Physics for CAPE® Examinations

US$ 34.32

The publisher has enabled DRM protection, which means that you need to use the BookFusion iOS, Android or Web app to read this eBook. This eBook cannot be used outside of the BookFusion platform.

Description

Contents

Reviews

Language

English

ISBN

9780230499805

Cover

Title page

Copyright

Contents

Preface

UNIT 1 Mechanics, waves, properties of matter

Module 1 Mechanics

Chapter 1 Physical quantities and units

Why measurement?

The International System of Units (S.I.)

The neutrino experiment

Issues in scientific measurement

Revisiting the ‘speed of light’ and ‘the speed of the neutrino’ experiments

Calibrating an instrument

Graphical analysis

Vector and scalar quantities

Calculations involving vector quantities

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 2 Linear motion and projectile motion

Linear motion and projectile motion

Position, distance and displacement

Speed and velocity

Acceleration

Equations of motion for constant acceleration

Graphs of motion

Projectile motion

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Chapter 3 Forces and motion

Aristotle, Galileo and Newton

Newton’s first law of motion

Newton’s second law of motion

Newton’s third law of motion

Newton’s laws and frictional forces

Newton’s laws and upthrust forces in fluids

Newton’s laws and resistive forces in fluids

Static and dynamic equilibrium

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 4 Work, energy and power

Work and energy

Kinetic energy

Potential energy

Conservation of energy

Power

Sources of energy

Electrical power generation, distribution and consumption

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 5 Momentum and collisions

Linear momentum

Linear momentum and impulse

Force versus time graphs

Practical applications of the impulse concept

Conservation of linear momentum

Elastic and inelastic collisions

Discovery of the neutron

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 6 Circular motion and gravitation

Kinematics of uniform circular motion

Dynamics of uniform circular motion

Dynamics of gravitational motion

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Module 2 Oscillations and waves

Chapter 7 Harmonic oscillations

Simple harmonic motion (SHM)

The equations of SHM

Mass–spring oscillators

The simple pendulum

Forced oscillations and resonance

Damped oscillations

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 8 Waves and their behaviours

Waves and energy transfer

Terms used in describing waves

Transverse and longitudinal waves

Progressive and stationary waves

Behaviours shown by waves

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 9 Light: rays and waves

Ray and wave optics

Propagation of light

Reflection from plane surfaces

Refraction at plane surfaces

Refraction at curved surfaces

Lens usage in optical instruments

Diffraction of light

Polarization of light

Position of light in the electromagnetic spectrum

Light: rays or waves?

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 10 Sound

Describing sound

Sound waves

Response of the human ear to sound levels

Musical instruments

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Module 3 Thermal and mechanical properties of matter

Chapter 11 Thermometry

Introduction

Thermodynamic interpretation of temperature

Temperature scales

Variation of physical properties with temperature

Practical thermometers: design and usage

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 12 Thermal properties of matter

Introduction

Heat and internal energy

Specific heat capacity

Determination of specific heat capacity
by method of mixtures

Determination of specific heat capacity
by electrical methods

Specific latent heat

Determination of specific latent heat by method of mixtures

Determination of specific latent heat by electrical methods

Boiling and evaporation

Practical importance of thermal properties

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 13 Heat transfer

Introduction

Thermal conduction

Thermal convection

Thermal radiation

Applications involving energy transfer

Heating and keeping cool in the Caribbean

Summary

Review questions

Practical activities and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 14 Kinetic theory of gases

Basic assumptions of the kinetic theory of gases

Gas pressure and the kinetic theory

Equation of state for an ideal gas

Gas temperature and the kinetic theory

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 15 First law of thermodynamics

First law of thermodynamics

The first law and thermodynamics processes

Molar specific heat capacities of a gas

Efficiency of a cycle

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 16 Mechanical properties of matter

A simple kinetic model of matter

Solids, liquids and gases

Density of materials

Crystalline and amorphous solids

Crystalline solids

Amorphous solids

Glasses and ceramics

Elasticity in solids

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

UNIT 2 Electricity and magnetism, a.c. theory and electronics, atomic and nuclear physics

Module 1 Electricity and magnetism

Chapter 17 Electric charges and fields

Static electricity

Conductors and insulators

Charging and discharging

Hazards of static electricity

Applications of static electricity

Electric forces

Electric fields

Motion of charged particles in an electric field

Electric potential

Potential difference

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 18 Capacitors

Capacitance

Factors affecting capacitance

Capacitors in practical usage

Capacitor construction

Arrangements of capacitors

Capacitor charging and discharging (RC circuits)

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 19 Current electricity and electrical circuits

Circuit principles

Ohm’s law

Electrical power equations

Resistivity

Theory of electrical conduction in a metal

Internal resistance

Circuit calculations and Kirchhoff’s laws

Resistors in series and parallel

The potential divider

The Wheatstone bridge

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 20 Magnetic fields and their effects

Magnetic fields

The strength of a magnetic field: flux density

Force on a current-carrying conductor

Force on a moving charged particle

The Hall effect

The force between current-carrying conductors

Electromagnets

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 21 Electromagnetic induction

Induced e.m.f.

Magnetic flux

Faraday’s law

The e.m.f. induced in a straight conductor moving through a magnetic field

Applications of electromagnetic induction

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Module 2 A.c. theory and electronics

Chapter 22 Simple semiconductor devices

Voltage and current sources

Conductors, semiconductors and insulators

The p-n junction diode

The p-n junction transistor

Transducer usage in electronic circuits

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 23 Operational amplifiers

The operational amplifier

The ideal operational amplifier

Real operational amplifiers

Op-amp in open loop mode

Open loop circuit applications

Op-amp in closed loop modes

Closed loop (inverting) applications

Real operational amplifiers: closed loop (non-inverting) configurations

Impedance matching

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 24 Logic gates

Logic gates

Types of logic gates

Equivalents of combinations of gates of different types

Equivalents of combinations of gates of the same type

Control by combinations of logic gates

Binary addition using logic gates

Timing diagrams and logic gates

Bistable circuit

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Module 3 Atomic and nuclear physics

Chapter 25 Atomic structure

Atomic theory

The Millikan oil drop experiment

Models of the atom

Atomic spectra

The atomic nucleus

X-rays

Medical uses of X-rays

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 26 Radioactivity

Historical introduction

Nuclear instability

Types of radiations and their properties

Equations of nuclear decay

Radiation hazards

Radioactive decay laws

Applications of radioisotopes

Detectors of radiation

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 27 Energy from the nucleus

Introduction to nuclear energy

Mass defect and binding energy

Nuclear energy: units and calculations

Binding energy per nucleon

Fission and fusion

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

Chapter 28 The photoelectric effect and wave–particle duality

Photons: E = hf

The photoelectric effect

Investigating the photoelectric effect

The Einstein equation

Applications of the photoelectric effect

Matter waves

Summary

Review questions

Practical exercises and challenges

Answers to ITQs

Answers to Review questions

CAPE SBA

Appendix

Appendix 1: Base unit definitions in the S.I.

Appendix 2: Prefixes and conversions

Appendix 3: Mathematics help

Index

Back Cover

The book hasn't received reviews yet.