Principles_of_Sociological_Inquiry
Free

Principles_of_Sociological_Inquiry

By Unknown
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • Preface
  • Relevance, Balance, and Accessibility
  • Chapter 1
  • Introduction
    • Research Methods for Everyday Life
    • 1.1 How Do We Know What We Know?
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Different Sources of Knowledge
    • Ontology and Epistemology
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 1.2 Science, Social Science, and Sociology
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • The Science of Sociology
    • Specific Considerations for the Social Sciences
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 1.3 Why Should We Care?
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Consuming Research and Living With Its Results
    • Research as Employment Opportunity
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 1.4 Design and Goals of This Text
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Chapter Layout
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
  • Chapter 2
  • Linking Methods With Theory
  • What’s Theory Got to Do With It?
    • 2.1 Micro, Meso, and Macro Approaches
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Sociology at Three Different Levels
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 2.2 Paradigms, Theories, and How They Shape a Researcher’s Approach
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Paradigms in Social Science
    • Sociological Theories
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 2.3 Inductive or Deductive? Two Different Approaches
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Inductive Approaches and Some Examples
    • Deductive Approaches and Some Examples
    • Complementary Approaches?
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 2.4 Revisiting an Earlier Question
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
  • Chapter 3
  • Research Ethics
    • Ethics in Sociological Research
    • 3.1 Research on Humans
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Human Research Versus Nonhuman Research
    • A Historical Look at Research on Humans
    • Institutional Review Boards
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 3.2 Specific Ethical Issues to Consider
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Informed Consent
    • Protection of Identities
    • Disciplinary Considerations
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 3.3 Ethics at Micro, Meso, and Macro Levels
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVE
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 3.4 The Practice of Science Versus the Uses of Science
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Doing Science the Ethical Way
    • Using Science the Ethical Way
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
  • Chapter 4
  • Beginning a Research Project
    • Choosing a Topic
    • Do you like to watch movies? Do you have a pet that you care about? Do you wonder what you and your peers might do with your degrees once you’ve finished college? Do you wonder how many people on your campus have heard of the BP oil spill of 2010, ho...
    • 4.1 Starting Where You Already Are
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • How Do You Feel About Where You Already Are?
    • What Do You Know About Where You Already Are?
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 4.2 Is It Empirical?
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 4.3 Is It Sociological?
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • What Is Sociology?
    • What Is Not Sociology?
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 4.4 Is It a Question?
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Sociologists as Paparazzi?
    • Some Specific Examples
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 4.5 Steps
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Feasibility
    • Field Trip: Visit Your Library
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
  • Chapter 5
  • Research Design
    • How to Design a Research Project
    • 5.1 Goals of the Research Project
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Exploration, Description, Explanation
    • Idiographic or Nomothetic?
    • Applied or Basic?
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 5.2 Qualitative or Quantitative? Some Specific Considerations
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Causality
    • Units of Analysis and Units of Observation
    • Hypotheses
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 5.3 Triangulation
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 5.4 Components of a Research Project
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Searching for Literature
    • Reviewing the Literature
    • Additional Important Components
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
  • Chapter 6
  • Defining and Measuring Concepts
    • Measurement, Conceptualization, and Operationalization
    • 6.1 Measurement
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • What Do Social Scientists Measure?
    • How Do Social Scientists Measure?
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
    • 6.2 Conceptualization
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Concepts and Conceptualization
    • A Word of Caution About Conceptualization
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 6.3 Operationalization
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Indicators
    • Putting It All Together
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
    • 6.4 Measurement Quality
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Reliability
    • Validity
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 6.5 Complexities in Measurement
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Levels of Measurement
    • Indexes, Scales, and Typologies
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
  • Chapter 7
  • Sampling
    • Who or What?
    • 7.1 Populations Versus Samples
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVE
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 7.2 Sampling in Qualitative Research
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Nonprobability Sampling
    • Types of Nonprobability Samples
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 7.3 Sampling in Quantitative Research
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Probability Sampling
    • Types of Probability Samples
    • There are a variety of probability samples that researchers may use. These include simple random samples, systematic samples, stratified samples, and cluster samples.
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 7.4 A Word of Caution: Questions to Ask About Samples
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Who Sampled, How Sampled, and for What Purpose?
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
  • Chapter 8
  • Survey Research: A Quantitative Technique
    • Why Survey Research?
    • 8.1 Survey Research: What Is It and When Should It Be Used?
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAY
      • EXERCISE
    • 8.2 Pros and Cons of Survey Research
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Strengths of Survey Method
    • Weaknesses of Survey Method
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 8.3 Types of Surveys
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Time
    • Administration
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 8.4 Designing Effective Questions and Questionnaires
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Asking Effective Questions
    • Response Options
    • Designing Questionnaires
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 8.5 Analysis of Survey Data
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • From Completed Questionnaires to Analyzable Data
    • Identifying Patterns
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
  • Chapter 9
  • Interviews: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches
    • Why Interview Research?
    • 9.1 Interview Research: What Is It and When Should It Be Used?
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
    • 9.2 Qualitative Interview Techniques and Considerations
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Conducting Qualitative Interviews
    • Analysis of Qualitative Interview Data
    • Strengths and Weaknesses of Qualitative Interviews
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 9.3 Quantitative Interview Techniques and Considerations
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Conducting Quantitative Interviews
    • Analysis of Quantitative Interview Data
    • Strengths and Weaknesses of Quantitative Interviews
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 9.4 Issues to Consider for All Interview Types
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Power
    • Location, Location, Location
    • Researcher-Respondent Relationship
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
  • Chapter 10
  • Field Research: A Qualitative Technique
    • Why Field Research?
    • 10.1 Field Research: What Is It and When to Use It?
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 10.2 Pros and Cons of Field Research
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Strengths of Field Research
    • Weaknesses of Field Research
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 10.3 Getting In
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Choosing a Site
    • Choosing a Role
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 10.4 Field Notes
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Writing in the Field
    • Writing out of the Field
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
    • 10.5 Analysis of Field Research Data
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • From Description to Analysis
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
  • Chapter 11
  • Unobtrusive Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches
    • Why Unobtrusive Research?
    • 11.1 Unobtrusive Research: What Is It and When to Use It?
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 11.2 Pros and Cons of Unobtrusive Research
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Strengths of Unobtrusive Research
    • Weaknesses of Unobtrusive Research
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 11.3 Unobtrusive Data Collected by You
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Content Analysis
    • Indirect Measures
    • Analysis of Unobtrusive Data Collected by You
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 11.4 Analyzing Others’ Data
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 11.5 Reliability in Unobtrusive Research
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
  • Chapter 12
  • Other Methods of Data Collection and Analysis
    • Why Additional Methods?
    • 12.1 Focus Groups
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 12.2 Experiments
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 12.3 Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
  • Chapter 13
  • Sharing Your Work
    • Research as Public Activity
    • 13.1 Deciding What to Share and With Whom to Share It
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Sharing It All: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
    • Knowing Your Audience
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
    • 13.2 Presenting Your Research
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 13.3 Writing Up Research Results
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 13.4 Disseminating Findings
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
  • Chapter 14
  • Reading and Understanding Social Research
    • Sociology in Everyday Life
    • 14.1 Reading Reports of Sociological Research
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 14.2 Being a Responsible Consumer of Research
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVE
      • KEY TAKEAWAY
      • EXERCISE
    • 14.3 Media Reports of Sociological Research
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 14.4 Sociological Research: It’s Everywhere
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
  • Chapter 15
  • Research Methods in the Real World
    • Applying What You’ve Learned
    • 15.1 Doing Research for a Living
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Evaluation Research
    • Market Research
    • Policy and Other Government Research
      • KEY TAKEAWAY
      • EXERCISE
    • 15.2 Doing Research for a Cause
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISE
    • 15.3 Public Sociology
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVE
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
    • 15.4 Revisiting an Earlier Question: Why Should We Care?
      • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Transferable Skills
    • Understanding Yourself, Your Circumstances, and Your World
      • KEY TAKEAWAYS
      • EXERCISES
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