Combining Mixed Methods and Case Study Research (MMþCSR) to Give Mixed
Methods Case Study Designs
Typically, case study research (CSR) is associated with a qualitative approach. However, the increased use of mixed methods to address complex research problems provides an opportunity to combine mixed methods research (MMR) and CSR in a single investigation. This paper discusses the intersection of these two research approaches (MMRþCSR) leading to a description of either the deductively driven design (case study-mixed methods research (CS-MMR)) or the inductively driven design (mixed methods-case study research (MM-CSR)). Complex research problems require non-typical research approaches that are guided by researchers’ paradigms, integrative thinking mindsets, and adaptive mixed methods designs and procedures. Exemplary empirical studies using mixed methods CSR, from the international and Caribbean research community, are discussed and used to illustrate the two designs. Features of both designs (CS-MMR and MM-CSR) are highlighted to aid the researcher in the practical application of this approach (MMþCSR).