An Archaeological Study of the Red House, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
Originally built in 1844 and rebuilt in 1907 after being gutted by fire during the 1903 water riots, the Red House has been the seat of Trinidad and Tobago’s parliament for over one hundred years. As a result of archaeological discoveries made in the basement of the
Red House in March–April 2013, the Office of the Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago hired Basil A. Reid and his archaeological crew of local and international scholars to undertake a detailed study of the site from July 2013 to January 2015.
The archaeological data suggest that centuries before the Red House building was originally constructed, a relatively large native community (comprised of the Saladoid and their descendants) lived continuously at the site for over one thousand years. Featured in the volume are significant findings relating to the biological profiles, DNA, diet and subsistence, mobility, and ceramic technology of these precolonial natives.
This work showcases a diverse collection of both precolonial and colonial-period artefacts; the role of the site’s precolonial inhabitants as dynamic, self-reflexive history makers; and the colonial history of the Red House from earliest times to 1907. Finally, the volume explores the GIS Archaeological Information System that was developed for the project coupled with the specific heritage-management approaches that were utilized.
The chapters in this collection are based on groundbreaking archaeological scholarship with a multidisciplinary approach, and as such the book will be of considerable interest to Caribbean archaeologists, bioarchaeologists, anthropologists, historians and heritage professionals. The book will also be of interest to general readers in the Caribbean and beyond, especially the people of Trinidad and Tobago.
CONTRIBUTORS: Zara Ali, Patrick Degryse, Louise Dover, Makini Emmanuel, Lanya Fanovich, Lars Fehren-Schmitz, Timothy Figol, Georgia L. Fox, Lovell Francis, Sade Grant, Corinne L. Hofman, Sarah Hosein, Neil Jaggassar, George D. Kamenov, John Krigbaum, Mary Malainey, Andrew Maurice, D. Andrew Merriwether, Patrisha L. Meyers, Bert Neyt, Basil A. Reid, Samuel Reyes, Mike G. Rutherford, John J. Schultz, Amit Seeram, Peter E. Siegel, Michel Shamoon-Pour,
Krystal Singh, Michael Sutherland, J. Marla Toyne, Laura Van Voorhis, Gifford Waters, Brent Wilson
BASIL A. REID is Senior Lecturer in Archaeology, Department of History, the University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago. His publications include Archaeology and
Geoinformatics: Case Studies from the Caribbean; Myths and Realities of Caribbean History; Caribbean Heritage; and Encyclopedia of Caribbean Archaeology.
- Title Page
- Copyright Page
- Introduction: An Archaeological Study of the Red House
- Part 1. The Pre-Colonial Period
- 1. The Pre-colonial History-Makers of the Red House Site, 125–1395 CE
- 2. Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of Pre-contact Human Remains from the Red House Site
- 3. Multi-Isotopic Analysis of the Red House Site Skeletal Remains: Inferring Paleodiet and Paleomobility from Recovered Bones and Teeth
- 4. A Bioarchaeological Study of the Human Skeletons from the Red Hous
- 5. Lipid Residue Analysis of Pre-colonial Ceramics from the Red House
- 6. Initial Interpretations of the Red House Faunal Assemblage
- 7. Petrographic and Chemical Analyses of Pre-colonial Ceramics from the Red House Site
- Part 2. The Colonial Period
- 8. The Colonial History of Port of Spain and the Red House from the Late Fifteenth Century to 1907
- 9. An Archaeological Review of the Colonial Red House Site, 1844–1907
- Part 3. Heritage Management
- 10. Developing a GIS Archaeological Information System for the Red House
- 11. The Red House Restoration Archaeological Project: An Example of Archaeological and Values-Based Heritage Management