temples and Their Symbolism.
    • The Bell and the Cemetery.
    • Political and Military Influences.
    • Literature, and Education.
    • Things Which Buddhism Left Undone.
    • The Attitude Toward Woman.
    • Influence on the Japanese Character.
  • A CENTURY OF ROMAN CHRISTIANITY
  • CHAPTER XI - A CENTURY OF ROMAN CHRISTIANITY
    • Darkest Japan.
    • First Coming of Europeans.
    • Christianity Flourishes.
    • The Hostility of Hidéyoshi.
    • The Political Character of Roman Christianity.
    • The Quarrels of the Christians.
    • The Anti-Christian Policy of the Tokugawas.
    • The Books of the Inferno Opened.
    • Summary of Roman Christianity in Japan.
  • TWO CENTURIES OF SILENCE
  • CHAPTER XII - TWO CENTURIES OF SILENCE
    • The Japanese Shut In.
    • Starving of the Mind.
    • The Dutchmen at Déshima.
    • Protests of Inquiring Spirits.
    • A Handful of Salt in a Stagnant Mass.
    • Seekers after God.
    • The Buddhist Inquisitors.
    • The Shingaku Movement.
    • Japan Once More Missionary Soil.
    • The Imperial Embassy Round the World.
  • NOTES, AUTHORITIES, AND ILLUSTRATIONS
  • INDEX
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