The Trial in History: Domestic and international trials, 1700-2000
Maureen Mulholland
The Trial in History: Domestic and international trials, 1700-2000

How does the trial function? What are the tools, in terms of legal principle, scientific knowledge, social norms, and political practice, which underpin this most important decision-making process? This collection of nine essays by an international group of scholars explores these crucial questions. Focusing both on English criminal, military, and parliamentary trials, and upon national and international trials for war crimes, this book illuminates the diverse forces that have shaped trials during the modern era. The contributors approach their subject from a variety of perspectives - legal history, social history, political history, sociology, and international law. With an appreciation and understanding of the relevant legal procedures, they address wider issues of psychology, gender, bureaucracy, and international relations within the adjudicative setting. Their inter-disciplinary approach imparts to this book a breadth not usually seen in studies of the courtroom. Scholars and students of modern British history, political science, and international law, as well as legal history, will find these essays stimulating and informative. Judicial tribunals in England and Europe, 1200-1700: The trial in history, vol. I, edited by Dr Maureen Mulholland and Professor Brian Pullan, is also published by Manchester University Press.

List of figures and tables
List of contributors
List of legal abbreviations
Introduction R. A. Melikan
1 Evidence law and the evidentiary objection: a view from the British Trials collection T. P. Gallanis
2 Sense and sensibility: fateful splitting in the Victorian insanity trial Joel Peter Eigen
3 Trials of character: the use of character evidence in Victorian sodomy trials H. G. Cocks
4 Pains and penalties procedure: how the House of Lords ‘tried’ Queen Caroline R. A. Melikan
5 The invention of trials in camera in security cases A. W. Brian Simpson
6 War crimes trials before international tribunals: legality and legitimacy Dominic McGoldrick
7 An embarrassing necessity: the Tokyo trial of Japanese leaders, 1946–48 Peter Lowe
8 The trial of Maurice Papon for crimes against humanity and the concept of bureaucratic crime Robert Boyce
9 The trial of Slobodan Milosevic: a twenty-first century trial? Dominic McGoldrick
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