Harper's Pictorial Library of the World War, Volume XII The Great Results of the War
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Harper's Pictorial Library of the World War, Volume XII The Great Results of the War

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Table of Contents
  • HARPER'S PICTORIAL LIBRARY OF THE WORLD WAR
  • HARPER'S PICTORIAL LIBRARY OF THE WORLD WAR
    • INTRODUCTION By PROFESSOR IRVING FISHER
      • HIGH COST OF LIVING A VITAL QUESTION
      • MEASURING CHANGES IN PRICES
      • WORTHLESS PAPER MONEY
      • COMMENTS ON FIGURE 1
      • COMMENTS ON FIGURE 2
      • HIGH PRICES NOT DUE TO SCARCITY
      • HIGH PRICES DUE TO MONETARY CAUSES
      • COMMENTS ON FIGURE 3
      • ASSOCIATE EVILS OF HIGH PRICES
      • MANY SUGGESTED REMEDIES INADEQUATE
      • PROPOSED REMEDY
      • WANTED—A STANDARDIZED DOLLAR
      • HOW GOLD CIRCULATES
      • CRITERION OF STANDARDIZATION
      • A PROBLEM CALLING FOR URGENT ACTION
    • HIGH COST OF LIVING A VITAL QUESTION
    • MEASURING CHANGES IN PRICES
    • WORTHLESS PAPER MONEY
    • COMMENTS ON FIGURE 1
    • COMMENTS ON FIGURE 2
    • HIGH PRICES NOT DUE TO SCARCITY
    • HIGH PRICES DUE TO MONETARY CAUSES
    • COMMENTS ON FIGURE 3
    • ASSOCIATE EVILS OF HIGH PRICES
    • MANY SUGGESTED REMEDIES INADEQUATE
    • PROPOSED REMEDY
    • WANTED—A STANDARDIZED DOLLAR
    • HOW GOLD CIRCULATES
    • CRITERION OF STANDARDIZATION
    • A PROBLEM CALLING FOR URGENT ACTION
    • The Great Results of the War
    • The Great Results of the War PART I I—ECONOMIC RESULTS OF THE WAR
      • Striking Changes Made by the European Conflict Upon the Economic Life of the Great Nations
      • FINDING THE MONEY FOR WAR
      • STRONG POSITION OF UNITED STATES
      • NEW PACE IN WAR FINANCE
      • MEANING OF NEW TAXATION
      • INCOME TAX COMPARISON
      • ATTITUDE TOWARD WAR TAX BILL
      • CRITICISM OF THE TAX
      • WILSON'S TAX PROGRAM
      • LUXURY TAXES
      • TAXES OF MANUFACTURER OR PRODUCER
      • LUXURIES IMPORTED
      • TAXES ON TOBACCO
      • DIAMONDS, LEATHER AND MILLINERY
      • BEARING THE BURDEN
      • THE FIRST GOVERNMENT LOAN, 1789
      • POPULARITY OF THE LIBERTY LOANS
      • HOW EUROPE WILL PAY US BACK
      • THE LOAN PERIODS
      • THE INDIVIDUAL INVESTOR
      • LIBERTY LOANS AND THRIFT
      • THE THRIFT HABIT
      • "SAVING AT THE SOURCE"
      • SPENDING THE MONEY
      • MONEY LOANED TO ASSOCIATE NATIONS
      • WHAT IS OWED THE AMERICAN PEOPLE.
      • FINANCIAL STATUS OF ENGLAND IN 1914
      • LOSS IN PRODUCTIVE POWER
      • EQUALIZING LOANS AND TAXATION
      • GERMANY'S ECONOMIC PREPARATION FOR WAR
      • GERMAN WAR FINANCE
      • THE LOAN BUREAU SCHEME
      • GERMAN WAR PROFITS
      • GERMAN MONEY INDEMNITY
      • FORECASTING THE TOTAL COST OF WAR
      • LOSS FROM DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY
      • ECONOMIC LOSS OF MAN-POWER
      • EFFECTS ON POPULATION
      • CARNEGIE ENDOWMENT'S ESTIMATES
      • THE WAR AS A PRODUCT OF HIGH PRICES
      • QUESTIONS OF INFLATION
      • CURRENCY EXPANSION IN GREAT BRITAIN
      • AMERICA'S EXPERIENCE WITH INFLATION
      • CIVIL WAR INFLATION.
      • INFLATION ILLUSTRATED.
      • CREDIT EXPANSION
      • UNITED STATES A CREDITOR NATION
      • DISAPPEARANCE OF GOLD CURRENCY
      • WAR'S EFFECT ON SILVER
      • STOCK EXCHANGE WAR
      • GERMAN PROPERTY IN AMERICA
    • Striking Changes Made by the European Conflict Upon the Economic Life of the Great Nations
    • FINDING THE MONEY FOR WAR
    • STRONG POSITION OF UNITED STATES
    • NEW PACE IN WAR FINANCE
    • MEANING OF NEW TAXATION
    • INCOME TAX COMPARISON
    • ATTITUDE TOWARD WAR TAX BILL
    • CRITICISM OF THE TAX
    • WILSON'S TAX PROGRAM
    • LUXURY TAXES
    • TAXES OF MANUFACTURER OR PRODUCER
    • LUXURIES IMPORTED
    • TAXES ON TOBACCO
    • DIAMONDS, LEATHER AND MILLINERY
    • BEARING THE BURDEN
    • THE FIRST GOVERNMENT LOAN, 1789
    • POPULARITY OF THE LIBERTY LOANS
    • HOW EUROPE WILL PAY US BACK
    • THE LOAN PERIODS
    • THE INDIVIDUAL INVESTOR
    • LIBERTY LOANS AND THRIFT
    • THE THRIFT HABIT
    • "SAVING AT THE SOURCE"
    • SPENDING THE MONEY
    • MONEY LOANED TO ASSOCIATE NATIONS
    • WHAT IS OWED THE AMERICAN PEOPLE.
    • FINANCIAL STATUS OF ENGLAND IN 1914
    • LOSS IN PRODUCTIVE POWER
    • EQUALIZING LOANS AND TAXATION
    • GERMANY'S ECONOMIC PREPARATION FOR WAR
    • GERMAN WAR FINANCE
    • THE LOAN BUREAU SCHEME
    • GERMAN WAR PROFITS
    • GERMAN MONEY INDEMNITY
    • FORECASTING THE TOTAL COST OF WAR
    • LOSS FROM DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY
    • ECONOMIC LOSS OF MAN-POWER
    • EFFECTS ON POPULATION
    • CARNEGIE ENDOWMENT'S ESTIMATES
    • THE WAR AS A PRODUCT OF HIGH PRICES
    • QUESTIONS OF INFLATION
    • CURRENCY EXPANSION IN GREAT BRITAIN
    • AMERICA'S EXPERIENCE WITH INFLATION
    • CIVIL WAR INFLATION.
    • INFLATION ILLUSTRATED.
    • CREDIT EXPANSION
    • UNITED STATES A CREDITOR NATION
    • DISAPPEARANCE OF GOLD CURRENCY
    • WAR'S EFFECT ON SILVER
    • STOCK EXCHANGE WAR
    • GERMAN PROPERTY IN AMERICA
    • II—WARTIME FOOD AND PRICE PROBLEMS Intricacies of a Perplexing and Critical Situation Which Taxed the Ingenuity of Statesmen of All the Belligerents
      • UNITED STATES AS FOOD PRODUCER
      • THE FOOD CONTROLLER
      • AMERICA'S CONTRIBUTION IN FOOD TO THE ALLIES
      • AGRICULTURE AND THE WAR
      • ACREAGE UNDER CULTIVATION
      • YIELDS OF PRINCIPLE CEREALS
      • NEED OF FOOD CONSERVATION
      • GREAT BRITAIN'S FOOD DANGER
      • ACREAGE INCREASE DUE TO WOMEN'S LABOR
      • EVIDENCES OF FOOD SHORTAGE
      • FOOD CONTROL FOR NEUTRALS
      • FEEDING EUROPE'S STARVING MILLIONS
      • POLAND THE BIGGEST DEBTOR
      • FOOD CONDITIONS AFTER THE ARMISTICE
      • NEW FACTORS AFTER NOVEMBER, 1918
      • CEREAL REQUIREMENTS FOR 1919
      • CENTRAL EUROPE IN DIRE WANT
      • TO PREVENT FAMINE IN GERMANY
      • SUGAR DISTRIBUTION
      • KEEPING DOWN THE PRICE
      • POTATO ECONOMY
      • FUEL CONTROL
      • THE COAL SHORTAGE
      • FUEL CONSERVATION MEASURES
      • SHUT-DOWN OF INDUSTRY TO SAVE COAL
      • THE GOVERNMENT'S EXPLANATION
      • GARFIELD'S PLAN FOR FUEL ECONOMY, 1918—19
      • DIFFICULTIES OF FUEL CONTROL
      • COAL AND THE STEEL SUPPLY
      • SIDE ISSUES OF FUEL CONTROL
      • FUEL CONTROL IN GREAT BRITAIN
      • OTHER FORMS OF CONSERVATION
      • LEATHER CONSERVATION
      • FAIR PRICE LISTS
      • HOW FAIR PRICE LISTS ARE MADE UP
      • PROFITEERING
      • PROFITEERING IN THE MEAT INDUSTRY
      • PROFITEERING IN THE MEAT INDUSTRY
      • JUGGLING OF ACCOUNTS—HUGE SALARIES
      • WAR COST OF LIVING
      • CIVIL WAR COST OF LIVING
      • WHERE THE COST OF LIVES WEIGHED THE MOST
      • INCREASED COST FOR WEARING APPAREL
      • WAR PRICES AND LUXURY IMPORTS
      • GOOD EFFECTS OF PRICE CONTROL
      • STAY-AT-HOMES WHO MADE MONEY
      • PRICE CONTROL IN UNITED STATES
      • WHEAT AT $2.20 A BUSHEL
      • PRICE LEVEL, NOVEMBER, 1918
      • FOOD CONDITIONS AND PRICE LEVEL, 1919
    • UNITED STATES AS FOOD PRODUCER
    • THE FOOD CONTROLLER
    • AMERICA'S CONTRIBUTION IN FOOD TO THE ALLIES
    • AGRICULTURE AND THE WAR
    • ACREAGE UNDER CULTIVATION
    • YIELDS OF PRINCIPLE CEREALS
    • NEED OF FOOD CONSERVATION
    • GREAT BRITAIN'S FOOD DANGER
    • ACREAGE INCREASE DUE TO WOMEN'S LABOR
    • EVIDENCES OF FOOD SHORTAGE
    • FOOD CONTROL FOR NEUTRALS
    • FEEDING EUROPE'S STARVING MILLIONS
    • POLAND THE BIGGEST DEBTOR
    • FOOD CONDITIONS AFTER THE ARMISTICE
    • NEW FACTORS AFTER NOVEMBER, 1918
    • CEREAL REQUIREMENTS FOR 1919
    • CENTRAL EUROPE IN DIRE WANT
    • TO PREVENT FAMINE IN GERMANY
    • SUGAR DISTRIBUTION
    • KEEPING DOWN THE PRICE
    • POTATO ECONOMY
    • FUEL CONTROL
    • THE COAL SHORTAGE
    • FUEL CONSERVATION MEASURES
    • SHUT-DOWN OF INDUSTRY TO SAVE COAL
    • THE GOVERNMENT'S EXPLANATION
    • GARFIELD'S PLAN FOR FUEL ECONOMY, 1918—19
    • DIFFICULTIES OF FUEL CONTROL
    • COAL AND THE STEEL SUPPLY
    • SIDE ISSUES OF FUEL CONTROL
    • FUEL CONTROL IN GREAT BRITAIN
    • OTHER FORMS OF CONSERVATION
    • LEATHER CONSERVATION
    • FAIR PRICE LISTS
    • HOW FAIR PRICE LISTS ARE MADE UP
    • PROFITEERING
    • PROFITEERING IN THE MEAT INDUSTRY
    • PROFITEERING IN THE MEAT INDUSTRY
    • JUGGLING OF ACCOUNTS—HUGE SALARIES
    • WAR COST OF LIVING
    • CIVIL WAR COST OF LIVING
    • WHERE THE COST OF LIVES WEIGHED THE MOST
    • INCREASED COST FOR WEARING APPAREL
    • WAR PRICES AND LUXURY IMPORTS
    • GOOD EFFECTS OF PRICE CONTROL
    • STAY-AT-HOMES WHO MADE MONEY
    • PRICE CONTROL IN UNITED STATES
    • WHEAT AT $2.20 A BUSHEL
    • PRICE LEVEL, NOVEMBER, 1918
    • FOOD CONDITIONS AND PRICE LEVEL, 1919
    • III—INDUSTRY AND LABOR IN WARTIME Unprecedented Conditions and Developments Due to the World War and How They Were Met
      • SAFEGUARDS FOR WORKINGMEN
      • I. SAFETY
      • II. SANITATION
      • III. HOURS
      • IV. WAGES
      • V. CHILD LABOR
      • VI. WOMAN'S WORK
      • VII. SOCIAL INSURANCE
      • VIII. LABOR MARKET
      • IX. ADMINISTRATION OF LABOR LAWS
      • ORGANIZING LABOR FOR WAR WORK
      • INFLUENCE OF WAR CONDITIONS
      • INDUSTRIAL MEANING OF WAR
      • LABOR DISLOCATION
      • ADVISORY LABOR COUNCIL
      • WORK OR FIGHT
      • WAR SUPPLIES
      • THE PRIORITY SYSTEM
      • CIVIL WAR CONDITIONS
      • GREAT BRITAIN'S PRODUCTIVE POWER
      • A WHOLE POPULATION AT WORK
      • BRITISH INDUSTRY ON WAR BASIS.
      • LABOR POWER IN ENGLAND
      • INDUSTRIAL DISLOCATION IN FRANCE
      • THE GERMAN NATION IN ARMS
      • RUSSIA'S INDUSTRIAL MOBILIZATION
      • FOREBODINGS OF RUSSIA'S COLLAPSE
      • LABOR TRADITIONS UPSET
      • WOMEN WORKERS IN AMERICA
      • WORK UNSUITABLE FOR WOMEN
      • ALIEN LABOR FOR WAR PURPOSES
      • ECONOMIC VALUE OF AMERICAN ARMY TO FRENCH INDUSTRY
      • FRENCH INDUSTRIAL EXHAUSTION
      • THE WORK OF REBUILDING
    • SAFEGUARDS FOR WORKINGMEN
    • I. SAFETY
    • II. SANITATION
    • III. HOURS
    • IV. WAGES
    • V. CHILD LABOR
    • VI. WOMAN'S WORK
    • VII. SOCIAL INSURANCE
    • VIII. LABOR MARKET
    • IX. ADMINISTRATION OF LABOR LAWS
    • ORGANIZING LABOR FOR WAR WORK
    • INFLUENCE OF WAR CONDITIONS
    • INDUSTRIAL MEANING OF WAR
    • LABOR DISLOCATION
    • ADVISORY LABOR COUNCIL
    • WORK OR FIGHT
    • WAR SUPPLIES
    • THE PRIORITY SYSTEM
    • CIVIL WAR CONDITIONS
    • GREAT BRITAIN'S PRODUCTIVE POWER
    • A WHOLE POPULATION AT WORK
    • BRITISH INDUSTRY ON WAR BASIS.
    • LABOR POWER IN ENGLAND
    • INDUSTRIAL DISLOCATION IN FRANCE
    • THE GERMAN NATION IN ARMS
    • RUSSIA'S INDUSTRIAL MOBILIZATION
    • FOREBODINGS OF RUSSIA'S COLLAPSE
    • LABOR TRADITIONS UPSET
    • WOMEN WORKERS IN AMERICA
    • WORK UNSUITABLE FOR WOMEN
    • ALIEN LABOR FOR WAR PURPOSES
    • ECONOMIC VALUE OF AMERICAN ARMY TO FRENCH INDUSTRY
    • FRENCH INDUSTRIAL EXHAUSTION
    • THE WORK OF REBUILDING
    • IV—GOVERNMENT CONTROL Wartime Nationalization of Railways and Shipping—Ship-building at High Speed—Trade Licensing, Etc.
      • OBJECTS OF GOVERNMENT CONTROL
      • GOVERNMENT CONTROL CRITICISED
      • BRITISH RAILWAY MANAGEMENT
      • RAILWAY NATIONALIZATION IN CANADA
      • FRENCH RAILWAYS IN WARTIME
      • AMERICA'S SHIPPING PREPARATION
      • WAR'S EFFECT ON SHIPPING
      • THE WAR AND WORLD SHIPPING
      • AMERICA'S SHIP-BUILDING PROGRAM
      • THE FOURTH OF JULY SPLASH
      • AMERICAN LOSSES—NEW TONNAGE BUILT
      • A SHIP-BUILDING CAPACITY OF OVER 1,500,000 TONS A YEAR
      • TRANSPORTING THE AMERICAN ARMY
      • ACCELERATED SHIPPING
      • BRITISH SHIP-BUILDING
      • BRITISH BUREAUCRATIC METHODS
      • TRADE POLICY AS A WAR WEAPON
      • GERMANY'S POTASH BOYCOTT
      • SHUTTING OFF GERMAN TRADE
      • THE TRADE LICENSE SYSTEM
      • THE ANTI-GERMAN TOY EPISODE
      • SMUGGLING FROM NEUTRAL COUNTRIES
      • SURPRISING INCREASE OF NEUTRAL SHIPPING
      • GERMANS AT WORK IN SPAIN
      • NO ECONOMIC BOYCOTT AFTER THE WAR
      • AN IMPOSSIBLE PROGRAM
      • COMMERCIAL AVIATION
    • OBJECTS OF GOVERNMENT CONTROL
    • GOVERNMENT CONTROL CRITICISED
    • BRITISH RAILWAY MANAGEMENT
    • RAILWAY NATIONALIZATION IN CANADA
    • FRENCH RAILWAYS IN WARTIME
    • AMERICA'S SHIPPING PREPARATION
    • WAR'S EFFECT ON SHIPPING
    • THE WAR AND WORLD SHIPPING
    • AMERICA'S SHIP-BUILDING PROGRAM
    • THE FOURTH OF JULY SPLASH
    • AMERICAN LOSSES—NEW TONNAGE BUILT
    • A SHIP-BUILDING CAPACITY OF OVER 1,500,000 TONS A YEAR
    • TRANSPORTING THE AMERICAN ARMY
    • ACCELERATED SHIPPING
    • BRITISH SHIP-BUILDING
    • BRITISH BUREAUCRATIC METHODS
    • TRADE POLICY AS A WAR WEAPON
    • GERMANY'S POTASH BOYCOTT
    • SHUTTING OFF GERMAN TRADE
    • THE TRADE LICENSE SYSTEM
    • THE ANTI-GERMAN TOY EPISODE
    • SMUGGLING FROM NEUTRAL COUNTRIES
    • SURPRISING INCREASE OF NEUTRAL SHIPPING
    • GERMANS AT WORK IN SPAIN
    • NO ECONOMIC BOYCOTT AFTER THE WAR
    • AN IMPOSSIBLE PROGRAM
    • COMMERCIAL AVIATION
    • V—THE MONEY COST OF THE WAR Over $210,000,000,000 Spent by the Belligerents—How This Stupendous Sum Was Raised—What the War Cost Uncle Sam
      • THE COST OF THE WAR DAY BY DAY
      • OUR WAR EXPENSES MONTH BY MONTH
      • HOW MONEY FOR WAR WAS RAISED
      • WAR TAXATION IN OTHER COUNTRIES
      • OUR WAR TAXES COMPARED WITH WAR EXPENDITURES
      • CHARACTER OF WAR TAXATION
      • TOTAL WAR DEBT, UNITED STATES
    • THE COST OF THE WAR DAY BY DAY
    • OUR WAR EXPENSES MONTH BY MONTH
    • HOW MONEY FOR WAR WAS RAISED
    • WAR TAXATION IN OTHER COUNTRIES
    • OUR WAR TAXES COMPARED WITH WAR EXPENDITURES
    • CHARACTER OF WAR TAXATION
    • TOTAL WAR DEBT, UNITED STATES
    • VI—AMERICAN BUSINESS IN THE WAR Voluntary Coöperation of Experts and Loyal Support of Labor Put Our Industries on a War Basis
      • COUNCIL OF NATIONAL DEFENSE
      • PERSONNEL OF THE COUNCIL
      • PROPOSALS OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE
      • PRE-WAR ACTIVITIES
      • MEN OF VISION
      • MEN OF EXPERIENCE
      • LABOR PLEDGES SUPPORT
      • MERGING THE RAILROADS
      • COÖPERATING COMMITTEES
      • SERVICE OF EXPERTS
      • NON-PARTISAN REPRESENTATION
      • SOME RESULTS OF COÖPERATION
      • THE FIELD DIVISION
      • WAR INDUSTRIES BOARD
      • CANTONMENT CONSTRUCTION
      • MEN LITTLE KNOWN
    • COUNCIL OF NATIONAL DEFENSE
    • PERSONNEL OF THE COUNCIL
    • PROPOSALS OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE
    • PRE-WAR ACTIVITIES
    • MEN OF VISION
    • MEN OF EXPERIENCE
    • LABOR PLEDGES SUPPORT
    • MERGING THE RAILROADS
    • COÖPERATING COMMITTEES
    • SERVICE OF EXPERTS
    • NON-PARTISAN REPRESENTATION
    • SOME RESULTS OF COÖPERATION
    • THE FIELD DIVISION
    • WAR INDUSTRIES BOARD
    • CANTONMENT CONSTRUCTION
    • MEN LITTLE KNOWN
    • VII—THE LIBERTY LOAN ARMY Mobilizing Americans at Home to Pay for the War—A National Effort Which Yielded $24,065,810,350
      • THE SPIRIT BEHIND THE DOLLAR
      • MOBILIZING THE LIBERTY LOAN ARMY
      • ORGANIZING THE FIRST DRIVE
      • THE APPEAL
      • GROWING RESPONSE
      • FOURTH LIBERTY LOAN
      • AROUSING THE HALF-HEARTED
      • "FINISH THE JOB"
      • WAR SAVINGS CAMPAIGN
      • BENEFITS DERIVED FROM LOAN CAMPAIGNS
    • THE SPIRIT BEHIND THE DOLLAR
    • MOBILIZING THE LIBERTY LOAN ARMY
    • ORGANIZING THE FIRST DRIVE
    • THE APPEAL
    • GROWING RESPONSE
    • FOURTH LIBERTY LOAN
    • AROUSING THE HALF-HEARTED
    • "FINISH THE JOB"
    • WAR SAVINGS CAMPAIGN
    • BENEFITS DERIVED FROM LOAN CAMPAIGNS
    • VIII—FOOD AND THE WAR How Scientific Control and Voluntary Food-Saving Kept Belgium from Starving and Enabled the Allies to Avert Famine
      • ECONOMIC SELF-SUFFICIENCY
      • $600,000,000 WORTH OF FOOD SUPPLIED
      • THE FOOD PRODUCTION OF GERMANY
      • GERMANY'S FOOD PROBLEM
      • THE SUGAR SHORTAGE
      • NATIONAL TASTES IN FOOD
      • SCIENTIFIC CONTROL OF FOOD
      • GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS
      • NATION-WIDE FOOD SAVING
      • AMERICAN RELIEF ADMINISTRATION
    • ECONOMIC SELF-SUFFICIENCY
    • $600,000,000 WORTH OF FOOD SUPPLIED
    • THE FOOD PRODUCTION OF GERMANY
    • GERMANY'S FOOD PROBLEM
    • THE SUGAR SHORTAGE
    • NATIONAL TASTES IN FOOD
    • SCIENTIFIC CONTROL OF FOOD
    • GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS
    • NATION-WIDE FOOD SAVING
    • AMERICAN RELIEF ADMINISTRATION
    • IX THE HIGH COST OF LIVING A Study of the Extraordinary Conditions Subsequent to the Armistice
      • THE ESSENCE OF THE HIGH COST OF LIVING SITUATION
      • AMERICA'S PRODUCTIVE CAPACITY
      • FOOD SITUATION AND READJUSTMENT
      • CLOTHING SITUATION
      • HOUSING PROBLEM
      • PROVISION OF NEW CAPITAL
      • CURRENCY AND CREDIT
      • INFLATION
      • FOOD SUPPLY—WHEAT, CORN AND SUGAR
      • THE MEAT SUPPLY
      • HIGH PRICE OF FOOD
      • WHY FOOD PRICES WERE HIGH
      • CONDITIONS FAVORABLE TO PROFITEERING
      • OTHER COMMODITIES
      • "OUTPUT AND MORE OUTPUT" ABANDONED
      • COAL AND IRON
      • RECOMMENDATIONS
    • THE ESSENCE OF THE HIGH COST OF LIVING SITUATION
    • AMERICA'S PRODUCTIVE CAPACITY
    • FOOD SITUATION AND READJUSTMENT
    • CLOTHING SITUATION
    • HOUSING PROBLEM
    • PROVISION OF NEW CAPITAL
    • CURRENCY AND CREDIT
    • INFLATION
    • FOOD SUPPLY—WHEAT, CORN AND SUGAR
    • THE MEAT SUPPLY
    • HIGH PRICE OF FOOD
    • WHY FOOD PRICES WERE HIGH
    • CONDITIONS FAVORABLE TO PROFITEERING
    • OTHER COMMODITIES
    • "OUTPUT AND MORE OUTPUT" ABANDONED
    • COAL AND IRON
    • RECOMMENDATIONS
    • PART II
    • I—THE PEACE CONFERENCE AT WORK A Vivid Account from the Inside of the Machinery Which Produced the Peace Treaty. How the Crises with Japan, Italy and Belgium Were Averted
      • COVENANTS "OPENLY ARRIVED AT"
      • THE "BIG THREE"
      • THE PLACE OF MEETING
      • A DESCRIPTION OF THE COUNCIL CHAMBER
      • HOW THE TREATY WAS COMPOUNDED
      • THE PROTECTION DEMANDED BY FRANCE
      • THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS COVENANT
      • ESSENCE AND SPIRIT OF THE LEAGUE
      • WORK OF THE COMMISSIONS
      • DELAYS TO THE TREATY
      • POLITICS AT THE CONFERENCE
      • THE DIFFICULTY OF LANGUAGE
      • THE COMMISSION ON REPARATIONS
      • AN ESTIMATE OF GERMANY'S CAPACITY TO PAY
      • THE ITALIAN CRISIS
      • THE QUESTION OF SHANTUNG
      • DEMANDS OF BELGIUM
      • THE TREATY PRESENTED TO THE GERMANS AT VERSAILLES
      • GERMANY SIGNS THE TREATY
    • COVENANTS "OPENLY ARRIVED AT"
    • THE "BIG THREE"
    • THE PLACE OF MEETING
    • A DESCRIPTION OF THE COUNCIL CHAMBER
    • HOW THE TREATY WAS COMPOUNDED
    • THE PROTECTION DEMANDED BY FRANCE
    • THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS COVENANT
    • ESSENCE AND SPIRIT OF THE LEAGUE
    • WORK OF THE COMMISSIONS
    • DELAYS TO THE TREATY
    • POLITICS AT THE CONFERENCE
    • THE DIFFICULTY OF LANGUAGE
    • THE COMMISSION ON REPARATIONS
    • AN ESTIMATE OF GERMANY'S CAPACITY TO PAY
    • THE ITALIAN CRISIS
    • THE QUESTION OF SHANTUNG
    • DEMANDS OF BELGIUM
    • THE TREATY PRESENTED TO THE GERMANS AT VERSAILLES
    • GERMANY SIGNS THE TREATY
    • II—WILSON'S FOURTEEN POINTS An Attempt to Raise International Morality to the Level of Private Morality
      • THE WILSON PROGRAM
    • THE WILSON PROGRAM
    • III—HOW THE PEACE TREATY WAS SIGNED A Description of the Historic Ceremony in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles, June 8, 1919
      • A MEMORABLE SCENE
      • NOTABILITIES ARRIVE
      • THE SCENE INSIDE
      • THE PEACE TABLE
      • ENTRANCE OF CHIEF ACTORS
      • PRESIDENT WILSON ENTERS
      • THE GERMANS SIGN
      • WILSON SIGNS NEXT
      • THE GERMANS DEPART
    • A MEMORABLE SCENE
    • NOTABILITIES ARRIVE
    • THE SCENE INSIDE
    • THE PEACE TABLE
    • ENTRANCE OF CHIEF ACTORS
    • PRESIDENT WILSON ENTERS
    • THE GERMANS SIGN
    • WILSON SIGNS NEXT
    • THE GERMANS DEPART
    • IV—THE PEACE TREATY—ITS MEANING TO AMERICA America's "Place in the Sun" Due to Her Efforts to Secure a Just Peace
      • THE BASIS OF PEACE
      • MACHINERY OF THE LEAGUE
      • OBJECTIONS TO THE PLAN
      • MEANS TO PREVENT WAR
      • THE MONROE DOCTRINE
      • GERMAN COLONIES
      • MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
      • PROBABILITY OF WAR MINIMIZED
      • When Peace Came to Verdun
    • THE BASIS OF PEACE
    • MACHINERY OF THE LEAGUE
    • OBJECTIONS TO THE PLAN
    • MEANS TO PREVENT WAR
    • THE MONROE DOCTRINE
    • GERMAN COLONIES
    • MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
    • PROBABILITY OF WAR MINIMIZED
    • When Peace Came to Verdun
    • THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES AND THE COVENANT OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
    • PREAMBLE
    • PART I The Covenant of the League of Nations
      • ANNEX
    • ANNEX
    • PART II. Boundaries of Germany
    • PART III Political Clauses for Europe
      • SECTION I.—Belgium
      • SECTION II.—Luxemburg
      • SECTION III.—Left Bank of the Rhine
      • SECTION IV.—Sarre Basin
      • ANNEX
      • CHAPTER 1.—CESSION AND EXPLOITATION OF MINING PROPERTY
      • CHAPTER II.—GOVERNMENT OF THE TERRITORY OF THE SARRE BASIN
      • CHAPTER III.—PLEBISCITE
      • SECTION V.—Alsace-Lorraine
      • ANNEX
      • SECTION VI.—Austria
      • SECTION VII.—Czechoslovak State
      • SECTION VIII.—Poland
      • ANNEX
      • SECTION IX.—East Prussia.
      • SECTION X.—Memel
      • SECTION XI.—Free City of Danzig
      • SECTION XII.—Schleswig
      • SECTION XIII.—Heligoland
      • SECTION XIV.—Russia and Russian States
    • SECTION I.—Belgium
    • SECTION II.—Luxemburg
    • SECTION III.—Left Bank of the Rhine
    • SECTION IV.—Sarre Basin
    • ANNEX
    • CHAPTER 1.—CESSION AND EXPLOITATION OF MINING PROPERTY
    • CHAPTER II.—GOVERNMENT OF THE TERRITORY OF THE SARRE BASIN
    • CHAPTER III.—PLEBISCITE
    • SECTION V.—Alsace-Lorraine
    • ANNEX
    • SECTION VI.—Austria
    • SECTION VII.—Czechoslovak State
    • SECTION VIII.—Poland
    • ANNEX
    • SECTION IX.—East Prussia.
    • SECTION X.—Memel
    • SECTION XI.—Free City of Danzig
    • SECTION XII.—Schleswig
    • SECTION XIII.—Heligoland
    • SECTION XIV.—Russia and Russian States
    • PART IV German Rights and Interests Outside Germany
      • SECTION I.—German Colonies
      • SECTION II.—China
      • SECTION III.—Siam
      • SECTION IV.—Liberia
      • SECTION V.—Morocco
      • SECTION VI.—Egypt
      • SECTION VII.—Turkey and Bulgaria
      • SECTION VIII.—Shantung
    • SECTION I.—German Colonies
    • SECTION II.—China
    • SECTION III.—Siam
    • SECTION IV.—Liberia
    • SECTION V.—Morocco
    • SECTION VI.—Egypt
    • SECTION VII.—Turkey and Bulgaria
    • SECTION VIII.—Shantung
    • PART V Military, Naval, and Aerial Clauses
      • SECTION I.—Military Clauses
      • CHAPTER I.—EFFECTIVES AND CADRES OF THE GERMAN ARMY
      • CHAPTER II.—ARMAMENT, MUNITIONS, AND MATERIAL
      • CHAPTER III.—RECRUITING AND MILITARY TRAINING
      • CHAPTER IV.—FORTIFICATIONS
      • TABLE NO. 1.
      • 2. ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INFANTRY DIVISION.
      • 3. ESTABLISHMENT OF A CAVALRY DIVISION.
      • TABLE NO. 2.
      • TABLE NO. 3. Maximum Stocks Authorized.
      • SECTION II.—Naval Clauses
      • SECTION III.—Air Clauses
      • SECTION IV.—Interallied Commissions of Control
      • SECTION V.—General Articles
    • SECTION I.—Military Clauses
    • CHAPTER I.—EFFECTIVES AND CADRES OF THE GERMAN ARMY
    • CHAPTER II.—ARMAMENT, MUNITIONS, AND MATERIAL
    • CHAPTER III.—RECRUITING AND MILITARY TRAINING
    • CHAPTER IV.—FORTIFICATIONS
    • TABLE NO. 1.
    • 2. ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INFANTRY DIVISION.
    • 3. ESTABLISHMENT OF A CAVALRY DIVISION.
    • TABLE NO. 2.
    • TABLE NO. 3. Maximum Stocks Authorized.
    • SECTION II.—Naval Clauses
    • SECTION III.—Air Clauses
    • SECTION IV.—Interallied Commissions of Control
    • SECTION V.—General Articles
    • PART VI Prisoners of War and Graves
      • SECTION I.—Prisoners of War
      • SECTION II.—Graves
    • SECTION I.—Prisoners of War
    • SECTION II.—Graves
    • PART VII Penalties
    • PART VIII Reparation
      • SECTION I.—General Provisions
      • ANNEX I.
      • ANNEX II.
      • ANNEX III.
      • ANNEX IV.
      • ANNEX V.
      • ANNEX VI.
      • ANNEX VII.
      • SECTION II.—Special Provisions
    • SECTION I.—General Provisions
    • ANNEX I.
    • ANNEX II.
    • ANNEX III.
    • ANNEX IV.
    • ANNEX V.
    • ANNEX VI.
    • ANNEX VII.
    • SECTION II.—Special Provisions
    • PART IX Financial Clauses
    • PART X Economic Clauses
      • SECTION I.—Commercial Relations
      • CHAPTER I.—CUSTOMS REGULATIONS, DUTIES, AND RESTRICTIONS
      • CHAPTER II.—SHIPPING
      • CHAPTER III.—UNFAIR COMPETITION
      • CHAPTER IV.—TREATMENT OF NATIONALS OF ALLIED AND ASSOCIATED POWERS
      • CHAPTER V.—GENERAL ARTICLES
      • SECTION II.—Treaties
      • SECTION III.—Debts.
      • ANNEX
      • SECTION IV.—Property, Rights, and Interests
      • ANNEX
      • SECTION V.—Contracts, Prescriptions, Judgments
      • ANNEX
      • I. General Provisions
      • II. Provisions Relating to Certain Classes of Contracts
      • Stock Exchange and Commercial Exchange Contracts
      • Security
      • Negotiable Instruments
      • III. Contracts of Insurance
      • Fire Insurance
      • Life Insurance
      • Marine Insurance
      • Other Insurances
      • Re-Insurance
      • SECTION VI.—Mixed Arbitral Tribunal
      • ANNEX
      • SECTION VII.—Industrial Property
      • SECTION VIII.—Social and State Insurance in Ceded Territory
    • SECTION I.—Commercial Relations
    • CHAPTER I.—CUSTOMS REGULATIONS, DUTIES, AND RESTRICTIONS
    • CHAPTER II.—SHIPPING
    • CHAPTER III.—UNFAIR COMPETITION
    • CHAPTER IV.—TREATMENT OF NATIONALS OF ALLIED AND ASSOCIATED POWERS
    • CHAPTER V.—GENERAL ARTICLES
    • SECTION II.—Treaties
    • SECTION III.—Debts.
    • ANNEX
    • SECTION IV.—Property, Rights, and Interests
    • ANNEX
    • SECTION V.—Contracts, Prescriptions, Judgments
    • ANNEX
    • I. General Provisions
    • II. Provisions Relating to Certain Classes of Contracts
    • Stock Exchange and Commercial Exchange Contracts
    • Security
    • Negotiable Instruments
    • III. Contracts of Insurance
    • Fire Insurance
    • Life Insurance
    • Marine Insurance
    • Other Insurances
    • Re-Insurance
    • SECTION VI.—Mixed Arbitral Tribunal
    • ANNEX
    • SECTION VII.—Industrial Property
    • SECTION VIII.—Social and State Insurance in Ceded Territory
    • PART XI Aerial Navigation
    • PART XII Ports, Waterways, and Railways
      • SECTION I.—General Provisions
      • SECTION II.—Navigation
      • CHAPTER I.—FREEDOM OF NAVIGATION
      • CHAPTER II.—FREE ZONES IN PORTS
      • CHAPTER III.—CLAUSES RELATING TO THE ELBE, THE ODER, THE NIEMEN (RUSSTROM-MEMEL-NIEMEN), AND THE DANUBE
      • (I)—General Clauses
      • (3) Special Clauses Relating to the Danube
      • CHAPTER IV.—CLAUSES RELATING TO THE RHINE AND THE MOSELLE
      • CHAPTER V.—CLAUSES GIVING TO THE CZECHO-SLOVAK STATE THE USE OF NORTHERN PORTS
      • SECTION III.—Railways
      • CHAPTER I.—CLAUSES RELATING TO INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT
      • CHAPTER II.—ROLLING STOCK
      • CHAPTER III.—CESSIONS OF RAILWAY LINES
      • CHAPTER IV.—PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN RAILWAY LINES
      • CHAPTER V.—TRANSITORY PROVISIONS
      • SECTION IV.—Disputes and Revision of Permanent Clauses
      • SECTION V.—Special Provision
      • SECTION VI.—Clauses Relating to the Kiel Canal
    • SECTION I.—General Provisions
    • SECTION II.—Navigation
    • CHAPTER I.—FREEDOM OF NAVIGATION
    • CHAPTER II.—FREE ZONES IN PORTS
    • CHAPTER III.—CLAUSES RELATING TO THE ELBE, THE ODER, THE NIEMEN (RUSSTROM-MEMEL-NIEMEN), AND THE DANUBE
    • (I)—General Clauses
    • (3) Special Clauses Relating to the Danube
    • CHAPTER IV.—CLAUSES RELATING TO THE RHINE AND THE MOSELLE
    • CHAPTER V.—CLAUSES GIVING TO THE CZECHO-SLOVAK STATE THE USE OF NORTHERN PORTS
    • SECTION III.—Railways
    • CHAPTER I.—CLAUSES RELATING TO INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT
    • CHAPTER II.—ROLLING STOCK
    • CHAPTER III.—CESSIONS OF RAILWAY LINES
    • CHAPTER IV.—PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN RAILWAY LINES
    • CHAPTER V.—TRANSITORY PROVISIONS
    • SECTION IV.—Disputes and Revision of Permanent Clauses
    • SECTION V.—Special Provision
    • SECTION VI.—Clauses Relating to the Kiel Canal
    • PART XIII Labor
      • SECTION I.—Organization of Labor
      • CHAPTER I.—ORGANIZATION
      • CHAPTER II.—PROCEDURE
      • CHAPTER III.—GENERAL
      • CHAPTER IV.—TRANSITORY PROVISIONS
      • ANNEX
      • SECTION II.—General Principles
    • SECTION I.—Organization of Labor
    • CHAPTER I.—ORGANIZATION
    • CHAPTER II.—PROCEDURE
    • CHAPTER III.—GENERAL
    • CHAPTER IV.—TRANSITORY PROVISIONS
    • ANNEX
    • SECTION II.—General Principles
    • PART XIV Guarantees
      • SECTION I.—Western Europe
      • SECTION II.—Eastern Europe
    • SECTION I.—Western Europe
    • SECTION II.—Eastern Europe
    • PART XV Miscellaneous Provisions
      • ANNEX
    • ANNEX
    • REJECTION OF THE PEACE TREATY The Senate Fails to Ratify the Treaty of Versailles With the Revised Lodge Reservations by a Vote of 49 to 35
      • RATIFICATION, WITH ORIGINAL LODGE RESERVATIONS, DEFEATED NOV. 19, 1919.
      • THE TREATY AGAIN BEFORE THE SENATE
      • ARTICLE X OF THE LEAGUE
      • THE ORIGINAL LODGE RESERVATION
      • THE PROPOSED COMPROMISE RESERVATION
      • ARTICLE X, SAYS WILSON, NULLIFIES A SACRED OBLIGATION
      • "A NEW DOCTRINE IN THE WORLD'S AFFAIRS"
      • DEMOCRACY VERSUS IMPERIALISM
      • ARTICLE X AS FINALLY ADOPTED
      • THE TREATY AGAIN REJECTED
    • RATIFICATION, WITH ORIGINAL LODGE RESERVATIONS, DEFEATED NOV. 19, 1919.
    • THE TREATY AGAIN BEFORE THE SENATE
    • ARTICLE X OF THE LEAGUE
    • THE ORIGINAL LODGE RESERVATION
    • THE PROPOSED COMPROMISE RESERVATION
    • ARTICLE X, SAYS WILSON, NULLIFIES A SACRED OBLIGATION
    • "A NEW DOCTRINE IN THE WORLD'S AFFAIRS"
    • DEMOCRACY VERSUS IMPERIALISM
    • ARTICLE X AS FINALLY ADOPTED
    • THE TREATY AGAIN REJECTED
    • THE RESERVATIONS WHICH FAILED Text of the Preamble and Fifteen Reservations as Adopted by the Senate Before the Final Vote on Ratification
      • The First Meeting of the Council of the League of Nations
    • The First Meeting of the Council of the League of Nations
    • PEACE BY CONGRESSIONAL ENACTMENT FAILS
      • TEXT OF HOUSE RESOLUTION
      • MINORITY OPPOSITION
      • RESOLUTION PASSES HOUSE, 242 TO 150
      • SENATE TAKES UP FIGHT TO FORCE PEACE
      • TEXT OF ORIGINAL KNOX RESOLUTION
      • A DEMOCRAT PAYS HIS RESPECTS TO REPUBLICANS
      • KNOX URGES SEPARATE PEACE WITH GERMANY
      • WILSON TO BLAME
      • WHY UNITED STATES WENT TO WAR
      • WAR AT END, IN FACT AND IN LAW
      • VERSAILLES TREATY IMPOSSIBLE
      • KNOX RESOLUTION PASSES BOTH HOUSES
      • TEXT OF AMENDED RESOLUTION
      • PRESIDENT'S VETO
    • TEXT OF HOUSE RESOLUTION
    • MINORITY OPPOSITION
    • RESOLUTION PASSES HOUSE, 242 TO 150
    • SENATE TAKES UP FIGHT TO FORCE PEACE
    • TEXT OF ORIGINAL KNOX RESOLUTION
    • A DEMOCRAT PAYS HIS RESPECTS TO REPUBLICANS
    • KNOX URGES SEPARATE PEACE WITH GERMANY
    • WILSON TO BLAME
    • WHY UNITED STATES WENT TO WAR
    • WAR AT END, IN FACT AND IN LAW
    • VERSAILLES TREATY IMPOSSIBLE
    • KNOX RESOLUTION PASSES BOTH HOUSES
    • TEXT OF AMENDED RESOLUTION
    • PRESIDENT'S VETO
    • THE MAP OF EUROPE REMADE Proposed Form of Government, Countries from Which Formed and Ethnic or Racial Stock of Newly Established Political Units Resulting from the World War.
    • OUR PART IN WINNING THE WAR Official Figures That Reveal the Enormous Contribution of This Country in Men, Money and Supplies
      • THE SELECTIVE SERVICE
      • HOW THE DRAFT WAS MADE UP
      • CAMPS AND TRAINING
      • GETTING THE TROOPS OVER
      • TRANSPORTATION EXTRAORDINARY
      • FEEDING AND CLOTHING PROBLEMS
      • GUNS AND MUNITIONS
      • THE ARTILLERY SUPPLY
      • THE CAMPAIGN OF 1919
      • GAS AND EXPLOSIVES
      • THE AIR SERVICE
      • CARGO SHIPMENTS
      • SIGNAL CORPS STATISTICS
      • CONSTRUCTION STATISTICS
      • TWO HUNDRED DAYS OF BATTLE
      • THE DEADLIEST WAR
    • THE SELECTIVE SERVICE
    • HOW THE DRAFT WAS MADE UP
    • CAMPS AND TRAINING
    • GETTING THE TROOPS OVER
    • TRANSPORTATION EXTRAORDINARY
    • FEEDING AND CLOTHING PROBLEMS
    • GUNS AND MUNITIONS
    • THE ARTILLERY SUPPLY
    • THE CAMPAIGN OF 1919
    • GAS AND EXPLOSIVES
    • THE AIR SERVICE
    • CARGO SHIPMENTS
    • SIGNAL CORPS STATISTICS
    • CONSTRUCTION STATISTICS
    • TWO HUNDRED DAYS OF BATTLE
    • THE DEADLIEST WAR
    • INDEX
    • ILLUSTRATIONS
    • I.—PORTRAITS
    • II.—GENERAL
    • MAPS
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