The Philosophy of Spinoza
Free

The Philosophy of Spinoza

By Benedictus de Spinoza
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • Transcriber's Note
    • THE PHILOSOPHY
      • OF
  • SPINOZA
    • edited by JOSEPH RATNER
    • PREFACE
    • CONTENTS
    • THE LIFE OF SPINOZA
    • INTRODUCTION TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF SPINOZA
      • I
      • II
      • III
      • IV
      • V
      • VI
      • VII
      • VIII
      • IX
      • X
    • FIRST PART
      • ON GOD
    • CHAPTER I
      • OF SUPERSTITION[1]
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER II
      • OF THE INTERPRETATION OF SCRIPTURE[2]
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER III
      • OF PROPHETS AND PROPHECY[4]
        • I
        • II
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER IV
      • OF THE VOCATION OF THE HEBREWS[6]
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER V
      • OF THE DIVINE LAW[7]
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER VI
      • OF THE CEREMONIAL LAW[8]
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER VII
      • OF MIRACLES[10]
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER VIII
      • OF THE DIVINE NATURE
        • Definitions
        • Axioms
        • The Essence of God
        • The Corporeality of God
        • The Properties of God
        • I
        • II
        • III
        • The Necessity of All Things
        • General Conclusions
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • SECOND PART
      • ON MAN
    • CHAPTER IX
      • THE NATURE AND ORIGIN OF THE HUMAN MIND
        • Introductory
        • Definitions
        • Axioms
        • The Mind of God
        • The Order and Dependence of Ideas in God
        • The Origin of the Human Mind
        • The Nature of the Human Mind
        • The Complexity of the Human Mind
        • Imagination
        • Association of Ideas and Memory
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER X
      • THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF HUMAN KNOWLEDGE
        • Of Truth
        • Of Falsity
        • The Origin and Nature of Confused Ideas
        • The Origin and Nature of Adequate Ideas
        • The Three Kinds of Knowledge
        • Reason and Imagination
        • Sub Specie Æternitatis
        • The Limits of Human Knowledge
        • I
        • II
        • III
        • The Mind's Knowledge of God
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER XI
      • DETERMINISM AND MORALS
        • The Mind Is Necessarily Determined
        • Faculty Psychology Fallacious
        • False Doctrines about Error Exposed
        • Freedom of the Will
        • The Independence of Mind and Body
        • The Moral Values of Determinism
        • I
        • II
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER XII
      • THE ORIGIN AND NATURE OF THE EMOTIONS
        • Introductory
        • Definitions
        • Postulates
        • The Two States of Mind: Active and Passive
        • The Basic Endeavor of All Things
        • The Three Primary Emotions
        • I
        • Desire
        • II
        • Joy and Sorrow
        • Definitions of the Principal Emotions
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER XIII
      • THE PSYCHOLOGY OF THE EMOTIONS
        • The Association of the Emotions
        • The Imitation and Reciprocation of the Emotions
        • I
        • II
        • The "Herd Instinct"
        • The Varieties of Emotion
        • The Inconstancy of the Emotions
        • The Power of Love Over Hate
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • THIRD PART
      • ON MAN'S WELL-BEING
    • CHAPTER XIV
      • OF HUMAN BONDAGE
        • Introductory
        • Definitions
        • Axiom
        • Man's Place in Nature
        • The Nature of Good and Evil
        • The Control of the Emotions
        • How the Strength of the Emotions Varies
        • I
        • II
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER XV
      • THE FOUNDATIONS OF THE MORAL LIFE
        • Introductory
        • The Essence of Virtue
        • I
        • II
        • The Highest Virtue of Reason
        • THE MORAL VALUE OF THE EMOTIONS
        • I
        • General Principles
        • II
        • Value of Joy and Sorrow
        • III
        • The Good Emotions
        • IV
        • The Evil Emotions
        • V
        • Necessary Evils
        • (i)
        • (ii)
        • VI
        • Diseased Emotions
        • VII
        • Reasonable Emotions
        • The Life of Virtue
        • I
        • II
        • III
        • IV
        • V
        • VI
        • VII
        • VIII
        • IX
        • X
        • XI
        • XII
        • XIII
        • XIV
        • XV
        • XVI
        • XVII
        • XVIII
        • XIX
        • XX
        • XXI
        • XXII
        • XXIII
        • XXIV
        • XXV
        • XXVI
        • XXVII
        • XXVIII
        • XXIX
        • XXX
        • XXXI
        • XXXII
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER XVI
      • OF THE FOUNDATIONS OF A STATE[32]
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER XVII
      • OF SUPREME AUTHORITIES
        • I
        • Of the Right of Supreme Authorities[36]
        • II
        • Of the Functions of Supreme Authorities[38]
        • III
        • Of the Best State of a Dominion[39]
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER XVIII
      • FREEDOM OF THOUGHT AND SPEECH[41]
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER XIX
      • OF HUMAN FREEDOM
        • Introductory
        • Axioms
        • The Strength of the Emotions
        • The Power of the Intellect Over the Emotions
        • I
        • General Principles
        • II
        • The Natural Basis of Rational Control
        • III
        • The Function of the Intellectual Order
        • IV
        • Summary
    • CHAPTER XX
      • OF HUMAN BLESSEDNESS AND THE ETERNITY OF THE MIND
        • Human Blessedness: The Intellectual Love of God
        • I
        • II
        • III
        • IV
        • V
        • The Eternity of the Mind
        • I
        • II
        • III
        • Conclusion
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • APPENDIX
      • Transcriber's Notes
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