The Automobile Storage Battery: Its Care And Repair
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The Automobile Storage Battery: Its Care And Repair

By Otto A. Witte
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • THE AUTOMOBILE
  • STORAGE BATTERY
  • ITS CARE AND REPAIR
    • RADIO BATTERIES, FARM LIGHTING BATTERIES
      • BY
    • BY
  • O. A. WITTE
    • Chief Engineer, American Bureau of Engineering, Inc.
      • Third Edition
        • Completely Revised and Enlarged
        • Fourth Impression
        • Published 1922 by
        • THE AMERICAN BUREAU OF ENGINEERING, INC. CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, U. S. A.
      • Completely Revised and Enlarged
      • Fourth Impression
      • Published 1922 by
      • THE AMERICAN BUREAU OF ENGINEERING, INC. CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, U. S. A.
    • Third Edition
      • Completely Revised and Enlarged
      • Fourth Impression
      • Published 1922 by
      • THE AMERICAN BUREAU OF ENGINEERING, INC. CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, U. S. A.
    • Completely Revised and Enlarged
    • Fourth Impression
    • Published 1922 by
    • THE AMERICAN BUREAU OF ENGINEERING, INC. CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, U. S. A.
  • Preface
  • Contents
  • Section I
  • Working Principles, Manufacture,
  • Maintenance, Diseases,
  • and Remedies
  • The Automobile Storage
  • Battery
    • CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTORY.
    • CHAPTER 2. BATTERIES IN GENERAL
    • CHAPTER 3. MANUFACTURE OF STORAGE BATTERIES.
      • Plates
      • Separators
      • Electrolyte
      • Jars
      • Covers
      • Case
      • Assembling and Sealing
      • Preparing Batteries for Dry Shipment
      • Terminal Connections
      • HOMEMADE BATTERIES
    • Plates
    • Separators
    • Electrolyte
    • Jars
    • Covers
    • Case
    • Assembling and Sealing
    • Preparing Batteries for Dry Shipment
    • Terminal Connections
    • HOMEMADE BATTERIES
    • CHAPTER 4. CHEMICAL CHANGES.
      • Relations Between Chemical Actions and Electricity.
    • Relations Between Chemical Actions and Electricity.
    • CHAPTER 5. WHAT TAKES PLACE DURING DISCHARGE.
    • CHAPTER 6. WHAT TAKES PLACE DURING CHARGE.
    • CHAPTER 7. CAPACITY OF STORAGE BATTERIES.
      • Design and Construction.
      • Operating Conditions.
      • Age of Battery.
    • Design and Construction.
    • Operating Conditions.
    • Age of Battery.
    • CHAPTER 8. INTERNAL RESISTANCE.
    • CHAPTER 9. CARE OF THE BATTERY ON THE CAR
      • "Dope" Electrolytes
    • "Dope" Electrolytes
    • CHAPTER 10. STORAGE BATTERY TROUBLES.
      • PLATE TROUBLES
      • Buckling
      • Shedding, or Loss of Active Material
      • Loose Active Material
      • Impurities
      • Corroded Grids
      • Granulated Negatives
      • Heating of Negatives Exposed to the Air
      • Negatives With Very Hard Active Material
      • Bulged Negatives
      • Negative With Soft, Mushy Active Material
      • Negatives With Roughened Surface
      • Frozen Positives
      • Rotted, Disintegrated Positives
      • Buckled Positives
      • Positives That Have Lost Considerable Active Material
      • Positives With Soft Active Material
      • Positives With Hard, Shiny Active Material
      • Plates Which Have Been Charged in Wrong Direction
      • SEPARATOR TROUBLES
      • JAR TROUBLES
      • BATTERY CASE TROUBLE
      • TROUBLE WITH CONNECTORS AND TERMINALS
      • ELECTROLYTE TROUBLES
      • GENERAL TROUBLES
      • Open Circuits
      • Battery Discharged
      • Dead Cells
      • Loss of Capacity
      • Loss of Charge in An Idle Battery
    • PLATE TROUBLES
    • Buckling
    • Shedding, or Loss of Active Material
    • Loose Active Material
    • Impurities
    • Corroded Grids
    • Granulated Negatives
    • Heating of Negatives Exposed to the Air
    • Negatives With Very Hard Active Material
    • Bulged Negatives
    • Negative With Soft, Mushy Active Material
    • Negatives With Roughened Surface
    • Frozen Positives
    • Rotted, Disintegrated Positives
    • Buckled Positives
    • Positives That Have Lost Considerable Active Material
    • Positives With Soft Active Material
    • Positives With Hard, Shiny Active Material
    • Plates Which Have Been Charged in Wrong Direction
    • SEPARATOR TROUBLES
    • JAR TROUBLES
    • BATTERY CASE TROUBLE
    • TROUBLE WITH CONNECTORS AND TERMINALS
    • ELECTROLYTE TROUBLES
    • GENERAL TROUBLES
    • Open Circuits
    • Battery Discharged
    • Dead Cells
    • Loss of Capacity
    • Loss of Charge in An Idle Battery
  • Section II
  • Shop Equipment Shop Methods
    • CHAPTER 11. CARE OF THE BATTERY ON THE CAR.
      • Equipment Which is Absolutely Necessary
      • Equipment Needed In Opening Batteries
      • Equipment for Lead Burning (Welding)
      • Equipment for General Work on Cell Connectors and Terminals
      • Equipment for Work on Cases
      • Tools and Equipment for General Work
      • Stock
      • Special Tools
      • DESCRIPTIONS OF TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT NAMED IN FOREGOING LIST
      • Charging Equipment
      • Constant Current Charging
      • Using Lamp Banks, or Rheostats
      • Using Motor-Generator Sets
      • A few suggestions on Motor-Generator Sets
      • Operating the Charging Circuits
      • Care of Motor-Generator Set
      • Constant-Potential Charging
      • The Tungar Rectifier
      • A. Two Ampere Rectifier
      • B. The One Battery Rectifier
      • C. The Two Battery Rectifier
      • Catalogue No. 195530
      • Fig. 55. The Two Battery Tungar Rectifier
      • D. The Four Battery Tungar
      • E. The Ten Battery Rectifier
      • F. The Twenty Battery Tungar
      • General Instructions and Information on Tungars
      • Installation
      • Line Connections
      • Battery Connections
      • Operation
      • Troubles
      • Tungar Rectifiers
      • Mercury Arc Rectifier
      • Mechanical Rectifiers
      • Stahl Rectifier
      • Other Charging Equipment
      • CHARGING BENCH
      • Fig. 65. Charging Bench with D.P.D.T. Switch for Each Battery
      • WORK BENCH
      • SINK OR WASH TANK
      • LEAD BURNING (WELDING) OUTFIT
      • EQUIPMENT FOR HANDLING SEALING COMPOUND
      • SHELVING AND RACKS
      • BINS
      • BATTERY STEAMER
      • EQUIPMENT FOR LEAD BURNING (WELDING) Plate Burning Rack
      • The Burning Lead Mould
      • EQUIPMENT FOR GENERAL WORK ON CONNECTORS AND TERMINALS
      • Moulds for Casting Inter-Cell Connectors, Terminals, Terminal Screws, Taper Lugs, Plate Straps, Etc.
      • EQUIPMENT FOR WORK ON CASES
      • TOOLS FOR GENERAL WORK
      • CADMIUM TEST SET AND HOW TO MAKE THE TEST
      • How Cadmium Tests Are Made
      • When Cadmium Readings Should Be Made
      • Open Circuit Voltage Readings Worthless
      • What the Cadmium Test Set Consists of
      • The AMBU Cadmium Voltmeter
      • Testing a Battery on Discharge
      • Testing a Battery on Charge
      • HIGH RATE DISCHARGE TESTERS
      • PARAFFINE DIP POT
      • WOODEN BOXES FOR BATTERY PARTS
      • Fig. 130. Boxes for Holding Parts of Batteries Being Prepaired
      • EARTHENWARE JARS
      • ACID CARBOYS
      • SHOP LAYOUTS
      • Concerning Light
    • Equipment Which is Absolutely Necessary
    • Equipment Needed In Opening Batteries
    • Equipment for Lead Burning (Welding)
    • Equipment for General Work on Cell Connectors and Terminals
    • Equipment for Work on Cases
    • Tools and Equipment for General Work
    • Stock
    • Special Tools
    • DESCRIPTIONS OF TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT NAMED IN FOREGOING LIST
    • Charging Equipment
    • Constant Current Charging
    • Using Lamp Banks, or Rheostats
    • Using Motor-Generator Sets
    • A few suggestions on Motor-Generator Sets
    • Operating the Charging Circuits
    • Care of Motor-Generator Set
    • Constant-Potential Charging
    • The Tungar Rectifier
    • A. Two Ampere Rectifier
    • B. The One Battery Rectifier
    • C. The Two Battery Rectifier
    • Catalogue No. 195530
    • Fig. 55. The Two Battery Tungar Rectifier
    • D. The Four Battery Tungar
    • E. The Ten Battery Rectifier
    • F. The Twenty Battery Tungar
    • General Instructions and Information on Tungars
    • Installation
    • Line Connections
    • Battery Connections
    • Operation
    • Troubles
    • Tungar Rectifiers
    • Mercury Arc Rectifier
    • Mechanical Rectifiers
    • Stahl Rectifier
    • Other Charging Equipment
    • CHARGING BENCH
    • Fig. 65. Charging Bench with D.P.D.T. Switch for Each Battery
    • WORK BENCH
    • SINK OR WASH TANK
    • LEAD BURNING (WELDING) OUTFIT
    • EQUIPMENT FOR HANDLING SEALING COMPOUND
    • SHELVING AND RACKS
    • BINS
    • BATTERY STEAMER
    • EQUIPMENT FOR LEAD BURNING (WELDING) Plate Burning Rack
    • The Burning Lead Mould
    • EQUIPMENT FOR GENERAL WORK ON CONNECTORS AND TERMINALS
    • Moulds for Casting Inter-Cell Connectors, Terminals, Terminal Screws, Taper Lugs, Plate Straps, Etc.
    • EQUIPMENT FOR WORK ON CASES
    • TOOLS FOR GENERAL WORK
    • CADMIUM TEST SET AND HOW TO MAKE THE TEST
    • How Cadmium Tests Are Made
    • When Cadmium Readings Should Be Made
    • Open Circuit Voltage Readings Worthless
    • What the Cadmium Test Set Consists of
    • The AMBU Cadmium Voltmeter
    • Testing a Battery on Discharge
    • Testing a Battery on Charge
    • HIGH RATE DISCHARGE TESTERS
    • PARAFFINE DIP POT
    • WOODEN BOXES FOR BATTERY PARTS
    • Fig. 130. Boxes for Holding Parts of Batteries Being Prepaired
    • EARTHENWARE JARS
    • ACID CARBOYS
    • SHOP LAYOUTS
    • Concerning Light
    • CHAPTER 12. GENERAL SHOP INSTRUCTIONS.
    • CHARGING BATTERIES.
      • TROUBLES
      • Suggestions
      • LEAD BURNING (WELDING)
      • General Lead Burning Instructions
      • Burning on the Cell Connectors and Terminals
      • Burning Plates to Strap and Post
      • Post Building
      • Extending Plate Lugs
      • Making Temporary Charging Connections
      • MOULDING LEAD PARTS
      • HANDLING AND MIXING ACID
      • PUTTING NEW BATTERIES INTO SERVICE
      • Batteries Shipped Fully Charged, or "Wet." All Makes
      • BATTERIES SHIPPED "DRY"
      • Exide Batteries
      • Table of Initial and Repair Charging Rates
      • Vesta Batteries
      • Philadelphia Diamond Grid Batteries
      • Charging Rates
      • TABLE — No. 1
      • TABLE NO.2
      • Willard Bone-Dry Batteries
      • Unfilled Willard Wood Insulated Batteries
      • Preparing Westinghouse Batteries for Service
      • The Prest-O-Lite Assembled Green Seal Battery
      • Initial Charge---52 Hours
      • INSTALLING A BATTERY ON A CAR
      • STORING BATTERIES
      • "Wet" Storage
      • Series on 115 Volt Line
      • Dry Storage
      • DETERMINING AGE OF BATTERY
      • Exide Age Code.
      • Prest-O-Lite Age Code.
      • Prest-O-Lite Factory Marks.
      • Titan Age Code.
      • RENTAL BATTERIES
      • Terminals for Rental Batteries
      • RADIO BATTERIES
      • VESTA RADIO BATTERIES
      • EXIDE RADIO BATTERIES
      • WILLARD RADIO BATTERIES
      • WESTINGHOUSE RADIO BATTERIES
      • PHILADELHIA RADIO BATTERIES
      • Initial and Recharge Charging Rate
      • U. S. L. RADIO BATTERY
      • PREST-O-LITE RADIO BATTERIES
      • Table of Prest-O-Lite Radio Batteries
      • UNIVERSAL RADIO BATTERIES
      • "DRY" STORAGE BATTERIES
      • DISCHARGE TESTS
      • The 15 Seconds High Rate Discharge Test
      • Lighting Ability Discharge Tests
      • Starting Ability Discharge Tests
      • "Cycling" Discharge Tests
      • Discharge Apparatus
      • PACKING BATTERIES FOR SHIPPING
      • STORING SEPARATORS
      • REINSULATION
      • SAFETY FIRST FOR THE BATTERY REPAIRMAN
      • TESTING THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
      • Tests to Be Made by the Repairman
      • Troubles
      • ADJUSTING GENERATOR OUTPUTS
      • How and When to Adjust Charging Rates
      • TESTING AND FILLING SERVICE
      • SERVICE RECORDS
    • TROUBLES
    • Suggestions
    • LEAD BURNING (WELDING)
    • General Lead Burning Instructions
    • Burning on the Cell Connectors and Terminals
    • Burning Plates to Strap and Post
    • Post Building
    • Extending Plate Lugs
    • Making Temporary Charging Connections
    • MOULDING LEAD PARTS
    • HANDLING AND MIXING ACID
    • PUTTING NEW BATTERIES INTO SERVICE
    • Batteries Shipped Fully Charged, or "Wet." All Makes
    • BATTERIES SHIPPED "DRY"
    • Exide Batteries
    • Table of Initial and Repair Charging Rates
    • Vesta Batteries
    • Philadelphia Diamond Grid Batteries
    • Charging Rates
    • TABLE — No. 1
    • TABLE NO.2
    • Willard Bone-Dry Batteries
    • Unfilled Willard Wood Insulated Batteries
    • Preparing Westinghouse Batteries for Service
    • The Prest-O-Lite Assembled Green Seal Battery
    • Initial Charge---52 Hours
    • INSTALLING A BATTERY ON A CAR
    • STORING BATTERIES
    • "Wet" Storage
    • Series on 115 Volt Line
    • Dry Storage
    • DETERMINING AGE OF BATTERY
    • Exide Age Code.
    • Prest-O-Lite Age Code.
    • Prest-O-Lite Factory Marks.
    • Titan Age Code.
    • RENTAL BATTERIES
    • Terminals for Rental Batteries
    • RADIO BATTERIES
    • VESTA RADIO BATTERIES
    • EXIDE RADIO BATTERIES
    • WILLARD RADIO BATTERIES
    • WESTINGHOUSE RADIO BATTERIES
    • PHILADELHIA RADIO BATTERIES
    • Initial and Recharge Charging Rate
    • U. S. L. RADIO BATTERY
    • PREST-O-LITE RADIO BATTERIES
    • Table of Prest-O-Lite Radio Batteries
    • UNIVERSAL RADIO BATTERIES
    • "DRY" STORAGE BATTERIES
    • DISCHARGE TESTS
    • The 15 Seconds High Rate Discharge Test
    • Lighting Ability Discharge Tests
    • Starting Ability Discharge Tests
    • "Cycling" Discharge Tests
    • Discharge Apparatus
    • PACKING BATTERIES FOR SHIPPING
    • STORING SEPARATORS
    • REINSULATION
    • SAFETY FIRST FOR THE BATTERY REPAIRMAN
    • TESTING THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
    • Tests to Be Made by the Repairman
    • Troubles
    • ADJUSTING GENERATOR OUTPUTS
    • How and When to Adjust Charging Rates
    • TESTING AND FILLING SERVICE
    • SERVICE RECORDS
    • CHAPTER 13. BUSINESS METHODS.
      • Purchasing Methods.
      • The Use and Abuse of Credit.
      • Proper Bookkeeping Records.
      • A Daily Exhibit of Your Business.
      • Expenses and Profits.
      • Invaluable Monthly Comparative Information.
    • Purchasing Methods.
    • The Use and Abuse of Credit.
    • Proper Bookkeeping Records.
    • A Daily Exhibit of Your Business.
    • Expenses and Profits.
    • Invaluable Monthly Comparative Information.
    • CHAPTER 14. WHAT'S WRONG WITH THE BATTERY?
      • Battery Tests
      • General Inspection
      • Operation Tests
      • Trouble Charts
      • All Cells Show Low Gravity or Low Voltage
      • Gravity Readings Unequal
      • High Gravity
      • Low Electrolyte
      • Battery Overheats
      • Electrolyte Leaking Out at Top
      • Summary
    • Battery Tests
    • General Inspection
    • Operation Tests
    • Trouble Charts
    • All Cells Show Low Gravity or Low Voltage
    • Gravity Readings Unequal
    • High Gravity
    • Low Electrolyte
    • Battery Overheats
    • Electrolyte Leaking Out at Top
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 15 REBUILDING THE BATTERY
      • How to Open a Battery
      • What Must Be Done with the Battery?
      • Examining the Plates
      • When to Put In New Plates
      • When the Old Plates May be Used Again
      • What To Do With the Separators
      • Find the Cause of Every Trouble
      • Eliminating "Shorts"
      • Charging
      • Washing and Pressing the Negatives
      • Washing Positives
      • Burning on Plates
      • Work on the Jars
      • Testing Jars
      • Removing Defective Jars
      • Repairing the Case
      • REASSEMBLING THE BATTERY
      • Reassembling the Elements
      • Putting Elements in Jars
      • Filling Jars with Electrolyte or Putting on the Covers
      • Use 1.400 Acid
      • Putting on The Covers
      • Sealing Compounds
      • Sealing Double Cover Batteries
      • Sealing Single Cover Batteries
      • Burning-on the Cell Connectors
      • Marking the Battery
      • Cleaning and Painting the Case
      • Charging the Rebuilt Battery
      • Adjusting the Electrolyte
      • High Rate Discharge
    • How to Open a Battery
    • What Must Be Done with the Battery?
    • Examining the Plates
    • When to Put In New Plates
    • When the Old Plates May be Used Again
    • What To Do With the Separators
    • Find the Cause of Every Trouble
    • Eliminating "Shorts"
    • Charging
    • Washing and Pressing the Negatives
    • Washing Positives
    • Burning on Plates
    • Work on the Jars
    • Testing Jars
    • Removing Defective Jars
    • Repairing the Case
    • REASSEMBLING THE BATTERY
    • Reassembling the Elements
    • Putting Elements in Jars
    • Filling Jars with Electrolyte or Putting on the Covers
    • Use 1.400 Acid
    • Putting on The Covers
    • Sealing Compounds
    • Sealing Double Cover Batteries
    • Sealing Single Cover Batteries
    • Burning-on the Cell Connectors
    • Marking the Battery
    • Cleaning and Painting the Case
    • Charging the Rebuilt Battery
    • Adjusting the Electrolyte
    • High Rate Discharge
    • CHAPTER 16 SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS
      • EXIDE BATTERIES
      • Type Numbers
      • Methods of Holding Jars in Case
      • Opening Exide Batteries
      • Work on Plates, Separators, Jars, and Case
      • Reassembling Plates
      • Putting Plates In Jars
      • Filling Jars With Electrolyte
      • Sealing Exide Battery Covers
      • Putting Cells In Case
      • Burning on the Cell Connectors
      • U. S. L. BATTERIES
      • PREST-O-LITE BATTERIES
      • Prest-O-Lite Type "N" Post Locking Outfit
      • To Remove Cell Covers from Elements
      • To Rebuild Posts
      • To Lock or Peen Posts
      • Precautions in Post Locking Operations
      • General Instructions
      • THE PHILADELPHIA DIAMOND GRID BATTERY
      • Old Type
      • New Development in the Philadelphia Battery
      • The Philadelphia Separator
      • THE EVEREADY STORAGE BATTERY
      • Description of Parts
      • Repairing Eveready Batteries
      • VESTA BATTERIES
      • The Vesta Type "D" Battery
      • Type "DJ"
      • Vesta Separators
      • Vesta Post Seal
      • WESTINGHOUSE BATTERIES
      • Westinghouse Plates
      • TYPES OF WESTINGHOUSE BATTERIES
      • Type "A" Batteries
      • Plates
      • Type "B" Batteries
      • Plates
      • Type "C" Batteries
      • Plates
      • Type "E" Batteries
      • Plates
      • Type "H" Batteries
      • Plates
      • Type "J" Batteries
      • Plates
      • Type "0" Batteries
      • Plates
      • Type "F" Batteries
      • Plates
      • WILLARD BATTERIES
      • Willard Batteries With Compound Sealed Posts
      • Willard Batteries With Lead Inserts In Covers
      • Willard Gasket Type Batteries
      • Willard Separators
      • UNIVERSAL BATTERIES
      • ONE-PIECE BATTERY CONTAINERS
      • THE TITAN BATTERY
    • EXIDE BATTERIES
    • Type Numbers
    • Methods of Holding Jars in Case
    • Opening Exide Batteries
    • Work on Plates, Separators, Jars, and Case
    • Reassembling Plates
    • Putting Plates In Jars
    • Filling Jars With Electrolyte
    • Sealing Exide Battery Covers
    • Putting Cells In Case
    • Burning on the Cell Connectors
    • U. S. L. BATTERIES
    • PREST-O-LITE BATTERIES
    • Prest-O-Lite Type "N" Post Locking Outfit
    • To Remove Cell Covers from Elements
    • To Rebuild Posts
    • To Lock or Peen Posts
    • Precautions in Post Locking Operations
    • General Instructions
    • THE PHILADELPHIA DIAMOND GRID BATTERY
    • Old Type
    • New Development in the Philadelphia Battery
    • The Philadelphia Separator
    • THE EVEREADY STORAGE BATTERY
    • Description of Parts
    • Repairing Eveready Batteries
    • VESTA BATTERIES
    • The Vesta Type "D" Battery
    • Type "DJ"
    • Vesta Separators
    • Vesta Post Seal
    • WESTINGHOUSE BATTERIES
    • Westinghouse Plates
    • TYPES OF WESTINGHOUSE BATTERIES
    • Type "A" Batteries
    • Plates
    • Type "B" Batteries
    • Plates
    • Type "C" Batteries
    • Plates
    • Type "E" Batteries
    • Plates
    • Type "H" Batteries
    • Plates
    • Type "J" Batteries
    • Plates
    • Type "0" Batteries
    • Plates
    • Type "F" Batteries
    • Plates
    • WILLARD BATTERIES
    • Willard Batteries With Compound Sealed Posts
    • Willard Batteries With Lead Inserts In Covers
    • Willard Gasket Type Batteries
    • Willard Separators
    • UNIVERSAL BATTERIES
    • ONE-PIECE BATTERY CONTAINERS
    • THE TITAN BATTERY
  • SECTION 3.
    • CHAPTER 17 FARM LIGHTING BATTERIES SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS
      • Selection of Plant
      • Location of Plant
      • Wiring
      • Installation
      • Connecting Cells
      • Initial Charge
      • Instructing Users
      • Care of the Plant in Operation
      • Care of Battery
      • Charging
      • Discharge
      • Battery Troubles
      • PREST-O-LITE FARM LIGHTING BATTERIES
      • Rebuilding Prest-O-Lite Farm Lighting Batteries
      • EXIDE FARM LIGHTING BATTERIES.
      • Batteries with Sealed Glass Jars.
      • Battery Gauges and Instruments for Testing.
      • The Ampere-Hour Meter
      • Hydrometers
      • When and How to Charge Battery
      • Plants with Average Loads
      • Carry Heavy Loads Greater Than 10 Amperes.
      • Where Small Load Is Used.
      • INSPECTION TRIPS
      • Sediment Space Filled.
      • Check Ampere-Hour Meters
      • Voltage Readings
      • REPAIRS
      • Disassembling a Cell
      • Assembling
      • Inserting Locking Pin
      • Sealing Covers
      • Filling Cell with Electrolyte
      • Charging
      • Adjusting Gravity of Electrolyte
      • HOW TO REPAIR DELCO-LIGHT CELLS
      • Treating Broken Cells
      • Treating Spilled Cells
      • Treating Badly Sulphated Cells That Have Been in Service
      • Treating Reversed Cells
      • Removing Impurities
      • Clearing High Resistance Short Circuits
      • Clearing Lug Shorts
      • Putting Repaired Cells Back in Service
      • Charging Outside Negative Plates
      • Pressing Negative Plates
      • Salvaging Replaced Cells
      • Repairing Lead Parts
      • Repairing Broken Posts.
      • Burning on Straps
      • How to Eliminate Burning on Straps by Use of an Auxiliary Strap
      • Burning on New Plates
      • Keeping Wood Separators In Stock
      • Freezing Temperature of Electrolyte
      • Care of Cells in Stock
      • Taking Batteries Out of Commission
      • Putting Batteries Into Commission After Being Out of Service
      • General Complaints from Users and How to Handle Them.
      • OTHER EXIDE FARM LIGHTING BATTERIES
      • Batteries with Open Glass Jars
      • Batteries with Sealed Rubber Jars
      • WESTINGHOUSE FARM LIGHTING BATTERIES
      • Opening and Setting-Up Westinghouse Farm Lighting Batteries
      • The Relation Between Various Sizes of Westinghouse Farm Light Batteries and Work to be Done
      • Table A
      • Table B
      • WILLARD FARM LIGHTING BATTERIES
      • Glass Jar Batteries. Fully Charged and Filled With Electrolyte
      • Unpacking
      • Inspection of Cells.
      • Connecting the Cells
      • Willard Glass Jar Batteries Shipped "Knock-Down."
      • Cleaning the Glass Jars
      • Preparing the Covers
      • Assembling the Element and Separators
      • Sealing Element Assembly in Jar
      • Filling with Electrolyte
      • Initial Charge
      • Wilard Rubber Jar Batteries Shipped Completely Charged and Filled with Electrolyte
      • Willard Rubber Jar Batteries Shipped Dry (Export Batteries)
      • Installing Counter Electromotive Force Cells
    • Selection of Plant
    • Location of Plant
    • Wiring
    • Installation
    • Connecting Cells
    • Initial Charge
    • Instructing Users
    • Care of the Plant in Operation
    • Care of Battery
    • Charging
    • Discharge
    • Battery Troubles
    • PREST-O-LITE FARM LIGHTING BATTERIES
    • Rebuilding Prest-O-Lite Farm Lighting Batteries
    • EXIDE FARM LIGHTING BATTERIES.
    • Batteries with Sealed Glass Jars.
    • Battery Gauges and Instruments for Testing.
    • The Ampere-Hour Meter
    • Hydrometers
    • When and How to Charge Battery
    • Plants with Average Loads
    • Carry Heavy Loads Greater Than 10 Amperes.
    • Where Small Load Is Used.
    • INSPECTION TRIPS
    • Sediment Space Filled.
    • Check Ampere-Hour Meters
    • Voltage Readings
    • REPAIRS
    • Disassembling a Cell
    • Assembling
    • Inserting Locking Pin
    • Sealing Covers
    • Filling Cell with Electrolyte
    • Charging
    • Adjusting Gravity of Electrolyte
    • HOW TO REPAIR DELCO-LIGHT CELLS
    • Treating Broken Cells
    • Treating Spilled Cells
    • Treating Badly Sulphated Cells That Have Been in Service
    • Treating Reversed Cells
    • Removing Impurities
    • Clearing High Resistance Short Circuits
    • Clearing Lug Shorts
    • Putting Repaired Cells Back in Service
    • Charging Outside Negative Plates
    • Pressing Negative Plates
    • Salvaging Replaced Cells
    • Repairing Lead Parts
    • Repairing Broken Posts.
    • Burning on Straps
    • How to Eliminate Burning on Straps by Use of an Auxiliary Strap
    • Burning on New Plates
    • Keeping Wood Separators In Stock
    • Freezing Temperature of Electrolyte
    • Care of Cells in Stock
    • Taking Batteries Out of Commission
    • Putting Batteries Into Commission After Being Out of Service
    • General Complaints from Users and How to Handle Them.
    • OTHER EXIDE FARM LIGHTING BATTERIES
    • Batteries with Open Glass Jars
    • Batteries with Sealed Rubber Jars
    • WESTINGHOUSE FARM LIGHTING BATTERIES
    • Opening and Setting-Up Westinghouse Farm Lighting Batteries
    • The Relation Between Various Sizes of Westinghouse Farm Light Batteries and Work to be Done
    • Table A
    • Table B
    • WILLARD FARM LIGHTING BATTERIES
    • Glass Jar Batteries. Fully Charged and Filled With Electrolyte
    • Unpacking
    • Inspection of Cells.
    • Connecting the Cells
    • Willard Glass Jar Batteries Shipped "Knock-Down."
    • Cleaning the Glass Jars
    • Preparing the Covers
    • Assembling the Element and Separators
    • Sealing Element Assembly in Jar
    • Filling with Electrolyte
    • Initial Charge
    • Wilard Rubber Jar Batteries Shipped Completely Charged and Filled with Electrolyte
    • Willard Rubber Jar Batteries Shipped Dry (Export Batteries)
    • Installing Counter Electromotive Force Cells
    • Definitions and Descriptions of Terms and Parts
  • Index
    • A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ
  • A VISIT TO THE FACTORY
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