The Future Internet
Alex Galis
Computers & Technology
The Future Internet

The future internet : Future Internet Assembly 2013 : validated results and new horizons

Co-editors of the volume are:

Federico Álvarez, Alessandro Bassi, Michele Bezzi, Laurent Ciavaglia, Frances Cleary, Petros Daras, Hermann De Meer, Panagiotis Demestichas, John Domingue, Theo G. Kanter, Stamatis Karnouskos, Srdjan Krčo, Laurent Lefevre, Jasper Lentjes, Man-Sze Li, Paul Malone, Antonio Manzalini, Volkmar Lotz, Henning Müller, Karsten Oberle, Noel E. O'Connor, Nick Papanikolaou, Dana Petcu, Rahim Rahmani, Danny Raz, Gaël Richards, Elio Salvadori, Susana Sargento, Hans Schaffers, Joan Serrat, Burkhard Stiller, Antonio F. Skarmeta, Kurt Tutschku, Theodore Zahariadis

The Internet is the most vital scientific, technical, economic and societal set of infrastructures in existence and in operation today serving 2.5 billion users. Continuing its developments would secure much of the upcoming innovation and prosperity and it would underpin the sustainable growth in economic values and volumes needed in the future. Future Internet infrastructures research is therefore a must.

The Future Internet Assembly (FIA) is a successful conference that brings together participants of over 150 research projects from several distinct yet interrelated areas in the European Union Framework Programme 7 (FP7). The research projects are grouped as follows: the network of the future as infrastructure connecting and orchestrating the future Internet of people, computers, devices, content, clouds and things; cloud computing, Internet of Services and advanced software engineering; the public-private partnership projects on Future Internet; Future Internet Research and Experimentation (FIRE).

The 26 full papers included in this volume were selected from 45 submissions. They are organized in topical sections named: software driven networks, virtualization, programmability and autonomic management; computing and networking clouds; internet of things; and enabling technologies and economic incentives.

Table of Contents
Software Driven Networks, Virtualisation, Programmability and Autonomic Management
Towards a Socially-Aware Management of New Overlay Application Traffic Combined with Energy Efficiency in the Internet (SmartenIT)
1 Introduction
2 Current Trends in the Internet
3 Challenges Emerging from Internet Trends
4 Use Cases and Solution Approaches
5 Requirements for System Design and Architecture Design
6 Summary and Preliminary Conclusions
The NEBULA Future Internet Architecture
1 Introduction
2 NEBULA as a Network Architecture
2.1 Today’s Internet
3 NEBULA Future Internet Architecture Integration
4 NEBULA Configuration and Operation
4.1 Policy Configuration
4.2 Path Setup
4.3 Forwarding
4.4 Naming
5 Conclusions
Open the Way to Future Networks – A Viewpoint Framework from ITU-T*
1 Introduction and Context
2 Future Network Standardization in ITU-T
2.1 Service Awareness
2.2 Data Awareness
2.3 Environmental Awareness
2.4 Social and Economic Awareness
3 Future Plan
4 Related Research and Standardization and Programs
5 Concluding Remarks
Towards a Minimal Core for Information-Centric Networking
1 Introduction
1.1 Advantages of a Minimal Core
1.2 Design Goals for the Core
2 Information-Centrism
3 Naming and Content Security
4 Information Space
4.1 Definition
4.2 Discussion
5 An Example Node Architecture
6 Development on Top of the Core
6.1 Managing Consistency with Scopes
7 Conclusion
Managing QoS for Future Internet Applications over Virtual Sensor Networks
1 Introduction
2 The VITRO Routing Solution
3 Applications Exploiting Virtualization of WSNs
3.1 Simulation Environment
3.2 Energy Control in Public and Private Buildings
3.3 Traffic Control Application Domain
3.4 Logistics Applications
3.5 Security-Related Applications
4 Conclusions
High Availability in the Future Internet
1 Introduction
2 Related Work and Background
3 Providing Fast Protection with LFAs
4 Analyzing and Improving LFA-Based Fast Protection
5 Improving Fast Protection with Remote LFA
6 Conclusions and Future Work
Integrating OpenFlow in IMS Networks and Enablingfor Future Internet Researchand Experimentation
1 Introduction
2 Introducing SDN to IMS: Integrating OpenFlow
3 Enhancements and Implementation on IMS Testbeds
3.1 The UoP OSIMS Testbed
3.2 The TSSG Testbed
4 Enabling for Experimentation
4.1 Integration with other Control and Monitoring Frameworks
5 Target Experiments/Experimenters
5.1 QoS with Policy Enforcement and OpenFlow Control
5.2 Prioritizing Traffic between 2 IMS Cores Exchanging Data
6 Conclusions and Future Work
Computing and Networking Clouds
Contrail: Distributed Application Deployment under SLA in Federated Heterogeneous Clouds
1 Introduction
2 Contrail Architecture
3 Federation Concept and Service
4 Service Level Agreements
5 Virtual Execution Platform
6 Conclusion
Cloud–Based Evaluation Framework for Big Data
1 Introduction
2 Challenges in Benchmarking on Big Data
3 VISCERAL Framework
3.1 Cloud-Based Framework
3.2 Benchmark Activity Flow
3.3 Manual Annotation
4 Discussion and Conclusion
Optimizing Service Ecosystems in the Cloud
1 Introduction
2 Overview of Optimization Models
2.1 SOA4All Optimizer
2.2 DAEM Optimizer
3 Experimental Design
4 Experimental Results
4.1 Soa4all Is Faster on a Single Site, Whereas DAEM is Faster in a Multi-site Configuration
4.2 Soa4all Is More Sca alable than DAEM
4.3 DAEM’s Output s Is More Stable and Resilient to Changes than SOA4Al lls
4.4 BonFIRE Support for Future Internet Scenarios
5 Discussion about Related Work
6 Conclusion
Resource Optimisation in IoT Cloud Systems by Using Matchmaking and Self-management Principles
1 Introduction
2 Matchmaking for IoT Cloud Systems and Services
3 Cloud Computing and IoT Services
4 IoT Data Cloud Challenges and Limitations
5 IoT Cloud Service Matchmaking Evaluation
6 Linked Data and Scalable Cloud Management
7 Matchmaking and IoT Cloud Service Control
8 Conclusions and Future Work
Towards a Secure Network Virtualization Architecture for the Future Internet
1 Introduction
2 Current Architecture Proposals
3 Analysis of Capabilities
4 Global Virtualization Architecture
4.1 GVA Features
4.2 Functional Blocks
5 Initial Viability Analysis
6 Conclusions and Future Work
Seeding the Cloud: An Innovative Approach to Grow Trust in Cloud Based Infrastructures
1 Introduction
2 Seed4C Approach: The NoSE as a Minimal Trusted Computing Base for the Cloud
3 Examples of Addressed Use-Cases
3.1 High Performance Computing
3.2 Privacy Policy Enforcement
4 Conclusion
Internet of Things
IoT6 – Moving to an IPv6-Based Future IoT
1 Introduction
2 IPv6 Capabilities for the Internet of Things
3 IPv6 Worldwide Deployment
4 IoT6 Architectural Model
5 Resources Repo ository and Service Discovery
6 Building Autom mation Components Integration
7 Conclusion
SmartSantander: Internet of Things Research and Innovation through Citizen Participation
1 Introduction
2 Novel Architecture for Service Provision and Experimentation
3 Service Provisio on and Experimentation: Augmented Reality y and Participator ry Sensing
3.1 Augmented y Reality Service
3.2 Participatory Sensi ing Service
3.3 Service Component t Implementation
4 Conclusions
A Cognitive Management Framework for Empowering the Internet of Things
1 Introduction
2 Related Work and Paper Contribution
3 Cognitive Management Framework for IoT
3.1 Virtual Objects Level
3.2 Composite Virtual Objects Level
3.3 User/Stakeholder and Service Level
4 Framework Implementation
4.1 Operation
4.2 Ambient Assisted Living Example
5 Conclusion
Building Modular Middlewares for the Internet of Things with OSGi
1 Introduction
2 Middlewares for the Internet of Things
3 Selected Mechanisms of OSGi
3.1 Modularity
3.2 Runtime Configurations
3.3 Configurations of Bundles
3.4 Console
3.5 Event-Based Communication
3.6 Local Services
3.7 Web Services
4 Motivations and Requirements for an OSGi-Based Middleware
4.1 Modularity
4.2 Service-Oriented Architecture
4.3 Communication with Devices
5 Architecture of the Middleware
5.1 The Device Layer
5.2 The Business Logic Layer
5.3 The Interface Layer
6 Management of the Middleware
6.1 Lifecycles of Modules
6.2 Runtime Configurations
6.3 Configurations of Modules
7 Example Implementation of the Middleware
8 Conclusions and Future Works
Towards an Architecture for Future Internet Applications
1 Introduction
2 Device Independent Architecture
2.1 Device Independence
2.2 Multi-device Support
2.3 The Architecture
3 Future Directions
ComVantage: Mobile Enterprise Collaboration Reference Framework and Enablers for Future Internet Information Interoperability
1 IT Challenges for Collaboration
2 ComVantage Application Areas in a Nutshell
2.1 Mobile Maintenance Scenario
2.2 The Customer-Oriented Production Scenario
3 ComVantage Reference Architecture
4 Security Model for Linked Data Access Control
5 Semantic Data Lifting
5.1 Linked Data Adapter for Databases
5.2 Linked Data Adapter for Real-Time Sensor Data Middleware
6 The ComVantage Modelling Framework
7 Intuitive and Trustful Mobile Collaboration
8 Conclusions
Test-Enabled Architecture for IoT Service Creation and Provisioning
1 Introduction
2 Related Work – IoT-A ARM
3 Requirements
3.1 IoT Requirements
3.2 Requirements for Knowledge-Based Service Lifecycle Management
3.3 Requirements for Test-Driven Service Creation
3.4 Comparison of Reviewed Architectures against Identified Requirements
4 Architecture
4.1 Architecture for IoT Service Creation and Provision
4.2 Reverse Mapping with Respect to IoT-A Domain Model
4.3 Extension against IoT-A Reference Architecture
5 IoT.est Architecture Building Blocks
6 Case Study
7 Conclusions
Enabling Technologies and Economic Incentives
Sustainable Wireless Broadband Access to the Future Internet - The EARTH Project
1 Introduction
2 Socio-Economic Impact Analysis
2.1 Global Carbon Footprint of Mobile Communications
2.2 RAN Energy Consumption and the Potential Impact of EARTH Technologies
3 Energy Efficiency Evaluation Framework (E3F)
3.1 Small-Scale Short-Term System-Level Evaluations
3.2 Power Model
3.3 Traffic Model
3.4 Metrics
3.5 Application of E3F: : Where Is the Energy Saving Potential?
4 Hardware Solutions and Radio Interface Techniques
4.1 Hardware Solutions
4.2 Radio Interface Techniques
5 Network Level Solutions
5.1 Network Deployment Recommendations
5.2 Network and Radio Resource Management
6 Integrated Solut tions
7 Disruptive Appr roaches Beyond Today’s Networks
8 Validation of Re esults
8.1 Validation of Hard dware Concepts by Transceiver Prototypes
8.2 Validation of Netwo ork Level Solutions in an Operator Test Plant
9 Summary and Conclusion
An Internet-Based Architecture Supporting Ubiquitous Application User Interfaces
1 Introduction
2 Model Based User Interfaces
3 Multi-Device Adaptive User Interfaces
3.1 The Webinos Platform
3.2 Adaptive User Interface Framework
4 Case Study: Adaptive Navigation Bar
5 Conclusion
Cooperative Strategies for Power Saving in Multi-standard Wireless Devices
1 Introduction
2 C2POWERScenarios
2.1 Scenario 1: SR Relaying in Homogeneous RATs
2.2 Scenario 2: VHO in Heterogeneous RATs
2.3 Scenario 3: SR Relaying and VHO in Heterogeneous RATs
3 Context-Aware Architecture
4 Power Saving Strategies
4.1 Coalitional Game Theory
4.2 Coalitional Game Model
4.3 Cooperation Enforcement
5 Results and Discussion
6 Conclusion
Counting the Cost of FIRE: Overcoming Barriers to Sustainable Experimentation Facilities
Overcoming Barriers to Sustainable Experimentation Facilities
1 Introduction
2 A Value Proposition for a Cloud Experimentation Facility
3 Cost Modelling and Accounting
4 Operational Performance Management
5 Future Work
6 Conclusions
User Involvement in Future Internet Projects
1 Introduction
2 Methodology
3 User Involvement in General
4 User Involvement in Future Internet Projects
5 Conclusions
Design and Implementation of Cooperative Network Connectivity Proxy Using Universal Plug and Play
1 Introduction
2 Related Work
3 Overview of UPnP
4 Network Connectivity Proxy
4.1 Overview of NCP
4.2 NCP Types
5 Design of Cooperative Network Connectivity Proxy
6 Implementation of the NCP
7 Measurements and Observations
8 Conclusions
Book Sponsoring Projects Overview
3DLife - Bringing the Media Internet to Life
1 Summary of Project Objectives and Achievements
CONCORD Project Management of the Future Internet
FLAMINGO NoE Project Management of the Future Internet
1 Introduction
2 Key Issues and Problems
3 Expected Results
The GEYSERS Concept and Major Outcomes
1 Introduction
2 Project Outcomes
iCore: A Cognitive Management Framework for the Internet of Things
1 Key Issues and Objectives
2 Technical Appro oach
3 Expected Impact
IoT6 Project in a Nutshell
Mobile Cloud Networking: Mobile Network, Compute, and Storage as One Service On-Demand
1 Introduction
2 Main Objectives
3 Technical Approach
4 Key Issues
5 Expected Impact
The SmartenIT STREP Project: Socially-Aware Management of New Overlay Application Traffic Combined with Energy Efficiency in the Internet
1 Main Objectives
2 SmartenIT Requirements and Goals
3 Expected Outcomes
The SmartSantander Project
1 The Service/Experimentation Duality
2 A Real-Life, Large-Scale Facility
UniverSelf, Realizing Autonomics for Future Networks
1 Four Challenging Objectives
2 An Impactful Experimentation Strategy
3 An Integrated Portfolio
4 The Unified Management Framework (UMF)
5 Summary of Main Achievements
5 Summary of Main Achievements
Author Index
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