"Endless Education" is the first comprehensive study of education in Trinidad and Tobago during the long thirty-year regime of the People's National Movement (PNM), from 1956 to 1986.
Carl Campbell focuses on the efforts by Williams and the PNM to use education as an instrument of postcolonial nation building, and the consequent tensions and conflicts between him and the churches, between 'creoles' and Indians, and between Tobago and Trinidad. His study concludes that the goal of national integration through education eluded the planners, and that diversity, not unity, characterized the education system. Significantly, Campbell finds that as in many other facets of national life, only partial and incomplete decolonization was attained in education.
This study is useful as a source book in schools, colleges and at the University of the West Indies. Readers who reside outside of the Caribbean and who want to know more about the social history of one of the most important English-speaking Caribbean islands should find this book of more than passing interest.
This is the companion volume to Campbell's "The Young Colonials: A Social History of Education in Trinidad and Tobago 1834 1939" (The University of the West Indies Press, 1996).
- 1. The First Century of the Education System 1834-1939
- 2. Post-World War II Adjustments 1939-1955
- 3. The Multiplication of Nationals with Degrees 1939-1955
- 4. The Return of Dr Eric Williams 1944-1955
- 5. The Nationalists in Power 1956-1981
- 6. Nationalism and Education, 1956-1981
- 7. Government Education Policy 1956-1981
- 8. The Tobago and Indian Experience 1956-1981
- 9. The Primary School and Teacher Training Experience 1956-1981
- 10. The Technical/Vocational Experience 1956-1981
- 11. Special Topics in Education
- 12. An Assessment 1956-1986
- 13. Epilogue 1981-1986
- Chapter 1
- Chapter 2
- Chapter 3
- Chapter 4
- Chapter 5
- Chapter 6
- Chapter 7
- Chapter 8
- Chapter 9
- Chapter 10
- Chapter 11
- Chapter 12
- Chapter 13