50 Years of Solar System Exploration: Historical Perspectives
Linda Billings
Science & Math
50 Years of Solar System Exploration: Historical Perspectives
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"To commemorate the 50th anniversary of the first successful planetary mission, Mariner 2 sent to Venus in 1962, the NASA History Program Office, the Division of Space History at the National Air and Space Museum, NASA's Science Mission Directorate, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory organized a symposium. "Solar System Exploration @ 50" was held in Washington, D.C., on 25-26 October 2012. The purpose of this symposium was to consider, over the more than 50-year history of the Space Age, what we have learned about the other bodies of the solar system and the processes by which we have learned it. Symposium organizers asked authors to address broad topics relating to the history of solar system exploration such as various flight projects, the development of space science disciplines, the relationship between robotic exploration and human spaceflight, the development of instruments and methodologies for scientific exploration, as well as the development of theories about planetary science, solar system origins and implications for other worlds. The papers in this volume provide a richly textured picture of important developments - and some colorful characters - in a half century of solar system exploration. A comprehensive history of the first 50 years of solar system exploration would fill many volumes. What readers will find in this volume is a collection of interesting stories about money, politics, human resources, commitment, competition and cooperation, and the "faster, better, cheaper" era of solar system exploration"--

Introduction: NASA’s Solar System Exploration Paradigm: The First 50 Years and a Look at the Next 50
PART I: Overview
Chapter 1: Exploring the Solar System: Who Has Done It, How, and Why?
PART II: Politics and Policy in the Conduct of Solar System Exploration
Chapter 2: Funding Planetary Science: History and Political Economy
Chapter 3: The Politics of Pure Space Science, the Essential Tension: Human Spaceflight’s Impact on Scientific Exploration
PART III: The Lure of the Red Planet
Chapter 4: Designing Mars Sample Return, from Viking to the Mars Science Laboratory
Chapter 5: NASA, Big Science, and Mars Exploration: Critical Decisions from Goldin to Bolden
PART IV: Public Perceptions, Priorities, and Solar System Exploration
Chapter 6: Survivor! (?) The Story of S. mitis on the Moon
Chapter 7: “Killer Asteroids”: Popular Depictions and Public Policy Influence
Chapter 8: The Outer Solar System: Exploring Through the Public Eye
PART V: Exploring theOuter Solar System
Chapter 9: Europe’s Rendezvous with Titan:The European Space Agency’s Contribution to the Cassini-Huygens Mission to the Saturnian System
PART VI: Institutional Arrangements in Solar System Exploration
Chapter 10: Ranger: Circumstances, Events, Legacy
Chapter 11: Mariner 2 and the CSIRO Parkes Radio Telescope: 50 Years of International Collaboration
Chapter 12: International Cooperation in Solar System Exploration: A Transnational Approach to the History of the International Solar Polar Mission and Ulysses
Program for “Solar System Exploration@50,” 25–26 October 2012
About the Authors
The NASA History Series
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