Macmillan Education
Agricultural Science for CSEC Examinations 2nd Edition
Marion Perrett-Pearson, Ronald Ramharacksingh
Test Preparation
Agricultural Science for CSEC Examinations 2nd Edition
US$ 27.71
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Agricultural Science for CSEC Examinations, second edition, provides comprehensive syllabus coverage with a modern approach and engaging features.
Caribbean approach
Written in close collaboration with teachers, students and practitioners from across the Caribbean.
Case studies
Caribbean case studies from local industry persons provide relevant and up-to-date examples of real-world Agricultural Science.
Practical activities
Included throughout to provide hands on practice outside, inside and online.
In text questions check knowledge and encourage critical thinking.
Practice questions
Exam style questions prepare students for assessment and provide useful homework tasks.
Revision maps
New revision maps feature helps students to visualise how concepts fit together.
SBA section with sample project and online guidance shows students how to approach their work.

Title Page
About the authors
Advisors and contributors
How to use this book
Section A: Introduction to agriculture
Unit 1 Agricultural science and agriculture
1.1 The relationship between agriculture and agricultural science
1.2 The history of agriculture in the Caribbean
1.3 Non-conventional and conventional crop systems
1.4 The principles of organic farming
Unit 2 Role of agriculture and support services
2.1 The importance of agriculture in national, regional and international economies
2.2 Types of agricultural enterprises
2.3 Institutions concerned with agricultural development in the Caribbean
Unit 3 Challenges in agriculture
3.1 Local and regional challenges
Section B: Crop production
Unit 4 Anatomy and physiology
4.1 The uses of plants in agriculture
4.2 The structure of plants
4.3 Plant processes
4.4 Sexual and asexual reproduction in plants
4.5 Techniques used in plant propagation
4.6 Conditions necessary for germination
Unit 5 Environmental factors affecting crop growth
5.1 Effects of environmental factors on plant growth and development
5.2 Process of soil formation
5.3 The importance of a soil profile
5.4 The major components of soil
5.5 The physical and chemical properties of major soil types
5.6 The availability of soil water for crop use
5.7 The importance of major and minor nutrients used in crop production
5.8 The factors affecting soil fertility
5.9 Maintaining soil fertility
5.10 Soil and water conservation methods
Unit 6 Plant genetics, breeding and biotechnology
6.1 The principles of genetic inheritance
6.2 The role of plant breeding
6.3 Biotechnology in plant improvement
Unit 7 Land preparation and farm machinery
7.1 Land preparation methods
7.2 The importance and functions of machinery used in crop husbandry
7.3 Safety precautions when operating tools, machinery and equipment
7.4 Care and maintenance of tools and equipment
Unit 8 Crop management
8.1 Cultivation of crops
8.2 Major cropping systems
8.3 Cultural practices associated with crop production
8.4 The effects of weeds on crop production
8.5 Methods of weed control
8.6 Pests and crop damage
8.7 Major crop diseases
8.8 Chemicals in the environment
8.9 Pest and disease management
8.10 The importance of plant quarantine
Unit 9 Harvesting and post-production management
9.1 Harvesting crops
9.2 Harvesting methods
9.3 Post-harvest handling procedures
9.4 Post-harvest management
Section C: Animal production
Unit 10 Introduction to animal sciences
10.1 Breeds of farm animals
10.2 Uses of different breeds of farm animals
10.3 Species of fish and bees
Unit 11 Structure, anatomy and physiology
11.1 The structures and functions of the digestive systems of non-ruminants and ruminants
11.2 The process of digestion
Unit 12 Nutrition and management
12.1 The ‘complete ration’
12.2 Rations for broilers and layers
12.3 Feed conversion ratio (FCR)
12.4 The importance of FCR
12.5 Systems of grazing
12.6 The importance of forages in livestock feeding
12.7 Feeding ruminants when forage is unavailable
12.8 The care of young chicks and rabbits
12.9 Management practices associated with rearing broilers, layers and rabbits
12.10 Rearing a batch of broilers
12.11 Animal health
12.12 Pests and diseases of poultry and rabbits: symptoms, prevention and control
12.13 Pests and diseases of livestock: symptoms, prevention and control
Unit 13 Fish and bee management
13.1 Factors in establishing and managing a fish farm
13.2 Factors for the keeping of bees
13.3 Economic importance of keeping bees
13.4 The types of bees in a hive
13.5 The social activities of bees
13.6 Pests and diseases of bees
13.7 Honey and other bee products
Unit 14 Animal genetics, breeding and reproduction
14.1 Breeding systems in animal production
14.2 Advantages of cross-breeding
14.3 Genetic engineering in livestock production
14.4 Terms used in animal reproduction
14.5 Artificial insemination in farm animals
14.6 Advantages and disadvantages of artificial insemination
14.7 The structure of an egg
14.8 Egg formation and incubation in poultry
Unit 15 Animal products
15.1 Slaughtering procedures
15.2 The dressing percentage of farm animals
15.3 Animal products and by-products
15.4 Rearing layer birds and the production of eggs
Section D: The business of farming
Unit 16 Economic factors of production
16.1 Factors of production related to agriculture
16.2 Concepts of the value and supply chains
16.3 The relationship between production, marketing and consumption
16.4 Demand, supply and price relationships
16.5 The ‘law of diminishing returns’
Unit 17 Farm financing and support services
17.1 Obtaining capital
17.2 Cooperatives
17.3 Incentives available to farmers
Unit 18 Farm organisation and planning
18.1 Preparing different types of farm records
18.2 Income and expenditure
18.3 Complete and partial budgets
Unit 19 Marketing of agricultural products
19.1 The role of marketing in agricultural production
19.2 The steps of marketing
19.3 The process of marketing agricultural products
19.4 The importance of international trade agreements
Section E: Farm management technologies
Unit 20 Environmental monitoring
20.1 Using appropriate technology to collect environmental data
20.2 Analysing environmental data
20.3 Applying environmental data to decision-making
20.4 Use of appropriate technologies for conservation of environmental
Unit 21 Nursery management technologies
21.1 Preparation of compost
21.2 Prepare propagation and growing media
21.3 Proper handling procedures for different types of media
21.4 Assess seed quality
21.5 Suitable seed storage procedures
21.6 Proper procedures and choice of equipment for establishing plants in a
Unit 22 Technologies for non-conventional crop production
22.1 The importance of alternative crop production systems in the Caribbean
22.2 Crop cultivars that are tolerant or resistant to specific abiotic and biotic
22.3 Design a suitable cropping system
22.4 Strategies for water and nutrition management
22.5 Simple water and nutrition management technologies
22.6 Integrated pest management
22.7 Pest management technologies
Unit 23 Management practices for livestock
23.1 Caring for young farm animals
23.2 Housing requirements for farm animals
23.3 Housing for broilers, layers and rabbits
23.4 Good agricultural practices to avoid pests and disease in livestock
23.5 Control measures for pests and diseases
23.6 Biotechnology in animal production
Unit 24 Harvesting, post-harvesting management and value addition
24.1 Correct stage for harvesting
24.2 Appropriate harvesting procedures
24.3 Appropriate harvesting technology
24.4 Post-harvest management systems
24.5 Proper post-harvesting procedures
24.6 Processes for adding value to the crop produced
Unit 25 Post-production handling and processing of livestock
25.1 Processes used to prevent food spoilage
25.2 Principal cuts of meat
25.3 Safety requirements for food processing
25.4 The use of animal by-products and waste in value-added products
Unit 26 Agro-engineering
26.1 Designing farm structures
26.2 Suitable materials for farm buildings
26.3 Safety precautions in the operation of tools, machinery and equipment
26.4 The use and operation of mechanical systems in farm equipment
26.5 Care and maintenance of simple tools and equipment
Section F: Entrepreneurship and communication
Unit 27 Entrepreneurship in agriculture
27.1 The concept of entrepreneurship
27.2 Forms of business organisations
27.3 Establishing an agricultural enterprise
27.4 The importance of SWOT analysis in decision-making for agricultural enterprises
27.5 Factors that contribute to success and failure
27.6 The purpose of key financial statements in decision-making
Unit 28 Communication in agri-business
28.1 Channels of communication used in agricultural enterprises
28.2 Factors affecting the selection of a communication channel
28.3 Barriers to effective communication
28.4 Advantages and disadvantages of different communication tools and technologies
28.5 Communicate effectively for different purposes within and outside the food and agriculture sector
Answers to ITQs
School-Based Assessment
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