A grammar of Pite Saami
Free

A grammar of Pite Saami

By Joshua Wilbur
Free
Book Description

Pite Saami is a highly endangered Western Saami language in the Uralic language family currently spoken by a few individuals in Swedish Lapland. This grammar is the first extensive book-length treatment of a Saami language written in English. While focussing on the morphophonology of the main word classes nouns, adjectives and verbs, it also deals with other linguistic structures such as prosody, phonology, phrase types and clauses. Furthermore, it provides an introduction to the language and its speakers, and an outline of a preliminary Pite Saami orthography. An extensive annotated spoken-language corpus collected over the course of five years forms the empirical foundation for this description, and each example includes a specific reference to the corpus in order to facilitate verification of claims made on the data. Descriptions are presented for a general linguistics audience and without attempting to support a specific theoretical approach, but this book should be equally useful for scholars of Uralic linguistics, typologists, and even learners of Pite Saami.

Table of Contents
  • Acknowledgements
  • Symbols and abbreviations
  • Introduction
    • The Pite Saami language and its speakers
      • Linguistic genealogy
      • Names for Pite Saami
      • Geography
      • The state of the Pite Saami language
    • Linguistic documentation of Pite Saami
      • Previous studies
      • The Pite Saami Documentation Project corpus
        • Collection methods
      • Using this description
        • Accountability and verifiability
        • Accessing archived materials
        • Explaining examples
        • Orthographic considerations
    • Typological profile
  • Prosody
    • Monosyllabic word structure
    • Multisyllabic word structure
      • Word stress
      • Relevant prosodic domains
        • Foot
        • Foot onset
        • V1
        • The consonant center
        • V2
        • C2
        • V3
        • C3
        • Discussion and examples
      • Syllabification
      • A note on syllables and feet
    • Utterance-level prosody
      • Intonation in utterances
      • Utterance-final weakening
  • Segmental phonology
    • Consonants
      • Consonant phonemes and allophonic variations
        • Preaspiration
        • Geminates
        • Plosives
          • Voiceless singleton plosives
          • Voiceless geminate plosives
          • Preaspirated singleton plosives
          • Preaspirated geminate plosives
          • Non-voiced plosive durations in the consonant center
        • Affricates
          • Plain singleton affricates
          • Plain geminate affricates
          • Preaspirated singleton affricates
          • Preaspirated geminate affricates
        • Fricatives
          • Singleton fricative consonants
          • Geminate fricative consonants
          • Fricatives and preaspiration
          • Dialect variation and the historical voiced dental fricative
        • Nasals
          • Singleton nasal consonants
          • Geminate nasal consonants
        • Oral sonorants
          • Singleton trill consonant
          • Geminate trill consonant
          • Singleton lateral approximant
          • Geminate lateral approximant
          • Singleton central approximant
          • Geminate central approximant
        • Sonorants and preaspiration
      • Consonant clusters
        • CCs in onset position
        • CCs in coda position
        • Heterosyllabic CCs in the consonant center
    • Vowels
      • Vowel phonemes and allophonic variations
        • Close front high vowel
        • Close-mid front vowel
        • Open-mid front vowel
        • Short open front vowel
        • Long open front vowel
        • Open-mid back vowel
        • Close-mid back vowel
        • Close back vowel
        • Close back to open front vowel
      • Epenthetic schwa
  • Morphological patterns and word classes
    • Overview of morphology
      • Linear morphology
      • Non-linear morphology (morphophonology)
        • Consonant gradation
        • Umlaut
        • Vowel harmony
    • Overview of word classes
  • Nominals I: Nouns
    • Number in nouns
    • The nominal case system
      • Nominative case
      • Genitive case
      • Accusative case
      • Illative case
      • Inessive case
      • Elative case
      • Comitative case
      • Abessive case
      • Essive case
    • Number and case marking on nouns
      • Nominal suffixes
        • Nominal suffixes and syncretism
        • Nominal suffixes with a -j component
      • Non-linear noun morphology
      • Problematic case/number marking in abessive case
    • Inflectional classes for nouns
      • Class I
        • Class Ie
      • Class II
      • Class III
        • Class IIIa
        • Class IIIb
        • Class III summary
      • Summary of noun classes
    • Possessive suffixes
  • Nominals II: Pronouns
    • Personal pronouns
    • Demonstrative pronouns
    • Reflexive pronouns
    • Interrogative pronouns
      • Interrogative pronouns with human referents
      • Interrogative pronouns with non-human referents
      • Interrogative pronouns concerning a selection
        • General selection using mikkir-
        • Limited selection using gåb-
      • Non-nominal interrogative pro-forms
    • Relative pronouns
  • Adjectivals
    • Attributive adjectives
      • Attributive adjectives in elliptic constructions
    • Predicative adjectives
    • A note on attributive and predicative adjectives
    • Comparatives and superlatives
    • Comparing NP referents
    • Restrictions on smáva and unna ‘small’
    • Quantifiers
    • Demonstratives
    • Numerals
      • Basic numerals
        • Derivation and suppletion in ordinal numerals
      • Complex numerals
      • Numerals and morphosyntax
  • Verbs
    • Finite verbs and inflectional categories
      • Person and number
      • Tense
      • Mood
        • Imperative mood
        • Potential mood
    • Non-finite verb forms and periphrastically marked verbal categories
      • Future
      • Aspect
        • Perfect
        • Progressive
        • Progressive verb forms used adverbially
      • Negation
    • Passive voice
    • Morphological marking strategies on verbs
      • Inflectional suffixes for verbs
        • Verbal suffixes and syncretism
      • Non-linear morphology in verbs
        • Vowel harmony patterns for verbs
      • The potential mood: inflection or derivation?
    • Inflectional classes for verbs
      • Class I
      • Class II
      • Class III
      • Class IV
      • Class V
      • Other possible verb classes
      • The verb årrot ‘be’
      • The negation verb
      • Summary of verb classes
  • Other word classes
    • Adverbs
      • Derived adverbs
      • Lexical adverbs
        • The question marker gu∼gus
    • Adpositions
      • Postpositions
      • Prepositions
    • Conjunctions
    • Interjections
  • Derivational morphology
    • Nominal derivation
      • The diminutive suffix -tj
      • The general nominalizer suffix -k
      • The action nominalizer suffix -o
      • The agent nominalizer suffix -däddje
      • The state nominalizer suffix -vuohta
    • Verbal derivation
      • The diminutive verbalizer suffix -tj
      • The verbal derivational suffix -st
      • The verbal derivational suffix -d
      • The verbal derivational suffix -dall
      • Passivization with the derivational suffix -duvv
    • Adjectival derivation
      • Adjective derivation
      • Ordinal numeral derivation with -át
    • Adverbial derivation
    • Summary of derivational morphology
  • Phrase types
    • Verb complex
    • Nominal phrases
      • NPs in adverbial function
    • Adjectival phrases
      • APs in adverbial function
    • Adverbial phrases
    • Postpositional phrases
  • Overview of the syntax of sentences
    • Grammatical relations
    • Constituent order at clause level
      • Information structure
  • Basic clauses
    • Declarative clauses
      • Basic intransitive declaratives
        • Clauses with a passive verb
      • Basic transitive declaratives
      • Existential clauses
      • Copular clauses
      • Multi-verb declarative clauses
        • Modal verbs
        • The aspectual auxiliary verb årrot
        • The negation verb
    • Interrogative clauses
      • Constituent interrogative clauses
      • Polar interrogative clauses
        • Polar interrogatives and the question marker
    • Clauses in the imperative mood
    • Clauses in the potential mood
  • Complex clauses
    • Clausal coordination
    • Clausal subordination
      • Complement clauses
        • Complement clauses with a finite predicate
        • Complement clauses with an infinitive predicate
      • Adverbial clauses
      • Other subordinate clauses with non-finite verb forms
      • Relative clauses
  • Appendix: Inventory of recordings
  • Bibliography
  • Name index
  • Subject index
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