Burials, Texts and Rituals
Free

Burials, Texts and Rituals

By Brigitta Hauser-Schäublin
Free
Book Description

The villages on Bali’s north-east coast have a long history. Archaeological findings have shown that the coastal settlements of Tejakula District enjoyed trading relations with India as long as 2000 years ago or more. Royal decrees dating from the 10th to the 12th century, inscribed on copper tablets and preserved in the local villages as part of their religious heritage, bear witness to the fact that, over a period of over 1000 years, these played a major role as harbour and trading centres in the transmaritime trade between India and (probably) the Spice Islands. At the same time the inscriptions attest to the complexity in those days of Balinese society, with a hierarchical social organisation headed by a king who resided in the interior – precisely where, nobody knows. The interior was connected to the prosperous coastal settlements through a network of trade and ritual. The questions that faced the German-Balinese research team were first: Was there anything left over of this evidently glorious past? And second: Would our professional anthropological and archaeological research work be able to throw any more light on the vibrant past of these villages? This book is an attempt to answer both these and further questions on Bali’s coastal settlements, their history and culture.

Table of Contents
  • Table of Contents
  • B.Hauser-Schäublin/ I W. Ardika: Introduction
  • Looking Back in Time
    • B. Hauser-Schäublin: Sembiran and Julah – Sketches of History
      • Introduction
      • Ethnoarchaeological Evidence – An Overview
      • Histories of Origin: Of Dogs, Trees and Men
      • The Village Structure and its Major Temples
        • Historical Reasons for a Reverse Space Order?
        • The Relationship to a State Temple
      • Between Stratification and Equality, Regional Integrationand Autonomy
      • References
    • M. Nabholz-Kartaschoff: The Textiles of Sembiran
      • Introduction
      • The Manufacture of Textiles
      • The Use of Textiles Manufactured in Sembiran
      • Kain kumalo – A Textile from Outside Sembiran
      • “Kain Sembiran” – A Label?
      • Parba Cili – A Lamak-Style Hanging
      • Summary
      • References
    • I Wayan Patera: Sanggah Dawa in the Life of Pacung Community
      • Introduction
      • Function and Meaning of Sanggah Dawa
      • Sites of Purified Ancestors’ Souls
      • Conclusion
      • References
      • List of Informants
  • Environment and Change
    • E. Kalb: Changes in the Landscape
      • Introduction
      • Physiographic Aspects
      • Geology
      • Investigative Methods and Data Basis
      • Results
      • Interpretation and Discussion
      • Summary
      • References
  • Archaeological Evidence and its Interpretation
    • I Wayan Ardika: Archaeological Traces of the Early Harbour Town
      • Introduction
      • Archaeological Discoveries
      • Trade and Trade Goods
      • Conclusion
      • References
    • I Made Suastika: Traces of Human Life Style from the Palaeolithic Era to the Beginning of the First Century AD
      • Introduction
      • The Results of the Excavation at Pacung
      • Summary
      • References
    • Marini Drawatik: The Burial System at Pacung
      • Introduction
      • The Prehistoric Burial Patterns
      • The Relation between the Current and the Prehistoric Burial System
      • Conclusion
      • References
    • Michael Schultz: Short Report on the Microscopic Examination of Bone Samples from a Neolithic Burial
      • Introduction
      • Materials and Methods
      • Results
      • Summary
      • References
    • I Ketut Setiawan/Rochtri Agung Bawono: Excavation in Julah’s Temporary Settlement of Upit
      • Introduction
      • The Archaeological Investigation
      • Analysis of the Artefacts
      • Summary
      • References
    • I Ketut Setiawan: Socio-Political Aspects of Ancient Julah
      • Introduction
      • The Individual Inscriptions
      • The Kings Who Issued the Edicts
      • Social Groups and Communities Described
      • Religious and Political Aspects
      • References
  • Appendix
    • Sembiran Inscriptions
      • Introduction
      • No. 104 Sembiran A I
      • No. 201 Sembiran B
      • No. 209 Sembiran A II
      • No. 351 Sembiran A III
      • No. 409 Sembiran A IV
      • No. 621 Sembiran C
    • Contributors
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