Winning a Cause World War Stories
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Winning a Cause World War Stories

By Inez Bigwood, John Gilbert Thompson
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Table of Contents
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook, Winning a Cause, by John Gilbert Thompson and Inez Bigwood
    • E-text prepared by Al Haines
      • In Flanders Now
        • (An Answer to Lt.-Col. McCrae)
        • [Frontispiece: Edwin Rowland Blashfield's poster, "Carry On," used in the Fourth Liberty Loan. This striking lithograph in the movement of its design expresses the compelling force of the American spirit as it entered the World War. The original oil painting has been purchased by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.]
      • (An Answer to Lt.-Col. McCrae)
      • [Frontispiece: Edwin Rowland Blashfield's poster, "Carry On," used in the Fourth Liberty Loan. This striking lithograph in the movement of its design expresses the compelling force of the American spirit as it entered the World War. The original oil painting has been purchased by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.]
    • In Flanders Now
      • (An Answer to Lt.-Col. McCrae)
      • [Frontispiece: Edwin Rowland Blashfield's poster, "Carry On," used in the Fourth Liberty Loan. This striking lithograph in the movement of its design expresses the compelling force of the American spirit as it entered the World War. The original oil painting has been purchased by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.]
    • (An Answer to Lt.-Col. McCrae)
    • [Frontispiece: Edwin Rowland Blashfield's poster, "Carry On," used in the Fourth Liberty Loan. This striking lithograph in the movement of its design expresses the compelling force of the American spirit as it entered the World War. The original oil painting has been purchased by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.]
  • WINNING A CAUSE
    • WORLD WAR STORIES
      • BY
      • JOHN GILBERT THOMPSON
        • PRINCIPAL OF THE STATE NORMAL SCHOOL FITCHBURG, MASS.
        • AND
      • PRINCIPAL OF THE STATE NORMAL SCHOOL FITCHBURG, MASS.
      • AND
      • INEZ BIGWOOD
        • INSTRUCTOR IN CHILDREN'S LITERATURE STATE NORMAL SCHOOL FITCHBURG, MASS.
        • AUTHORS OF LEST WE FORGET
        • SILVER, BURDETT AND COMPANY BOSTON —— NEW YORK —— CHICAGO
      • INSTRUCTOR IN CHILDREN'S LITERATURE STATE NORMAL SCHOOL FITCHBURG, MASS.
      • AUTHORS OF LEST WE FORGET
      • SILVER, BURDETT AND COMPANY BOSTON —— NEW YORK —— CHICAGO
      • PREFACE
      • CONTENTS
      • ILLUSTRATIONS
      • Edwin Rowland Blashfield's poster, "Carry On," used in the Fourth Liberty Loan . . . . Frontispiece
      • The standard bearers and color guard leading a column of the Fifth Artillery of the First American Division through Hetzerath, Germany, on their way to the Rhine.
      • "Lafayette, We Are Here!" The immortal tribute of General John J. Pershing at the grave of the great Frenchman.
      • The religious and military tribute paid to the first Americans to fall in battle, at Bathelmont, November 4, 1917.
      • Saint George and the Dragon, painted by V. Carpaccio in 1516, Venice; S. Giorgio Maggiore.
      • Jeanne d'Arc, rising in her stirrups, holds on high her sword, as if to consecrate it for a war of Right.
      • Memorial Day, 1918, was celebrated abroad as well as at home.
      • This memorial to the memory of Edith Cavell was unveiled by Queen Alexandra in Norwich, England, at the opening of the Nurse Cavell Memorial Home.
      • Somewhere in France these Salvation Army "lassies" are baking pies and "doughnuts for the doughboys."
      • The U.S. Destroyer Fanning with depth bombs stored in run-ways on the after deck.
      • One of the camouflaged guns of the German shore batteries which raked with fire the Vindictive, the Daffodil, and the Iris when they grappled with the mole, during the night raid.
      • The British Cruiser Curacao, Admiral Tyrwhitt's flagship, leading out one column of British cruisers at the surrender of the German navy.
      • From left to right, Admiral Sir David Beatty, Admiral Rodman, King George, the Prince of Wales, and Admiral Sims on the deck of the U.S. Battleship New York,
      • The heroic American ace, Raoul Lufbery, wearing his well-earned decorations just after an official presentation.
      • A two-passenger tractor biplane flying near the seashore.
      • The official entry of General Allenby into Jerusalem, December 11, 1917.
      • David Lloyd George.
      • Georges Clemenceau.
      • Major General Clarence R. Edwards pinning the congressional Medal of Honor on the breast of Lieutenant Colonel Charles W. Whittlesey.
      • Messages from Colonel Whittlesey and Lieutenant McKeogh.
      • This picture shows the standardized style of building used in every army in the United States.
      • A 10-inch caliber naval gun on a railroad mount.
      • A photograph from an airplane at 7900 feet, showing Love Field, Dallas, Texas, and a parachute jumper.
      • The Red Cross War Fund and Membership poster.
      • A photograph of the United States Transport George Washington taken from an airplane.
      • President Wilson driving from the railroad station in Paris with President Poincaré of France.
      • Sergeant York wearing the French Croix de Guerre and the Congressional Medal of Honor.
      • Pronouncing Vocabulary (four images).
    • BY
    • JOHN GILBERT THOMPSON
      • PRINCIPAL OF THE STATE NORMAL SCHOOL FITCHBURG, MASS.
      • AND
    • PRINCIPAL OF THE STATE NORMAL SCHOOL FITCHBURG, MASS.
    • AND
    • INEZ BIGWOOD
      • INSTRUCTOR IN CHILDREN'S LITERATURE STATE NORMAL SCHOOL FITCHBURG, MASS.
      • AUTHORS OF LEST WE FORGET
      • SILVER, BURDETT AND COMPANY BOSTON —— NEW YORK —— CHICAGO
    • INSTRUCTOR IN CHILDREN'S LITERATURE STATE NORMAL SCHOOL FITCHBURG, MASS.
    • AUTHORS OF LEST WE FORGET
    • SILVER, BURDETT AND COMPANY BOSTON —— NEW YORK —— CHICAGO
    • PREFACE
    • CONTENTS
    • ILLUSTRATIONS
    • Edwin Rowland Blashfield's poster, "Carry On," used in the Fourth Liberty Loan . . . . Frontispiece
    • The standard bearers and color guard leading a column of the Fifth Artillery of the First American Division through Hetzerath, Germany, on their way to the Rhine.
    • "Lafayette, We Are Here!" The immortal tribute of General John J. Pershing at the grave of the great Frenchman.
    • The religious and military tribute paid to the first Americans to fall in battle, at Bathelmont, November 4, 1917.
    • Saint George and the Dragon, painted by V. Carpaccio in 1516, Venice; S. Giorgio Maggiore.
    • Jeanne d'Arc, rising in her stirrups, holds on high her sword, as if to consecrate it for a war of Right.
    • Memorial Day, 1918, was celebrated abroad as well as at home.
    • This memorial to the memory of Edith Cavell was unveiled by Queen Alexandra in Norwich, England, at the opening of the Nurse Cavell Memorial Home.
    • Somewhere in France these Salvation Army "lassies" are baking pies and "doughnuts for the doughboys."
    • The U.S. Destroyer Fanning with depth bombs stored in run-ways on the after deck.
    • One of the camouflaged guns of the German shore batteries which raked with fire the Vindictive, the Daffodil, and the Iris when they grappled with the mole, during the night raid.
    • The British Cruiser Curacao, Admiral Tyrwhitt's flagship, leading out one column of British cruisers at the surrender of the German navy.
    • From left to right, Admiral Sir David Beatty, Admiral Rodman, King George, the Prince of Wales, and Admiral Sims on the deck of the U.S. Battleship New York,
    • The heroic American ace, Raoul Lufbery, wearing his well-earned decorations just after an official presentation.
    • A two-passenger tractor biplane flying near the seashore.
    • The official entry of General Allenby into Jerusalem, December 11, 1917.
    • David Lloyd George.
    • Georges Clemenceau.
    • Major General Clarence R. Edwards pinning the congressional Medal of Honor on the breast of Lieutenant Colonel Charles W. Whittlesey.
    • Messages from Colonel Whittlesey and Lieutenant McKeogh.
    • This picture shows the standardized style of building used in every army in the United States.
    • A 10-inch caliber naval gun on a railroad mount.
    • A photograph from an airplane at 7900 feet, showing Love Field, Dallas, Texas, and a parachute jumper.
    • The Red Cross War Fund and Membership poster.
    • A photograph of the United States Transport George Washington taken from an airplane.
    • President Wilson driving from the railroad station in Paris with President Poincaré of France.
    • Sergeant York wearing the French Croix de Guerre and the Congressional Medal of Honor.
    • Pronouncing Vocabulary (four images).
  • WINNING A CAUSE
    • WHY THE UNITED STATES ENTERED THE WAR
      • [Illustration: The standard bearers and color guard leading a column of the Fifth Artillery of the First American Division through Hetzerath, Germany, on their way to the Rhine.]
      • AMERICA COMES IN
      • PERSHING AT THE TOMB OF LAFAYETTE
        • [Illustration: "Lafayette, We Are Here!" The immortal tribute of General John J. Pershing at the grave of the great Frenchman. Notice the difference between the American and French salutes.]
      • [Illustration: "Lafayette, We Are Here!" The immortal tribute of General John J. Pershing at the grave of the great Frenchman. Notice the difference between the American and French salutes.]
      • AMERICA ENTERS THE WAR
      • SPEECH BY LLOYD GEORGE, BRITISH PREMIER, APRIL 12, 1917
      • THE FIRST TO FALL IN BATTLE
        • [Illustration: The religious and military tribute paid to the first Americans to fall in battle, at Bathelmont, November 4, 1917. General Bordeaux, in the name of the French army, bade "farewell to all that was mortal of the three heroes." At this point in the funeral, notice that the American soldiers in the background are standing at "parade rest."]
      • [Illustration: The religious and military tribute paid to the first Americans to fall in battle, at Bathelmont, November 4, 1917. General Bordeaux, in the name of the French army, bade "farewell to all that was mortal of the three heroes." At this point in the funeral, notice that the American soldiers in the background are standing at "parade rest."]
      • FOUR SOLDIERS
      • THE BOCHE
      • THE POILU
      • THE TOMMY
        • [Illustration: Saint George and the Dragon, painted by V. Carpaccio in 1516, Venice; S. Giorgio Maggiore. The background, as in most medieval paintings, gives scenes that explain further the legend depicted.]
      • [Illustration: Saint George and the Dragon, painted by V. Carpaccio in 1516, Venice; S. Giorgio Maggiore. The background, as in most medieval paintings, gives scenes that explain further the legend depicted.]
      • THE YANK
      • DUTY
      • WHERE THE FOUR WINDS MEET
      • THE UNITED STATES MARINES
      • THE SOLDIERS WHO GO TO SEA
      • WHEN THE TIDE TURNED
      • THE AMERICAN ATTACK AT CHÂTEAU-THIERRY AND BELLEAU WOOD IN THE FIRST WEEK OF JUNE, 1918
        • AN ADDRESS AT THE UNITED WAR WORK CAMPAIGN MEETING OF THE BOSTON ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION, NOVEMBER 12, 1918
      • AN ADDRESS AT THE UNITED WAR WORK CAMPAIGN MEETING OF THE BOSTON ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION, NOVEMBER 12, 1918
      • WHY THE TIDE WAS FATED TO TURN
      • WHERE THE TIDE TURNED
      • JUST BEFORE THE TIDE TURNED
      • THE TURNING OF THE TIDE
      • A BOY OF PERUGIA
      • REDEEMED ITALY
      • SONG OF THE AVIATOR
      • NATIONS BORN AND REBORN
      • "TO VILLINGEN—AND BACK"
      • ALSACE-LORRAINE
        • [Illustration: Jeanne d'Arc, rising in her stirrups, holds on high her sword, as if to consecrate it for a war of Right. This inspiring statue, located near Grant's Tomb on Riverside Drive, New York City, overlooks the Hudson, where it bade Godspeed to all the American soldiers and sailors going overseas to deliver France from the Hun.]
        • [Illustration: Memorial Day, 1918, was celebrated abroad as well as at home. In Masevaux, the provisional capital of the recaptured Alsatian territory, the American troops, headed by their band, paraded through the streets. In the contingent directly behind the band you can see a delegation of American and French officers and prominent citizens.]
      • [Illustration: Jeanne d'Arc, rising in her stirrups, holds on high her sword, as if to consecrate it for a war of Right. This inspiring statue, located near Grant's Tomb on Riverside Drive, New York City, overlooks the Hudson, where it bade Godspeed to all the American soldiers and sailors going overseas to deliver France from the Hun.]
      • [Illustration: Memorial Day, 1918, was celebrated abroad as well as at home. In Masevaux, the provisional capital of the recaptured Alsatian territory, the American troops, headed by their band, paraded through the streets. In the contingent directly behind the band you can see a delegation of American and French officers and prominent citizens.]
      • THE CALL TO ARMS IN OUR STREET
      • THE KAISER'S CROWN
      • (VERSAILLES, JANUARY 18, 1871)
      • THE QUALITY OF MERCY
      • THE REALLY INVINCIBLE ARMADA
      • "I KNEW YOU WOULD COME"
      • THE SEARCHLIGHTS
      • FIGHTING A DEPTH BOMB
      • THE SECOND LINE OF DEFENSE
        • [Illustration: This memorial to the memory of Edith Cavell was unveiled by Queen Alexandra in Norwich, England, at the opening of the Nurse Cavell Memorial Home. The statue and the home for district nurses are constant reminders of the nurse, a brave victim of Prussian despotism, who lived a patriot and died a martyr.]
        • [Illustration: Somewhere in France these Salvation Army "lassies" are baking pies and "doughnuts for the doughboys." Their kitchen is set up in a part of the trenches under constant fire from the German guns. You can see their "box respirators," or gas-masks, worn at the "alert" position. Home cooking for the soldiers made home itself seem not so far away after all!]
      • [Illustration: This memorial to the memory of Edith Cavell was unveiled by Queen Alexandra in Norwich, England, at the opening of the Nurse Cavell Memorial Home. The statue and the home for district nurses are constant reminders of the nurse, a brave victim of Prussian despotism, who lived a patriot and died a martyr.]
      • [Illustration: Somewhere in France these Salvation Army "lassies" are baking pies and "doughnuts for the doughboys." Their kitchen is set up in a part of the trenches under constant fire from the German guns. You can see their "box respirators," or gas-masks, worn at the "alert" position. Home cooking for the soldiers made home itself seem not so far away after all!]
      • U. S. DESTROYER OSMOND C. INGRAM
        • [Illustration: The U. S. Destroyer Fanning with depth bombs stored in run-ways on the after deck. These may be instantly released and dropped over the stern. (Refer to page 152.) The high explosives stored in crates on the after deck of the Cassin were in the same general location as the above, but not primed for action.]
      • [Illustration: The U. S. Destroyer Fanning with depth bombs stored in run-ways on the after deck. These may be instantly released and dropped over the stern. (Refer to page 152.) The high explosives stored in crates on the after deck of the Cassin were in the same general location as the above, but not primed for action.]
      • JOYCE KILMER
      • TREES
      • BLOCKING THE CHANNEL
        • [Illustration: One of the camouflaged guns of the German shore batteries which raked with fire the Vindictive, the Daffodil, and the Iris when they grappled with the mole, during the night raid. The outer end of this mole, where a viaduct joins the mole to the shore, was destroyed for a distance of sixty to one hundred feet by an old British submarine, loaded with high explosives, running into the channel and blowing itself up at the entrance.]
      • [Illustration: One of the camouflaged guns of the German shore batteries which raked with fire the Vindictive, the Daffodil, and the Iris when they grappled with the mole, during the night raid. The outer end of this mole, where a viaduct joins the mole to the shore, was destroyed for a distance of sixty to one hundred feet by an old British submarine, loaded with high explosives, running into the channel and blowing itself up at the entrance.]
      • THE FLEET THAT LOST ITS SOUL
        • [Illustration: The British Cruiser Curacoa, Admiral Tyrwhitt's flagship, leading out one column of British cruisers at the surrender of the German navy. Overhead is a captive or "kite" balloon. As used in naval work, it is attached to an anchored or moving ship by a small steel cable, by which it is regulated for purposes of observation. The tubular surfaces which give the balloon the appearance of an elephant's head are not filled with hydrogen gas, but are inflated by the winds at high altitudes, thus keeping the balloon relatively steady like a kite with a long tail. The stationary balloon is such a good target for anti-aircraft guns that the observers are supplied with parachutes, the type of which appears on page 341.]
      • [Illustration: The British Cruiser Curacoa, Admiral Tyrwhitt's flagship, leading out one column of British cruisers at the surrender of the German navy. Overhead is a captive or "kite" balloon. As used in naval work, it is attached to an anchored or moving ship by a small steel cable, by which it is regulated for purposes of observation. The tubular surfaces which give the balloon the appearance of an elephant's head are not filled with hydrogen gas, but are inflated by the winds at high altitudes, thus keeping the balloon relatively steady like a kite with a long tail. The stationary balloon is such a good target for anti-aircraft guns that the observers are supplied with parachutes, the type of which appears on page 341.]
      • [Illustration: From left to right, Admiral Sir David Beatty, Admiral Rodman, King George, the Prince of Wales, and Admiral Sims on the deck of the U. S. Battleship New York, the flagship of the American warships at the surrender of the German navy.]
      • THE LITTLE OLD ROAD
      • HARRY LAUDER SINGS
      • THE THIRTEENTH REGIMENT
      • WHERE ARE YOU GOING, GREAT-HEART?
      • THE CAPTURE OF DUN
      • BOMBING METZ
        • ADAPTED FROM THE ACCOUNT WRITTEN BY RAOUL LUFBERY
        • [Illustration: The heroic American ace, Raoul Lufbery, wearing his well-earned decorations just after an official presentation. Behind him stands a member of the French Cabinet.]
        • [Illustration: A two-passenger tractor biplane flying near the seashore. The oblong black speck directly under the airplane is an aërial bomb, with guiding fins like a torpedo's, which the bomber, who is sitting in the rear seat, has just released from the rack under him. On most planes a machine gun on a swivel is mounted behind the man in the rear seat. If the plane is a single-seater, the machine gun is stationary, mounted in front of the pilot, and "synchronized," or timed, to fire so that the bullets pass between the blades of the propeller, which is making about 1600 revolutions a minute. In the lower left-hand corner can be seen the wing tip of the plane from which the photograph was taken.]
      • ADAPTED FROM THE ACCOUNT WRITTEN BY RAOUL LUFBERY
      • [Illustration: The heroic American ace, Raoul Lufbery, wearing his well-earned decorations just after an official presentation. Behind him stands a member of the French Cabinet.]
      • [Illustration: A two-passenger tractor biplane flying near the seashore. The oblong black speck directly under the airplane is an aërial bomb, with guiding fins like a torpedo's, which the bomber, who is sitting in the rear seat, has just released from the rack under him. On most planes a machine gun on a swivel is mounted behind the man in the rear seat. If the plane is a single-seater, the machine gun is stationary, mounted in front of the pilot, and "synchronized," or timed, to fire so that the bullets pass between the blades of the propeller, which is making about 1600 revolutions a minute. In the lower left-hand corner can be seen the wing tip of the plane from which the photograph was taken.]
      • THE UNSPEAKABLE TURK
        • [Illustration: The official entry of General Allenby into Jerusalem, December 11, 1917. With the exception of a few years, 1099-1187, and 1229-1244, the city, until General Allenby's entry, had been under Mohammedan control from the seventh century. The clock tower is a modernized minaret, on the balcony of which the muezzin summons to prayer the faithful Mohammedans.]
      • [Illustration: The official entry of General Allenby into Jerusalem, December 11, 1917. With the exception of a few years, 1099-1187, and 1229-1244, the city, until General Allenby's entry, had been under Mohammedan control from the seventh century. The clock tower is a modernized minaret, on the balcony of which the muezzin summons to prayer the faithful Mohammedans.]
      • THE SECRET SERVICE
      • AT THE FRONT
      • A CAROL FROM FLANDERS
      • 1914
      • THE MINER AND THE TIGER
        • [Illustration: David Lloyd George.]
        • [Illustration: Georges Clemenceau.]
      • [Illustration: David Lloyd George.]
      • [Illustration: Georges Clemenceau.]
      • THE LOST BATTALION
        • [Illustration: Major General Clarence R. Edwards, former commander of the Twenty-sixth Division, pinning the congressional Medal of Honor on the breast of Lieutenant Colonel Charles W. Whittlesey.]
        • [Illustration: Messages from Colonel Whittlesey and Lieutenant McKeogh.]
      • [Illustration: Major General Clarence R. Edwards, former commander of the Twenty-sixth Division, pinning the congressional Medal of Honor on the breast of Lieutenant Colonel Charles W. Whittlesey.]
      • [Illustration: Messages from Colonel Whittlesey and Lieutenant McKeogh.]
      • UNITED STATES DAY
      • NOVEMBER 11, 1918
      • WAITING FOR THE FLASH
      • IN MEMORIAM
      • [THE FIGHTING YEARS, 1914-1918]
      • THE UNITED STATES AT WAR—IN FRANCE
      • THE UNITED STATES AT WAR—AT HOME
        • [Illustration: This picture shows the standardized style of building used in every army cantonment in the United States. The tar-paper structures in the foreground were used for storehouses and general out-buildings. In the background are the well-built barracks. The company "streets" run between them. Camp Devens, Mass.]
        • [Illustration: A 10-inch caliber naval gun on a railroad mount at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland, where, after official testing, it was destined for the advance into Germany. Railroad artillery played a very important part in the late war because of its great mobility and range. This gun is terrifically effective at a range of fifteen miles. The oil cylinders visible under the gun where it is mounted are not sufficient to take up the recoil, hence the braces which protrude against the wooden platforms sunk into the ground. The bridge-like structure on the rear platform of the car is part of the carrier for the shell in loading, and the arched bar over the breech block a part of the newly invented quick loading device.]
        • [Illustration: A photograph from an airplane at 7900 feet, showing Love Field, Dallas, Texas, and a parachute jumper in the "Flying Frolic," November 12, 1918. Parachutes were used by observers to escape from "kite" balloons ignited by German artillery fire, and a new type is being perfected by which aviators may also escape from disabled airplanes.]
        • [Illustration: The Red Cross War Fund and Membership poster by A. E. Foringer was one of the most effective produced during the War.]
      • [Illustration: This picture shows the standardized style of building used in every army cantonment in the United States. The tar-paper structures in the foreground were used for storehouses and general out-buildings. In the background are the well-built barracks. The company "streets" run between them. Camp Devens, Mass.]
      • [Illustration: A 10-inch caliber naval gun on a railroad mount at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland, where, after official testing, it was destined for the advance into Germany. Railroad artillery played a very important part in the late war because of its great mobility and range. This gun is terrifically effective at a range of fifteen miles. The oil cylinders visible under the gun where it is mounted are not sufficient to take up the recoil, hence the braces which protrude against the wooden platforms sunk into the ground. The bridge-like structure on the rear platform of the car is part of the carrier for the shell in loading, and the arched bar over the breech block a part of the newly invented quick loading device.]
      • [Illustration: A photograph from an airplane at 7900 feet, showing Love Field, Dallas, Texas, and a parachute jumper in the "Flying Frolic," November 12, 1918. Parachutes were used by observers to escape from "kite" balloons ignited by German artillery fire, and a new type is being perfected by which aviators may also escape from disabled airplanes.]
      • [Illustration: The Red Cross War Fund and Membership poster by A. E. Foringer was one of the most effective produced during the War.]
      • A CONGRESSIONAL MESSAGE
      • FROM PRESIDENT WILSON'S ANNUAL ADDRESS TO CONGRESS DECEMBER 2, 1918
      • PRESIDENT WILSON IN FRANCE
        • [Illustration: A photograph of the United States Transport George Washington taken from an airplane convoying the steamer out to sea. From the forward mast is flying the President's flag, distinguishable by the four white stars. At the bow and stern can be seen the naval guns, used formerly in case of submarine attack.]
        • [Illustration: President Wilson driving from the railroad station in Paris with President Poincaré of France to the home of Prince Murat, a descendant of Marshal Murat, Napoleon's great cavalry leader.]
      • [Illustration: A photograph of the United States Transport George Washington taken from an airplane convoying the steamer out to sea. From the forward mast is flying the President's flag, distinguishable by the four white stars. At the bow and stern can be seen the naval guns, used formerly in case of submarine attack.]
      • [Illustration: President Wilson driving from the railroad station in Paris with President Poincaré of France to the home of Prince Murat, a descendant of Marshal Murat, Napoleon's great cavalry leader.]
      • SERGEANT YORK OF TENNESSEE
        • [Illustration: Sergeant York wearing the French Croix de Guerre and the Congressional Medal of Honor.]
      • [Illustration: Sergeant York wearing the French Croix de Guerre and the Congressional Medal of Honor.]
      • PRONOUNCING VOCABULARY
      • [Illustration: Pronouncing vocabulary—page 367.]
      • [Illustration: Pronouncing vocabulary—page 368.]
      • [Illustration: Pronouncing vocabulary—page 369.]
      • [Illustration: Pronouncing vocabulary—page 370.]
      • After-Days
    • [Illustration: The standard bearers and color guard leading a column of the Fifth Artillery of the First American Division through Hetzerath, Germany, on their way to the Rhine.]
    • AMERICA COMES IN
    • PERSHING AT THE TOMB OF LAFAYETTE
      • [Illustration: "Lafayette, We Are Here!" The immortal tribute of General John J. Pershing at the grave of the great Frenchman. Notice the difference between the American and French salutes.]
    • [Illustration: "Lafayette, We Are Here!" The immortal tribute of General John J. Pershing at the grave of the great Frenchman. Notice the difference between the American and French salutes.]
    • AMERICA ENTERS THE WAR
    • SPEECH BY LLOYD GEORGE, BRITISH PREMIER, APRIL 12, 1917
    • THE FIRST TO FALL IN BATTLE
      • [Illustration: The religious and military tribute paid to the first Americans to fall in battle, at Bathelmont, November 4, 1917. General Bordeaux, in the name of the French army, bade "farewell to all that was mortal of the three heroes." At this point in the funeral, notice that the American soldiers in the background are standing at "parade rest."]
    • [Illustration: The religious and military tribute paid to the first Americans to fall in battle, at Bathelmont, November 4, 1917. General Bordeaux, in the name of the French army, bade "farewell to all that was mortal of the three heroes." At this point in the funeral, notice that the American soldiers in the background are standing at "parade rest."]
    • FOUR SOLDIERS
    • THE BOCHE
    • THE POILU
    • THE TOMMY
      • [Illustration: Saint George and the Dragon, painted by V. Carpaccio in 1516, Venice; S. Giorgio Maggiore. The background, as in most medieval paintings, gives scenes that explain further the legend depicted.]
    • [Illustration: Saint George and the Dragon, painted by V. Carpaccio in 1516, Venice; S. Giorgio Maggiore. The background, as in most medieval paintings, gives scenes that explain further the legend depicted.]
    • THE YANK
    • DUTY
    • WHERE THE FOUR WINDS MEET
    • THE UNITED STATES MARINES
    • THE SOLDIERS WHO GO TO SEA
    • WHEN THE TIDE TURNED
    • THE AMERICAN ATTACK AT CHÂTEAU-THIERRY AND BELLEAU WOOD IN THE FIRST WEEK OF JUNE, 1918
      • AN ADDRESS AT THE UNITED WAR WORK CAMPAIGN MEETING OF THE BOSTON ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION, NOVEMBER 12, 1918
    • AN ADDRESS AT THE UNITED WAR WORK CAMPAIGN MEETING OF THE BOSTON ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION, NOVEMBER 12, 1918
    • WHY THE TIDE WAS FATED TO TURN
    • WHERE THE TIDE TURNED
    • JUST BEFORE THE TIDE TURNED
    • THE TURNING OF THE TIDE
    • A BOY OF PERUGIA
    • REDEEMED ITALY
    • SONG OF THE AVIATOR
    • NATIONS BORN AND REBORN
    • "TO VILLINGEN—AND BACK"
    • ALSACE-LORRAINE
      • [Illustration: Jeanne d'Arc, rising in her stirrups, holds on high her sword, as if to consecrate it for a war of Right. This inspiring statue, located near Grant's Tomb on Riverside Drive, New York City, overlooks the Hudson, where it bade Godspeed to all the American soldiers and sailors going overseas to deliver France from the Hun.]
      • [Illustration: Memorial Day, 1918, was celebrated abroad as well as at home. In Masevaux, the provisional capital of the recaptured Alsatian territory, the American troops, headed by their band, paraded through the streets. In the contingent directly behind the band you can see a delegation of American and French officers and prominent citizens.]
    • [Illustration: Jeanne d'Arc, rising in her stirrups, holds on high her sword, as if to consecrate it for a war of Right. This inspiring statue, located near Grant's Tomb on Riverside Drive, New York City, overlooks the Hudson, where it bade Godspeed to all the American soldiers and sailors going overseas to deliver France from the Hun.]
    • [Illustration: Memorial Day, 1918, was celebrated abroad as well as at home. In Masevaux, the provisional capital of the recaptured Alsatian territory, the American troops, headed by their band, paraded through the streets. In the contingent directly behind the band you can see a delegation of American and French officers and prominent citizens.]
    • THE CALL TO ARMS IN OUR STREET
    • THE KAISER'S CROWN
    • (VERSAILLES, JANUARY 18, 1871)
    • THE QUALITY OF MERCY
    • THE REALLY INVINCIBLE ARMADA
    • "I KNEW YOU WOULD COME"
    • THE SEARCHLIGHTS
    • FIGHTING A DEPTH BOMB
    • THE SECOND LINE OF DEFENSE
      • [Illustration: This memorial to the memory of Edith Cavell was unveiled by Queen Alexandra in Norwich, England, at the opening of the Nurse Cavell Memorial Home. The statue and the home for district nurses are constant reminders of the nurse, a brave victim of Prussian despotism, who lived a patriot and died a martyr.]
      • [Illustration: Somewhere in France these Salvation Army "lassies" are baking pies and "doughnuts for the doughboys." Their kitchen is set up in a part of the trenches under constant fire from the German guns. You can see their "box respirators," or gas-masks, worn at the "alert" position. Home cooking for the soldiers made home itself seem not so far away after all!]
    • [Illustration: This memorial to the memory of Edith Cavell was unveiled by Queen Alexandra in Norwich, England, at the opening of the Nurse Cavell Memorial Home. The statue and the home for district nurses are constant reminders of the nurse, a brave victim of Prussian despotism, who lived a patriot and died a martyr.]
    • [Illustration: Somewhere in France these Salvation Army "lassies" are baking pies and "doughnuts for the doughboys." Their kitchen is set up in a part of the trenches under constant fire from the German guns. You can see their "box respirators," or gas-masks, worn at the "alert" position. Home cooking for the soldiers made home itself seem not so far away after all!]
    • U. S. DESTROYER OSMOND C. INGRAM
      • [Illustration: The U. S. Destroyer Fanning with depth bombs stored in run-ways on the after deck. These may be instantly released and dropped over the stern. (Refer to page 152.) The high explosives stored in crates on the after deck of the Cassin were in the same general location as the above, but not primed for action.]
    • [Illustration: The U. S. Destroyer Fanning with depth bombs stored in run-ways on the after deck. These may be instantly released and dropped over the stern. (Refer to page 152.) The high explosives stored in crates on the after deck of the Cassin were in the same general location as the above, but not primed for action.]
    • JOYCE KILMER
    • TREES
    • BLOCKING THE CHANNEL
      • [Illustration: One of the camouflaged guns of the German shore batteries which raked with fire the Vindictive, the Daffodil, and the Iris when they grappled with the mole, during the night raid. The outer end of this mole, where a viaduct joins the mole to the shore, was destroyed for a distance of sixty to one hundred feet by an old British submarine, loaded with high explosives, running into the channel and blowing itself up at the entrance.]
    • [Illustration: One of the camouflaged guns of the German shore batteries which raked with fire the Vindictive, the Daffodil, and the Iris when they grappled with the mole, during the night raid. The outer end of this mole, where a viaduct joins the mole to the shore, was destroyed for a distance of sixty to one hundred feet by an old British submarine, loaded with high explosives, running into the channel and blowing itself up at the entrance.]
    • THE FLEET THAT LOST ITS SOUL
      • [Illustration: The British Cruiser Curacoa, Admiral Tyrwhitt's flagship, leading out one column of British cruisers at the surrender of the German navy. Overhead is a captive or "kite" balloon. As used in naval work, it is attached to an anchored or moving ship by a small steel cable, by which it is regulated for purposes of observation. The tubular surfaces which give the balloon the appearance of an elephant's head are not filled with hydrogen gas, but are inflated by the winds at high altitudes, thus keeping the balloon relatively steady like a kite with a long tail. The stationary balloon is such a good target for anti-aircraft guns that the observers are supplied with parachutes, the type of which appears on page 341.]
    • [Illustration: The British Cruiser Curacoa, Admiral Tyrwhitt's flagship, leading out one column of British cruisers at the surrender of the German navy. Overhead is a captive or "kite" balloon. As used in naval work, it is attached to an anchored or moving ship by a small steel cable, by which it is regulated for purposes of observation. The tubular surfaces which give the balloon the appearance of an elephant's head are not filled with hydrogen gas, but are inflated by the winds at high altitudes, thus keeping the balloon relatively steady like a kite with a long tail. The stationary balloon is such a good target for anti-aircraft guns that the observers are supplied with parachutes, the type of which appears on page 341.]
    • [Illustration: From left to right, Admiral Sir David Beatty, Admiral Rodman, King George, the Prince of Wales, and Admiral Sims on the deck of the U. S. Battleship New York, the flagship of the American warships at the surrender of the German navy.]
    • THE LITTLE OLD ROAD
    • HARRY LAUDER SINGS
    • THE THIRTEENTH REGIMENT
    • WHERE ARE YOU GOING, GREAT-HEART?
    • THE CAPTURE OF DUN
    • BOMBING METZ
      • ADAPTED FROM THE ACCOUNT WRITTEN BY RAOUL LUFBERY
      • [Illustration: The heroic American ace, Raoul Lufbery, wearing his well-earned decorations just after an official presentation. Behind him stands a member of the French Cabinet.]
      • [Illustration: A two-passenger tractor biplane flying near the seashore. The oblong black speck directly under the airplane is an aërial bomb, with guiding fins like a torpedo's, which the bomber, who is sitting in the rear seat, has just released from the rack under him. On most planes a machine gun on a swivel is mounted behind the man in the rear seat. If the plane is a single-seater, the machine gun is stationary, mounted in front of the pilot, and "synchronized," or timed, to fire so that the bullets pass between the blades of the propeller, which is making about 1600 revolutions a minute. In the lower left-hand corner can be seen the wing tip of the plane from which the photograph was taken.]
    • ADAPTED FROM THE ACCOUNT WRITTEN BY RAOUL LUFBERY
    • [Illustration: The heroic American ace, Raoul Lufbery, wearing his well-earned decorations just after an official presentation. Behind him stands a member of the French Cabinet.]
    • [Illustration: A two-passenger tractor biplane flying near the seashore. The oblong black speck directly under the airplane is an aërial bomb, with guiding fins like a torpedo's, which the bomber, who is sitting in the rear seat, has just released from the rack under him. On most planes a machine gun on a swivel is mounted behind the man in the rear seat. If the plane is a single-seater, the machine gun is stationary, mounted in front of the pilot, and "synchronized," or timed, to fire so that the bullets pass between the blades of the propeller, which is making about 1600 revolutions a minute. In the lower left-hand corner can be seen the wing tip of the plane from which the photograph was taken.]
    • THE UNSPEAKABLE TURK
      • [Illustration: The official entry of General Allenby into Jerusalem, December 11, 1917. With the exception of a few years, 1099-1187, and 1229-1244, the city, until General Allenby's entry, had been under Mohammedan control from the seventh century. The clock tower is a modernized minaret, on the balcony of which the muezzin summons to prayer the faithful Mohammedans.]
    • [Illustration: The official entry of General Allenby into Jerusalem, December 11, 1917. With the exception of a few years, 1099-1187, and 1229-1244, the city, until General Allenby's entry, had been under Mohammedan control from the seventh century. The clock tower is a modernized minaret, on the balcony of which the muezzin summons to prayer the faithful Mohammedans.]
    • THE SECRET SERVICE
    • AT THE FRONT
    • A CAROL FROM FLANDERS
    • 1914
    • THE MINER AND THE TIGER
      • [Illustration: David Lloyd George.]
      • [Illustration: Georges Clemenceau.]
    • [Illustration: David Lloyd George.]
    • [Illustration: Georges Clemenceau.]
    • THE LOST BATTALION
      • [Illustration: Major General Clarence R. Edwards, former commander of the Twenty-sixth Division, pinning the congressional Medal of Honor on the breast of Lieutenant Colonel Charles W. Whittlesey.]
      • [Illustration: Messages from Colonel Whittlesey and Lieutenant McKeogh.]
    • [Illustration: Major General Clarence R. Edwards, former commander of the Twenty-sixth Division, pinning the congressional Medal of Honor on the breast of Lieutenant Colonel Charles W. Whittlesey.]
    • [Illustration: Messages from Colonel Whittlesey and Lieutenant McKeogh.]
    • UNITED STATES DAY
    • NOVEMBER 11, 1918
    • WAITING FOR THE FLASH
    • IN MEMORIAM
    • [THE FIGHTING YEARS, 1914-1918]
    • THE UNITED STATES AT WAR—IN FRANCE
    • THE UNITED STATES AT WAR—AT HOME
      • [Illustration: This picture shows the standardized style of building used in every army cantonment in the United States. The tar-paper structures in the foreground were used for storehouses and general out-buildings. In the background are the well-built barracks. The company "streets" run between them. Camp Devens, Mass.]
      • [Illustration: A 10-inch caliber naval gun on a railroad mount at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland, where, after official testing, it was destined for the advance into Germany. Railroad artillery played a very important part in the late war because of its great mobility and range. This gun is terrifically effective at a range of fifteen miles. The oil cylinders visible under the gun where it is mounted are not sufficient to take up the recoil, hence the braces which protrude against the wooden platforms sunk into the ground. The bridge-like structure on the rear platform of the car is part of the carrier for the shell in loading, and the arched bar over the breech block a part of the newly invented quick loading device.]
      • [Illustration: A photograph from an airplane at 7900 feet, showing Love Field, Dallas, Texas, and a parachute jumper in the "Flying Frolic," November 12, 1918. Parachutes were used by observers to escape from "kite" balloons ignited by German artillery fire, and a new type is being perfected by which aviators may also escape from disabled airplanes.]
      • [Illustration: The Red Cross War Fund and Membership poster by A. E. Foringer was one of the most effective produced during the War.]
    • [Illustration: This picture shows the standardized style of building used in every army cantonment in the United States. The tar-paper structures in the foreground were used for storehouses and general out-buildings. In the background are the well-built barracks. The company "streets" run between them. Camp Devens, Mass.]
    • [Illustration: A 10-inch caliber naval gun on a railroad mount at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland, where, after official testing, it was destined for the advance into Germany. Railroad artillery played a very important part in the late war because of its great mobility and range. This gun is terrifically effective at a range of fifteen miles. The oil cylinders visible under the gun where it is mounted are not sufficient to take up the recoil, hence the braces which protrude against the wooden platforms sunk into the ground. The bridge-like structure on the rear platform of the car is part of the carrier for the shell in loading, and the arched bar over the breech block a part of the newly invented quick loading device.]
    • [Illustration: A photograph from an airplane at 7900 feet, showing Love Field, Dallas, Texas, and a parachute jumper in the "Flying Frolic," November 12, 1918. Parachutes were used by observers to escape from "kite" balloons ignited by German artillery fire, and a new type is being perfected by which aviators may also escape from disabled airplanes.]
    • [Illustration: The Red Cross War Fund and Membership poster by A. E. Foringer was one of the most effective produced during the War.]
    • A CONGRESSIONAL MESSAGE
    • FROM PRESIDENT WILSON'S ANNUAL ADDRESS TO CONGRESS DECEMBER 2, 1918
    • PRESIDENT WILSON IN FRANCE
      • [Illustration: A photograph of the United States Transport George Washington taken from an airplane convoying the steamer out to sea. From the forward mast is flying the President's flag, distinguishable by the four white stars. At the bow and stern can be seen the naval guns, used formerly in case of submarine attack.]
      • [Illustration: President Wilson driving from the railroad station in Paris with President Poincaré of France to the home of Prince Murat, a descendant of Marshal Murat, Napoleon's great cavalry leader.]
    • [Illustration: A photograph of the United States Transport George Washington taken from an airplane convoying the steamer out to sea. From the forward mast is flying the President's flag, distinguishable by the four white stars. At the bow and stern can be seen the naval guns, used formerly in case of submarine attack.]
    • [Illustration: President Wilson driving from the railroad station in Paris with President Poincaré of France to the home of Prince Murat, a descendant of Marshal Murat, Napoleon's great cavalry leader.]
    • SERGEANT YORK OF TENNESSEE
      • [Illustration: Sergeant York wearing the French Croix de Guerre and the Congressional Medal of Honor.]
    • [Illustration: Sergeant York wearing the French Croix de Guerre and the Congressional Medal of Honor.]
    • PRONOUNCING VOCABULARY
    • [Illustration: Pronouncing vocabulary—page 367.]
    • [Illustration: Pronouncing vocabulary—page 368.]
    • [Illustration: Pronouncing vocabulary—page 369.]
    • [Illustration: Pronouncing vocabulary—page 370.]
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