The Myths of Mexico & Peru
Free

The Myths of Mexico & Peru

By Lewis Spence
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
  • LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
    • MAPS
  • CHAPTER I: THE CIVILISATION OF MEXICO
    • The Civilisations of the New World
    • Evidence of Animal and Plant Life
    • Origin of American Man
    • Traditions of Intercourse with Asia
    • Legends of European Intercourse
    • The Legend of Madoc
    • American Myths of the Discovery
    • A Peruvian Prophecy
    • The Prophecy of Chilan Balam
    • The Type of Mexican Civilisation
    • The Mexican Race
    • Legends of Mexican Migration
    • The Toltec Upheaval
    • Artificial Nature of the Migration Myths
    • Myths of the Toltecs
    • Legends of Toltec Artistry
    • The House of Feathers
    • Huemac the Wicked
    • The Plagues of the Toltecs
    • King Acxitl
    • A Terrible Visitation
    • Fall of the Toltec State
    • The Chichimec Exodus
    • The Disappearance of the Toltecs
    • Did the Toltecs Exist?
    • A Persistent Tradition
    • A Nameless People
    • Toltec Art
    • Other Aboriginal Peoples
    • The Cliff-dwellers
    • The Nahua Race
    • The Aculhuaque
    • The Tecpanecs
    • The Aztecs
    • The Aztec Character
    • Legends of the Foundation of Mexico
    • Mexico at the Conquest
    • A Pyramid of Skulls
    • Nahua Architecture and Ruins
    • Cyclopean Remains
    • Teotihuacan
    • The Hill of Flowers
    • Tollan
    • Picture-Writing
    • Interpretation of the Hieroglyphs
    • Native Manuscripts
    • The Interpretative Codices
    • The Mexican “Book of the Dead”
    • The Calendar System
    • The Mexican Year
    • Lunar Reckoning
    • Groups of Years
    • The Dread of the Last Day
    • The Birth-Cycle
    • Language of the Nahua
    • Aztec Science
    • Nahua Government
    • Domestic Life
    • A Mysterious Toltec Book
    • A Native Historian
    • Nahua Topography
    • Distribution of the Nahua Tribes
    • Nahua History
    • Bloodless Battles
    • The Lake Cities
    • Tezcuco
    • The Tecpanecs
    • The Aztecs
    • The Aztecs as Allies
    • New Powers
  • CHAPTER II: MEXICAN MYTHOLOGY
    • Nahua Religion
    • Cosmology
    • The Sources of Mexican Mythology
    • The Romance of the Lost “Sahagun”
    • Torquemada
    • The Worship of One God
    • Tezcatlipoca
    • Tezcatlipoca, Overthrower of the Toltecs
    • Myths of Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca
    • Tezcatlipoca and the Toltecs
    • The Departure of Quetzalcoatl
    • Tezcatlipoca as Doomster
    • The Teotleco Festival
    • The Toxcatl Festival
    • Huitzilopochtli, the War-God
    • The War-God as Fertiliser
    • Tlaloc, the Rain-God
    • Sacrifices to Tlaloc
    • Quetzalcoatl
    • The Man of the Sun
    • Various Forms of Quetzalcoatl
    • Quetzalcoatl’s Northern Origin
    • The Worship of Quetzalcoatl
    • The Maize-Gods of Mexico
    • The Sacrifice of the Dancer
    • An Antiquarian Mare’s-Nest
    • The Offering to Centeotl
    • Importance of the Food-Gods
    • Xipe
    • Nanahuatl, or Nanauatzin
    • Xolotl
    • The Fire-God
    • Mictlan
    • Worship of the Planet Venus
    • Sun-Worship
    • Sustaining the Sun
    • A Mexican Valhalla
    • The Feast of Totec
    • Tepeyollotl
    • Macuilxochitl, or Xochipilli
    • Father and Mother Gods
    • The Pulque-Gods
    • The Goddesses of Mexico: Metztli
    • Tlazolteotl
    • Chalchihuitlicue
    • Mixcoatl
    • Camaxtli
    • Iztlilton
    • Omacatl
    • Opochtli
    • Yacatecutli
    • The Aztec Priesthood
    • Priestly Revenues
    • Education
    • Orders of the Priesthood
    • An Exacting Ritual
  • CHAPTER III: MYTHS AND LEGENDS OF THE ANCIENT MEXICANS
    • The Mexican Idea of the Creation
    • Ixtlilxochitl’s Legend of the Creation
    • Creation-Story of the Mixtecs
    • Zapotec Creation-Myth
    • The Mexican Noah
    • The Myth of the Seven Caverns
    • The Sacrificed Princess
    • The Fugitive Prince
    • Maxtla the Fierce
    • A Romantic Escape
    • A Thrilling Pursuit
    • The Defeat of Maxtla
    • The Solon of Anahuac
    • Nezahualcoyotl’s Theology
    • The Poet Prince
    • The Queen with a Hundred Lovers
    • The Golden Age of Tezcuco
    • A Fairy Villa
    • Disillusionment
    • The Noble Tlascalan
    • The Haunting Mothers
    • The Return of Papantzin2
    • Papantzin’s Story
  • CHAPTER IV: THE MAYA RACE AND MYTHOLOGY
    • The Maya
    • Were the Maya Toltecs?
    • The Maya Kingdom
    • The Maya Dialects
    • Whence Came the Maya?
    • Civilisation of the Maya
    • The Zapotecs
    • The Huasteca
    • The Type of Maya Civilisation
    • Maya History
    • The Nucleus of Maya Power
    • Early Race Movements
    • The Settlement of Yucatan
    • The Septs of Yucatan
    • The Cocomes
    • Flight of the Tutul Xius
    • The Revolution in Mayapan
    • Hunac Eel
    • The Last of the Cocomes
    • The Maya Peoples of Guatemala
    • The Maya Tulan
    • Doubtful Dynasties
    • The Coming of the Spaniards
    • The Riddle of Ancient Maya Writing
    • The Maya Manuscripts
    • The System of the Writing
    • Clever Elucidations
    • Methods of Study
    • The Maya Numeral System
    • Mythology of the Maya
    • Quetzalcoatl among the Maya
    • An Alphabet of Gods
    • Difficulties of Comparison
    • The Conflict between Light and Darkness
    • The Calendar
    • Traditional Knowledge of the Gods
    • Maya Polytheism
    • The Bat-God
    • Modern Research
    • God A
    • The Maize-God
    • The Sun-God
    • “The God with the Ornamented Nose”
    • The Old Black God
    • The Travellers’ God
    • The God of Unlucky Days
    • The Frog-God
    • Maya Architecture
    • Methods of Building
    • No Knowledge of the Arch
    • Pyramidal Structures
    • Definiteness of Design
    • Architectural Districts
    • Fascination of the Subject
    • Mysterious Palenque
    • An Architectural Curiosity
    • The Temple of Inscriptions
    • Aké and Itzamal
    • The House of Darkness
    • The Palace of Owls
    • Itzamna’s Fane
    • Bearded Gods
    • A Colossal Head
    • Chichen-Itza
    • The Nunnery
    • The “Writing in the Dark”
    • Kabah
    • Uxmal
    • The Dwarf’s House
    • The Legend of the Dwarf
    • The Mound of Sacrifice
    • The Phantom City
    • The Horse-God
    • Copan
    • Mitla
    • A Place of Sepulture
    • An Old Description of Mitla
    • Human Sacrifice at Mitla
    • Living Sacrifices
    • The Cavern of Death
    • Palace of the High-Priest
    • Furniture of the Temples
  • CHAPTER V: MYTHS OF THE MAYA
    • Mythology of the Maya
    • The Lost “Popol Vuh”
    • Genuine Character of the Work
    • Likeness to other Pseudo-Histories
    • The Creation-Story
    • Vukub-Cakix, the Great Macaw
    • The Earth-Giants
    • The Undoing of Zipacna
    • The Discomfiture of Cabrakan
    • The Second Book
    • A Challenge from Hades
    • The Fooling of the Brethren
    • The Princess Xquiq
    • The Birth of Hun-Apu and Xbalanque
    • The Divine Children
    • The Magic Tools
    • The Second Challenge
    • The Tricksters Tricked
    • The Houses of the Ordeals
    • The Reality of Myth
    • The Xibalbans
    • The Third Book
    • The Granting of Fire
    • The Kiche Babel
    • The Last Days of the First Men
    • Death of the First Men
    • American Migrations
    • Cosmogony of the “Popol Vuh”
    • Antiquity of the “Popol Vuh”
    • The Father-Mother Gods
    • Gucumatz
    • Hurakan
    • Hun-Apu and Xbalanque
    • Vukub-Cakix and his Sons
    • Metrical Origin of the “Popol Vuh”
    • Pseudo-History of the Kiche
    • Queen Móo
    • The Funeral Chamber
    • The Frescoes
    • The Soothsayers
    • The Royal Bride
    • Móo’s Refusal
    • The Rejected Suitor
    • Aac’s Fierce Wooing
    • Prince Coh
    • The Murder of Coh
    • The Widowhood of Móo
    • The Manuscript Troano
  • CHAPTER VI: THE CIVILISATION OF OLD PERU
    • Old Peru
    • The Country
    • The Andeans
    • A Strange Site
    • Sacsahuaman and Ollantay
    • The Drama-Legend of Ollantay
    • The Love-Story of Curi-Coyllur
    • Mother and Child
    • The Races of Peru
    • The Coming of the Incas
    • The Quichua-Aymara
    • The Four Peoples
    • The Coming of Manco Ccapac
    • The Peruvian Creation-Story
    • Local Creation-Myths
    • The Character of Inca Civilisation
    • An Absolute Theocracy
    • A Golden Temple
    • The Great Altar
    • Planetary Temples
    • The Mummies of Peru
    • Laws and Customs
    • The Peruvian Calendar
    • The Festivals
    • The Llama
    • Architecture of the Incas
    • Unsurpassed Workmanship
    • The Temple of Viracocha
    • Titicaca
    • Coati
    • Mysterious Chimu
    • The Palace
    • The Civilisation of Chimu
    • Pachacamac
    • Irrigation Works
    • A Singular Discovery
    • The Chibchas
    • A Severe Legal Code
    • A Strange Mnemonic System
    • Practical Use of the Quipos
    • The Incas as Craftsmen
    • Pottery
    • Historical Sketch of the Incan Peruvians
    • The Inca Monarchs
    • The First Incas
    • Viracocha the Great
    • The Plain of Blood
    • The Conquest of Middle Peru
    • Fusion of Races
    • Two Branches of the Incas
    • The Laws of Pachacutic
    • Tupac-Yupanqui
    • Huaina Ccapac
    • The Inca Civil War
    • A Dramatic Situation
    • A Worthless Despotism
  • CHAPTER VII: THE MYTHOLOGY OF PERU
    • The Religion of Ancient Peru
    • Totemism
    • Paccariscas
    • Worship of Stones
    • Huacas
    • The Mamas
    • The Huamantantac
    • Huaris
    • Huillcas
    • The Oracles of the Andes
    • Lake-Worship in Peru
    • The Lost Island
    • The Thunder-God of Peru
    • The Great God Pachacamac
    • Peruvian Creation-Stories
    • Pachayachachic
    • Ideas of Creation
    • Pacari Tampu
    • Worship of the Sea
    • Viracocha
    • Sun-Worship in Peru
    • The Sun’s Possessions
    • Inca Occupation of Titicaca
    • Pilgrimages to Titicaca
    • Sacrifices to the New Sun
    • The Citoc Raymi
    • Human Sacrifice in Peru
    • Methods of Medicine-Men
    • Death by Suffocation
    • The Obsequies of a Chief
    • Peruvian Myths
    • The Vision of Yupanqui
    • The Bird Bride
    • Thonapa
    • A Myth of Manco Ccapac Inca
    • Coniraya Viracocha
    • The Llama’s Warning
    • The Myth of Huathiacuri
    • Paricaca
    • Conclusion
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY
    • Mexico
    • Central America
    • Peru
  • INDEX AND GLOSSARY
  • INDEX AND GLOSSARY
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • H
    • I
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • P
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • T
    • U
    • V
    • W
    • X
    • Y
    • Z
  • Table of Contents
  • Colophon
    • Availability
    • Encoding
    • Revision History
    • External References
    • Corrections
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