The High School Failures A Study of the School Records of Pupils Failing in Academic or Commercial High School Subjects
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The High School Failures A Study of the School Records of Pupils Failing in Academic or Commercial High School Subjects

By Francis Paul OBrien
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • THE HIGH SCHOOL FAILURES
  • A STUDY OF THE SCHOOL RECORDS OF PUPILS FAILING IN ACADEMIC OR COMMERCIAL HIGH SCHOOL SUBJECTS
  • PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
    • I.—THE GENERAL INTRODUCTION OF THE SUBJECT
    • II.—HOW EXTENSIVE ARE THE FAILURES OF THE HIGH SCHOOL PUPILS?
    • III.—WHAT BASIS IS DISCOVERABLE FOR A PROGNOSIS OF THE OCCURRENCE OR THE NUMBER OF FAILURES?
    • IV.—HOW MUCH IS GRADUATION OR THE PERSISTENCE IN SCHOOL CONDITIONED BY THE OCCURRENCE OR BY THE NUMBER OF FAILURES?
    • V.—ARE THE SCHOOL AGENCIES EMPLOYED IN REMEDYING THE FAILURES ADEQUATE FOR THE PURPOSE?
    • VI.—DO THE FAILURES REPRESENT A LACK OF CAPABILITY OR OF FITNESS FOR HIGH SCHOOL WORK ON THE PART OF THOSE PUPILS?
    • VII.—WHAT TREATMENT IS SUGGESTED BY THE DIAGNOSIS OF THE FACTS OF FAILURE?
  • A STUDY OF THE SCHOOL RECORDS OF THE PUPILS FAILING IN ACADEMIC OR COMMERCIAL HIGH SCHOOL SUBJECTS
  • CHAPTER I GENERAL INTRODUCTION OF THE SUBJECT
    • 1. THE RELEVANCE OF THIS STUDY
    • 2. THE MEANING OF 'FAILURE' IN THIS STUDY
    • 3. THE SCOPE AND CONTENT OF THE FIELD COVERED
    • 4. SOURCES OF THE DATA EMPLOYED
    • 5. THE SELECTION AND RELIABILITY OF THESE SOURCES OF DATA
    • A SUMMARY OF CHAPTER I
    • REFERENCES:
  • CHAPTER II HOW EXTENSIVE ARE THE FAILURES OF THE HIGH SCHOOL PUPILS?
    • 1. A DISTRIBUTION OF ALL ENTRANTS IN REFERENCE TO FAILURE
      • CUMULATIVE PERCENTAGES OF THE FAILING NON-GRADUATES AS THEY ARE LOST BY SEMESTERS
      • CUMULATIVE PERCENTAGES OF NON-FAILING NON-GRADUATES AS THEY ARE LOST BY SEMESTERS
      • CUMULATIVE PERCENTAGES OF ALL NON-GRADUATES LOST BY SUCCESSIVE SEMESTERS
    • 2. THE LATER DISTRIBUTION OF PUPILS BY SEMESTERS
      • THE PERSISTENCE OF PUPILS IN SCHOOL, BY SEMESTERS
      • PERCENTAGE OF PUPILS FAILING OF THE PUPILS IN SCHOOL FOR THAT PERIOD
    • 3. THE DISTRIBUTION OF FAILURES
      • TABLE I
      • THE DISTRIBUTION OF FAILURES ACCORDING TO THE AGE AND THE SEMESTER OF THEIR OCCURRENCE[A]
      • TABLE II
      • THE DISTRIBUTION OF FAILURES ACCORDING TO THE AGES AND THE SEMESTERS OF THEIR OCCURRENCE FOR THE GRADUATING PUPILS
      • TABLE III
      • A DISTRIBUTION OF FAILING PUPILS ACCORDING TO THE NUMBER OF FAILURES PER PUPIL, IN EACH SEMESTER
      • TABLE IV
      • A DISTRIBUTION OF THE FAILING PUPILS WHO GRADUATE, ACCORDING TO THE NUMBER OF FAILURES PER PUPIL IN EACH SEMESTER
    • 4. DISTRIBUTION OF THE FAILURES IN REFERENCE TO THE SUBJECTS IN WHICH THEY OCCUR
      • NUMBER OF FAILURES DISTRIBUTED BY SCHOOL SUBJECTS
      • PERCENTAGES ENROLLED IN EACH SUBJECT OF THE SUM TOTAL OF THE SUBJECT ENROLLMENTS FOR ALL PUPILS AND ALL SEMESTERS
      • PERCENTAGE OF THE NUMBER TAKING THE SUBJECT WHO FAIL IN THAT SUBJECT
      • PERCENTAGES OF FAILURE BY SUBJECTS—QUOTED FOR OTHER SCHOOLS
      • THE FAILURES BY SCHOOL SUBJECTS FOR GRADUATES ONLY
      • SIMILAR PERCENTAGES FOR THE NON-GRADUATES
    • 5. DISTRIBUTION OF PUPILS DROPPING OUT—SEMESTERS—AGES
      • TABLE V
      • DISTRIBUTION OF THE FAILING NON-GRADUATES, SHOWING THE SEMESTER AND THE AGE AT THE TIME OF DROPPING OUT
      • TABLE VI
      • DISTRIBUTION OF THE NON-FAILING NON-GRADUATES, SHOWING THE SEMESTER AND THE AGE AT THE TIME OF DROPPING OUT
      • PERCENTAGES IN EACH AGE GROUP OF THE TOTAL NUMBER DROPPING OUT
      • PERCENTAGES OF DROP-OUTS FOR EACH AGE, ON THE TOTALS FOR SUCH AGE IN THE FIRST, SECOND AND FOURTH SEMESTERS
      • PERCENTAGES OF FAILING DROP-OUTS IN EACH AGE GROUP, FOR BOYS AND GIRLS SEPARATELY
      • PERCENTAGES OF THE NON-FAILING DROP-OUTS IN EACH AGE GROUP, FOR BOYS AND GIRLS SEPARATELY
    • SUMMARY OF CHAPTER II
    • REFERENCES:
  • CHAPTER III WHAT BASIS IS DISCOVERABLE FOR PROGNOSTICATING THE OCCURRENCE OF OR THE NUMBER OF FAILURES?
    • 1. ATTENDANCE, MENTAL OR PHYSICAL DEFECTS, AND SIZE OF CLASSES ARE POSSIBLE FACTORS
    • 2. THE EMPLOYMENT OF THE SCHOOL ENTERING AGE FOR PROGNOSIS
      • DISTRIBUTION OF PUPILS BY THEIR ENTRANCE AGES TO HIGH SCHOOL
      • PERCENTAGES OF PUPILS FOR EACH ENTERING AGE
      • DISTRIBUTION OF THE PUPILS WHO DO NOT FAIL, FOR EACH ENTERING-AGE-GROUP
      • DISTRIBUTION OF THE PUPILS GRADUATING FOR EACH ENTERING-AGE GROUP
      • PERCENTAGE OF THE GRADUATES WHO FINISH IN FOUR YEARS OR LESS, FOR EACH OF THE ENTERING-AGE GROUPS
    • 3. THE AMOUNT OF FAILURE AT EACH AGE AND ITS RELATION TO THE POSSIBILITY OF FAILING FOR THAT AGE
      • THE PERCENTAGES FORMED BY FAILURES AT EACH AGE ON THE POSSIBILITIES OF FAILING AT THAT AGE AND TIME, FOR THE SAME PUPILS
    • 4. THE INITIAL RECORD IN HIGH SCHOOL FOR PROGNOSIS OF FAILURE
      • TABLE VII
      • SUBSEQUENT RECORD OF FAILURES FOR PUPILS FAILING 1, 2, 3, ETC., TIMES THE FIRST YEAR
      • PERCENTAGE OF FIRST YEAR FAILING GROUPS, WHO LATER HAVE NO FAILURES
    • 5. THE PROGNOSIS OF FAILURES BY THE SUBJECT SELECTION
    • 6. THE TIME PERIOD AND THE NUMBER OF FAILURES
      • PERCENTAGE OF THE TOTAL FAILURES ON THE TOTAL SUBJECT ENROLLMENT, BY SEMESTERS
      • PERCENTAGES OF THE TOTAL FAILURES FOR THE GRADUATES ON THE TOTAL SUBJECT ENROLLMENT FOR GRADUATES, BY SEMESTERS
      • PERCENTAGES OF THE TOTAL FAILURES FOR THE GRADUATES ON THE TOTAL SUBJECT ENROLLMENT FOR FAILING GRADUATES, BY SEMESTERS
      • PERCENTAGES OF PUPILS FAILING, BY SEMESTERS
      • PERCENTAGES OF PUPILS FAILING, BY YEARS. (Johnson, F.W.)
      • PERCENTAGES OF PUPILS FAILING, BY SEMESTERS. (St. Paul)
    • 7. SIMILARITY OF FACTS FOR BOYS AND GIRLS
    • A SUMMARY OF CHAPTER III
    • REFERENCES:
  • CHAPTER IV HOW MUCH IS THE GRADUATION OR THE PERSISTENCE IN SCHOOL CONDITIONED BY THE OCCURRENCE OR THE NUMBER OF FAILURES?
    • 1. COMPARISON OF THE FAILING AND THE NON-FAILING GROUPS IN REFERENCE TO GRADUATION AND PERSISTENCE
      • DISTRIBUTION OF PUPILS IN REFERENCE TO FAILURE AND GRADUATION
      • DISTRIBUTION OF THE NON-GRADUATES ACCORDING TO THE NUMBERS PERSISTING TO EACH SUCCESSIVE SEMESTER
    • 2. THE NUMBER OF FAILURES AND THE YEARS TO GRADUATE
      • TABLE VIII
      • DISTRIBUTION OF PUPILS GRADUATING, ACCORDING TO THE TOTAL FAILURES EACH AND THE TIME TAKEN TO GRADUATE
    • 3. THE NUMBER OF FAILURES AND THE SEMESTER OF DROPPING OUT FOR THE NON-GRADUATES
      • TABLE IX
      • DISTRIBUTION OF THE NON-GRADUATES, ACCORDING TO THE TOTAL FAILURES EACH AND THE TIME OF DROPPING OUT
      • DROP-OUTS FAILING IN 50 PER CENT OR MORE OF THEIR TOTAL WORK, AND THEIR DISTRIBUTION BY SEMESTERS OF DROPPING OUT
      • THE PERCENTAGE OF NON-GRADUATES WHO DROP OUT WITH
    • 4. THE PERCENTAGES THAT THE NON-GRADUATE GROUPS FORM OF THE PUPILS WHO HAVE EACH SUCCESSIVELY HIGHER NUMBER OF FAILURES
      • THE PERCENTAGE FORMED BY NON-GRADUATES WITH 0, 1, 2, 3, ETC., FAILURES ON THE TOTAL NUMBER WHO HAVE 0, 1, 2, 3, ETC., FAILURES
      • (A CONDENSED FORM OF THE PRECEDING STATEMENT)
    • 5. TIME EXTENSION FOR THE FAILING GRADUATES
      • THE PERCENTAGES OF NON-FAILING GRADUATES FOR EACH PERIOD
    • A SUMMARY OF CHAPTER IV
    • REFERENCES:
  • CHAPTER V ARE THE SCHOOL AGENCIES EMPLOYED IN REMEDYING FAILURES ADEQUATE FOR THE PURPOSE?
    • THE DISPOSITION MADE OF THE SCHOOL FAILURES
    • 1. REPETITION AS A REMEDY FOR FAILURES
      • GRADES SECURED IN THE SUBJECTS REPEATED
      • a. Size of Schedule and Results of Repeating
      • SIZE OF SCHEDULES FOR PUPILS TAKING REPEATED SUBJECTS
      • GRADES FOR SUBJECTS REPEATED BY FAILING PUPILS WHO CARRIED A REDUCED OR NORMAL SCHEDULE
      • GRADES FOR THE SUBJECTS REPEATED, WITH AN EXTRA SCHEDULE
      • b. Later Grades in the Same Kind of Subjects, Following Repetition and Without It
      • LATER GRADES IN THE SAME KIND OF SUBJECT, AFTER FAILURE AND REPETITION OF THE SUBJECT
      • LATER GRADES IN THE SAME KIND OF SUBJECTS, FOLLOWING FAILURE BUT WITH NO REPETITION
      • c. The Grades in Repeated Subjects and in the New Work, for the Same Semester and the Same Pupils
      • THE GRADES SECURED IN NEW WORK, AT SAME TIME AND BY SAME PUPILS AS THE GRADES SECURED IN THE REPEATED SUBJECTS
      • d. The Number and Results of Identical Repetitions
      • TABLE X
      • THE NUMBERS AND RESULTS OF REPEATED REPETITIONS, FOR IDENTICAL SUBJECTS
    • 2. DISCONTINUANCE OF SUBJECT OR COURSE, AND THE SUBSTITUTION OF OTHERS
    • 3. EMPLOYMENT OF SCHOOL EXAMINATIONS
    • 4. THE SERVICE RENDERED BY THE REGENTS' EXAMINATIONS IN NEW YORK STATE
      • SUCCESS OF THE FAILING PUPILS IN THE REGENTS' EXAMINATIONS
    • 5. CONTINUATION OF SUBJECT WITHOUT REPETITION
      • GRADES FOR FAILING PUPILS WHO CONTINUE THE SUBJECT WITHOUT REPETITION
    • A SUMMARY OF CHAPTER V
    • REFERENCES:
  • CHAPTER VI DO THE FAILURES REPRESENT A LACK OF CAPABILITY OR OF FITNESS FOR HIGH SCHOOL WORK ON THE PART OF THOSE PUPILS?
    • 1. SOME ARE EVIDENTLY MISFITS
    • 2. MOST OF THE FAILING PUPILS LACK NEITHER ABILITY OR EARNESTNESS
      • GRADES OF THE FAILING PUPILS IN THE SEMESTER NEXT PRECEDING THE FAILURES
      • GRADES OF THE FAILING PUPILS IN THE SEMESTER NEXT SUCCEEDING THE FAILURES
    • 3. THE SCHOOL EMPHASIS AND THE SCHOOL FAILURES ARE BOTH CULMINATIVE IN PARTICULAR SCHOOL SUBJECTS
      • DISTRIBUTION OF PUPILS ACCORDING TO THE NUMBER OF TIMES THEY HAVE FAILED IN THE SAME SUBJECT
    • 4. AN INDICTMENT AGAINST THE SUBJECT-MATTER AND THE TEACHING ENDS, AS FACTORS IN PRODUCING FAILURES
    • SUMMARY OF CHAPTER VI
    • REFERENCES:
  • CHAPTER VII WHAT TREATMENT IS SUGGESTED BY THE DIAGNOSIS OF THE FACTS OF FAILURE?
    • 1. ORGANIZATION AND ADAPTATION IN RECOGNITION OF THE INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN ABILITIES AND INTERESTS
    • 2. FACULTY STUDENT ADVISERS FROM THE TIME OF ENTRANCE
    • 3. GREATER FLEXIBILITY AND DIFFERENTIATION REQUIRED
    • 4. PROVISION FOR THE DIRECTION OF THE PUPILS' STUDY
    • 5. A GREATER RECOGNITION AND EXPOSITION OF THE FACTS AS REVEALED BY ACCURATE AND COMPLETE SCHOOL RECORDS
    • SUMMARY OF CHAPTER VII
    • REFERENCES:
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