Audiences
Free

Audiences

By Ian Christie
Free
Book Description

This timely volume engages with one of the most important shifts in recent film studies: the turn away from text-based analysis towards the viewer. Historically, this marks a return to early interest in the effect of film on the audience by psychoanalysts and psychologists, which was overtaken by concern with the 'effects' of film, linked to calls for censorship and moral panics rather than to understanding the mental and behavioral world of the spectator. Early cinema history has revealed the diversity of film-viewing habits, while traditional 'box office' studies, which treated the audience initially as a homogeneous market, have been replaced by the study of individual consumers and their motivations. Latterly, there has been a marked turn towards more sophisticated economic and sociological analysis of attendance data. And as the film experience fragments across multiple formats, the perceptual and cognitive experience of the individual viewer (who is also an auditor) has become increasingly accessible. With contributions from Gregory Waller, John Sedgwick and Martin Barker, this work spans the spectrum of contemporary audience studies, revealing work being done on local, non-theatrical and live digital transmission audiences, and on the relative attraction of large-scale, domestic and mobile platforms.

Table of Contents
  • Audiences
  • Contents
  • Editorial
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction: In Search of Audiences
  • Part I Reassessing Historic Audiences
    • “At the Picture Palace”: The British Cinema Audience, 1895-1920
    • The Gentleman in the Stalls: Georges Méliès and Spectatorship in Early Cinema
    • Beyond the Nickelodeon: Cinema going, Everyday Life and Identity Politics
    • Cinema in the Colonial City: Early Film Audiences in Calcutta
    • Locating Early Non-Theatrical Audiences
    • Understanding Audience Behavior Through Statistical Evidence: London and Amsterdam in the Mid-1930s
  • PART II New Frontiers in Audience Research
    • The Aesthetics and Viewing Regimes of Cinema and Television, and Their Dialectics
    • Tapping into Our Tribal Heritage: The Lord of the Rings and Brain Evolution
    • Cinephilia in the Digital Age
    • Spectator, Film and the Mobile Phone
    • Exploring Inner Worlds: Where Cognitive Psychology May Take Us
  • PART III Once and Future Audiences
    • Crossing Out the Audience
    • The Cinema Spectator: A Special Memory
    • Operatic Cinematics: A New View from the Stalls
    • What Do We Really Know About Film Audiences?
  • Notes
  • General Bibliography
  • Notes on Contributors
  • Index of Names
  • Index of Film Titles
  • Index of Subjects
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